1984 Tour de France

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1984 Tour de France
Route of the 1984 Tour de France
Route of the 1984 Tour de France
Race details
Dates29 June – 22 July
Stages23 + Prologue
Distance4,021 km (2,499 mi)
Winning time112h 03' 40"
Results
Winner  Laurent Fignon (FRA) (Renault–Elf)
  Second  Bernard Hinault (FRA) (La Vie Claire)
  Third  Greg LeMond (USA) (Renault–Elf)

Points  Frank Hoste (BEL) (Europ Decor–Boule d'Or)
Mountains  Robert Millar (GBR) (Peugeot–Shell–Michelin)
Youth  Greg LeMond (USA) (Renault–Elf)
  Combination  Laurent Fignon (FRA) (Renault–Elf)
Sprints  Jacques Hanegraaf (NED) (Kwantum–Decosol–Yoko)
  Combativity  Bernard Hinault (FRA) (La Vie Claire)
  Team Renault–Elf
  Team points Panasonic–Raleigh
← 1983
1985 →

The 1984 Tour de France was the 71st edition of the Tour de France, run over 4,021 km (2,499 mi) in 23 stages and a prologue, from 29 June to 22 July.

The race was dominated by the Renault team, who won the team classification and ten stages:[1] Renault's French rider Laurent Fignon won his second consecutive Tour, beating former teammate Bernard Hinault by over 10 minutes. Hinault was pursuing his fifth Tour victory after having sat out the 1983 Tour because of injuries. Also that year, Fignon's team-mate Greg LeMond became the first American rider to finish in the top three and stand on the podium, and he also took the young rider classification. Belgian cyclist Frank Hoste won the points classification, and British Robert Millar won the mountains classification. The race consisted of 23 stages, totaling 4,020 kilometers (2,500 mi).

Teams[edit]

There was room for 18 teams in the 1984 Tour de France; in early 1984, there were 17 candidate teams. Although the Tour organisation approached AVP–Viditel and Metauromobili, an 18th team was not added.[2] The 1984 Tour started with 170 cyclists, divided into 17 teams of 10 cyclists.[3] Of these, 42 were riding the Tour de France for the first time.[4] The average age of riders in the race was 26.99 years,[5] ranging from the 21-year-old Carlos Marta (Sporting–Raposeira) to the 37-year-old Joop Zoetemelk (Kwantum–Decosol–Yoko).[6] The Renault–Elf cyclists had the youngest average age while the riders on Carrera–Inoxpran had the oldest.[7]

The teams entering the race were:[3]

Route and stages[edit]

The 1984 Tour de France started on 29 June, and had one rest day, in Grenoble.[8] The highest point of elevation in the race was 2,642 m (8,668 ft) at the summit of the Col du Galibier mountain pass on stage 18.[9][10]

Stage characteristics and winners[11][12][13][14]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
P 29 June Montreuil to Noisy-le-Sec 5 km (3.1 mi) Individual time trial  Bernard Hinault (FRA)
1 30 June Bondy to Saint-Denis 149 km (93 mi) Plain stage  Frank Hoste (BEL)
2 1 July Bobigny to Louvroil 249 km (155 mi) Plain stage  Marc Madiot (FRA)
3 2 July Louvroil to Valenciennes 51 km (32 mi) Team time trial  Renault–Elf
4 2 July Valenciennes to Béthune 83 km (52 mi) Plain stage  Ferdi Van Den Haute (BEL)
5 3 July Béthune to Cergy-Pontoise 207 km (129 mi) Plain stage  Paulo Ferreira (POR)
6 4 July Cergy-Pontoise to Alençon 202 km (126 mi) Plain stage  Frank Hoste (BEL)
7 5 July Alençon to Le Mans 67 km (42 mi) Individual time trial  Laurent Fignon (FRA)
8 6 July Le Mans to Nantes 192 km (119 mi) Plain stage  Pascal Jules (FRA)
9 7 July Nantes to Bordeaux 338 km (210 mi) Plain stage  Jan Raas (NED)
10 8 July Langon to Pau 198 km (123 mi) Plain stage  Eric Vanderaerden (BEL)
11 9 July Pau to Guzet-Neige 227 km (141 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Robert Millar (GBR)
12 10 July Saint-Girons to Blagnac 111 km (69 mi) Plain stage  Pascal Poisson (FRA)
13 11 July Blagnac to Rodez 220 km (140 mi) Plain stage  Pierre-Henri Menthéour (FRA)
14 12 July Rodez to Domaine du Rouret 228 km (142 mi) Hilly stage  Fons De Wolf (BEL)
15 13 July Domaine du Rouret to Grenoble 241 km (150 mi) Hilly stage  Frédéric Vichot (FRA)
14 July Grenoble Rest day
16 15 July Les Échelles to La Ruchère 22 km (14 mi) Individual time trial  Laurent Fignon (FRA)
17 16 July Grenoble to Alpe d'Huez 151 km (94 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Luis Herrera (COL)
18 17 July Le Bourg-d'Oisans to La Plagne 185 km (115 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Laurent Fignon (FRA)
19 18 July La Plagne to Morzine 186 km (116 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Ángel Arroyo (ESP)
20 19 July Morzine to Crans-Montana (Switzerland) 141 km (88 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Laurent Fignon (FRA)
21 20 July Crans-Montana (Switzerland) to Villefranche-sur-Saône 320 km (200 mi) Hilly stage  Frank Hoste (BEL)
22 21 July Villié-Morgon to Villefranche-sur-Saône 51 km (32 mi) Individual time trial  Laurent Fignon (FRA)
23 22 July Pantin to Paris (Champs-Élysées) 197 km (122 mi) Hilly stage  Eric Vanderaerden (BEL)
Total 4,021 km (2,499 mi)[15]

Race overview[edit]

Laurent Fignon (pictured at the 1993 Tour), winner of the general classification

The 1984 Tour de France was a battle between reigning champion Fignon and his former team captain Hinault. Questions had been raised about the strength of Fignon's 1983 win due to Hinault's absence and Pascal Simon's withdrawal after breaking his shoulder whilst wearing the yellow jersey.[1] Hinault won the prologue and the first two stages following the prologue were flat stages; the first of which was won by Frank Hoste in a bunch sprint with Ludo Peeters taking over as race leader. Tour organizers had made a purposeful effort to get riders from other countries outside of the traditional nations who usually make up the main field, and in stage two Ireland’s Stephen Roche and Denmark’s Kim Andersen both made the stage podium coming in just a few seconds behind stage winner Marc Madiot, as Jacques Hanegraaf claimed the yellow from Peeters going into the TTT in stage three.[16] Over the previous five years or so the Team Time Trials would often be dominated by the Dutch TI-Raleigh squad, which was run by Peter Post as the Directeur Sportif, but there had been a rift between riders and some of them followed Post over to the new Panasonic–Raleigh while others joined Jan Raas and Joop Zoetemelk on the new Kwantum–Decosol–Yoko squad. Perhaps ironically in their first test competing against each other within the Tour de France the two teams tied for 2nd place at four seconds behind the Renault–Elf Team of Fignon and Greg Lemond. The Peugeot–Shell–Michelin Team of Robert Millar and Pascal Simon finished 4th and Hinault’s new La Vie Claire team had a tough day coming in 7th place, leaving Hinault out of the top 10 overall following the stage. The overall lead was still held by Hanegraaf by a single second over Adri Van Der Poel with Fignon in the best position among the proven GC contenders in 6th place at +0:13, and his teammate and Tour debutant LeMond sitting in 5th place just ten seconds off the lead.[17] In stage four Ferdi Van Den Haute survived a solo attack to finish ahead of the peloton by over a minute to claim the stage win and in stage five a three rider breakaway made up of Paulo Ferreira, Maurice Le Guilloux and Vincent Barteau finished more than seventeen minutes ahead of the main field with Ferreira taking the stage victory and Barteau moving into the yellow jersey.[16]

Stage six was a flat stage without a surviving breakaway meaning it was decided in a bunch finish, which was won by Hoste yet again, who this time edged out Eddy Planckaert and Gilbert Glaus at the finish line. Stage seven was an individual time trial which would provide a bit of clarity as to who the major contenders were going to be and it was won by Laurent Fignon. Two time Green Jersey winner Sean Kelly finished in 2nd while Hinault, who typically throughout his career dominated the ITT’s, finished in 3rd place 0:49 slower than Fignon. Other potential contenders including Roche finished at +1:07, Gerard Veldscholten at +1:11, the Australian Phil Anderson at +1:24 and the very strong Italian rider who was often among the contenders for the Giro Roberto Visentini finished at +1:53 behind. The three breakaway riders from stage five still made up the top three but as far as the General Classification was concerned, Fignon was the highest placed contender, with Anderson, Hinault, Veldscholten, LeMond, Visentini and Roche all within 3:00 of him. Stage eight was won by Pascal Jules who beat Ludo Peeters and Bruno Leali to the finish by nine seconds. Stage nine in this Tour was notable because it was 338 km long. This was the longest stage included in the race since the 1967 Tour de France and there has not been a stage longer than this since 1984. The last time a Tour stage was over 300 km was during the 1990 edition, the last time a stage was longer than 250 km was during the 2000 Tour and the last time a stage approached 250 km was in 2013 when there was a stage that was 243 km long which was not even a flat stage, but rather a stage that included Mont Ventoux. Stage 9 was won by Jan Raas and this would be the 10th and final stage win of his impressive career. The riders were on their bikes for nearly ten straight hours during this stage.

In stage ten Eric Vanderaerden beat Marc Dierickx in the sprint to take the stage win as the two of them escaped the peloton and beat it to the line by more than two minutes. More importantly in the overall standings the once seventeen minute gap held by Ferreira, Le Guilloux and Barteau was being considerably cut into and the race hadn't even reached the first set of high mountains in the Pyrenees, which began in stage eleven. In stage eleven Robert Millar won the first day in the mountains on a solo attack, with the Colombian climber Lucho Herrera coming in 2nd 0:41 behind him. Going into this stage Fignon held a gap of 1:13 over Hinault and by the end of the day it widened up to 2:05 as Fignon crossed the line in 7th place with Angel Arroyo. The next two stages were both flat stages which were won by Pascal Poisson and Pierre-Henri Mentheour and then the race moved into south central France for two intermediate/hilly stages which were won by Fons de Wolf and Frederic Vichot. The stage win by De Wolf was rather astonishing in that it was a solo breakaway in which he beat the favorites to the line by nearly 18:00, actually jumped ahead of Hinault in the overall standings and came within 1:32 of Fignon.[16] The energy exerted in this stage proved to be very costly however, as de Wolf lost considerable time the following day and faded back in with the Domestiques for the remainder of the Tour.

Going into the rest day Le Guilloux and Ferreira had long since fallen out of the top 10, however Vincent Barteau, perhaps inspired by the legend and mystique associated with the Maillot Jaune, did not want to let it go as he still held a lead of over ten minutes on the 2nd place Fignon, who was leading the way as far as the serious contenders were concerned. Hinault trailed him by 2:13, Veldscholten by 2:15, Anderson by 3:04 and the young American LeMond was thus far proving he could ride with the best of the best in the biggest race of them all being just 4:10 behind the defending champion. Stage sixteen was another individual time trial which was once again won by Fignon who cut the lead of Barteau down to 6:29 while simultaneously adding 0:33 to his lead over the four time champion Hinault going into the Alps.[18] Hinault made up his mind to strike during this first Alpine stage, which included l'Alpe d’Huez and Côte de Laffrey and he attacked Fignon over and over again, but was not able to break the young Parisian.[19] Lucho Herrera won the stage and Fignon crossed in 2nd after dropping the Badger and taking considerable time out of him. In fact, the American Lemond even finished the stage fourteen seconds faster than Hinault. Barteau finally came apart on this stage losing more than ten minutes to Fignon, who for the first time in the Tour, officially took over as race leader with Barteau falling to 2nd at +4:22, Hinault in 3rd at +5:41, Millar in 4th at +8:25 and LeMond in 5th at +8:45. In stage eighteen Fignon caught and dropped Jean-Marie Grezet, who put in a very gutsy performance, to take the stage win. LeMond had himself another remarkable performance in the mountains coming in three seconds behind Grezet and 1:07 behind Fignon as Hinault just couldn't find his legs in the mountains as he had done so many times before crossing the line in 9th place losing another 2:58 to Fignon. Stage nineteen was more of the mountains and this time Arroyo was able to ride off the front and claim the win, by 1:14 ahead of the group of favorites who all followed Sean Kelly across the line with the same time. Stage twenty was the last chance for riders to gain time in the mountains, but the only one who won time was the leader Fignon, who put his stamp of authority on the 1984 Tour by winning the stage eleven seconds ahead of Arroyo and seventeen seconds ahead of Pablo Wilches all while adding another 1:17 to his lead over Hinault.

With the heavy climbing finished Fignon had an all but insurmountable lead over Hinault of 9:56, and LeMond was only 1:13 behind Hinault. Stage twenty-one was back to the flatlands where the always gutsy, prideful and spirited Hinault decided to work his way to the front of the pack and bang elbows with the sprinters fighting it out for the stage win. Despite the fact the Tour was lost, yet Hinault continued charging on and fighting for stage wins, is part of the reason his popularity soared even higher than it already was with racing fans during the 1984 Tour.[20] This time however, it was the sprinter Frank Hoste winning the day beating out Kelly, Hanegraaf and Hinault. During the final ITT in stage twenty-two Fignon and Sean Kelly finished with the same time, but the tiebreaker went to Fignon giving him the official win as he claimed enough time over Hinault to put his margin of victory over 10:00. LeMond finished in 4th place, and in the process secured both the final podium position, as well as his place as a legitimate GC contender proving he could compete with the best of the best during cycling's version of the Super Bowl. During the final stage in Paris, one of the most coveted sprinter’s stages in the sport, Hoste, Kelly and the fiery Hinault once again made their way to the front of the pack during the final lap around the Champs Elysees, but none of these riders would claim the coveted prize. Instead it was the Belgian rider Eric Vanderaerden (who along with Marc Demeyer, Freddy Maertens, Michel Pollentier, Johan De Muynck and Fons de Wolf was given the impossible to live up to task of following the legend Eddy Merckx) who won the day clinching his second stage win of the Tour, and one of the highlight wins of his entire career.

Greg LeMond took the young rider classification, Belgian cyclist Frank Hoste won the points classification, British Robert Millar won the mountains classification and Laurent Fignon would win a total of five stages as he won the Tour with a ten-minute margin. With his air of indifference in interviews and his crushing dominance, he was hailed as France's newest superstar. He even made the claim that some of the attacks Hinault made against him were laughable and that he easily caught back up to him,[19] but this would be the second and final Tour de France win of Fignon’s career. Hinault meanwhile, would sign LeMond to his La Vie Claire team in the offseason by visiting him at his home in the Sierra Nevadas, and win his fifth Tour the following year.

Classification leadership and minor prizes[edit]

There were several classifications in the 1984 Tour de France, six of them awarding jerseys to their leaders.[21] The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.[22]

Additionally, there was a points classification, where cyclists were given points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.[23]

There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorised some climbs as either hors catégorie, first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorised climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and wore a white jersey with red polka dots.[24]

There was also a combination classification. This classification was calculated as a combination of the other classifications.[25]

Another classification was the young rider classification. This was decided the same way as the general classification, but only riders that rode the Tour for the first time were eligible, and the leader wore a white jersey.[25]

Before the 1984 Tour, the intermediate sprints classification did not have a jersey. In the 1984 Tour, the organisers gave the leader of the classification a red jersey to wear. This classification had similar rules as the points classification, but only points were awarded on intermediate sprints.[26]

For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time. The riders in the team that led this classification were identified by yellow caps.[26] There was also a team points classification. Cyclists received points according to their finishing position on each stage, with the first rider receiving one point. The first three finishers of each team had their points combined, and the team with the fewest points led the classification. The riders of the team leading this classification wore green caps.[26]

In addition, there was a combativity award, in which a jury composed of journalists gave points after certain stages to the cyclist they considered most combative. The split stages each had a combined winner.[27] At the conclusion of the Tour, Bernard Hinault won the overall super-combativity award, also decided by journalists.[8] The Souvenir Henri Desgrange was given in honour of Tour founder Henri Desgrange to the first rider to pass the summit of the Col du Galibier on stage 18. This prize was won by Francisco Rodríguez Maldonado.[28]

Classification leadership by stage[29][30][31]
Stage Stage winner General classification
Points classification
Mountains classification
Young rider classification
Combination classification Intermediate sprints classification
Team classifications Combativity award
By time By points
P Bernard Hinault Bernard Hinault Bernard Hinault not awarded Allan Peiper Bernard Hinault not awarded Renault–Elf La Redoute not awarded
1 Frank Hoste Ludo Peeters Frank Hoste Ludo Peeters Frank Hoste Ludo Peeters Peugeot–Shell–Michelin Ludo Peeters
2 Marc Madiot Jacques Hanegraaf Jean-François Rault Jacques Hanegraaf Adri van der Poel Jacques Hanegraaf not awarded
3 Renault–Elf not awarded
4 Ferdi Van Den Haute Adri van der Poel Panasonic–Raleigh Ferdi Van Den Haute
5 Paulo Ferreira Vincent Barteau Frank Hoste Vincent Barteau Maurice Le Guilloux Paulo Ferreira
6 Frank Hoste Phil Anderson not awarded
7 Laurent Fignon not awarded
8 Pascal Jules Alain Bondue
9 Jan Raas Jacques Hanegraaf Régis Clère
10 Eric Vanderaerden Theo de Rooij
11 Robert Millar Jean-René Bernaudeau Vincent Barteau Jean-René Bernaudeau
12 Pascal Poisson Bernard Hinault
13 Pierre-Henri Menthéour Dominique Garde
14 Alfons De Wolf Alfons De Wolf
15 Frédéric Vichot Michel Laurent
16 Laurent Fignon not awarded
17 Luis Herrera Laurent Fignon Robert Millar Robert Millar Bernard Hinault
18 Laurent Fignon Greg LeMond Laurent Fignon Francisco Rodríguez Maldonado
19 Ángel Arroyo Jérôme Simon
20 Laurent Fignon Henk Lubberding
21 Frank Hoste
22 Laurent Fignon Sean Kelly not awarded
23 Eric Vanderaerden Frank Hoste
Final Laurent Fignon Frank Hoste Robert Millar Greg LeMond Laurent Fignon Jacques Hanegraaf Renault–Elf Panasonic–Raleigh Bernard Hinault
  • In stage 1, Laurent Fignon wore the green jersey, because Bernard Hinault already wore the yellow jersey.
  • In stage 2, Harald Maier wore the polka dot jersey, because Ludo Peeters already wore the yellow jersey.
  • In stage 4, Allan Peiper wore the white jersey, because Jacques Hanegraaf already wore the yellow jersey.
  • In stages 6 – 11, Paulo Ferreira wore the white jersey, because Vincent Barteau already wore the yellow jersey.
  • In stages 12 – 17, Greg LeMond wore the white jersey, because Vincent Barteau already wore the yellow jersey.

Final standings[edit]

Legend
A yellow jersey. Denotes the winner of the general classification A green jersey. Denotes the winner of the points classification
A white jersey with red polka dots. Denotes the winner of the mountains classification A white jersey. Denotes the winner of the young rider classification
A red jersey. Denotes the winner of the intermediate sprints classification

General classification[edit]

Final general classification (1–10)[32]
Rank Rider Team Time
1  Laurent Fignon (FRA) Renault–Elf 112h 03' 40"
2  Bernard Hinault (FRA) La Vie Claire + 10' 32"
3  Greg LeMond (USA) Renault–Elf + 11' 46"
4  Robert Millar (GBR) Peugeot–Shell–Michelin + 14' 42"
5  Sean Kelly (IRE) Skil–Reydel–Sem–Mavic + 16' 35"
6  Ángel Arroyo (ESP) Reynolds + 19' 22"
7  Pascal Simon (FRA) Peugeot–Shell–Michelin + 21' 17"
8  Pedro Muñoz Machín Rodríguez (ESP) Teka + 26' 17"
9  Claude Criquielion (BEL) Splendor–Mondial Moquettes–Marc + 29' 12"
10  Phil Anderson (AUS) Panasonic–Raleigh + 29' 16"

Points classification[edit]

Final points classification (1–10)[33][34]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Frank Hoste (BEL) Europ Decor–Boule d'Or 322
2  Sean Kelly (IRE) Skil–Reydel–Sem–Mavic 318
3  Eric Vanderaerden (BEL) Panasonic–Raleigh 247
4  Leo van Vliet (NED) Kwantum–Decosol–Yoko 173
5  Bernard Hinault (FRA) La Vie Claire 146
6  Laurent Fignon (FRA) Renault–Elf 143
7  Francis Castaing (FRA) Peugeot–Shell–Michelin 137
8  Pascal Jules (FRA) Renault–Elf 123
9  Jean-François Rault (FRA) La Vie Claire 83
10  Jean-Philippe Vandenbrande (BEL) Splendor–Mondial Moquettes–Marc 80

Mountains classification[edit]

Final mountains classification (1–10)[33][35]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Robert Millar (GBR) Peugeot–Shell–Michelin 284
2  Laurent Fignon (FRA) Renault–Elf 212
3  Ángel Arroyo (ESP) Reynolds 140
4  Luis Herrera (COL) Varta–Café de Colombia 108
5  José Patrocinio Jiménez (COL) Teka 92
6  Bernard Hinault (FRA) La Vie Claire 89
7  Pascal Simon (FRA) Peugeot–Shell–Michelin 79
8  Theo de Rooij (NED) Panasonic–Raleigh 74
9  Greg LeMond (USA) Renault–Elf 69
10  Sean Kelly (IRE) Skil–Reydel–Sem–Mavic 65

Young rider classification[edit]

Final young rider classification (1–10)[36][37]
Rank Rider Team Time
1  Greg LeMond (USA) Renault–Elf 112h 15' 26"
2  Pedro Muñoz Machín Rodríguez (ESP) Teka + 14' 31"
3  Niki Rüttimann (SUI) La Vie Claire + 19' 12"
4  Rafael Acevedo (COL) Varta–Café de Colombia + 21' 46"
5  José Antonio Agudelo Gómez (COL) Varta–Café de Colombia + 37' 39"
6  Frédéric Vichot (FRA) Skil–Reydel–Sem–Mavic + 41' 32"
7  Luis Herrera (COL) Varta–Café de Colombia + 46' 44"
8  Vincent Barteau (FRA) Renault–Elf + 48' 16"
9  Gilles Mas (FRA) Skil–Reydel–Sem–Mavic + 53' 52"
10  Jérôme Simon (FRA) La Redoute + 1h 04' 47"

Intermediate sprints classification[edit]

Final intermediate sprints classification (1–10)[33][38]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Jacques Hanegraaf (NED) Kwantum–Decosol–Yoko 155
2  Bernard Hinault (FRA) La Vie Claire 52
3  Laurent Fignon (FRA) Renault–Elf 51
4  Phil Anderson (AUS) Panasonic–Raleigh 47
5  Sean Kelly (IRE) Skil–Reydel–Sem–Mavic 47
6  Alain Bondue (FRA) La Redoute 42
7  Alfons De Wolf (BEL) Europ Decor–Boule d'Or 37
8  Pascal Jules (FRA) Renault–Elf 34
9  Dominique Garde (FRA) Peugeot–Shell–Michelin 34
10  Ludo Peeters (BEL) Kwantum–Decosol–Yoko 32

Team classification[edit]

Final team classification (1–10)[33][39]
Rank Team Time
1 Renault–Elf 336h 31' 16"
2 Skil–Reydel–Sem–Mavic + 46' 44"
3 Reynolds + 57' 58"
4 Peugeot–Shell–Michelin + 1h 01' 57"
5 La Vie Claire + 1h 15' 59"
6 Varta–Café de Colombia + 1h 25' 02"
7 Panasonic–Raleigh + 1h 31' 09"
8 Teka + 1h 39' 47"
9 Splendor–Mondial Moquettes–Marc + 2h 21' 37"
10 Cilo–Aufina–Crans–Montana + 2h 50' 56"

Team points classification[edit]

Final team points classification (1–10)[33][30]
Rank Team Points
1 Panasonic–Raleigh 1159
2 Renault–Elf 1318
3 Peugeot–Shell–Michelin 1322
4 Skil–Reydel–Sem–Mavic 1371
5 La Vie Claire 1506
6 Kwantum–Decosol–Yoko 2048
7 Reynolds 2136
8 Splendor–Mondial Moquettes–Marc 2162
9 COOP–Hoonved 2224
10 Teka 2433

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cossins, Peter (22 July 2014). "Renault: The best Tour de France team ever?". cyclingnews.com. Retrieved 28 March 2016.
  2. ^ "Zeventien formaties kandidaat voor Tour". Nieuwsblad van het Noorden (in Dutch). Koninklijke Bibliotheek. 26 January 1984. p. 21. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
  3. ^ a b "The history of the Tour de France – Year 1984 – The starters". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  4. ^ "Tour de France 1984 – Debutants". ProCyclingStats. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  5. ^ "Tour de France 1984 – Peloton averages". ProCyclingStats. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  6. ^ "Tour de France 1984 – Youngest competitors". ProCyclingStats. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  7. ^ "Tour de France 1984 – Average team age". ProCyclingStats. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  8. ^ a b Augendre 2016, p. 75.
  9. ^ Augendre 2016, pp. 177–178.
  10. ^ "Ronde van Frankrijk 84" [Tour de France 84]. de Volkskrant (in Dutch). 28 June 1984. p. 10 – via Delpher.
  11. ^ "71ème Tour de France 1984" [71st Tour de France 1984]. Mémoire du cyclisme (in French). Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  12. ^ Augendre 2016, p. 74.
  13. ^ Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC top ten". CVCCBike.com. Archived from the original on 10 June 2009. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
  14. ^ "The history of the Tour de France – Year 1984 – The stage winners". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  15. ^ Augendre 2016, p. 110.
  16. ^ a b c "1984 Tour de France". Bike Race Info (71st edition: June 29 - July 22, 1984 ed.).
  17. ^ McGann & McGann 2008, p. 147.
  18. ^ McGann & McGann 2008, p. 152.
  19. ^ a b "Remembering Laurent Figons 1984 Tour De France Win".
  20. ^ "Former Teammates Battle".
  21. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 452–455.
  22. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 452–453.
  23. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 453–454.
  24. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, p. 454.
  25. ^ a b Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 454–455.
  26. ^ a b c Nauright & Parrish 2012, p. 455.
  27. ^ van den Akker 2018, pp. 211–216.
  28. ^ "Fignon legt z'n wil op" [Fignon imposes his will]. De Waarheid (in Dutch). 19 July 1984. p. 4 – via Delpher.
  29. ^ "Dag na dag" [Day to day]. Gazet van Antwerpen (in Dutch). 23 July 1984. p. 21. Archived from the original on 14 February 2019.
  30. ^ a b Martin 1984, p. 125.
  31. ^ van den Akker, Pieter. "Informatie over de Tour de France van 1984" [Information about the Tour de France from 1984]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 2 March 2019. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  32. ^ a b "The history of the Tour de France – Year 1984 – Stage 23 Pantin > Paris". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  33. ^ a b c d e "Clasificaciones oficiales" (PDF). Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). 24 July 1984. p. 19. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 October 2019.
  34. ^ van den Akker, Pieter. "Puntenklassementsdingen in de Tour de France 1984" [Points classification in the Tour de France 1984]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 25 April 2019. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  35. ^ van den Akker, Pieter. "Bergdoorkomsten in de Tour de France 1984" [Mountain passages in the Tour de France 1984]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 25 April 2019. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  36. ^ "Tour in cijfers". Leidsch Dagblad (in Dutch). 23 July 1984. p. 14. Retrieved 18 March 2012 – via Regionaal Archief Leiden.
  37. ^ van den Akker, Pieter. "Stand in het jongerenklassement – Etappe 23" [Standings in the youth classification – Stage 23]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 24 April 2019. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  38. ^ Martin 1984, p. 126.
  39. ^ van den Akker, Pieter. "Stand in het ploegenklassement" [Standings in the team classification]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 25 April 2019. Retrieved 25 April 2019.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to 1984 Tour de France at Wikimedia Commons