1984 Winter Olympics medal table

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The 1984 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XIV Olympic Winter Games, was a winter multi-sport event held in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia, from 8 to 19 February 1984. A total of 1,272 athletes representing 49 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) (+12 from the 1980 Olympics) participated in 39 events (+1 from 1980) from 10 different sports and disciplines (unchanged from 1980).[1] Compared with the previous Winter Games, the new event included was the women's 20 km in cross-country skiing, while first time NOCs to enter were Egypt, Monaco, Puerto Rico, Senegal, and British Virgin Islands.[1]

Seventeen NOCs won at least one medal and, among these, eleven secured at least one gold medal. For the first time since its debut at the 1968 Winter Olympics, East Germany topped the gold medal count with nine, three more than the Soviet Union, which had led this count in the past three Games. The Soviet delegation won the most overall medals (25), including the most silvers (10) and bronzes (9). The host nation, Yugoslavia, collected its first-ever medal at the Winter Olympics: a silver by alpine skier Jure Franko in the men's giant slalom.[2] This was the third time that the Winter Olympics host team failed to win a gold medal, after France in 1924 and Switzerland in 1928.[3][4]

Austrian athletes secured a single medal—a bronze in men's alpine skiing downhill—in what is the nation's worst ever result at the Winter Games.[5] In contrast, Czechoslovakia and Finland's performances in Sarajevo were historical bests, after collecting a total of six and thirteen medals, respectively.[6][7] Finnish cross-country skier Marja-Liisa Hämäläinen was responsible for three of her NOC's four gold medals with a sweep of victories in the women's individual events, and contributed to the bronze in the team relay event.[8] These Games also witnessed the best result by a Canadian team since the 1960 Winter Olympics, thanks mostly to the achievements of speed skater Gaétan Boucher.[9] His wins in the men's 1,000 and 1,500 metres, and a third place in the 500 metres, earned Canada's two gold medals and three of its four medals.[9] Sweden secured four golds for the first time since St. Moritz 1948,[10] of which three were obtained by cross-country skiers Gunde Svan and Thomas Wassberg. Svan and Wassberg won the men's 15 km and 50 km, respectively, and also clinched the first place in the team relay.[11] Svan was also awarded with a silver and bronze medals, thus contributing half of his NOC's medal tally.[12] For the third consecutive Winter Olympics, Great Britain's sole medal was a gold at a figure skating event,[13] this time in ice dancing by Jayne Torvill and Christopher Dean, who received the first-ever set of perfect scores in their free program routine.[14]

Medal table[edit]

A woman is wearing a skin-tight jumpsuit with a hood and ice skates; she is making a turn as she skates on an ice track.
Karin Kania-Enke won either gold or silver in each of the four women's speed skating events, to become the most medaled East German athlete at these Games.[15]
A man skies on a snow-covered course. He is wearing a white vest on top of a blue skin-tight jumpsuit, a white winter cap, and red ski boots. On his back, he carries a rifle.
Eirik Kvalfoss won three medals in biathlon (gold, silver, and bronze), a third of Norway's medals in Sarajevo.[16]

The medal table is based on information provided by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and is consistent with IOC convention in its published medal tables. By default, the table is ordered by the number of gold medals the athletes from a nation have won, where nation is an entity represented by a National Olympic Committee (NOC). The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze medals. If nations are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically.

  *   Host nation (Yugoslavia)

Rank NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  East Germany (GDR) 9 9 6 24
2  Soviet Union (URS) 6 10 9 25
3  United States (USA) 4 4 0 8
4  Finland (FIN) 4 3 6 13
5  Sweden (SWE) 4 2 2 8
6  Norway (NOR) 3 2 4 9
7  Switzerland (SUI) 2 2 1 5
8  Canada (CAN) 2 1 1 4
8  West Germany (FRG) 2 1 1 4
10  Italy (ITA) 2 0 0 2
11  Great Britain (GBR) 1 0 0 1
12  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 0 2 4 6
13  France (FRA) 0 1 2 3
14  Japan (JPN) 0 1 0 1
 Yugoslavia (YUG)* 0 1 0 1
16  Liechtenstein (LIE) 0 0 2 2
17  Austria (AUT) 0 0 1 1
Total (17 NOCs) 39 39 39 117

Medal distribution[edit]

|
49
48
|
47
46
— 45
44—
43
42
41
40—
  |
39
38
37
  |
36
35
— 34
33
|
32
31
  |
30
29
  |
28
— 27
|
26
— 25
— 24
|
23
|
22
21
|
20
19
18
17
16 —
15
14
— 13
|
12
11 —
10
9 —
8
—7
6
5
|
4
3
2
|
1
Participating NOCs[17] with:   at least one gold medal;   at least one silver medal;   at least one bronze medal;   no medals. Red diamond: first medal. Yellow circle: host country.
  1. Andorra
  2. Argentina
  3. Australia
  4. Austria
  5. Belgium
  6. Bolivia
  7. Bulgaria
  8. Canada
  9. Chile
  10. China
  11. Costa Rica
  12. Cyprus
  13. Czechoslovakia
  14. Egypt
  15. Finland
  16. France
  17. East Germany
  18. West Germany
  19. Great Britain
  20. Greece
  21. Hungary
  22. Iceland
  23. Italy
  24. Japan
  25. North Korea
  26. South Korea
  27. Lebanon
  28. Liechtenstein
  29. Mexico
  30. Monaco
  31. Mongolia
  32. Morocco
  33. Netherlands
  34. New Zealand
  35. Norway
  36. Poland
  37. Puerto Rico
  38. Romania
  39. San Marino
  40. Senegal
  41. Soviet Union
  42. Spain
  43. Sweden
  44. Switzerland
  45. Chinese Taipei
  46. Turkey
  47. United States
  48. Virgin Islands
  49. Yugoslavia

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ a b "Sarajevo 1984 Winter Olympics". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 16 July 2010. Retrieved 21 July 2010. 
  2. ^ Callahan, Tom (28 February 1984). "Sport: Something to Shout About". Time. Time Inc. Retrieved 23 July 2010. 
  3. ^ "1924 Chamonix". Olympic.ca. Canadian Olympic Committee. Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  4. ^ "1928 St. Moritz". Olympic.ca. Canadian Olympic Committee. Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  5. ^ Waha, Eric (20 February 1984). "Austrian skiers hit by weltuntergangsstimmung". Anchorage Daily News. Associated Press. Retrieved 23 July 2010. 
  6. ^ Kubatko, Justin. "Czechoslovakia". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 18 June 2010. Retrieved 21 July 2010. 
  7. ^ Kubatko, Justin. "Finland". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 17 August 2010. Retrieved 6 August 2010. 
  8. ^ "Marja-Liisa Kirvesniemi". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 14 August 2010. Retrieved 23 July 2010. 
  9. ^ a b Farber, Michael (20 February 1984). "Canada stands tall – thanks to Boucher and Orser". Ottawa Citizen. Ottawa. Southam News. Retrieved 23 July 2010. 
  10. ^ Kubatko, Justin. "Sweden". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 16 September 2010. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  11. ^ Kubatko, Justin. "Sweden cross-country skiing athe 1984 Sarajevo Winter Games". Olympics at the Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Olympic team gets its Phil at the end". Reading Eagle. Associated Press. 20 February 1984. p. 20. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  13. ^ Kubatko, Justin. "Great Britain". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 28 June 2010. Retrieved 21 July 2010. 
  14. ^ "British skaters perform perfectly". The Times-News. Hendersonville, N.C. Associated Press. 15 February 1984. p. 15. Retrieved 23 July 2010. 
  15. ^ "Enke wins fourth skating medal". Ottawa Citizen. Ottawa. Associated Press. 15 February 1984. p. 48. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  16. ^ Kubatko, Justin. "Norway biathlon at the 1984 Sarajevo Winter Games". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  17. ^ The Official Report of the Organising Committee of the XIVth Winter Olympic Games 1984 at Sarajevo (PDF). Sarajevo: Organising Committee of the XIVth Winter Olympic Games 1984 at Sarajevo. 1984. pp. 89–90. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 October 2010. Retrieved 11 October 2010.