1984 in the United Kingdom

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United Kingdom 1984 in the United Kingdom United Kingdom
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Events from the year 1984 in the United Kingdom. The year was dominated by the miners' strike.

Incumbents[edit]

Events[edit]

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

  • 2 April – Youth gangs run riot in Wolverhampton, looting from shops.[15]
  • 4 April – Peace protesters evicted from the Greenham Common Women's Peace Camp.[16]
  • 9 April – More than 100 pickets are arrested in violent clashes at the Creswell colliery in Derbyshire and the Babbington colliery in Nottinghamshire. It is estimated that 46 out of 176 British coal mines are currently active as miners fight government plans to close 20 coal mines across Britain.[17]
  • 12 April – Arthur Scargill, the leader of the National Union of Mineworkers, rules out a national ballot of miners on whether to continue their strike, which has already lasted five weeks.[18]
  • 15 April – The comedian Tommy Cooper, 63, collapses and dies on stage from a heart attack during a live televised show, Live from Her Majesty's.
  • 17 April – WPC Yvonne Fletcher is shot and killed by a secluded gunman during a siege outside the Libyan Embassy in London in the event known as the 1984 Libyan Embassy Siege. 11 other people are also shot but survive.[19]
  • 22 April – In the wake of Yvonne Fletcher's death, Britain severs diplomatic relations with Libya and serves warning on its seven remaining Libyan diplomats to return to their homeland.
  • 25 April – Austin Rover launches its new Montego four-door saloon, which replaces the Austin Ambassador and Morris Ital, and is derived from the Maestro hatchback. A five-door estate version of the Montego is due later this year.
  • 27 April – 30 Libyan diplomats leave Britain.

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

  • 6 September – A MORI poll shows that the Conservatives now have a slim lead over Labour for the first time this year.[11]
  • 7 September – An outbreak of food poisoning in two Yorkshire hospitals has so far claimed 22 lives in the space of two weeks.[34]
  • 10 September – Geneticist Alec Jeffreys discovers DNA fingerprinting.[26]
  • 15 September – The Princess of Wales gives birth to her second son.
  • 16 September – The one-day-old son of the Prince and Princess of Wales is named as Henry Charles Albert David.
  • 24 September – Four pupils and their teacher die and a further six pupils are injured when a roll of steel from a lorry crushes their minibus near Stuart Bathurst RC High School in Wednesbury, West Midlands.[35]
  • 26 September – The United Kingdom and the People's Republic of China sign the initial agreement to return Hong Kong to China in 1997.[36]
  • 28 September – The High Court rules that the miner's strike is unlawful.

October[edit]

  • 1 October – David Jenkins, Bishop of Durham, launches an attack on Margaret Thatcher's social policies. The Durham area has been particularly hard hit by factory and mine closures since her election as Prime Minister five years ago.
  • 3 October – Plans to expand the Urban Enterprise Zone in Dudley, West Midlands, are approved; developers Don and Roy Richardson get the go-ahead to build a retail park and shopping mall on the main part of the site. The first tenants will move to the site next year and the development is expected in the next 18 months, with scope for further service sector developments in the future.[37]
  • 5 October – Police in Essex make the largest cannabis seizure in British criminal history when a multimillion-pound stash of the drug is found on a schooner moored on the River Crouch near North Fambridge village.[38]
  • 9 October - The television series based on the children's books by the Rev. Wilbert Awdry and narrated by Ringo Starr, Thomas the Tank Engine and Friends is first broadcast on ITV, becoming one of the most successful children's TV programmes of all time since Postman Pat on the BBC three years prior.
  • 10 October – The High Court fines the NUM £200,000 and Arthur Scargill £1,000 for contempt of court.
  • 12 October – The Provisional Irish Republican Army attempts to assassinate the Conservative cabinet in the Brighton hotel bombing. Margaret Thatcher escapes unharmed, but MP Anthony Berry and four other people are killed, whilst Norman Tebbit is trapped among the rubble and his wife Margaret is seriously injured.[39]
  • 13 October – Darts player John Lowe achieves the first televised nine dart finish.[26]
  • 16 October
    • There is good news for state-owned car maker Austin Rover. On the day that a facelifted version of the top selling Austin Metro, now available as a five-door as well as a three-door, is launched, it is announced that sales for September have increased by 39% over the same period last year. The pre-facelift Metro was Britain's best selling car last month, while the mid-range Maestro (launched 19 months ago) was the second best seller ahead of its key rival the Ford Escort, and the six-month-old Austin Montego was the fifth best seller ahead of the Ford Sierra.[40]
    • The Bill, a police TV drama, airs for the first time on ITV. It debuted last year as a pilot show Wooden Top.[41] When the last episode is shown in 2010 it will be the longest-running police procedural in British television history.
  • 18 October – Support for the Conservative government is reported to be improving after several months of dismal poll showings, with the latest MORI poll putting them nine points ahead of Labour on 44%.[42]
  • 23 October – BBC News news presenter Michael Buerk gives powerful commentary of the famine in Ethiopia which has already claimed thousands of lives and reportedly has the potential to claim the lives of as many as 7 million more people. Numerous British charities including Oxfam and Save the Children begin collection work to aid the famine victims, who are mostly encamped near the town of Korem.
  • 31 October – Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 passed, codifying police powers in investigating suspects.

November[edit]

  • 5 November – 800 miners end their strike and return to work.
  • 15 November – The General Synod of the Church of England support the ordination of women as deacons, but not as full priests.[4]
  • 19 November – The number of working miners increases to around 62,000 when nearly 3,000 striking miners return to work.
  • 20 November – British Telecom shares go on sale in the biggest share issue ever.[15] Two million people (5% of the adult population) buy shares, almost doubling the number of share owners in Britain.[43]
  • 23 November – The Oxford Circus fire traps around 1,000 passengers on the London Underground but no-one is killed.[44]
  • 25 November – 36 of Britain and Ireland's top pop musicians gather in a Notting Hill studio to form Band Aid and record the song "Do They Know It's Christmas" in order to raise money for famine relief in Ethiopia.
  • 28 November – The British Telecom share offer closes.
  • 30 November
    • Tension in the miners' strike increases when two South Wales miners are charged with the murder of taxi driver David Wilkie, 35, who died when a concrete block was dropped on his car from a road bridge. The passenger in his car, who escaped with minor injuries, was a miner who had defied the strike and continued going to work.
    • The British and French governments announce their intention to seek private promoters for the construction of the Channel Tunnel in order to build and operate it without public funding. The tunnel, for which proposals were first made as long ago as 1802, is expected to be open in the early 1990s.[45]

December[edit]

Undated[edit]

  • Chatham Dockyard in Medway is closed after being used a shipbuilding yard for over 400 years since the reign of Henry VIII.
  • Non-diocesan Bishop at Lambeth first appointed within the Church of England.
  • Vauxhall have a successful year in the motor industry. It has reported that its market share has doubled since 1981, and the year ends on an even bigger high when its MK2 Astra range is elected European Car of the Year.
  • Despite unemployment reaching a peak of nearly 3.3million this year (with the highest unemployment rate recorded since 1971 of 11.9% in February), inflation is still low at 5%.[55]
  • Youth unemployment (covering the 16–24 age range) stands at a record 1,200,000 – more than a third of the total unemployment count.[56]

Publications[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Glasgow Herald – Google News Archive Search". google.com.
  2. ^ "Six die at Leisure Centre". The Times (61739). London. 16 January 1984. p. 2.
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  15. ^ a b "Those were the days". expressandstar.com.
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  35. ^ "MINIBUS CRASH:". itnsource.com. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011.
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  55. ^ WebCite query result
  56. ^ Bowater, Donna (16 November 2011). "Youth unemployment reaches 1986 levels". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
  57. ^ Watson, Adam; Clement, R. D. (1983). "Aberdeenshire Gaelic". Transactions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness. 52: 373–404.

External links[edit]