Clockwise from top-left: Royal Air Force C-130 airdropping food during the Ethiopian famine; reductions of up to 70 percent in the ozone column observed in the austral (southern hemispheric) spring over Antarctica; Nevado del Ruiz erupts, killing 23,000 people; an earthquake in Mexico City killed 45,000 people; Air India Flight 182 seen less than two weeks before the bombing; the Nintendo Entertainment System is released in U.S. stores revitalizing the North American video game industry; a memorial plaque dedicated to the victims of the Heysel Stadium disaster; the Live Aid concert is held in order to fund relief efforts for the famine in Ethiopia during the time Mengistu Haile Mariam ruled the country.
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1985 ( MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1985th year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 985th year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 85th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1980s decade.
1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.
January [ edit ]
February [ edit ]
March – The
, written by GNU Manifesto Richard Stallman, is first published. 
March 1 – After a 12-year-long dictatorship, Julio María Sanguinetti is sworn in as the first democratically elected President of Uruguay. 
March 3 – The 8.0 Algarrobo earthquake hits Santiago and Valparaíso, Chile, leaving 177 dead, 2,575 injured, 142,489 houses destroyed, and approximately a million people homeless. 
March 8 – A Beirut car bomb, planted in an attempt to assassinate Islamic cleric Sayyed Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah, kills more than 80 people and injures 200 more. 
March 15 – Vice-president José Sarney, upon becoming vice president, assumes the duties of president of Brazil, as the new president Tancredo Neves had become severely ill the day before. Sarney would later become Brazil's first civilian president in 21 years, upon Neves' death on April 21. 
March 16 – Lebanon hostage crisis: US journalist Terry Anderson is taken hostage in Beirut; he remains a prisoner until December 4, 1991. 
March 17 – Expo '85, an international exhibition, opens in Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan, running until September 16. 
March 18 – Australia's longest-running soap opera, , debuts on Neighbours Seven Network. 
March 21 – Canadian paraplegic athlete and activist Rick Hansen sets out on his 40,000 kilometres (25,000 mi), 26-month Man in Motion tour which raises US$26 million for spinal cord research and quality of life initiatives. 
March 31 – The inaugural WrestleMania is held in Madison Square Garden, New York, and is main-“evented by Hulk Hogan and Mr. T vs. Paul Orndorff and Roddy Piper in a tag-team match.
May 4 – The 30th Eurovision Song Contest takes place in Gothenburg, Sweden and is won by the Bobbysocks! song for La det swinge Norway. 
May 5 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan joins West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl for a controversial funeral service at a cemetery in Bitburg, West Germany, which includes the graves of 59 elite S.S. troops from World War II. 
May 9 – The 3rd total Victory Day Parade (the first being in 1945 and the next in 1965) is held on Red Square in Moscow in the Soviet Union. It features T-34-85 tanks, veterans of World War II from Poland, Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union, and is the first parade to be held during the reign of Mikhail Gorbachev.
May 15 – Argentine President Raúl Alfonsín terminates Argentine administration of the Falkland Islands but does not relinquish Argentina's claim to the islands.
May 16 – Scientists of the British Antarctic Survey announce the discovery of the ozone hole.   
May 25 – Approximately 10,000 people are killed when Bangladesh is affected by the storm surge from Tropical Storm One (1B).
May 26 – Young driver Danny Sullivan beats veteran Mario Andretti to win the 1985 Indianapolis 500. 
May 29 – Heysel Stadium disaster: Thirty-nine spectators are killed in rioting on the terraces during the European Cup final between Liverpool F.C. and Juventus (0–1) at Heysel Stadium in Brussels, Belgium. May 31 – Forty-four tornadoes hit Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York and Ontario, including a rare powerful F5. In total, the event killed 90 people.
June 6 – The remains of Josef Mengele, the physician notorious for Nazi human experimentation on inmates of Auschwitz concentration camp, buried in 1979 under the name of Wolfgang Gerhard, are exhumed in Embu das Artes, Brazil. 
June 15 – Studio Ghibli, an animation studio, is founded in Tokyo. 
June 20 – 1985 Nepal bombings: A series of bomb blasts occurs in Kathmandu and other cities of Nepal. 
June 22 – British and Irish police foil a "mainland bombing campaign" sponsored by the Provisional Irish Republican Army which targets luxury vacation resorts.
June 23 – Air India Flight 182, a Boeing 747, is blown up by a terrorist bomb 31,000 feet (9,500 m) above the Atlantic Ocean, south of Ireland, on a Montreal–London–Delhi flight, killing all 329 aboard. 
June 24 – STS-51-G: Space Shuttle completes its mission, best remembered for having Discovery Sultan bin Salman Al Saud, the first Arab and first Muslim in space, as a payload specialist. June 27 – The iconic U.S. Route 66 is officially decommissioned. 
Live Aid at JFK Stadium in Philadelphia
September [ edit ]
October [ edit ]
November [ edit ]
November 9 – In an all-Soviet match, 22-year-old Garry Kasparov defeats Anatoly Karpov to become the youngest-ever undisputed winner of the World Chess Championship.
November 12 – A total solar eclipse occurs over Antarctica at 14:11:22 UTC.
November 13 – Armero tragedy: The Nevado del Ruiz volcano erupts, killing an estimated 23,000 people, including 21,000 killed by lahars, in the town of Armero, Colombia.
November 19 – Cold War: In Geneva, U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet for the first time.
November 20 – Microsoft Corporation releases the first international release of Windows 1.0.
November 23 – EgyptAir Flight 648 is hijacked by the Abu Nidal group and flown to Malta, where Egyptian commandos storm the plane; 60 are killed by gunfire and explosions.
November 25 – 1985 Aeroflot Antonov An-12 shoot-down: A Soviet Aeroflot Antonov An-12 cargo airplane, en route from Cuito Cuanavale to Luanda, is shot down by South African Special Forces and crashes approximately 43 km east of Menongue, the provincial center of the Cuando Cubango Province, Angola, killing 8 crew members and 13 passengers on board. November 29 – Gérard Hoarau, exiled political leader from the Seychelles, is assassinated in London.
December [ edit ]
Date unknown [ edit ]
World population [ edit ]
Births and deaths [ edit ]
Nobel Prizes [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
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Kleist, Trina (August 16, 1986). "Schroeder's struggle lasts 620 days - artificial heart recipient William J. Schroeder". Science News. Science Service, Inc . Retrieved . September 20, 2008
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Idato, Michael (July 14, 2005). "An Institution Turns 20". . Melbourne. The Age Archived from the original on July 14, 2010 . Retrieved . December 22, 2009
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"The 57th Academy Awards, 1985". Oscars.org . Retrieved . January 21, 2021
Terry M. Mays (June 18, 2015). . Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 19. Historical Dictionary of International Organizations in Africa and the Middle East ISBN . 978-1-4422-5018-5
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"Gothenburg 1985". Eurovision Song Contest . Retrieved . March 1, 2021
"Ronald Reagan: Remarks at a Joint German-American Military Ceremony at Bitburg Air Base in the Federal Republic of Germany" . Retrieved . March 2, 2021
"Fans killed in Bradford stadium fire". BBC News. May 11, 1985. Archived from the original on March 7, 2008 . Retrieved . December 2, 2008
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Farman, J.C.; Gardiner, B.G.; Shanklin, J.D. (1985). "Large losses of total ozone in Antarctica reveal seasonal ClO x/NO x interaction". . Nature 315 (6016): 207–10. Bibcode: 1985Natur.315..207F. doi: 10.1038/315207a0. S2CID 4346468.
Zehr, Stephen C. (1994). "Accounting for the Ozone Hole: Scientific Representations of an Anomaly and Prior Incorrect Claims in Public Settings". . The Sociological Quarterly 35 (4): 603–19. doi: 10.1111/j.1533-8525.1994.tb00419.x. JSTOR 4121521.
^ He appears on the cover of
. Sports Illustrated
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^ Bowman, John Stewart.
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Roach, Kent (2011). "The Air India Report and the Regulation of Charities and Terrorism Financing". The University of Toronto Law Journal. 61 (1): 46. doi: 10.3138/utlj.61.1.045. JSTOR 23018688.
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"Remarks of the Vice President Announcing the Winner of the Teacher in Space Project". The American Presidency Project. July 19, 1985 . Retrieved . March 16, 2009
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Hanna-Marjut – Hylyt.net (in Finnish)
M/S Hanna Marjut – Wrecksite.eu
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Gaines, Larry; Miller, LeRoy (2006). Criminal Justice In Action: The Core. Thomson/Wadsworth. ISBN . 978-0-495-00305-2
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