1985 South African Grand Prix
|Race 15 of 16 in the 1985 Formula One season|
|Date||19 October 1985|
Gauteng, South Africa
|Course||Permanent racing facility|
|Course length||4.104 km (2.55 mi)|
|Distance||75 laps, 308.8 km (191.248 mi)|
|Time||1:08.149 on lap 74|
The 1985 South African Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held on 19 October 1985 at the Kyalami Circuit in South Africa. It was the fifteenth and penultimate round of the 1985 FIA Formula One World Championship.
The race was marked with some teams boycotting the event due to apartheid -- the segregation of blacks and whites -- and was the last South African Formula One race until apartheid ended in 1992. The race was won by Nigel Mansell in a Williams, who also took pole position.
The event was boycotted by several Formula One teams, namely Ligier and Renault due to mounting international pressures against tolerating the country's system of apartheid. French teams Ligier and Renault's boycotts were in lockstep with the French government's boycott and sanctioning of South Africa, apparently doing so under pressure. Most of the Formula One drivers, including Alain Prost, Niki Lauda and Nigel Mansell were personally very much against racing in South Africa, but the drivers held the mentality that because they were contracted to drive at every Grand Prix, they would race at Kyalami. 
Finland and Sweden held similar reservations regarding Finn Keke Rosberg and Swede Stefan Johansson competing. Sweden's National Automobile Federation had announced Johansson could not race in South Africa before the event, but he did race.
It was the final South African Grand Prix until apartheid ended, with FIA president Jean-Marie Balestre announcing days after the race that a grand prix would not return to the nation because of apartheid. Even without the political pressures, this may well have been the final Formula One race held at Kyalami in its then form. The FIA had long since deemed that circuits where lap times were under 60 seconds were considered too small for Grand Prix racing and with car speeds increasing all the time it was reasonable to conclude that lap times from 1986 would be under 60 seconds (the same fate had also fallen on the French track Dijon-Prenois and would after 1990 claim the French Paul Ricard "club circuit". Kyalami had actually seen a drop in pole position time of over 10 seconds since the 1981 race and Mansell's 1985 pole position time of 1:02.366 was 2.505 seconds faster than Nelson Piquet's 1984 pole time of 1:04.871.
The South African Grand Prix would only return in 1992, after the apartheid ended, in a new configuration of the Kyalami circuit. Nigel Mansell, driving a V10 Williams-Renault, would also win the race when it returned to the Grand Prix calendar in 1992. 
Pole position went to Nigel Mansell, averaging 236.898 km/h (147.201 mph).
|6||11||Elio de Angelis||Lotus-Renault||1:04.611||1:04.129||+1.763|
|12||22||Riccardo Patrese||Alfa Romeo||1:06.386||1:04.948||+2.582|
|14||23||Eddie Cheever||Alfa Romeo||1:07.159||1:05.260||+2.894|
|19||29||Pierluigi Martini||Minardi-Motori Moderni||1:10.025||1:08.658||+6.292|
|20||24||Huub Rothengatter||Osella-Alfa Romeo||1:09.904||1:09.873||+7.507|
|2||6||Keke Rosberg||Williams-Honda||75||+ 7.572||3||6|
|3||2||Alain Prost||McLaren-TAG||74||+ 1 Lap||9||4|
|4||28||Stefan Johansson||Ferrari||74||+ 1 Lap||16||3|
|5||17||Gerhard Berger||Arrows-BMW||74||+ 1 Lap||11||2|
|6||18||Thierry Boutsen||Arrows-BMW||74||+ 1 Lap||10||1|
|7||3||Martin Brundle||Tyrrell-Renault||73||+ 2 Laps||17|
|Ret||11||Elio de Angelis||Lotus-Renault||52||Engine||6|
|Ret||29||Pierluigi Martini||Minardi-Motori Moderni||45||Radiator||20|
|Ret||24||Huub Rothengatter||Osella-Alfa Romeo||1||Electrical||21|
|Ret||22||Riccardo Patrese||Alfa Romeo||0||Collision||12|
|Ret||23||Eddie Cheever||Alfa Romeo||0||Collision||14|
Standings after the race
- Note: Only the top five positions are included for both sets of standings. Only the best 11 results counted towards the Drivers' Championship. Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.
- Walker, Rob (February 1986). "Tiger, Tiger". Road & Track (New York, United States: Hachette Filipacchi Médias) 37 (6): 122.
- Paskman, Ken (1985-10-24). "Auto Racing". Orlando Sentinel (Orlando, Florida, United States: Tribune Company) (3 Star Edition): B.2.
- "1985 South African Grand Prix flashback". 5 February 2008. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- Martin, Gordon (1985-09-17). "The Apartheid Controversy Reaches Formula 1 Racing". San Francisco Chronicle (San Francisco, California, United States: Hearst Communications) (Final Edition): 63.
- "Injury shelves Lauda". The Gazette (Montreal, Quebec, Canada: CanWest Global Communications) (Final Edition): C.12. 1985-09-27.
- "GRAND PRIX RESULTS: SOUTH AFRICAN GP, 1992". Retrieved 19 December 2014.
Unless otherwise indicated, all race results are taken from "The Official Formula 1 website". Retrieved 2007-06-17.
1985 European Grand Prix
|FIA Formula One World Championship
1985 Australian Grand Prix
1984 South African Grand Prix
|South African Grand Prix||Next race:
1992 South African Grand Prix