1985 World Snooker Championship

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1985 Embassy World Snooker Championship
1985 World Snooker Championship book cover.jpg
Event program, featuring Steve Davis
Tournament information
Dates12–28 April 1985
VenueCrucible Theatre
FormatRanking event
Total prize fund£250,000
Winner's share£60,000
Highest breakBill Werbeniuk (143)
ChampionDennis Taylor (Northern Ireland)
Runner-upSteve Davis (England)

The 1985 World Snooker Championship[a] was a ranking professional snooker tournament that took place from 12 to 28 April 1985 at the Crucible Theatre in Sheffield, England. The event was organised by the World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association (WPBSA), and was the ninth consecutive World Snooker Championship to be held at the Crucible; the first event taking place in 1977. A five-round qualifying event for the championship was held at the Preston Guildhall from 27 to 31 March for 87 players; 16 of these players reached the main stage, where they met the 16 invited seeded players. The tournament was broadcast in the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland by the BBC, and was sponsored by the Embassy cigarette company. The total prize fund for the event was £250,000, the highest prize pool for any snooker tournament to that date; the winner received £60,000.

The defending champion was Englishman Steve Davis, who had already won the World Championship three times. Davis met Northern Irishman Dennis Taylor in the final which was a best-of-35-frames match, with Davis taking an early 8–0 lead. Taylor battled back into the match, and was later tied at 17–17 leading to a deciding frame. The final frame was contested over the final black ball, with the player who potted the ball winning the title. After both players missed the shot, Taylor potted the black to win his sole World Championship. The match, often called the "black ball final", is commonly considered the best-known match in the history of the sport and a reason for the snooker boom of the 1980s and 1990s.

Canadian Bill Werbeniuk scored the championship's highest break, a 143, in his first-round match. There were a total of 14 century breaks compiled during the championship, with 10 more in qualifying matches. This was the first professional snooker championship to introduce a ban on performance-enhancing substances, with all players in the main stage having to undertake drug tests. The final between Davis and Taylor holds the record for the most-viewed broadcast in the United Kingdom of a program shown after midnight, with a peak of 18.5 million viewers for the match's final frame, breaking the existing records for the most-viewed sporting event and BBC2 program.


The World Snooker Championship is an annual cue sports tournament and the official world championship of the game of snooker.[2] Developed in the late 19th century by British Army soldiers stationed in India,[3] the sport was popular in the United Kingdom before spreading to Europe and the Commonwealth. The sport is now played worldwide, especially in East and Southeast Asian nations such as China, Hong Kong and Thailand.[4]

The World Championship features 32 professional players who compete in one-on-one single-elimination matches, played over several frames. It is organised by the World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association (WPBSA). The players are selected by a combination of the world snooker rankings and a pre-tournament qualification round.[1][5] The first World Championship, in 1927, was won by Joe Davis in a final at Camkin's Hall in Birmingham, England.[6][7] Since 1977, the tournament has been held at the Crucible Theatre in Sheffield.[8] The previous year's championship was won by England's Steve Davis, who defeated fellow countryman Jimmy White 18–16 in the final; this was Davis' third championship having previously won in 1981 and 1983.[9][10] The winner of the 1985 championship received a prize of £60,000 from a total pool of £250,000, the highest prize pool for any snooker event to date.[11]

The tournament was the first snooker event to feature drug tests for the participants, as mandated by the WPBSA on 9 April 1985;[12] the tests were proposed by WPBSA board member Barry Hearn.[13][14] The event was broadcast by the BBC in the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland, with over 90 hours of coverage.[15] The estimated cost for the fortnight's broadcast was reportedly £3 million.[15] The championship was sponsored by the Embassy cigarette company.[15]


The championship was held from 12 to 28 April 1985 at the Crucible Theatre in Sheffield, England, the ninth consecutive time that the tournament was held at the venue.[5] It was the last ranking event of the 1984/1985 season on the World Snooker Tour.[5] There were a total of 103 entrants from the tour, and the competition's main draw had 32 participants.[5] A five-round knockout qualifying competition with 87 players, which was held at Preston Guildhall between 27 and 31 March, produced the 16 qualifying players who progressed into the main draw to play the top 16 seeds. The draw for the tournament was made at the Savoy Hotel in London.[16]

The top 16 players in the latest world rankings automatically qualified for the main draw as seeded players.[b] As defending champion, Steve Davis was seeded first for the event; the remaining 15 seeds were allocated based on world rankings for the previous season. Matches in the first round of the main draw were played as best-of-19-frames. The number of frames needed to win a match increased to 13 in the second round and quarter-finals, and 16 in the semi-finals; the final match was played as best-of-35-frames.[1][5]

Six former world champions participated in the main tournament at the Crucible: Ray Reardon (1970, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, and 1978), Steve Davis (1981, 1983, and 1984), John Spencer (1969, 1971, and 1977), Alex Higgins (1972 and 1982), Cliff Thorburn (1980) and Terry Griffiths (1979).[1] Four players debuted at the world championships, all through the qualifying event: Dene O'Kane, Eugene Hughes, Tony Jones, and Wayne Jones.[1][5]

Prize fund[edit]

The event had a total prize fund of £250,000, an increase of £50,000 in the total prize pool from the previous year, and the winner received £60,000, an increase of £16,000 in the winner's prize money from the previous year.[11] The prize for the winner was the highest of any snooker event until the following year's championship.[17] The breakdown of prize money for the tournament was:[11][18]

  • Winner: £60,000
  • Runner-up: £35,000
  • Semi-finals: £20,000
  • Quarter-finals: £10,000
  • Last 16: £5,250
  • Last 32: £2,500
  • Qualifying groups runner-up: £1,500
  • Qualifying groups third place: £750
  • Highest break: £6,000
  • Maximum break: £60,000

Tournament summary[edit]

Qualifying rounds for the event were played from 27 to 31 March at the Preston Guildhall. There were five knockout rounds, with 87 players. The first qualifying round consisted of seven matches, bringing the number of remaining players to 80. The second to fifth qualifying rounds had 16 matches each, with the winners of the earlier round meeting the 16 higher-ranked players who had been seeded into the next round. The 16 winners from the fifth round met one of the top 16 seeds in the first round of the competition proper.[19]

All qualifying matches were played as best-of-19-frames.[20] After having a heart attack at the 1984 Grand Prix, John Dunning played in his first return match in the qualifiers; he lost to Wayne Jones, 6–10.[21] Danny Fowler made the highest qualifying break, scoring a 137 in his 10–0 victory over Jim Donnelly before losing 2–10 to John Parrott in the following round.[20][22] Fred Davis, aged 71 and eight-time champion between 1948 and 1956, defeated Robert Chaperon 10–9 in the fourth round but lost 6–10 to Rex Williams in the fifth (and final) qualifying round.[19]

First round[edit]

The first round of the championships, from 12 to 17 April, featured 32 players competing in 16 best-of-19-frames matches in two sessions; each seeded player competed against a qualifier. The first match to finish was between second seed Tony Knowles and Tony Jones. Knowles won four straight frames before he was pegged back to 4–4.[23] Jones, the qualifier, took four of the next five frames to lead 8–5 but eventually lost 8–10.[23] As part of an initiative to remove performance-enhancing substances, drug tests were performed for the first time during the event;[12] Knowles was the first player tested.[23]

Top seed, three-time defending champion Steve Davis won his match against Neal Foulds 10–8 to reach the second round.[18][24][25] Only two unseeded players won their first-round matches, with Patsy Fagan defeating 12th seed Willie Thorne 10–6 and John Parrott defeating 13th seed John Spencer 10–3.[26] Spencer was diagnosed with myasthenia gravis shortly after the tournament; it affected his vision, and he won only two matches all season.[27][28][29] After being defeated twice during the season by Eugene Hughes, six-time champion and fifth seed Ray Reardon won 10–9 against Hughes on a deciding frame.[30][31]

A low-scoring match between ninth seed Alex Higgins and Dean Reynolds did not see a break of over 30 points in the first three frames from either player.[32] Reynolds won just the fifth frame of the opening session with Higgins leading 8–1, who eventually won 10–4.[32] John Virgo led tenth seed Tony Meo 5–4 after the first session, but won just one frame in the second session to lose 6–10. In a press conference after the match, Virgo said: "I don't think Tony played well enough to beat me. It was the run of the balls that beat me. That's the way it has been for me for six years. I can't explain it. I practise hard. I play well, but sometimes that is not enough. You need a lot of luck in this game and I didn't get any at all."[33]

Although fourth seed Kirk Stevens defeated Ray Edmonds 10–8, snooker pundit Clive Everton said that his standard of play was not that of a top-four player and Edmonds "made [Stevens] work".[34] In a slow first session, Rex Williams and eighth seed Terry Griffiths played seven (instead of the planned nine) frames; Griffiths led 6–1 after three hours 38 minutes,[32] and eventually won the match 10–3.[35] Bill Werbeniuk (seeded 14th) had not won a single match all season, but defeated Joe Johnson 10–8 and scored a 143 break in the tenth frame – the third-highest break at the championship to date.[29]

A Daily Star series of articles about drug abuse from within the championships was based on statements reportedly by Silvino Francisco.[36] Francisco trailed 1–8 after his first session against 11th seed Dennis Taylor,[36] and lost the match 2–10.[31] Francisco and World Snooker chairman Rex Williams held a press conference. Williams said that there was no evidence of drug use in the sport; Francisco apologised to Kirk Stevens (the player named in the Daily Star articles) and said that the statements in the article were a "total lie".[31][36]

Third seed Cliff Thorburn defeated Mike Hallett, 10–8; 15th seed Doug Mountjoy defeated Murdo MacLeod, 10–5; 16th seed David Taylor defeated Dene O'Kane 10–4, and sixth seed Eddie Charlton defeated John Campbell in an all-Australian tie.[35]

Second round[edit]

The second round, from 18 to 22 April, was played as eight best-of-25-frames matches. Steve Davis led David Taylor 3–0 and 6–3 before winning seven of the eight frames in the second session to win 13–4, scoring century breaks in the eighth (100) and eleventh (105) frames.[25][37] Alex Higgins and Welshman Terry Griffiths were tied 5–5 after ten frames. Griffiths pulled ahead during the second session, leading 10–6, and won three of the first four frames of the final session to win 13–7.[38] John Parrot led Kirk Stevens 6–2 after the first session and eventually won, 13–6.[39]

Ray Reardon and Patsy Fagan were tied after the first session, 4–4,[38] before Reardon pulled ahead 7–5. Reardon fluked the final black ball of frame 13 to lead 8–5,[39] and pulled ahead 12–9 before breaking his cue tip in frame 22. With only a few shots left to play to win the match, Reardon borrowed Fagan's cue for the victory.[40] In an all-Canadian second-round match, Cliff Thorburn defeated Bill Werbeniuk 13–3 with a session to spare.[5] Two former event finalists, Dennis Taylor and Eddie Charlton, met in the second round; Taylor defeated Charlton, 13–6. Seventh seed Jimmy White overcame Tony Meo, despite being tied 10–10, to win 13–11.[41] In the final match, Tony Knowles defeated Doug Mountjoy 13–6.[1][5]


The quarter-finals were played as best-of-25-frames matches in three sessions on 23 and 24 April. Terry Griffiths led Steve Davis after winning the first four frames of the match, but finished the first session at 4–4.[41] Davis won the second session to lead 10–6, but looked back and lost frame 17. Griffiths committed a waistcoat foul, allowing Davis to win the frame and (eventually) win 13–6 to reach his fourth World Championship semi-final.[5][42] John Parrott also won the first four frames of his semi-final against Ray Reardon, and led 5–3 after the first session.[41] Parrott extended his lead to 9–5 in the second session, but missed two green balls in successive frames to lead by only 9–7 after the session. Reardon won all five frames of the third session (seven in a row) to lead 12–9, and Parrott won the next three frames to force a deciding frame.[28][43][44] With just one red left on the table, Parrott led by seven points; Reardon laid a snooker, and won a free ball to win the match with a break of 31.[45]

Due to slow play, only six of the eight frames of the opening session between Dennis Taylor and Cliff Thorburn were played. Taylor took a lead of 4–0, before ending the session at 4–2. The session was called interesting by Clive Everton of The Guardian, however, due to the "high quality of the tactical play."[41] The second session was also long-winded, with the match adjourned at 1:21 a.m. (after nine hours and 45 minutes of play); Taylor led 10–5, with a frame still to be played.[42] Resuming the match, Taylor won three straight frames to win 13–5 and reach his fifth semi-final.[5] Thorburn said after the match that both players were at fault for the slow play: "I wasn't the only one playing safe. If I had played well, this would have been the longest match ever."[45] There was only one break of over 50 in the entire match, made by Taylor in the final frame.[45]

Second seed Tony Knowles played Jimmy White, and led 5–3 after the first session.[41] Knowles made a break of 137 during the session, but missed the black; it would have been the tournament's highest break.[41] He retained his lead through the second session, despite twice being a pot away from being tied; the session finished 9–7.[42] Returning to the match, Knowles won the next two frames but White won a re-spotted black in frame 19. Knowles handled the pressure better than White, and won 13–10.[5][45]


picture of Steve Davis reaching for chalk
Defending champion Steve Davis reached the final, defeating Ray Reardon in the semi-final, and completed his 100th century break in the championships.

The semi-finals, both played as best-of-31-frames matches, were played in four sessions on 25 and 26 April. Reigning champion Steve Davis defeated Ray Reardon, playing just three sessions for a 16–5 victory. Although Reardon had won previous matches with strong safety play, Davis' long potting created opportunities throughout the match.[46] Janice Hale of Snooker Scene magazine wrote that the match had "an air of inevitability", with Davis in full control.[46] Reardon was the oldest World Championship semi-finalist, but failed to play at the level he had played against Parrott.[18][47][48] In winning, Davis reached his third straight world-championship final.[18] He compiled his 100th century break at the Crucible, a 106 break in frame 13.[49]

Tony Knowles played Dennis Taylor in the second semi-final. As the higher-seeded player, Knowles expected to win; he failed to exhibit the form he had earlier in the tournament, however, and fell by the same score as Reardon.[47] Although Knowles won the first two frames, he won just three more frames during the match. Taylor led 10–5 after the second session, and won six frames in a row to win the match in three sessions.[47] After the match, Knowles was unable to understand how he had lost to a lower-seeded player.[50] Taylor said that he saw Knowles get "angry" during the match, however, and the player had "thrown his cue" at a few shots.[50] Knowles also lost the following year's event in the semi-finals to eventual champion Joe Johnson.[48]


A smiling Dennis Taylor
Dennis Taylor won the event by potting the final black ball to win his sole world championship.

The final was played between Steve Davis and Dennis Taylor on 27 and 28 April 1985 as a best-of-35-frames match in four sessions.[51] This was Davis' fourth final (after winning the title in 1981, 1983 and 1984) and Taylor's second; he lost the 1979 final to Terry Griffiths, 16–24.[52] Davis and Taylor had met at the championships on two previous occasions, with Taylor winning in the first round in 1979 and Davis winning the semi-final the previous year.[53] Although Taylor scored a break of 50 in the first session's first frame, Davis won all eight frames to lead 8–0. Restarting the match, Davis hoped to increase his lead to 9–0 but missed a thin cut on the green ball which was later considered the match's turning point.[24][54] This allowed Taylor to win the first frame and seven of the eight frames in the second session to trail 9–7 overnight.[54][55] The following day, Taylor tied the match at 11–11 and 15–15 and was never ahead at any point;[56] Davis won the next two frames to lead 17–15, needing one more frame to win the championship.[54] Taylor made a break of over 50 to tie the match, forcing a deciding frame.[51][57]

The deciding frame lasted over an hour, finishing after midnight Greenwich Mean Time.[54] Davis led 62–44, with just the last four balls to play; Taylor required all four to win the match. He potted difficult shots, leaving the black ball to determine the winner.[58] With the black safe, both players attempted to double the ball. The first real opportunity fell to Taylor, with a long pot to the baulk corner. He missed the shot, and the ball left Davis with a thin cut;[59] according to commentator Jim Meadowcroft, "That was the biggest shot of his life".[25] Davis stepped up to the table and again missed the shot, leaving Taylor a mid-range shot. Meadowcroft said, "This is really unbelievable"[59] before Taylor potted the shot and won the match.[60][61]

After potting the final ball, Taylor raised his cue stick; although he had not been ahead at any point during the game, he "waggled" his finger and kissed the winner's trophy.[30] Taylor said in a 2009 interview that it was aimed at "his good friend" Trevor East, whom he had told he would win.[30] At a press conference afterwards, he said that the match was the "best he had ever been involved in [his] life".[59] The final between Davis and Taylor attracted 18.5 million viewers on BBC2, finishing at 12:23 a.m. after Taylor potted the last black to win the title.[60][61] The viewership was the highest for any broadcast after midnight in the United Kingdom, and the most-viewed show on BBC2.[30]

Taylor dedicated the world championship to his late mother,[62] who had died the previous year. Unwilling to play snooker, he had withdrawn from the 1984 International Open.[62][63] His family and friends persuaded him to play again in the Grand Prix event, where he won his first professional title by defeating Cliff Thorburn in the final.[62] Returning to Northern Ireland, Taylor received a victory parade before 10,000 people in a Land Rover across his home town of Coalisland.[64] He was loaned mayoral robes on the day of his victory parade, and was accompanied by his wife and three children.[64] Taylor later signed a five-year contract with promoter Barry Hearn as his manager.[65]

Main draw[edit]

The results for each round of the main stage of the championship are shown below. The numbers in parentheses beside some of the players are their seeding ranks (each championship has 16 seeds and 16 qualifiers).[1][5][18][35]

First round Second round Quarter-finals Semi-finals
Best of 19 frames Best of 25 frames Best of 25 frames Best of 31 frames
12 April            
  Steve Davis (ENG) (1)  10
17 & 18 April
  Neal Foulds (ENG)  8  
  Steve Davis (ENG) (1)  13
12 & 13 April
    David Taylor (ENG) (16)  4  
  David Taylor (ENG) (16)  10
22 & 23 April
  Dene O'Kane (NZL)  4  
  Steve Davis (ENG) (1)  13
13 & 14 April
    Terry Griffiths (WAL) (8)  6  
  Alex Higgins (NIR) (9)  10
18 & 19 April
  Dean Reynolds (ENG)  4  
  Alex Higgins (NIR) (9)  7
13 & 14 April
    Terry Griffiths (WAL) (8)  13  
  Terry Griffiths (WAL) (8)  10
24 & 25 April
  Rex Williams (ENG)  3  
  Steve Davis (ENG) (1)  16
14 & 15 April
    Ray Reardon (WAL) (5)  5
  Ray Reardon (WAL) (5)  10
19 & 20 April
  Eugene Hughes (IRE)  9  
  Ray Reardon (WAL) (5)  13
15 & 16 April
    Patsy Fagan (IRE)  9  
  Willie Thorne (ENG) (12)  6
22 & 23 April
  Patsy Fagan (IRE)  10  
  Ray Reardon (WAL) (5)  13
15 & 16 April
    John Parrott (ENG)  12  
  John Spencer (ENG) (13)  3
20 & 21 April
  John Parrott (ENG)  10  
  John Parrott (ENG)  13
16 & 17 April
    Kirk Stevens (CAN) (4)  6  
  Kirk Stevens (CAN) (4)  10
  Ray Edmonds (ENG)  8  
16 & 17 April            
  Cliff Thorburn (CAN) (3)  10
20 & 21 April
  Mike Hallett (ENG)  8  
  Cliff Thorburn (CAN) (3)  13
16 April
    Bill Werbeniuk (CAN) (14)  3  
  Bill Werbeniuk (CAN) (14)  10
22 & 23 April
  Joe Johnson (ENG)  8  
  Cliff Thorburn (CAN) (3)  5
15 April
    Dennis Taylor (NIR) (11)  13  
  Dennis Taylor (NIR) (11)  10
19 & 20 April
  Silvino Francisco (SAF)  2  
  Dennis Taylor (NIR) (11)  13
14 & 15 April
    Eddie Charlton (AUS) (6)  6  
  Eddie Charlton (AUS) (6)  10
24, 25 & 26 April
  John Campbell (AUS)  3  
  Dennis Taylor (NIR) (11)  16
13 & 14 April
    Tony Knowles (ENG) (2)  5
  Jimmy White (ENG) (7)  10
18 & 19 April
  Wayne Jones (WAL)  4  
  Jimmy White (ENG) (7)  13
13 & 14 April
    Tony Meo (ENG) (10)  11  
  Tony Meo (ENG) (10)  10
22 & 23 April
  John Virgo (ENG)  6  
  Jimmy White (ENG) (7)  10
12 & 13 April
    Tony Knowles (ENG) (2)  13  
  Doug Mountjoy (WAL) (15)  10
17, 18 & 19 April
  Murdo MacLeod (SCO)  5  
  Doug Mountjoy (WAL) (15)  6
12 April
    Tony Knowles (ENG) (2)  13  
  Tony Knowles (ENG) (2)  10
  Tony Jones (ENG)  8  
Final: (Best of 35 frames) Crucible Theatre, Sheffield, 27 & 28 April. Referee: John Williams[66]
Steve Davis (1)
17–18 Dennis Taylor (11)
 Northern Ireland
Players Session 1: 8–0
Frame 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Davis 88 93 49 65 95 (55) 85 (66) 83 (58) 121 (64, 57) N/A N/A
Taylor 50 (50) 0 2 38 1 6 20 0 N/A N/A
Players Session 2: 1–8 (9–8)
Frame 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Davis 49 76 (57) 48 27 19 1 0 48 25 N/A
Taylor 59 27 63 75 (61) 99 (98) 71 (70) 100 (56) 77 68 (53) N/A
Players Session 3: 5–3 (14–11)
Frame 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Davis 72 66 45 2 1 64 58 86 (86) N/A N/A
Taylor 43 58 80 73 (57) 80 (55) 56 46 13 N/A N/A
Players Session 4: 3–7 (17–18)
Frame 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Davis 43 78 (66) 29 4 29 66 81 47 24 62
Taylor 82 (61) 17 84 (70) 72 (57) 83 (79) 6 0 75 71 (57) 66
87 Highest break 98
0 Century breaks 0
12 50+ breaks 10
Northern Ireland Dennis Taylor wins the 1985 Embassy World Snooker Championship

dagger = Winner of frame

Century breaks[edit]

There were 14 century breaks in the championship. Bill Werbeniuk's 143 against Joe Johnson in the first round was the joint third-highest break in the championship's history, tied with his break in 1979 and Willie Thorne's in 1982.[67][68] Only Cliff Thorburn's maximum break in 1983 and Doug Mountjoy's 145 in 1981 were higher. Tony Knowles missed the black on a break of 137 that would have scored a 144 in his second-round match with Jimmy White.[69]

Qualifying stages[edit]

There were ten century breaks in the qualifying stages; the highest was made by Danny Fowler in his round-of-64 10–0 whitewash of Jim Donnelly.[20][22]


Media covering the tournament called Steve Davis a "bad loser" for his silence and one-word responses to questions from David Vine at a press conference after the event.[24][46] Taylor's victory remains the most-viewed BBC2 program of all time, and was the most-viewed sporting event in the United Kingdom to date.[46] The press conference was later the basis for a Spitting Image skit on Davis.[24]

The tournament final was recreated and redistributed by the BBC in various forms. At the 2010 World Snooker Championship, to celebrate 25 years after the event, the final frame was replayed between Taylor and Davis with commentary by John Virgo.[70] The frame was played as an exhibition, with both players attempting to re-create the shots on the final black ball.[71] The final (and the championship) were examined in the BBC documentary, When Snooker Ruled the World.[56] Another one-hour BBC documentary on the final, Davis v Taylor: The '85 Black Ball Final (featuring interviews with Taylor's friends and family in Northern Ireland), was presented by Colin Murray.[72]

During the 2015 World Snooker Championship, Davis presented Celebrity Black Ball Final on the BBC in which celebrities played the final two shots of the match; guests included Rebecca Adlington, Joey Essex, Russell Watson, Richard Osman and Josh Widdicombe.[73] A 2017 BBC poll found the final the Crucible's "most memorable" moment. The match received over half the vote, with Ronnie O'Sullivan's 1997 maximum break finishing second.[74]

Davis again lost the next year's final, this time to qualifier Joe Johnson. He won three more titles, in 1987, 1988 and 1989.[75] Taylor never reached the final again, losing in the first round of the following year's event, falling to the "Crucible curse".[76]


  1. ^ Also known as the 1985 Embassy World Snooker Championship for the purpose of sponsorship.[1]
  2. ^ If the defending champion was ranked outside the top 16 in the world rankings as an automatic qualifier.[1]


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