1986 NBA Finals

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1986 NBA Finals
1986NBAFinals.png
Team Coach Wins
Boston Celtics K. C. Jones 4
Houston Rockets Bill Fitch 2
Dates May 26 – June 8
MVP Larry Bird
(Boston Celtics)
Television CBS (U.S.)
Announcers Dick Stockton and Tom Heinsohn
Radio network WRKO (BOS)
Announcers Johnny Most and Glenn Ordway (BOS)
Gene Peterson and Jim Foley (HOU)
Referees
Game 1: Jack Madden and Ed T. Rush
Game 2: Jess Kersey and Hugh Evans
Game 3: Joe Crawford and Jake O'Donnell
Game 4: Darell Garretson and Earl Strom
Game 5: Hugh Evans and Jack Madden
Game 6: Jake O'Donnell and Darell Garretson
Hall of Famers Celtics:
Larry Bird (1998)
Dennis Johnson (2010)
Kevin McHale (1999)
Robert Parish (2003)
Bill Walton (1993)
Rockets:
Akeem Olajuwon (2008)
Ralph Sampson (2012)
Coaches:
K.C. Jones (1989, player)
Officials:
Darell Garretson (2016)
Earl Strom (1995)
Eastern Finals Celtics defeat Bucks, 4–0
Western Finals Rockets defeat Lakers, 4–1
NBA Finals

The 1986 NBA Finals was the championship round of the 1985–86 NBA season. It pitted the Eastern Conference champion Boston Celtics against the Western Conference champion Houston Rockets, in a rematch of the 1981 Finals (only Allen Leavell and Robert Reid remained from the Rockets' 1981 team). The Celtics defeated the Rockets four games to two to win their 16th NBA championship. The championship would be the Celtics' last until the 2008 NBA Finals. Larry Bird was named the Finals MVP.

On another note, this series marked the first time the "NBA Finals" branding was officially used, as they dropped the "NBA World Championship Series" branding which had been in use since the beginning of the league, though it had been unofficially called the "NBA Finals" for years.

Until the 2011 series, this was the last time the NBA Finals had started before June. Since game three, all NBA Finals games have been played in June. Starting with the following year, the NBA Finals would be held exclusively in the month of June. It was also the last NBA Finals series to schedule a game on a Monday until 1999 and also the last NBA Finals game to be played on Memorial Day.

CBS Sports used Dick Stockton and Tom Heinsohn as the play-by-play man and color commentator respectively. Meanwhile, Brent Musburger was the host and Pat O'Brien (the Rockets' sideline) and Lesley Visser (the Celtics' sideline) were the sideline reporters.

Background[edit]

Boston Celtics[edit]

The Celtics made the 1985 NBA Finals, but lost in six games to the Los Angeles Lakers. The series exposed some of Boston's weaknesses, such as the lack of bench scoring, which was exploited after Kevin McHale moved to the starting lineup with Cedric Maxwell bothered by knee injuries. In addition, Larry Bird played through an elbow injury, which severely affected his shooting. In the offseason, president Red Auerbach decided to tweak the roster, trading Maxwell to the Los Angeles Clippers for oft-injured center Bill Walton. He also made a trade with the Indiana Pacers, acquiring the younger Jerry Sichting for an aging Quinn Buckner. These moves would pave the way for the Celtics' greatest season yet.

Entering the 1985–86 season, the Celtics surged to a league-best 67–15 record, powered by an NBA record 40 victories at home. Their incomparable home record alone (since tied by the San Antonio Spurs in the 2015–2016 regular season) put the Celtics in the conversation among the NBA's greatest teams in a single season.[1]

In the playoffs, Boston needed just three games to defeat the Chicago Bulls in the first round, despite a playoff record 63 points by Michael Jordan in Game 2.[2] When asked about Jordan's performance in Boston's 135-131 2OT victory, Boston's coach K. C. Jones said, "I don't have a word for today." [2] In retrospect, this game is considered to be a classic clash of the NBA's (arguably) greatest player, Jordan, and the NBA's (arguably) greatest team, Bird's '86 Celtics.[2] In the second round, Boston eliminated the Atlanta Hawks in five games, with the clinching Game 5 a no-doubter as Boston outscored Atlanta 36–6 in the third quarter en route to a 132–99 victory. Then in the conference finals, Boston swept the Milwaukee Bucks in four games, a direct reversal of their second round meeting in the 1983 NBA Playoffs.

Houston Rockets[edit]

Following their previous Finals appearance in 1981, the Rockets entered a brief rebuilding period. Long-time Rockets Calvin Murphy and Rudy Tomjanovich retired, while Mike Dunleavy, Sr., Bill Willoughby, Tom Henderson and Billy Paultz moved on to different teams. But the biggest move came during the 1982 offseason, when the Rockets traded Moses Malone to the 1983 champions Philadelphia 76ers. The loss of Malone sent the Rockets to a league-worst 14–68 record in the 1982–83 season, after which the Rockets were awarded the top pick of the 1983 NBA draft and selected Ralph Sampson.

After a 29-win season in 1984, the Rockets were once again rewarded with the top pick in the 1984 NBA draft. They selected another center in Akeem Olajuwon, and paired alongside Sampson, they were dubbed as the "Twin Towers". Houston also added some valuable role players to complement the duo and holdovers Allen Leavell and Robert Reid, acquiring Rodney McCray, Lewis Lloyd, Craig Ehlo, Mitchell Wiggins and Jim Petersen.

Under third-year head coach Bill Fitch (the head coach of the 1980–81 Celtics championship team), the Rockets posted a 51–31 record and won the Midwest Division title. In the first round, they swept the Sacramento Kings, then eliminated the Denver Nuggets in six games during the second round. In the conference finals, they were matched up against the defending champion Los Angeles Lakers, and after losing Game 1, the Rockets stunned the Lakers by winning the final four games, highlighted by a series-clinching buzzer beater by Sampson in Game 5.

Road to the Finals[edit]

Main article: 1986 NBA Playoffs
Houston Rockets (Western Conference Champion) Boston Celtics (Eastern Conference Champion)
# Western Conference
Team W L PCT GB
1 c-Los Angeles Lakers 62 20 .756
2 y-Houston Rockets 51 31 .622 11
3 x-Denver Nuggets 47 35 .573 15
4 x-Dallas Mavericks 44 38 .537 18
5 x-Utah Jazz 42 40 .512 20
6 x-Portland Trail Blazers 40 42 .488 22
7 x-Sacramento Kings 37 45 .451 25
8 x-San Antonio Spurs 35 47 .427 27
9 Phoenix Suns 32 50 .390 30
10 Los Angeles Clippers 32 50 .390 30
11 Seattle SuperSonics 31 51 .378 31
12 Golden State Warriors 30 52 .366 32

2nd seed in the West, 5th best league record

Regular season
# Eastern Conference
Team W L PCT GB
1 z-Boston Celtics 67 15 .817
2 y-Milwaukee Bucks 57 25 .695 10
3 x-Philadelphia 76ers 54 28 .659 13
4 x-Atlanta Hawks 50 32 .610 17
5 x-Detroit Pistons 46 36 .561 21
6 x-Washington Bullets 39 43 .476 28
7 x-New Jersey Nets 39 43 .476 28
8 x-Chicago Bulls 30 52 .366 37
9 Cleveland Cavaliers 29 53 .354 38
10 Indiana Pacers 26 56 .317 41
11 New York Knicks 23 59 .280 44

1st seed in the East, best league record

Defeated the (7) Sacramento Kings, 3–0 First Round Defeated the (8) Chicago Bulls, 3–0
Defeated the (3) Denver Nuggets, 4–2 Conference Semifinals Defeated the (4) Atlanta Hawks, 4–1
Defeated the (1) Los Angeles Lakers, 4–1 Conference Finals Defeated the (2) Milwaukee Bucks, 4–0

Regular season series[edit]

The Boston Celtics won both games in the regular season series:

March 11, 1986
Boston Celtics 116, Houston Rockets 104
March 24, 1986
Houston Rockets 107, Boston Celtics 114

The finals[edit]

The Larry Bird led Celtics would defeat the Rockets again 4 games to 2 in the 1986 NBA Finals. The Celtics won the first two games at the Boston Garden, where they had gone 40-1 during the regular season. The Rockets had been almost as good at home during the regular season, and they defeated the Celtics 106-104 in game three. Game 4 would be a tense battle at the Summit and the Celtics won 106-103, with Bill Walton coming off the bench to spell a tired Robert Parish to score a crucial basket. The infamous fifth game featured the signature moment of the series, when 7'4" Ralph Sampson ignited a brawl with Jerry Sichting, a player 15 inches (380 mm) shorter than Sampson, ultimately leading to his ejection. While Jim Petersen would lead the Rockets to a decisive victory, Sampson's actions would motivate the Celtics to end the series in six. Bird would dismantle the young Rockets in game 6, as the Garden crowd booed every time Sampson touched the ball. The Celtics eliminated the Rockets 114-97 in a game that wasn't as close as the score would indicate.

Bird was named the Finals' MVP for that year, averaging 24 points, 9.7 rebounds, 9.7 assists and 2.7 steals per game for the series. It was the Celtics' 16th championship in 40 years and it was their last championship before winning their 17th NBA championship in 2008.

Series summary[edit]

Game Date Home team Result Road team
Game 1 Monday, May 26 Boston Celtics 112–100 (1–0) Houston Rockets
Game 2 Thursday, May 29 Boston Celtics 117–95 (2–0) Houston Rockets
Game 3 Sunday, June 1 Houston Rockets 106–104 (1–2) Boston Celtics
Game 4 Tuesday, June 3 Houston Rockets 103–106 (1–3) Boston Celtics
Game 5 Thursday, June 5 Houston Rockets 111–96 (2–3) Boston Celtics
Game 6 Sunday, June 8 Boston Celtics 114–97 (4–2) Houston Rockets

Game 1[edit]

May 26
3:00 pm EDT
Houston Rockets 100, Boston Celtics 112
Scoring by quarter: 28–34, 31–27, 17–30, 24–21
Pts: Akeem Olajuwon 33
Rebs: Akeem Olajuwon 12
Asts: Robert Reid 8
Pts: Bird, McHale 21 each
Rebs: Dennis Johnson 11
Asts: Larry Bird 13
Boston leads the series, 1–0
Boston Garden, Boston
Attendance: 14,890
Referees:
  • No. 14 Jack Madden
  • No. 4 Ed T. Rush

The "Twin Towers" Ralph Sampson and Akeem Olajuwon were saddled with foul trouble for much of the game. Sampson got three quick fouls just 4:45 into the game and scored only two points; Olajuwon picked up five fouls despite scoring 33, 25 of which came in the first half. The backcourt tandem of Dennis Johnson and Danny Ainge provided the third quarter spurt for the Celtics, combining for 22 points, while Boston held Houston to just 17 points in an expected victory.

Game 2[edit]

May 29
9:00 pm EDT
Houston Rockets 95, Boston Celtics 117
Scoring by quarter: 30–31, 20–29, 19–34, 26–23
Pts: Akeem Olajuwon 21
Rebs: Akeem Olajuwon 10
Asts: McCray, Reid 5 each
Pts: Larry Bird 31
Rebs: Larry Bird 8
Asts: Larry Bird 7
Boston leads the series, 2–0
Boston Garden, Boston
Attendance: 14,890
Referees:
  • No. 20 Jess Kersey
  • No. 25 Hugh Evans

The third quarter again proved decisive for the Celtics, outscoring the Rockets 34-19 in the quarter. Sampson and Olajuwon combined for 32 points in the first half, but only seven in the second. Larry Bird paced the Celtics with 31 points on 12-for-19 shooting, while Kevin McHale added 25 in another Boston rout. It was Boston's 40th consecutive victory at home, regular season and playoffs combined.

Game 3[edit]

June 1
3:30 pm EDT
Boston Celtics 104, Houston Rockets 106
Scoring by quarter: 29–33, 30–29, 25–18, 20–26
Pts: Kevin McHale 28
Rebs: Larry Bird 15
Asts: Larry Bird 11
Pts: Ralph Sampson 24
Rebs: Ralph Sampson 22
Asts: Robert Reid 9
Boston leads the series, 2–1
The Summit, Houston, Texas
Attendance: 16,016
Referees:
  • No. 17 Joe Crawford
  • No. 11 Jake O'Donnell

The Rockets rallied from eight points down in the fourth quarter before escaping to a much-needed two-point win at home, despite another third quarter meltdown. Sampson and Olajuwon combined for 47 points and 30 rebounds, Robert Reid added 20, while reserve guard Mitchell Wiggins tipped in off an Olajuwon miss late in the fourth to put the Rockets ahead for good. The Celtics only managed one more shot in their final two possessions, a missed 5-footer by Robert Parish. Kevin McHale and Larry Bird both scored 28 points in the loss, but Bird was held to 3-for-12 shooting in the second half due to Reid's defense.

Game 4[edit]

June 3
9:00 pm EDT
Boston Celtics 106, Houston Rockets 103
Scoring by quarter: 30–30, 33–34, 23–21, 20–18
Pts: Robert Parish 22
Rebs: Robert Parish 15
Asts: Larry Bird 10
Pts: Ralph Sampson 25
Rebs: Akeem Olajuwon 14
Asts: Ralph Sampson 9
Boston leads the series, 3–1
The Summit, Houston, Texas
Attendance: 16,016
Referees:
  • No. 10 Darell Garretson
  • No. 12 Earl Strom

Larry Bird's three-pointer with 2:26 remaining gave Boston the lead for good, while holding the Rockets to just one basket in the final four minutes, keyed by Kevin McHale's three forced turnovers on Houston's final three possessions. Robert Parish scored 22 while hauling 15 rebounds. Dennis Johnson also added 22, while Bird scored 21 and dished out 10 assists. Ralph Sampson led the Rockets with 25 points, while Akeem Olajuwon, Robert Reid and Rodney McCray added 21, 19 and 17 respectively. The Rockets suffered their first home loss of the 1986 playoffs.

Game 5[edit]

June 5
9:00 pm EDT
Boston Celtics 96, Houston Rockets 111
Scoring by quarter: 28–26, 19–32, 18–28, 31–25
Pts: Kevin McHale 33
Rebs: Kevin McHale 8
Asts: Danny Ainge 5
Pts: Akeem Olajuwon 32
Rebs: Akeem Olajuwon 14
Asts: Robert Reid 17
Boston leads the series, 3–2
The Summit, Houston, Texas
Attendance: 16,016
Referees:
  • No. 25 Hugh Evans
  • No. 14 Jack Madden

The game was highlighted by Ralph Sampson's ejection early in the second quarter. With 9:40 remaining in the second, Sampson threw punches at the Celtics' reserve guard Jerry Sichting, 16 inches shorter than Sampson, leading to his ejection while the benches were cleared. The Rockets were leading 34-33 at the time of the brawl, and would lead by as many as 25 points in the second half to score a lopsided victory. Akeem Olajuwon scored 32 points while blocking 8 shots. Though Kevin McHale scored 33, Larry Bird was held to only 17 points, ultimately leading to one of the worst losses suffered by the Celtics that season.

Game 6[edit]

June 8
1:00 pm EDT
Houston Rockets 97, Boston Celtics 114
Scoring by quarter: 23–29, 15–26, 23–27, 36–32
Pts: Akeem Olajuwon 21
Rebs: Akeem Olajuwon 10
Asts: McCray, Reid 5 each
Pts: Larry Bird 29
Rebs: Larry Bird11
Asts: Larry Bird 12
Boston wins the series, 4–2
Boston Garden, Boston
Attendance: 14,890
Referees:
  • No. 11 Jake O'Donnell
  • No. 10 Darrell Garretson

In a masterful display of team basketball and payback for the Game 5 loss, Larry Bird notched a triple-double of 29 points, 11 rebounds and 12 assists to pace a lopsided Boston win that clinched their 16th NBA championship. Kevin McHale added 29 points, 10 rebounds and four blocks. Akeem Olajuwon paced the Rockets with 21 points and 10 rebounds, but Ralph Sampson was held to only eight points on 4-for-12 shooting, visibly distracted by an angry Boston Garden crowd in the aftermath of Game 5. The Celtics led by as much as 30 in the fourth to put away the Rockets.

Following the conclusion of the 1986 NBA Finals, a video documentary of the 1985–86 NBA season, known as "Sweet Sixteen", was released. David Perry was the narrator after Dick Stockton narrated the last three NBA season documentaries.

This would be the city of Boston's last professional championship until 2002 when the New England Patriots won Super Bowl XXXVI. Had the Patriots and the Boston Red Sox won Super Bowl XX and the 1986 World Series, respectively (the Patriots lost 46-10 to the Chicago Bears, while the Red Sox lost in seven games to the New York Mets), it would've given Boston three different professional sports championships in the same calendar year (in 2007-08, the city came very close to achieving this, as the 2007 Red Sox and 2008 Celtics won titles, but the 18-0 Patriots lost Super Bowl XLII to the New York Giants). A Houston-Boston World Series was also a possibility; however, the Mets defeated the Houston Astros in six games of the 1986 National League Championship Series.

The closing song following Game 6 was "Whatever We Imagine" by James Ingram.

Player statistics[edit]

Legend
  GP Games played   GS  Games started  MPG  Minutes per game
 FG%  Field-goal percentage  3P%  3-point field-goal percentage  FT%  Free-throw percentage
 RPG  Rebounds per game  APG  Assists per game  SPG  Steals per game
 BPG  Blocks per game  PPG  Points per game
Boston Celtics
Player GP GS MPG FG% 3FG% FT% RPG APG SPG BPG PPG
Ainge, DannyDanny Ainge 6 6 35.5 .556 .500 .824 3.5 5.5 2.5 0.2 14.5
Bird, LarryLarry Bird 6 6 44.8 .482 .368 .939 9.7 9.5 2.7 0.3 24.0
Carlisle, RickRick Carlisle 3 0 2.7 1.000 .000 .000 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 2.0
Johnson, DennisDennis Johnson 6 6 42.8 .420 .286 .821 6.2 5.3 2.0 0.3 17.0
Kite, GregGreg Kite 6 0 5.0 1.000 .000 1.000 1.0 0.3 0.2 0.2 1.0
McHale, KevinKevin McHale 6 6 40.2 .573 .000 .804 8.5 1.7 0.8 2.5 25.8
Parish, RobertRobert Parish 6 6 31.8 .418 .000 .500 6.8 1.0 0.5 2.2 12.7
Sichting, JerryJerry Sichting 6 0 14.2 .450 .000 .000 0.8 1.7 0.0 0.0 3.0
Thirdkill, DavidDavid Thirdkill 5 0 3.0 .200 .000 .500 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.0 0.6
Vincent, SamSam Vincent 4 0 3.0 .182 .000 .000 0.8 0.0 0.5 0.0 1.0
Walton, BillBill Walton 6 0 19.5 .622 .000 .500 6.7 1.7 0.5 0.7 8.0
Wedman, ScottScott Wedman 1 0 2.0 .000 .000 .000 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Houston Rockets
Player GP GS MPG FG% 3FG% FT% RPG APG SPG BPG PPG
Ehlo, CraigCraig Ehlo 4 0 2.5 .714 .000 .667 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.3 3.0
Harris, SteveSteve Harris 4 0 6.8 .417 .000 .400 1.0 0.0 0.3 0.8 3.0
Leavell, AllenAllen Leavell 6 0 12.0 .382 .500 .800 0.8 3.0 0.7 0.0 5.7
Lloyd, LewisLewis Lloyd 6 6 22.3 .380 .000 .800 1.8 2.8 0.5 0.2 7.7
McCray, RodneyRodney McCray 6 6 39.5 .588 .000 .706 4.0 4.0 1.2 0.8 15.3
McDowell, HankHank McDowell 5 0 1.8 .667 .000 .667 1.0 0.6 0.0 0.0 1.6
Olajuwon, AkeemAkeem Olajuwon 6 6 40.2 .479 .000 .667 11.8 1.8 2.3 3.2 24.7
Petersen, JimJim Petersen 6 0 22.7 .311 .000 .750 7.2 1.8 0.7 0.5 5.2
Reid, RobertRobert Reid 6 6 40.2 .420 .125 .917 4.3 8.7 1.3 0.0 14.3
Sampson, RalphRalph Sampson 6 6 32.2 .438 .000 .731 9.5 3.3 1.0 0.8 14.8
Waiters, GranvilleGranville Waiters 4 0 1.8 1.000 .000 .000 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.5 1.0
Wiggins, MitchellMitchell Wiggins 6 0 22.2 .451 .000 .667 3.7 1.3 0.8 0.2 8.3

Quotes from the Finals[edit]

Leavell, hits a three and here's Ainge releasing back and lays it up and in from Bird! Take no prisoners, that's Larry Bird's motto.

— CBS Commentators Dick Stockton and Tommy Heinsohn on the Celtics' precision plays in Game 1.

It's been all Celtics here in the third period. Here's Bird with a great pass to Walton, back to McHale! And that is Celtic basketball. They lifted both the Twin Towers!

— CBS commentators Dick Stockton and Tommy Heinsohn after Celtics' ball movement wraps around the powerful Rockets frontline of Akeem Olajuwon and Ralph Sampson for a jam.

Aftermath[edit]

The Celtics would return to the NBA Finals in 1987; however, they lost in six games to the Los Angeles Lakers. Until 2008 this was the Celtics' last NBA championship. In the 1986–87 season the Celtics extended their home winning streak to 48 games and went on to win 59 games, 39 of which came at either Boston Garden or Hartford Civic Center. The Celtics went the distance in the 1987 NBA Playoffs; save for a three-game sweep of the Chicago Bulls in the first round, they were pushed to a Game 7 against the Milwaukee Bucks and Detroit Pistons before eventually returning to the NBA Finals. The Celtics faltered down the stretch due to injuries, fatigue and age. This would also be the last championship for a team in the Boston area until the New England Patriots won Super Bowl XXXVI in the 2001 NFL Season, which would start a trend of Boston teams becoming successful with 9 championships in the last 14 years to date.

As for the Rockets, their stay at the top of the Western Conference would only be temporary, as Ralph Sampson fell down with a knee injury that eventually curtailed his career. The Rockets would only win 42 games, upsetting the Portland Trail Blazers in the first round until being dethroned as west champions in the playoffs' second round by the Seattle SuperSonics in six games. The 'Twin Towers' were disbanded after Sampson was traded to the Golden State Warriors early in the 1987–88 NBA season. The Rockets would not return to the finals until their championship season in 1994.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]