1986 Tour de France

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1986 Tour de France
Route of the 1986 Tour de France
Route of the 1986 Tour de France
Race details
Dates4–27 July
Stages23 + Prologue
Distance4,094 km (2,544 mi)
Winning time110h 35' 19"
Results
Winner  Greg LeMond (USA) (La Vie Claire)
  Second  Bernard Hinault (FRA) (La Vie Claire)
  Third  Urs Zimmermann (SUI) (Carrera Jeans–Vagabond)

Points  Eric Vanderaerden (BEL) (Panasonic–Merckx–Agu)
Mountains  Bernard Hinault (FRA) (La Vie Claire)
Youth  Andrew Hampsten (USA) (La Vie Claire)
Combination  Greg LeMond (USA) (La Vie Claire)
Sprints  Gerrit Solleveld (NED) (Kwantum–Decosol–Yoko)
  Combativity  Bernard Hinault (FRA) (La Vie Claire)
  Team La Vie Claire
  Team points Panasonic–Merckx–Agu
← 1985
1987 →

The 1986 Tour de France was the 73rd running of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The Tour consisted of 23 stages, beginning with a prologue in Boulogne-Billancourt, Paris, on 4 July, and concluded on the Champs-Élysées in Paris on 27 July. This year had the first American cycling team, 7-Eleven, in Tour's history. The race was organised by the Amaury Sport Organisation, was shown on television in 72 countries, with the total viewers estimated at one billion.[1]

Following the success of Bernard Hinault in the previous edition, the La Vie Claire team was heavily favored. Hinault promised to return Greg LeMond's support to win the 1985 Tour, however, continuing attacks cast doubt on Hinault's sincerity. He claimed that his tactics were simply to wear down LeMond's (and his) opponents and that he ultimately knew that LeMond would be the winner because of time losses earlier in the race. Regardless of his true motives, this tactic worked well, and rivals Laurent Fignon of Système U and Carrera Jeans–Vagabond's Urs Zimmermann were put on the defensive from the first day. Fignon quit the race due to injuries aggravated by stress.

The ascent of the legendary Alpe d'Huez gave spectators a spectacular stage in which Hinault made a risky solo attack to demoralize the opposition, to be matched only by LeMond at the top. In a gesture of respect, the two riders reached the top hand-in-hand, beaming smiles, and LeMond let Hinault finish first to claim the stage. However, within hours LeMond and Hinault were interviewed together on joint television, where Hinault stated that the race was not over, seemingly betraying his teammate LeMond. He went on to say that they would let the final time trial determine the winner.

The race was won by LeMond, the first from an English-speaking country, with a winning margin of three minutes and ten seconds over Hinault, and Zimmermann completed the podium, ten minutes and 54 seconds down on LeMond. In the race's other classifications, Hinault won the mountains classification, Panasonic–Merckx–Agu rider Eric Vanderaerden the points classification, La Vie Claire's Andrew Hampsten won the young rider classification, with La Vie Claire finishing at the head of the team classification by one hour 51 minutes, after placing four riders inside the final overall top ten placings.

Teams[edit]

In June, 23 teams had requested to start in the 1986 Tour.[2] The Tour direction accepted 21 applications, so a total of 21 teams participated in the 1986 Tour de France.[3][4] The two teams whose application was denied were Skala-Skil and Miko.[2] Each team sent a squad of ten riders, which meant that the race would start with a peloton of 210 cyclists,[3] a record setting total.[4][5] From the 210 riders that began this edition, 132 made it to the finish in Paris.[6]

7-Eleven became the Tour's first team from the United States, with a squad consisting of eight Americans, one Canadian and one Mexican.[7][3] Jim Ochowicz, 7-Eleven's founder and manager, met with the Amaury Sport Organisation (ASO) and persuaded them to invite his team. In the Spring, the team withdrew from competition in Europe (missing the opportunity to become the first American team in the history of the Vuelta a España) due to the United States conflict with Libya, losing out on much needed competitive racing unavailable in the United States.[8]

Of the 210 cyclists starting the race, 85 were riding the Tour de France for the first time.[9] The average age of riders in the race was 26.58 years,[10] ranging from the 21-year-old Peter Stevenhaagen (PDM–Concorde) to the 39-year-old Joop Zoetemelk (Kwantum–Decosol–Yoko).[11] The Seat–Orbea cyclists had the youngest average age while the riders on Gis Gelati had the oldest.[12]

The teams entering the race were:[3]

Pre-race favourites[edit]

La Vie Claire teammates, Bernard Hinault (left, pictured in 1982), the 1985 winner and the eventual runner-up, and Greg LeMond (right, pictured in 1989), the eventual winner, were considered among the favourites to win before the race.

Five-time Tour winner and defending champion Bernard Hinault (La Vie Claire) had promised to support his teammate Greg LeMond, who had finished second in 1985, following controversy during that race when LeMond felt that a chance of potential victory had been taken from him due to team tactics. La Vie Claire was therefore considered the squad to beat, with the team also featuring strong riders such as Andrew Hampsten, who had won the Tour de Suisse several weeks before the Tour de France.[7] Before the start of the event, Hinault announced it would be the last Tour de France of his career.[13] Prior to the start of the Tour, LeMond was confident of his chances, and pointed out that having Hinault, who he expected to take an early lead, would play to his advantage.[14] Even with Hinault's assurances of support for LeMond, excitement over a possible record-breaking sixth Tour win was high in France. In a survey of 15 Dutch journalists, eight named Hinault as their main favourite for overall victory, just three chose LeMond.[15] LeMond's season up to this point had been good, but had not yielded any victories, with second at Milan–San Remo, third at Paris–Nice, fourth at the Giro d'Italia and third at the Tour de Suisse.[7]

Laurent Fignon, winner in 1983 and 1984, was working on his comeback, for the Système U team, having won the La Flèche Wallonne classic in the spring.[7] He had missed the chance to defend his title the year earlier due to surgery on an inflamed Achilles tendon.[16] Juan Mora of El País believed that the race would be highlighted by a duel between Fignon and Hinault. He named LeMond and Frenchman Charly Mottet as potential contenders if their team captains – Hinault and Fignon, respectively – fail to perform to the level expected. Mora believed Pedro Delgado to be the best Spanish contender for the overall title citing that his PDM–Concorde should perform well in the team time trial.[4] Gian Paolo Ormezzano of La Stampa believed that there was no Italian rider competing that could be a legitimate threat to win the race, despite the fact that three Italian based teams were invited – the most since the 1979 edition. Ormezzano also thought the favourites going into the race were Hinault and Fignon.[17] Fignon later recalled in his autobiography that he did not share the view of himself as a favourite, writing: "I felt terrible physically. [...] My body — and perhaps my mind as well — was registering deep fatigue rather than an urge to get on with it."[18] Stephen Roche (Carrera Jeans–Vagabond), third overall the year before, had injured his knee in a crash at the Paris Six-Day event in the winter, necessitating surgery in April, which meant that he arrived at the Tour out of form.[19]

Sean Kelly (Kas) was considered the main favourite for victory in the points classification, having won the trophy a record-equalling third time the year before.[15] However, a crash on the last stage of the Tour de Suisse prevented Kelly from starting.[20] In his absence, Adrie van der Poel (Kwantum–Decosol–Yoko) was given the best chances to win the classification.[15]

Route and stages[edit]

The Col du Galibier was the highest point of elevation in the race, at 2,642 m (8,668 ft), climbed on stage 18.

The race route for the 1986 edition of the Tour de France was unveiled on 8 October 1985 by both Jacques Goddet and Félix Lévitan.[21] The race's holding was pushed back a week from its normal date in order to prevent overlap with the 1986 FIFA World Cup.[21][22] Covering a total of 4,094 km (2,544 mi),[23] it included four time trials (three individual and one for teams) and ten stages deemed as flat.[21] The race included four stages that featured a summit finish:[13] stage 13 to Superbagnères; stage 17 to Col du Granon; stage 18 to Alpe d'Huez; and stage 21 to Puy de Dôme.[24]

Tour director Levitan felt after the 1985 Tour de France that the race had been too easy, and made the course in 1986 extra difficult, including more mountain climbs than before. This angered Hinault, who threatened to skip the 1986 Tour.[22] Before the race started an avalanche caused a large amount of dirt and rock to be deposited on the slopes of the Col du Tourmalet, which caused Goddet to consider crossing the Col d'Aubisque instead.[4]

The 1986 Tour de France started on 4 July; It had one rest day, after the finish on the Alpe d'Huez.[25] The highest point of elevation in the race was 2,642 m (8,668 ft) at the summit of the Col du Galibier mountain pass on stage 18.[26][27]

Stage characteristics and winners[28][25][29]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
P 4 July Boulogne-Billancourt 4.6 km (2.9 mi) Time Trial.svg Individual time trial  Thierry Marie (FRA)
1 5 July Nanterre to Sceaux 85 km (52.8 mi) Plainstage.svg Plain stage  Pol Verschuere (BEL)
2 5 July Meudon to Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines 56 km (34.8 mi) Time Trial.svg Team time trial  Système U
3 6 July Levallois-Perret to Liévin 214 km (133.0 mi) Plainstage.svg Plain stage  Davis Phinney (USA)
4 7 July Liévin to Évreux 243 km (151.0 mi) Plainstage.svg Plain stage  Pello Ruiz Cabestany (ESP)
5 8 July Evreux to Villers-sur-Mer 124.5 km (77.4 mi) Plainstage.svg Plain stage  Johan van der Velde (NED)
6 9 July Villers-sur-Mer to Cherbourg 200 km (124.3 mi) Plainstage.svg Plain stage  Guido Bontempi (ITA)
7 10 July Cherbourg to Saint-Hilaire-du-Harcouët 201 km (124.9 mi) Plainstage.svg Plain stage  Ludo Peeters (BEL)
8 11 July Saint-Hilaire-du-Harcouët to Nantes 204 km (126.8 mi) Plainstage.svg Plain stage  Eddy Planckaert (BEL)
9 12 July Nantes 61.5 km (38.2 mi) Time Trial.svg Individual time trial  Bernard Hinault (FRA)
10 13 July Nantes to Futuroscope 183 km (113.7 mi) Plain stage  Jose-Angel Sarrapio (ESP)
11 14 July Futuroscope to Bordeaux 258.3 km (160.5 mi) Plainstage.svg Plain stage  Rudy Dhaenens (BEL)
12 15 July Bayonne to Pau 217.5 km (135.1 mi) Mountainstage.svg Stage with mountain(s)  Pedro Delgado (ESP)
13 16 July Pau to Superbagnères 186 km (115.6 mi) Mountainstage.svg Stage with mountain(s)  Greg LeMond (USA)
14 17 July Superbagnères to Blagnac 154 km (95.7 mi) Plain stage  Niki Rüttimann (SUI)
15 18 July Carcassonne to Nîmes 225.5 km (140.1 mi) Plain stage  Frank Hoste (BEL)
16 19 July Nîmes to Gap 246.5 km (153.2 mi) Plain stage  Jean-François Bernard (FRA)
17 20 July Gap to Serre Chevalier 190 km (118.1 mi) Mountainstage.svg Stage with mountain(s)  Eduardo Chozas (ESP)
18 21 July Briançon to Alpe d'Huez 162.5 km (101.0 mi) Mountainstage.svg Stage with mountain(s)  Bernard Hinault (FRA)
22 July Alpe d'Huez Rest day
19 23 July Villard-de-Lans to Saint-Étienne 179.5 km (111.5 mi) Plain stage  Julián Gorospe (ESP)
20 24 July Saint-Étienne 58 km (36.0 mi) Time Trial.svg Individual time trial  Bernard Hinault (FRA)
21 25 July Saint-Étienne to Puy de Dôme 190 km (118.1 mi) Plain stage  Erich Mächler (SUI)
22 26 July Clermont-Ferrand to Nevers 194 km (120.5 mi) Plain stage  Guido Bontempi (ITA)
23 27 July Cosne-sur-Loire to Paris (Champs-Élysées) 255 km (158.4 mi) Plain stage  Guido Bontempi (ITA)
Total 4,094 km (2,544 mi)[23]

Race overview[edit]

Opening stages[edit]

A cyclist on a bicycle, with spectators behind a fence.
Système U rider Thierry Marie (pictured in 1993) won the opening prologue, taking the lead of the 1986 Tour.

The prologue was won by Thierry Marie (Système U), with Hinault in third place, just two seconds slower. Fignon and LeMond placed seventh and eighth, both four seconds back.[7] On stage 1, Alex Stieda (7-Eleven) attacked 40 km (25 mi) from the finish and collected time bonuses at the intermediate sprint, which would move him into the race lead. He was then joined in his breakaway by five other riders.[30] The sextet held a small margin until the finish, with Pol Verschuere (Fagor) taking the victory. Stieda, a Canadian, became the first rider from North America to wear the race leader's yellow jersey.[31]

The same afternoon, the team time trial was held. The attempt at defending Stieda's race lead by his 7-Eleven team proved unsuccessful. A crash by Eric Heiden slowed the team and forced several riders to take evasive action in order not to run into him, in the process scraping their tyres at the street curbing, which caused several punctures. In addition, Stieda was tired by his morning effort and fell back, getting in danger of missing the time limit. Chris Carmichael and Jeff Pierce had to fall back to lead him to the finish, which he reached in time but the yellow jersey was lost. It was regained by Marie, whose Système U team won the time trial, while La Vie Claire lost almost two minutes.[32] Hinault personally insisted that the team waited for Niki Rüttimann and Guido Winterberg, who were nursing the after-effects of crashes during the morning stage, accounting for La Vie Claire's comparatively poor performance.[33]

7-Eleven bounced back from their disappointment the following day, with Davis Phinney becoming the first American to win a road race stage, coming in first from a bunch sprint, even though he had been in the day's breakaway for most of the stage.[32] Stage 4 went through Normandy, on rolling terrain. Régis Simon (RMO–Cycles Méral–Mavic) broke away from the peloton and at 80 km (50 mi) from the finish, he held a lead of over ten minutes. He was eventually caught by a counterattack from Federico Echave (Teka). On the finishing straight, Pello Ruiz Cabestany (Seat–Orbea) overtook Echave to win the stage. Dutch champion Jos Lammertink (Panasonic–Merckx–Agu) retired after suffering a broken skull in a crash, while Fabio Parra (Café de Colombia–Varta) also dropped out, courtesy of knee problems, leaving his team with only five of their original ten starters. Dominique Gaigne took over the yellow jersey from his teammate Marie, who he now led by six seconds.[34]

Johan van der Velde (Panasonic–Merckx–Agu) won stage 5 and through time bonuses at both intermediate sprints and the stage finish, moved into the overall lead. He got the better of Joël Pelier (Kas) at the finish line. Both had been in a breakaway together, started after 16 km (9.9 mi) ridden. They finished 39 seconds ahead of van der Velde's teammate Eddy Planckaert, who in turn was followed by Miguel Induráin (Reynolds), while the field, led by Alfonso Gutiérrez (Teka), was 1:15 minutes behind. The stage saw a demonstration by workers in Lisieux, which did not impede the race.[35] Van der Velde kept the race lead the following day. A five-man breakaway decided the outcome of the stage, won by Guido Bontempi of Carrera Jeans–Vagabond ahead of Roberto Pagnin (Malvor–Bottecchia–Sidi).[36]

The yellow jersey changed hands again after stage 7. The stage began slowly, with the first breakaway established only after 105 km (65 mi). The peloton was back together after 150 km (93 mi), but another attack went shortly thereafter, including Ludo Peeters (Kwantum–Decosol–Yoko), Jørgen V. Pedersen (Carrera Jeans–Vagabond), and Induráin. Other riders joined them 20 km (12 mi) later, but it was Peeters who eventually won the sprint from the group to win the stage, ahead of Ron Kiefel (7-Eleven). Pedersen took the race lead.[37] On stage 8, with 70 km (43 mi) the peloton allowed Yvon Madiot (Système U) to drive ahead of the field to greet his family. Planckaert, not realising the situation, followed what he considered an attack in the company of Pelier, but all three were brought back. About 20 km (12 mi) later, another group broke away, containing Adrie van der Poel (Kwantum–Decosol–Yoko) and Mathieu Hermans (Seat–Orbea), as well as Andrew Hampsten. Hampsten was considered a threat to the overall classification, which led the field to give chase. The peloton reached the finishing town Nantes together, where Silvano Contini (Gis Gelati) tried to break away, but failed. Planckert, who only started the stage with the help of analgesic pills from his masseur due to back pain, won the sprint, beating out his teammate Eric Vanderaerden. Pedersen retained the overall lead.[38]

First time trial and transition to the mountains[edit]

The first real test for the general classification contenders came on stage 9, a 61.5 km (38.2 mi) individual time trial around Nantes. Hinault won the stage, 44 seconds ahead of LeMond, with Roche third, 1:01 minutes slower. Hinault benefited from a puncture by LeMond, which cost him time.[39] Fignon finished in 32nd place, 3:42 minutes behind Hinault, a result he later described as "unworthy of my status".[18] Pedersen did enough to retain the yellow jersey. In second place was now Roche, due to a better performance by Carrera Jeans–Vagabond in the team time trial. He was 1:05 minutes behind Pedersen, with Hinault a further five seconds behind in third. LeMond was eighth, 1:59 minutes behind the lead.[39][40]

Stage 10 was won by Ángel Sarrapio (Teka), who had been in a breakaway with Jean-Claude Bagot (Fagor) during the stage. Pedersen kept the race lead, while Pelier used bonus seconds on the road to move ahead of Roche into second place in the general classification.[41] On stage 11, a 12-man breakaway reached the finishing town of Bordeaux together. Rudy Dhaenens (Hitachi–Robland) escaped from the group 5 km (3.1 mi) from the finish. On the finishing straight, he was almost caught by the fast approaching Hermans and just held on to take the stage victory. Hermans would later say that the public announcer had aided Dhaenens' victory by warning him of Hermans over the PA system.[42]

Pyrenees[edit]

Following a train transfer from Bordeaux to Bayonne at the foot of the Pyrenees in the morning, stage 12 led the riders over 217 km (135 mi) to Pau. The stage featured five mountain passes, with the first-category rated Col de Marie-Blanque at the end, before a descent into the finishing town. Several attacks occured over the first part of the stage, each covered by riders of La Vie Claire. At around 90 km (56 mi) from the finish, Hinault raised the pace on the ascent of the Col de Burdincurutcheta, forcing other contenders to chase back on, such as Luis Herrera (Café de Colombia–Varta).[43] Others, such as Roche, Fignon, and race leader Pedersen, dropped behind and would lose a lot of time by the end of the stage.[44] Shortly before an intermediate sprint after 125 km (78 mi), Hinault told his teammate Jean-François Bernard to accelerate,[45] and the two, accompanied by Delgado, made the bridge to a lead group containing Eduardo Chozas (Teka). These four riders then broke clear at the front, before Chozas lost contact about 25 km (16 mi) later. Bernard, the work for his team leader done, fell back another 15 km (9.3 mi) down the road.[44] Delgado and Hinault worked well together to extend their advantage to the chasers, where LeMond, bound by team tactics, was unable to give chase himself.[46] According to Delgado, Hinault clearly wanted to make time for the overall classification, and without any negotiating between the two, he gifted the stage win to Delgado. LeMond managed to break clear of the rest of the chase group with Herrera, but still arrived in Pau 4:37 minutes behind Hinault, who was now leading the race overall.[47] After the stage, LeMond was overheard telling his father: "Goddamnit, Dad, I am going to finish second again!"[48] Other favourites lost even more time: Robert Millar (Panasonic–Merckx–Agu) finished 11th, 5:31 minutes behind. In 20th place was Fignon, arriving 11 minutes after Hinault.[48] Roche lost 21 minutes, Phil Anderson (Panasonic–Merckx–Agu) 33 minutes.[49]

In the thirteenth stage, Hinault attacked again, on the descent of the Tourmalet, the first of the four big climbs. LeMond was in the same situation as the day before: he had the power to do more, but did not want to chase his teammate. Hinault extended his lead to almost three minutes at the start of the Col de Peyresourde, the third climb of the day. But Hinault was getting tired, and was caught by a small group (including LeMond) on the descent. On the final climb of the day, to Superbagnères, Andrew Hampsten (from the same team as Hinault and LeMond) attacked. Hampsten was joined by LeMond, and Hampsten paced LeMond as far as he could, and then LeMond left on his own for the stage victory. On these final kilometres, Hinault lost several minutes to LeMond, and at the end of the stage, Hinault was still leading the general classification, but only 40 seconds in front of LeMond.[50]

Transition stages to the Alps[edit]

In stages 14 to 16, travelling from the Pyrenees to the Alps, there were no important changes in the general classification.

Alps[edit]

A cyclist wearing a yellow jersey.
La Vie Claire's Greg LeMond (pictured in 1990) lead the GC from stage 17 until the conclusion of the 23-stage race.

In stage 17, in the Alps, Hinault, was dropped on the climb of the Col d'Izoard. Urs Zimmermann (third in the general classification) attacked on the descent and LeMond followed him, leaving other rival climbers behind. The stage was won by Eduardo Chozas; LeMond kept following Zimmermann until the finishline, and Hinault lost three minutes to them. This made LeMond the new leader of the race, with Zimmermann in second place, and Hinault third.[50]

In the 18th stage, Hinault attacked several times, but every time he was rejoined by LeMond and others. After an attack on the Col du Télégraphe, Zimmermann was unable to follow. LeMond and Hinault only had Steve Bauer and Pello Ruiz-Cabestany with them, but on the climb of the Croix de Fer, they could not follow so it was just LeMond and Hinault. They stayed together until the finish, where LeMond allowed Hinault to win. The margin with Zimmermann (third to finish on that stage) was more than 5 minutes, and it was clear that Zimmermann could no longer win the Tour.[50]

Conclusion[edit]

Hinault still had a small chance of beating his teammate LeMond. One of those chances was in the individual time trial in stage 20. By this point in the Tour however, the paranoia level of LeMond was paramount to all else and the possibility of mental collapse before or during the time trial was now very real. The fear of his food being poisoned, his brakes being manipulated or his drug tests being manipulated had him suffering sleepless nights and would have a detrimental effect on his concentration and focus if he was not able to control it. By this point he was also, with the help of his team, photographing and labeling his own urine bottles for added verification as dope testing security and anti-contamination procedures were far behind where they are today.

Halfway through his race, LeMond fell, and had to change bikes after the fall, losing time in that way. Hinault won the stage, beating LeMond by 25 seconds.[50] More importantly LeMond survived this final major challenge and Hinault admitted the race was all but over.

Stage 21 was the last mountainous stage of the Tour. On the final climb, LeMond was able to leave Hinault behind, and increased his lead to more than three minutes.[50]

After that, the final classification was settled. On the last stage of the Tour, LeMond crashed and needed a new bike; his teammates (including Hinault) waited for him, and escorted him back to the other riders. Hinault joined the sprint for the final stage victory, but finished in fourth place, beaten by Guido Bontempi.

LeMond won the general classification ahead of Hinault.

Aftermath[edit]

Before the race, Hinault had promised to help LeMond win the Tour. After the race, when he was reminded of that promise, Hinault said that the many attacks that he made were not against LeMond, but against his competitors.[50]

Hinault retired shortly after the Tour. LeMond could not defend his Tour victory in the 1987 Tour de France, because he was badly injured in a shooting accident in early 1987. He recovered for a few years, but came back to win the 1989 and 1990 tours.

This would be the final Tour for legendary Dutch rider Joop Zoetemelk. He started and finished 16 Tours, a record, of these Tours he finished in the top 5 eleven times and won the 1980 Tour de France. He rode his final Tour wearing the rainbow jersey as world champion.

Classification leadership and minor prizes[edit]

There were several classifications in the 1986 Tour de France, six of them awarding jerseys to their leaders.[51] The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.[52]

Additionally, there was a points classification, where cyclists were given points for finishing among the best in a stage finish. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.[53]

There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorised some climbs as either hors catégorie, first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorised climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and wore a white jersey with red polka dots.[54]

There was also a combination classification. This classification was calculated as a combination of the other classifications, its leader wore the combination jersey.[55]

Another classification was the debutant classification. This was decided the same way as the general classification, but only riders that rode the Tour for the first time were eligible, and the leader wore a white jersey.[55]

The sixth individual classification was the intermediate sprints classification. This classification had similar rules as the points classification, but only points were awarded on intermediate sprints. Its leader wore a red jersey.[56]

For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time. The riders in the team that led this classification were identified by yellow caps.[56] There was also a team points classification. Cyclists received points according to their finishing position on each stage, with the first rider receiving one point. The first three finishers of each team had their points combined, and the team with the fewest points led the classification. The riders of the team leading this classification wore green caps.[56]

In addition, there was a combativity award, in which a jury composed of journalists gave points after each mass-start stage to the cyclist they considered most combative. The split stages each had a combined winner.[57] At the conclusion of the Tour, Bernard Hinault won the overall super-combativity award, also decided by journalists.[25] The Souvenir Henri Desgrange was given in honour of Tour founder Henri Desgrange to the first rider to pass the summit of the Col du Galibier on stage 18. This prize was won by Luis Herrera.[58][59][26]

Classification leadership by stage[60][61][62][63]
Stage Stage winner General classification
Points classification
Mountains classification
Young rider classification
Combination classification
Intermediate sprints classification
Team classifications Combativity award
By time By points
P Thierry Marie Thierry Marie Thierry Marie not awarded Jesús Blanco Villar Thierry Marie not awarded Système U Système U not awarded
1 Pol Verschuere Alex Stieda Eric Vanderaerden Alex Stieda Alex Stieda Alex Stieda Alex Stieda Alex Stieda
2 Système U Thierry Marie Eric Boyer not awarded
3 Davis Phinney Federico Echave
4 Pello Ruiz Cabestany Dominique Gaigne Eric Vanderaerden Gerrit Solleveld Kas Régis Simon
5 Johan van der Velde Johan van der Velde Johan van der Velde Panasonic–Merckx–Agu Joël Pelier
6 Guido Bontempi Régis Simon Kas Bruno Leali
7 Ludo Peeters Jørgen V. Pedersen Carrera Jeans–Vagabond Miguel Indurain
8 Eddy Planckaert Panasonic–Merckx–Agu Bernard Vallet
9 Bernard Hinault Bruno Cornillet Joël Pelier not awarded
10 Angel Sarrapio Jean-Claude Bagot
11 Rudy Dhaenens Sean Yates
12 Pedro Delgado Bernard Hinault Ronan Pensec Jean-François Bernard Bernard Hinault La Vie Claire Bernard Hinault
13 Greg LeMond Robert Millar Andrew Hampsten Dominique Arnaud
14 Niki Rüttimann Greg LeMond Christophe Lavainne
15 Frank Hoste Paul Haghedooren
16 Jean-François Bernard Julián Gorospe
17 Eduardo Chozas Greg LeMond Eduardo Chozas
18 Bernard Hinault Greg LeMond Bernard Hinault
19 Julián Gorospe Bernard Hinault Julián Gorospe
20 Bernard Hinault not awarded
21 Erich Maechler Dirk De Wolf
22 Guido Bontempi Éric Caritoux
23 Guido Bontempi not awarded
Final Greg LeMond Eric Vanderaerden Bernard Hinault Andrew Hampsten Greg LeMond Gerrit Solleveld La Vie Claire Panasonic–Merckx–Agu Bernard Hinault

Final standings[edit]

Legend
A yellow jersey. Denotes the winner of the general classification A green jersey. Denotes the winner of the points classification
A white jersey with red polka dots. Denotes the winner of the mountains classification A white jersey. Denotes the winner of the young rider classification
A multi-coloured jersey. Denotes the winner of the combination classification A red jersey. Denotes the winner of the intermediate sprints classification

General classification[edit]

Final general classification (1–10)[6]
Rank Rider Team Time
1  Greg LeMond (USA) Jersey yellow.svg A multi-coloured jersey. La Vie Claire 110h 35' 19"
2  Bernard Hinault (FRA) Polka dot jersey La Vie Claire + 3' 10"
3  Urs Zimmermann (SUI) Carrera Jeans–Vagabond + 10' 54"
4  Andrew Hampsten (USA) Jersey white.svg La Vie Claire + 18' 44"
5  Claude Criquielion (BEL) Hitachi–Robland + 24' 36"
6  Ronan Pensec (FRA) Peugeot–Shell + 25' 59"
7  Niki Rüttimann (SUI) La Vie Claire + 30' 52"
8  Álvaro Pino (ESP) Zor–BH + 33' 00"
9  Steven Rooks (NED) PDM–Concorde + 33' 22"
10  Yvon Madiot (FRA) Système U + 33' 27"

Points classification[edit]

Final points classification (1–10)[64][65]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Eric Vanderaerden (BEL) Jersey green.svg Panasonic–Merckx–Agu 277
2  Jozef Lieckens (BEL) Joker–Emerxil–Merckx 232
3  Bernard Hinault (FRA) Polka dot jersey La Vie Claire 210
4  Greg LeMond (USA) Jersey yellow.svg A multi-coloured jersey. La Vie Claire 210
5  Guido Bontempi (ITA) Carrera Jeans–Vagabond 166
6  Claude Criquielion (BEL) Hitachi–Robland 156
7  Jean-Philippe Vandenbrande (BEL) Hitachi–Robland 149
8  Frank Hoste (BEL) Fagor 146
9  Steve Bauer (CAN) La Vie Claire 132
10  Urs Zimmermann (SUI) Carrera Jeans–Vagabond 125

Mountains classification[edit]

Final mountains classification (1–10)[64][66]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Bernard Hinault (FRA) Polka dot jersey La Vie Claire 351
2  Luis Herrera (COL) Café de Colombia–Varta 270
3  Greg LeMond (USA) Jersey yellow.svg A multi-coloured jersey. La Vie Claire 265
4  Urs Zimmermann (SUI) Carrera Jeans–Vagabond 191
5  Eduardo Chozas (ESP) Teka 172
6  Samuel Cabrera (COL) Reynolds 162
7  Ronan Pensec (FRA) Peugeot–Shell 139
8  Andrew Hampsten (USA) Jersey white.svg La Vie Claire 133
9  Claude Criquielion (BEL) Hitachi–Robland 123
10  Jean-François Bernard (FRA) La Vie Claire 105

Young rider classification[edit]

Final young rider classification (1–10)[64][67]
Rank Rider Team Time
1  Andrew Hampsten (USA) Jersey white.svg La Vie Claire 110h 54' 03"
2  Ronan Pensec (FRA) Peugeot–Shell +7' 15"
3  Jean-François Bernard (FRA) La Vie Claire + 17' 01"
4  Jesús Blanco (ESP) Teka +44' 32"
5  Peter Stevenhaagen (NED) PDM–Concorde + 51' 56"
6  Primož Čerin (YUG) Malvor–Bottecchia–Sidi + 55' 56"
7  Dag Otto Lauritzen (NOR) Peugeot–Shell + 57' 03"
8  Silvano Contini (ITA) Gis Gelati + 1h 03' 34"
9  Heriberto Urán (COL) Postobón–Manzana–Ryalcao + 1h 17' 51"
10  Jean-Claude Leclercq (FRA) Kas + 1h 21' 59"

Combination classification[edit]

Final combination classification (1–10)[64][68]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Greg LeMond (USA) Jersey yellow.svg A multi-coloured jersey. La Vie Claire 87
2  Bernard Hinault (FRA) Polka dot jersey La Vie Claire 87
3  Claude Criquielion (BEL) Hitachi–Robland 68
4  Urs Zimmermann (SUI) Carrera Jeans–Vagabond 61
5  Andrew Hampsten (USA) Jersey white.svg La Vie Claire 59
6  Jean-François Bernard (FRA) La Vie Claire 54
7  Eduardo Chozas (ESP) Teka 49
8  Julián Gorospe (ESP) Reynolds 45
9  Ronan Pensec (FRA) Peugeot–Shell 41
10  Samuel Cabrera (COL) Reynolds 38

Intermediate sprints classification[edit]

Final intermediate sprints classification (1–10)[64]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Gerrit Solleveld (NED) A red jersey. Kwantum–Decosol–Yoko 305
2  Dirk De Wolf (BEL) Hitachi–Robland 170
3  Dominique Arnaud (FRA) Reynolds 145
4  Johan van der Velde (NED) Panasonic–Merckx–Agu 86
5  Julián Gorospe (ESP) Reynolds 60
6  Régis Simon (FRA) RMO–Cycles Méral–Mavic 57
7  Adri van der Poel (NED) Kwantum–Decosol–Yoko 55
8  Guido Winterberg (SUI) La Vie Claire 50
9  Greg LeMond (USA) Jersey yellow.svg A multi-coloured jersey. La Vie Claire 49
10  Eduardo Chozas (ESP) Teka 45

Team classification[edit]

Final team classification (1–10)[64][69]
Rank Team Time
1 La Vie Claire 331h 35' 48"
2 Peugeot–Shell + 1h 51' 50"
3 Système U + 2h 00' 50"
4 PDM–Concorde + 2h 23' 50"
5 Carrera Jeans–Vagabond + 2h 26' 36"
6 Fagor + 2h 28' 52"
7 Panasonic–Merckx–Agu + 2h 31' 08"
8 Teka + 2h 43' 36"
9 Zor–BH + 2h 43' 36"
10 Café de Colombia–Varta + 2h 55' 45"

Team points classification[edit]

Final team points classification (1–10)[70]
Rank Team Points
1 Panasonic–Merckx–Agu 1523
2 La Vie Claire 1674
3 Kas 1869
4 Seat–Orbea 2110
5 Fagor 2124
6 Hitachi–Robland 2149
7 Système U 2243
8 Carrera Jeans–Vagabond 2263
9 Peugeot–Shell 2342
10 Joker–Emerxil–Merckx 2483

Super Prestige Pernod ranking[edit]

Riders in the Tour competed individually for points that contributed towards the Super Prestige Pernod ranking, an international season-long road cycling competition, with the winner seen as the best all-round rider.[71] The 250 points accrued by Bernard Hinault moved him fourth to the top of the ranking, replacing Sean Kelly, who did not ride the Tour.[72][73]

Super Prestige Pernod ranking on 27 July 1986 (1–10)[72]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Greg LeMond (USA) La Vie Claire 600
2  Sean Kelly (IRE) Kas 530
3  Claude Criquielion (BEL) Hitachi–Robland 465
4  Adri van der Poel (NED) Kwantum–Decosol–Yoko 425
5  Urs Zimmermann (SUI) Carrera Jeans–Vagabond 400
6  Francesco Moser (ITA) Supermercati Brianzoli 290
7  Jean-Philippe Vandenbrande (BEL) Hitachi–Robland 235
8  Álvaro Pino (ESP) Zor–BH 235
9  Jean-François Bernard (FRA) La Vie Claire 225
10  Steve Bauer (CAN) La Vie Claire 215

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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Bibliography[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to 1986 Tour de France at Wikimedia Commons