1987 Burundian coup d'état

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
1987 Burundian coup d'état
Location Burundi AU Africa.svg
DateSeptember 3, 1987
Location
Result

Coup succeeds

Belligerents
Burundi Government of Burundi Army faction

The 1987 Burundian coup d'état was a bloodless military coup d'état that took place in Burundi on 3 September 1987. Tutsi president Jean-Baptiste Bagaza was deposed whilst traveling abroad and succeeded by Tutsi Major Pierre Buyoya.[1]

Background[edit]

Jean-Baptiste Bagaza was appointed president of Burundi in 1976, following a military coup that deposed Michel Micombero. As president of the Union for National Progress (UPRONA) party, he was the sole candidate in the 1984 presidential election and was re-elected with 99.6% of the votes.[2] During Bagaza's presidency, there were long-standing tensions over the repression of the Roman Catholic Church, in a country where 65% of citizens are practising Catholics.[3] This was later described by diplomats as a key factor in the coup.[4]

Coup and aftermath[edit]

In September 1987, Bagaza travelled to Quebec, Canada, to attend a francophone summit.[1] The army took over, led by Bagaza's cousin, Major Pierre Buyoya.[5] Hearing of the coup, Bagaza immediately returned to Africa but Bujumbura Airport was closed, and in Nairobi, he was refused entrance to Kenya.[4] Following the coup, Bagaza fled to Uganda, and then in 1989, Libya, where he was granted political asylum.[6]

Pierre Buyoya formed a Military Committee for National Salvation to take control, suspended the country's constitution and was inaugurated as president on 2 October 1987.[2] Buyoya, a Roman Catholic, said that he would lift measures imposed on the Catholic Church by Bagaza's government.[7] He was succeeded by Melchior Ndadaye in 1993 and came to power in Burundi for a second time, following a military coup in 1996 that ousted Sylvestre Ntibantunganya.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kieh, George Klay (2007). Beyond State Failure and Collapse: Making the State Relevant in Africa. Lexington Books. p. 73. ISBN 0-7391-0892-1.
  2. ^ a b Europa World Year, Book 1. Taylor & Francis. 2004. p. 946. ISBN 1-85743-254-1.
  3. ^ Rule, Sheila (24 September 2010), "Burundi Leader Attempts East-West Balance", The New York Times, The New York Times Company, retrieved 8 June 2010
  4. ^ a b Harden, Blaine (5 September 1987), "Dismay at Anti-Catholic Measures Said to Have Inspired Burundi Coup", The Washington Post, The Washington Post Company, archived from the original on 4 November 2012, retrieved 8 June 2010
  5. ^ Europa Publications (2004). Africa South of the Sahara 2004. Routledge. p. 135. ISBN 1-85743-183-9.
  6. ^ "Burundi's Ex-President Granted Asylum in Libya", Spartanburg Herald-Journal, The New York Times Company, 17 January 1989, retrieved 8 June 2010
  7. ^ Rule, Sheila (27 September 1987), "New Burundi Leader Vows to Lift Curbs on Church", The New York Times, The New York Times Company, retrieved 8 June 2010
  8. ^ Palmer, Mark (2005). Breaking the Real Axis of Evil: How to Oust the World's Last Dictators by 2025. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 221. ISBN 0-7425-3255-0.