1987 European Parliament election in Spain

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1987 European Parliament election in Spain

10 June 1987 1989 →

All 60 Spanish seats in the European Parliament
Opinion polls
Registered28,450,491
Turnout19,494,098 (68.5%)
  First party Second party Third party
  Fernando Morán 1985 (cropped).jpg Manuel Fraga 1983 (cropped).jpg Eduard Punset 2008 (cropped).jpg
Leader Fernando Morán Manuel Fraga Eduard Punset
Party PSOE AP CDS
Alliance SOC ED NI
Leader since 10 April 1987 16 March 1987 30 April 1987
Leader's seat Spain Spain Spain
Seats won 28 17 7
Popular vote 7,522,706 4,747,283 1,976,093
Percentage 39.1% 24.6% 10.3%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg
Leader Fernando Pérez Royo Carles Gasòliba Txema Montero
Party IU CiU HB
Alliance COM LDR
EPP
NI
Leader since 25 April 1987 1 January 1986 28 April 1987
Leader's seat Spain Spain Spain
Seats won 3 3 1
Popular vote 1,011,830 853,603 360,952
Percentage 5.3% 4.4% 1.9%

1987 European election in Spain - Vote Strength.svg
Provincial results map for the European Parliament in Spain

The 1987 European Parliament election in Spain was held on Wednesday, 10 June 1987, to elect the MEP delegation from the country for the 2nd European Parliament. All 60 seats allocated to Spain as per the 1985 Treaty of Accession were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with regional elections in thirteen autonomous communities and local elections all throughout Spain.

Spain had acceded the European Communities on 1 January 1986 and had been represented in the European Parliament by 60 temporarily-appointed delegates until a proper election could be held. As a European-wide election was due in 1989, elected MEPs only served for the remainder of the European Parliament term.

Overview[edit]

Background[edit]

The ruling Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) designated former Foreign Affairs Minister Fernando Morán to lead their campaign.[1] The main opposition People's Alliance party (AP), running on its own after the People's Democratic Party (PDP) and Liberal Party (PL) broke away from the People's Coalition, chose Manuel Fraga—who had resigned as party leader in December 1986—to lead the party list.[2] Adolfo Suárez had considered running as main candidate for his Democratic and Social Centre party (CDS),[3] but declined after the electoral law was amended by the ruling Spanish Socialist Workers' Party to make elected MEPs incompatible for posts in the Cortes Generales—Suárez was deputy in the Congress of Deputies, and would have been forced to renounce one of the two offices if elected—.[4]

Electoral system[edit]

The 60 members of the European Parliament allocated to Spain as per the 1985 Treaty of Accession were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with no threshold being applied in order to be entitled to enter seat distribution. However, the use of the D'Hondt method might result in an effective threshold depending on the district magnitude.[5] Seats were allocated to a single multi-member constituency comprising the entire national territory. Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over eighteen and in full enjoyment of their political rights.[6][7][8]

The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, they were required to secure the signature of at least 15,000 registered electors. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Parties, federations and coalitions were allowed to replace this requirement with the signature of at least 50 elected officials—deputies, senators, MEPs or members from the legislative assemblies of autonomous communities or from local city councils—. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days from the election call.[6][7]

Parties and coalitions[edit]

Below is a list of the main parties and coalitions which contested the election:

Parties and coalitions[9] Alliance Ideology Candidate Seats
before[10][11]
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)[a] SOC Social democracy Fernando Morán[12] 36
People's Alliance (AP)
People's Alliance (AP)
Navarrese People's Union (UPN)
Centrists of Galicia (CdG)
ED (AP) Conservatism Manuel Fraga[13] 14 (AP)
Convergence and Union (CiU)
Democratic Convergence of Catalonia (CDC)
Democratic Union of Catalonia (UDC)
LDR (CDC)
EPP (UDC)
Catalan nationalism
Centrism
Carles Gasòliba 1 (CDC)
1 (UDC)
Europeanist Union (UE)
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV)
Nationalist Galicianist Party (PGN)
EPP (PNV) Peripheral nationalism Jon Gangoiti[14] 2 (PNV)
People's Democratic Party (PDP) EPP Christian democracy Javier Rupérez 2
Left of the Peoples (IP)
Basque Country Left (EE)
Galician Socialist Party–Galician Left (PSG–EG)
Agreement of Left Nationalists (ENE)
Socialist Party of Majorca (PSM)
Socialist Party of Menorca (PSM)
Aragonese Union (UA–CHA)
RBW (EE) Left-wing nationalism Mario Onaindia[14] 1 (EE)
Majorcan Union (UM) EPP Conservative liberalism
Balearic regionalism
Antoni Rosés 1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) Centrism
Liberalism
Eduard Punset[4] 0
United Left (IU)
Communist Party of Spain (PCE)
Initiative for Catalonia (IC)
Socialist Action Party (PASOC)
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE)
Progressive Federation (FP)
Republican Left (IR)
Socialism
Communism
Fernando Pérez Royo[15] 0
Popular Unity (HB) Abertzale left Txema Montero[16] 0
Coalition for the Europe of the Peoples (CEP)
Basque Solidarity (EA)
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC)
Galician Nationalist Party (PNG)
Left-wing nationalism Carlos Garaikoetxea[17] 0
Regionalist Aragonese Party (PAR) Regionalism
Centrism
Juan Antonio Bolea 0
Canarian Independent Groups (AIC) Canarian nationalism Luis Mardones 0
Valencian Union (UV) Blaverism
Conservatism
Leopoldo Ortiz Climent 0

Opinion polls[edit]

The table below lists voting intention estimates in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first and using the dates when the survey fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. Where the fieldwork dates are unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. If a tie ensues, this is applied to the figures with the highest percentages. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the parties with the highest percentages in a given poll. When available, seat projections are also displayed below the voting estimates in a smaller font.

Results[edit]

Overall[edit]

Summary of the 10 June 1987 European Parliament election results in Spain
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 7,522,706 39.06 n/a 28 n/a
People's Alliance (AP) 4,747,283 24.65 n/a 17 n/a
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 1,976,093 10.26 n/a 7 n/a
United Left (IU) 1,011,830 5.25 n/a 3 n/a
Convergence and Union (CiU) 853,603 4.43 n/a 3 n/a
Popular Unity (HB) 360,952 1.87 n/a 1 n/a
Coalition for the Europe of the Peoples (EAERCPNG) 326,911 1.70 n/a 1 n/a
Left of the Peoples (IP) 261,328 1.36 n/a 0 n/a
Europeanist Union (PNVPGN) 226,570 1.18 n/a 0 n/a
Workers' Party of Spain–Communist Unity (PTE–UC) 222,680 1.16 n/a 0 n/a
Andalusian Party (PA) 185,550 0.96 n/a 0 n/a
People's Democratic Party (PDP) 170,866 0.89 n/a 0 n/a
Valencian Union (UV) 162,128 0.84 n/a 0 n/a
National Front (FN) 122,799 0.64 n/a 0 n/a
Social Action (AS) 116,761 0.61 n/a 0 n/a
The Greens (LV) 107,625 0.56 n/a 0 n/a
Regionalist Aragonese Party (PAR) 105,865 0.55 n/a 0 n/a
Canarian Independent Groups (AIC) 96,895 0.50 n/a 0 n/a
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 77,132 0.40 n/a 0 n/a
Confederation of the Greens (CV) 65,574 0.34 n/a 0 n/a
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 53,116 0.28 n/a 0 n/a
United Extremadura (EU) 39,369 0.20 n/a 0 n/a
Revolutionary Workers' Party of Spain (PORE) 30,157 0.16 n/a 0 n/a
National Assembly of Medicine Students and Associates (ANEMYA) 30,143 0.16 n/a 0 n/a
Internationalist Socialist Workers' Party (POSI) 25,270 0.13 n/a 0 n/a
Social Democratic Coalition (CSD) 25,058 0.13 n/a 0 n/a
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 23,407 0.12 n/a 0 n/a
Humanist Platform (PHFV) 22,333 0.12 n/a 0 n/a
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 21,482 0.11 n/a 0 n/a
Majorcan Union (UM) 19,066 0.10 n/a 0 n/a
Valencian Coalition Party (PCV) 14,749 0.08 n/a 0 n/a
Regionalist Party of Cantabria (PRC) 14,553 0.08 n/a 0 n/a
Nationalist Party of Castile and León (PANCAL) 12,616 0.07 n/a 0 n/a
Andalusian Liberation (LA) 9,881 0.05 n/a 0 n/a
Democratic Spanish Party (PED) 9,146 0.05 n/a 0 n/a
Blank ballots 189,729 0.99 n/a
Total 19,261,226 60 n/a
Valid votes 19,261,226 98.81 n/a
Invalid votes 232,872 1.19 n/a
Votes cast / turnout 19,494,098 68.52 n/a
Abstentions 8,956,393 31.48 n/a
Registered voters 28,450,491
Sources[18][9]
Popular vote
PSOE
39.06%
AP
24.65%
CDS
10.26%
IU
5.25%
CiU
4.43%
HB
1.87%
EA–ERC–PNG
1.70%
IP
1.36%
PNV–PGN
1.18%
PTE–UC
1.16%
Others
8.11%
Blank ballots
0.99%
Seats
PSOE
46.67%
AP
28.33%
CDS
11.67%
IU
5.00%
CiU
5.00%
HB
1.67%
EA–ERC–PNG
1.67%

Distribution by European group[edit]

Summary of political group distribution in the 2nd European Parliament (1984–1989)[19]
Groups Parties Seats Total %
Socialist Group (SOC)

28 28 46.67
European Democrats (ED)

17 17 28.33
Communist and Allies Group (COM)

1
1
1
3 5.00
Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (LDR)

2 2 3.33
European People's Party (EPP)

1 1 1.67
Rainbow Group (RBW)

1 1 1.67
Non-Inscrits (NI)

7
1
8 13.33
Total 60 60 100.00

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Includes the Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC) as an integral part of the candidacy, running as a sister party in Catalonia.

References[edit]

Opinion poll sources
  1. ^ "Algunas encuestas electorales plantean un descenso exagerado del PSOE". ABC (in Spanish). 4 June 1987.
  2. ^ a b "El CDS, único partido que ha progresado durante la campaña" (PDF). Diario 16 (in Spanish). 4 June 1987.
  3. ^ "El PSOE ganará las elecciones al Parlamento Europeo pero puede perder al menos diez eurodiputados" (PDF). Diario 16 (in Spanish). 4 June 1987.
  4. ^ "PSOE y AP, en cabeza aunque pierden votos". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 4 June 1987.
  5. ^ "El PSOE pierde el control mayoritario de las grandes ciudades" (PDF). El País (in Spanish). 4 June 1987.
  6. ^ "Fernando Morán se impone con claridad a Fraga y al resto de sus adversarios" (PDF). El País (in Spanish). 4 June 1987.
  7. ^ "Un sondeo del CIS para el Gobierno da la mayoría del PSOE en Madrid y Barcelona" (PDF). El País (in Spanish). 4 June 1987.
Other
  1. ^ Díez, Anabel (7 April 1987). "Fernando Morán encabezará la candidatura del PSOE para el Parlamento Europeo". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 8 July 2017.
  2. ^ González Ibañez, Juan (17 March 1987). "Fraga encabezará la candidatura de Alianza Popular al Parlamento Europeo". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  3. ^ González Ibañez, Juan (27 April 1987). "Suárez mantiene la intención de ser candidato para el Parlamento Europeo". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  4. ^ a b González Ibáñez, Juan (1 May 1987). "Suárez renuncia a ser candidato al Parlamento y pone en su lugar al ex ministro Punset". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  5. ^ Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  6. ^ a b "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 March 2017.
  7. ^ a b "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  8. ^ "Treaty concerning the accession of the Kingdom of Spain and the Portuguese Republic to the European Economic Community and to the European Atomic Energy Community".  of 15 November 1985. Official Journal of the European Communities. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  9. ^ a b "European election 10 June 1987". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  10. ^ "Election of Spanish MEPs (1986-1987)". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
  11. ^ "European Parliament: Distribution of Spanish MEPs among parliamentary groups". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
  12. ^ Díez, Anabel (7 April 1987). "Fernando Morán encabezará la candidatura del PSOE para el Parlamento Europeo". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  13. ^ González Ibáñez, Juan (17 March 1987). "Fraga encabezará la candidatura de Alianza Popular al Parlamento Europeo". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  14. ^ a b Ruiz de Azúa, Victorino (23 April 1987). "Los partidos vascos irán a las elecciones europeas en coalición con catalanes y gallegos". El País (in Spanish). Bilbao. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  15. ^ Bayarri, Francesc (26 April 1987). "Gerardo Iglesias afirma que el Gobierno no conocía el impacto de la entrada de España en la CE". El País (in Spanish). Valencia. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  16. ^ Galán, Lola (29 April 1987). "HB presenta al histórico de ETA 'Peixoto' en sus listas al Parlamento Europeo". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  17. ^ Etxarri, Tonia (30 April 1987). "Coalición electoral". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  18. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. European Parliament. June 1987. National totals". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  19. ^ "Parlamento Europeo: Distribución de los Eurodiputados españoles en grupos parlamentarios". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 March 2017.

External links[edit]