1988 Haitian general election

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General elections were held in Haiti on 17 January 1988,[1] after the 1987 general election had been cancelled due to an election day massacre of voters either orchestrated or condoned by the Haitian military.[2] The elections were boycotted by most candidates who had contested the previous elections, and while the official voter turnout figure was stated to be around 35%, observers and foreign officials estimated it to be no more than 10%,[3] with some putting it at lower than 4%.[2]

The official results were made public on 24 January, and it was a victory for Leslie Manigat of the Rally of Progressive National Democrats.[4] However, six months later, he was removed from office in a military coup on 20 June.[2]



Leslie ManigatRally of Progressive National Democrats534,11050.22
Hubert de RoncerayMovement for National Development209,52619.70
Gérard Philippe AugustePeasant Worker Movement151,39114.23
Grégoire EugèneSocial Christian Party97,5569.17
Alphonse LahènsHaitian Progressive National Movement34,3713.23
Michel Lamartinière HonoratNational Union of Democratic Forces16,5501.56
Jean ThéagèneNational Union of Haitian Democrats15,1131.42
Hugo Noël2,8920.27
Arnold DumasNational Party of Workers' Defence1,2640.12
Hector Estimé4710.04
Dieuveuil Joseph1490.01
Lysias Verret770.01
Edouard FrancisqueUnion for Haitian Renewal590.01
Raphaël François80.00
Source: Nohlen


  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p381 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
  2. ^ a b c Haiti's Election Needs Help Carter Center
  3. ^ Country Report: Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Puerto Rico, 1988, p21
  4. ^ "Leslie Manigat, elegido presidente de Haití". El País (in Spanish). 25 January 1988. Retrieved 1 January 2016.