1988 North Indian Ocean cyclone season

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1988 North Indian Ocean cyclone season
1988 North Indian Ocean cyclone season summary.jpg
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formed June 2, 1988
Last system dissipated December 8, 1988
Seasonal statistics
Depressions 5
Deep depressions 5
Cyclonic storms 1
Super cyclonic storms 0
Total fatalities 6,740
Total damage $13 million (1988 USD)
Related articles
North Indian Ocean tropical cyclone seasons
1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990

The 1988 North Indian Ocean cyclone season was part of the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation. The season has no official bounds but cyclones tend to form between April and December. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northern Indian Ocean. There are two main seas in the North Indian Ocean—the Bay of Bengal to the east of the Indian subcontinent and the Arabian Sea to the west of India. The official Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre in this basin is the India Meteorological Department (IMD), while the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) releases unofficial advisories. An average of five tropical cyclones form in the North Indian Ocean every season with peaks in May and November.[1] Cyclones occurring between the meridians 45°E and 100°E are included in the season by the IMD.[2]


Tropical Storm One (1A)[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
01A Jun 10 1988 1136Z.png Cyclone 01A 1988 track.png
Duration June 8 – June 12
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min)  996 hPa (mbar)

A tropical depression that formed on June 8 off the western coast of India tracked westward, becoming a tropical storm on the 9th. It looped to the north, where upper level winds ripped it apart on the 12th.

Tropical Storm Two (2B)[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
02A Oct 19 1988 0702Z.png Cyclone 02B 1988 track.png
Duration October 17 – October 19
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min)  997 hPa (mbar)

A tropical disturbance in the eastern Bay of Bengal developed into a tropical depression on October 17. It moved northwestward, briefly becoming a tropical storm before upper level winds weakened it. The storm hit Bangladesh as a tropical depression on the 19th, but still managed to cause strong storm surge and flooding amounting to 1500 casualties.

Tropical Storm Three (3B)[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
03B Nov 18 1988 0705Z.png Cyclone 03B 1988 track.png
Duration November 14 – November 18
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min)  984 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Three, which formed in the southern Bay of Bengal on November 14, tracked northward to reach a peak of 65 mph winds before hitting Myanmar on the 18th. The storm rapidly dissipated over land.

Cyclone Four (4B)[edit]

Category 3 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
04B Nov 29 1988 0656Z.png Cyclone 04B 1988 track.png
Duration November 21 – November 30
Peak intensity 205 km/h (125 mph) (1-min) 

The monsoon trough spawned a tropical depression just west of the Malay Peninsula on November 21. Its large circulation caused mudslides and flooding over western Indonesia before consolidating into a tropical storm on the 24th over the central Bay of Bengal. The storm turned northward, where conditions allowed for continued development. The storm became a cyclone on the 26th, and it continued to strengthen as it moved northward. Cyclone Four reached a peak of 130 mph just before hitting the Sundarbans part of Bangladesh. Heavy storm surge and torrential flooding killed 2000 people (with 6000 missing), and left millions homeless.

Tropical Storm Five (5B)[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
05B Dec 7 1988 0714Z.png Cyclone 05B 1988 track.png
Duration December 6 – December 8
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  991 hPa (mbar)

From December 6 through the 8th, a tropical storm meandered through the central Bay of Bengal, remaining at sea through its lifetime.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions: What is the annual frequency of Cyclones over the Indian Seas? What is its intra-annual variation?". Indian Meteorological Department. 2012. Archived from the original on May 21, 2015. Retrieved June 8, 2012.
  2. ^ "Bulletins Issued by Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre (RSMC) - Tropical Cyclones, New Delhi" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. May 25, 2009. Retrieved July 16, 2012.

External links[edit]