1988 United States presidential election in Oklahoma

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1988 United States presidential election in Oklahoma

← 1984 November 8, 1988 1992 →
  1988 Bush.jpg 1988 Dukakis.jpg
Nominee George H. W. Bush Michael Dukakis
Party Republican Democratic
Home state Texas Massachusetts
Running mate Dan Quayle Lloyd Bentsen
Electoral vote 8 0
Popular vote 678,367 483,423
Percentage 57.93% 41.28%

OK1988.jpg
County Results

President before election

Ronald Reagan
Republican

Elected President

George H. W. Bush
Republican

The 1988 United States presidential election in Oklahoma took place on November 8, 1988. All fifty states and the District of Columbia, were part of the 1988 United States presidential election. Oklahoma voters chose eight electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president.

Oklahoma was won by incumbent United States Vice President George H. W. Bush of Texas, who was running against Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis. Bush ran with Indiana Senator Dan Quayle as Vice President, and Dukakis ran with Texas Senator Lloyd Bentsen.

Oklahoma weighed in for this election as 9% more Republican than the national average.

Partisan background[edit]

The presidential election of 1988 in Oklahoma was a very partisan election, with more than 99 percent of the electorate voting for either the Democratic or Republican parties, and only four candidates appearing on the ballot.[1] The Southeastern portion of the state resumed in turning out in large numbers for the Democratic Party, where it voted almost entirely Republican in 1984. This may be somewhat attributed to the influence of the ongoing drought and farm crisis in the Great Plains, and of the politically volatile, state of Texas, which can also be seen changing political orientation through the 1980s and 1990s from a Democratic area to a largely Republican one.

Republican victory[edit]

Bush won the election in Oklahoma with a strong 15 point landslide. While traditionally conservative, the election results in Oklahoma are indicative of a nationwide reconsolidation of base for the Republican Party, which took place through the 1980s. Through the passage of some very controversial economic programs, spearheaded by then President Ronald Reagan (called, collectively, "Reaganomics"), the mid-to-late 1980s saw a period of economic growth and stability. The hallmark for Reaganomics was, in part, the wide-scale deregulation of corporate interests, and tax cuts for the wealthy.[2]

Dukakis ran on a socially liberal platform, and advocated for higher economic regulation and environmental protection. Bush, alternatively, ran on a campaign of continuing the social and economic policies of former President Reagan - which gained him much support with social conservatives and people living in rural areas. Additionally, while the economic programs passed under Reagan, and furthered under Bush and Clinton, may have boosted the economy for a brief period, they are criticized by many analysts as "setting the stage" for economic troubles in the United State after 2007, such as the Great Recession.[3] Dukakis won many counties with a sizable Native American population in Oklahoma's south-eastern Ouachita region that had voted for Reagan in his 1984 landslide. Bush's dominance in the more populated metro Oklahoma City and Tulsa ensured a safe GOP victory.

Results[edit]

1988 United States presidential election in Oklahoma
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican George H. W. Bush 678,367 57.93% 8
Democratic Michael Dukakis 483,423 41.28% 0
Libertarian Ron Paul 6,261 0.53% 0
New Alliance Party Lenora Fulani 2,985 0.25% 0
Totals 1,171,036 100.0% 8

Results by county[edit]

George Herbert Walker Bush
Republican
Michael Stanley Dukakis
Democratic
Various candidates
Other parties
Margin Total votes cast
County # % # % # % # % #
Adair 3,558 57.02% 2,624 42.05% 58 0.93% 934 14.97% 6,240
Alfalfa 1,960 62.58% 1,117 35.66% 55 1.76% 843 26.92% 3,132
Atoka 1,971 43.13% 2,565 56.13% 34 0.74% -594 -13.00% 4,570
Beaver 2,013 71.03% 777 27.42% 44 1.55% 1,236 43.61% 2,834
Beckham 3,463 50.08% 3,388 48.99% 64 0.93% 75 1.08% 6,915
Blaine 2,889 61.03% 1,775 37.49% 70 1.48% 1,114 23.53% 4,734
Bryan 4,615 40.13% 6,849 59.55% 37 0.32% -2,234 -19.42% 11,501
Caddo 4,689 46.07% 5,387 52.93% 101 0.99% -698 -6.86% 10,177
Canadian 17,872 70.00% 7,453 29.19% 205 0.80% 10,419 40.81% 25,530
Carter 8,430 50.98% 7,988 48.31% 117 0.71% 442 2.67% 16,535
Cherokee 5,838 46.99% 6,483 52.18% 103 0.83% -645 -5.19% 12,424
Choctaw 2,217 39.60% 3,362 60.05% 20 0.36% -1,145 -20.45% 5,599
Cimarron 1,153 70.01% 470 28.54% 24 1.46% 683 41.47% 1,647
Cleveland 36,313 61.62% 22,067 37.44% 553 0.94% 14,246 24.17% 58,933
Coal 891 39.25% 1,365 60.13% 14 0.62% -474 -20.88% 2,270
Comanche 17,464 60.02% 11,441 39.32% 194 0.67% 6,023 20.70% 29,099
Cotton 1,266 45.62% 1,482 53.41% 27 0.97% -216 -7.78% 2,775
Craig 2,463 45.23% 2,940 53.98% 43 0.79% -477 -8.76% 5,446
Creek 11,308 53.89% 9,512 45.33% 162 0.77% 1,796 8.56% 20,982
Custer 6,735 63.98% 3,697 35.12% 95 0.90% 3,038 28.86% 10,527
Delaware 5,248 51.39% 4,889 47.88% 75 0.73% 359 3.52% 10,212
Dewey 1,543 60.49% 963 37.75% 45 1.76% 580 22.74% 2,551
Ellis 1,422 63.37% 786 35.03% 36 1.60% 636 28.34% 2,244
Garfield 15,248 64.78% 8,067 34.27% 223 0.95% 7,181 30.51% 23,538
Garvin 5,109 47.94% 5,438 51.03% 109 1.02% -329 -3.09% 10,656
Grady 7,994 53.84% 6,689 45.05% 165 1.11% 1,305 8.79% 14,848
Grant 1,690 56.71% 1,249 41.91% 41 1.38% 441 14.80% 2,980
Greer 1,225 48.94% 1,256 50.18% 22 0.88% -31 -1.24% 2,503
Harmon 611 40.63% 890 59.18% 3 0.20% -279 -18.55% 1,504
Harper 1,281 67.42% 593 31.21% 26 1.37% 688 36.21% 1,900
Haskell 1,822 37.73% 2,963 61.36% 44 0.91% -1,141 -23.63% 4,829
Hughes 2,037 38.24% 3,259 61.18% 31 0.58% -1,222 -22.94% 5,327
Jackson 4,423 55.28% 3,542 44.27% 36 0.45% 881 11.01% 8,001
Jefferson 1,063 37.35% 1,767 62.09% 16 0.56% -704 -24.74% 2,846
Johnston 1,518 42.39% 2,042 57.02% 21 0.59% -524 -14.63% 3,581
Kay 12,646 61.50% 7,751 37.69% 167 0.81% 4,895 23.80% 20,564
Kingfisher 4,011 68.54% 1,777 30.37% 64 1.09% 2,234 38.17% 5,852
Kiowa 2,030 46.58% 2,296 52.68% 32 0.73% -266 -6.10% 4,358
Latimer 1,830 43.23% 2,365 55.87% 38 0.90% -535 -12.64% 4,233
Le Flore 6,964 51.05% 6,594 48.34% 83 0.61% 370 2.71% 13,641
Lincoln 6,409 59.67% 4,225 39.34% 106 0.99% 2,184 20.34% 10,740
Logan 6,947 59.36% 4,603 39.33% 154 1.32% 2,344 20.03% 11,704
Love 1,361 41.66% 1,889 57.82% 17 0.52% -528 -16.16% 3,267
McClain 4,771 56.44% 3,594 42.52% 88 1.04% 1,177 13.92% 8,453
McCurtain 4,920 49.64% 4,928 49.72% 63 0.64% -8 -0.08% 9,911
McIntosh 2,665 39.53% 4,041 59.94% 36 0.53% -1,376 -20.41% 6,742
Major 2,638 71.86% 982 26.75% 51 1.39% 1,656 45.11% 3,671
Marshall 1,911 40.93% 2,730 58.47% 28 0.60% -819 -17.54% 4,669
Mayes 6,115 47.40% 6,691 51.86% 95 0.74% -576 -4.46% 12,901
Murray 2,056 42.89% 2,697 56.26% 41 0.86% -641 -13.37% 4,794
Muskogee 11,147 44.47% 13,760 54.89% 161 0.64% -2,613 -10.42% 25,068
Noble 3,015 63.80% 1,661 35.15% 50 1.06% 1,354 28.65% 4,726
Nowata 2,000 47.24% 2,203 52.03% 31 0.73% -203 -4.79% 4,234
Okfuskee 1,851 45.17% 2,209 53.90% 38 0.93% -358 -8.74% 4,098
Oklahoma 135,376 63.59% 75,812 35.61% 1,703 0.80% 59,564 27.98% 212,891
Okmulgee 5,674 40.52% 8,262 59.00% 68 0.49% -2,588 -18.48% 14,004
Osage 7,162 47.57% 7,778 51.66% 115 0.76% -616 -4.09% 15,055
Ottawa 5,026 42.85% 6,658 56.77% 45 0.38% -1,632 -13.91% 11,729
Pawnee 3,324 53.94% 2,781 45.13% 57 0.93% 543 8.81% 6,162
Payne 16,027 59.57% 10,568 39.28% 310 1.15% 5,459 20.29% 26,905
Pittsburg 7,594 46.47% 8,623 52.77% 125 0.76% -1,029 -6.30% 16,342
Pontotoc 6,609 49.92% 6,484 48.98% 146 1.10% 125 0.94% 13,239
Pottawatomie 12,099 57.15% 8,873 41.92% 197 0.93% 3,226 15.24% 21,169
Pushmataha 1,841 42.80% 2,430 56.50% 30 0.70% -589 -13.69% 4,301
Roger Mills 1,132 56.26% 866 43.04% 14 0.70% 266 13.22% 2,012
Rogers 12,940 59.22% 8,771 40.14% 140 0.64% 4,169 19.08% 21,851
Seminole 4,078 44.95% 4,911 54.13% 84 0.93% -833 -9.18% 9,073
Sequoyah 5,710 53.22% 4,951 46.15% 68 0.63% 759 7.07% 10,729
Stephens 9,844 55.32% 7,833 44.02% 118 0.66% 2,011 11.30% 17,795
Texas 4,971 73.62% 1,717 25.43% 64 0.95% 3,254 48.19% 6,752
Tillman 1,754 44.65% 2,148 54.68% 26 0.66% -394 -10.03% 3,928
Tulsa 127,512 64.48% 69,044 34.91% 1,207 0.61% 58,468 29.56% 197,763
Wagoner 10,219 57.68% 7,378 41.64% 121 0.68% 2,841 16.03% 17,718
Washington 14,613 67.30% 6,971 32.11% 129 0.59% 7,642 35.20% 21,713
Washita 2,402 50.62% 2,290 48.26% 53 1.12% 112 2.36% 4,745
Woods 2,835 60.95% 1,735 37.30% 81 1.74% 1,100 23.65% 4,651
Woodward 4,996 66.68% 2,408 32.14% 89 1.19% 2,588 34.54% 7,493
Totals 678,367 57.93% 483,423 41.28% 9,246 0.79% 194,944 16.65% 1,171,036

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "1988 Presidential General Election Results – Oklahoma". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2013-07-21.
  2. ^ "Since 1980s, the Kindest of Tax Cuts for the Rich". The New York Times. 2012-01-18. Retrieved 2013-07-21.
  3. ^ Jerry Lanson (2008-11-06). "A historic victory. A changed nation. Now, can Obama deliver?". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 2013-07-21.