198 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
198 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar198 BC
Ab urbe condita556
Ancient Egypt eraXXXIII dynasty, 126
- PharaohPtolemy V Epiphanes, 6
Ancient Greek era145th Olympiad, year 3
Assyrian calendar4553
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−790
Berber calendar753
Buddhist calendar347
Burmese calendar−835
Byzantine calendar5311–5312
Chinese calendar壬寅年 (Water Tiger)
2499 or 2439
    — to —
癸卯年 (Water Rabbit)
2500 or 2440
Coptic calendar−481 – −480
Discordian calendar969
Ethiopian calendar−205 – −204
Hebrew calendar3563–3564
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−141 – −140
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2903–2904
Holocene calendar9803
Iranian calendar819 BP – 818 BP
Islamic calendar844 BH – 843 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar2136
Minguo calendar2109 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1665
Seleucid era114/115 AG
Thai solar calendar345–346
Tibetan calendar阳水虎年
(male Water-Tiger)
−71 or −452 or −1224
    — to —
(female Water-Rabbit)
−70 or −451 or −1223

Year 198 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Catus and Flamininus (or, less frequently, year 556 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 198 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Roman Republic[edit]

Seleucid Empire[edit]

  • The Battle of Panium is fought between Seleucid forces led by Antiochus III and Ptolemaic forces led by Scopas of Aetolia. The Seleucids win the battle which allows Antiochus III to obtain entire possession of Palestine and Coele-Syria from King Ptolemy V of Egypt. Though the Romans send ambassadors to Ptolemy V, they are unable to lend him any serious assistance against Antiochus III.
  • In the resulting peace, Antiochus III agrees to give his daughter Cleopatra in marriage to Ptolemy V.


  • Following the defeat of the Han at the hands of Modu Chanyu of the Xiongnu at Baideng in 200 BC, courtier Liu Jing (劉敬) is dispatched by Han emperor Gaozu for negotiations. The peace settlement eventually reached between the parties includes a Han princess given in marriage to the chanyu (called heqin 和親 or "harmonious kinship"); periodic tribute of silk, liquor and rice to the Xiongnu; equal status between the states; and the Great Wall as mutual border. This treaty sets the pattern for relations between the Han and the Xiongnu for some sixty years.