1. FC Magdeburg
|European Cup||Hansa Rostock|
|Cup Winners Cup||Stahl Eisenhüttenstadt|
|UEFA Cup||Rot-Weiß Erfurt|
|Goals scored||459 (2.52 per match)|
|Top goalscorer||Torsten Gütschow (20)|
|Biggest home win||Dynamo Dresden 7–0 Sachsen Leipzig (20 October 1990)|
|Biggest away win||1. FC Magdeburg 0–4 Stahl Eisenhüttenstadt (2 March 1991)|
After the season, all East German leagues were dissolved and their teams placed in the German football league system. The top two teams joined the Bundesliga, while those ranked third through sixth went to the 2. Bundesliga. The bottom two teams remained in the NOFV-Oberliga, which absorbed all but the relegated teams of the former East German second tier DDR-Liga (also renamed NOFV-Liga) and joined the German league system at the third tier. The seventh through twelfth placed teams were drawn into a playoff with the two NOFV-Liga group champions for two additional 2. Bundesliga places, with unsuccessful teams also remaining in the NOFV-Oberliga.
The competition was contested by 14 teams. Hansa Rostock won the championship and Dynamo Dresden came in second, thus claiming the other available qualification for the Bundesliga. A total of 8 Eastern teams remained professional into both two national German championships.
|1||Hansa Rostock||26||13||9||4||44||25||+19||35||Qualification to 1991–92 Bundesliga and 1991–92 European Cup First Round|
|2||Dynamo Dresden||26||12||8||6||48||28||+20||32||Qualification to 1991–92 Bundesliga[a]|
|3||Rot-Weiß Erfurt||26||11||9||6||30||26||+4||31||Qualification to 1991–92 2. Bundesliga and 1991–92 UEFA Cup First Round|
|5||Chemnitzer FC||26||9||11||6||24||23||+1||29||Qualification to 1991–92 2. Bundesliga|
|6||Carl Zeiss Jena||26||12||4||10||41||36||+5||28|
|7||Lokomotive Leipzig||26||10||8||8||37||33||+4||28||Qualification to 2. Bundesliga playoffs|
|9||Stahl Eisenhüttenstadt||26||7||12||7||29||25||+4||26||Qualification to 2. Bundesliga playoffs and 1991–92 Cup Winners' Cup First Round[b]|
|10||1. FC Magdeburg||26||9||8||9||34||32||+2||26||Qualification to 2. Bundesliga playoffs|
|13||Energie Cottbus||26||3||10||13||21||38||−17||16||Qualification to 1991–92 NOFV-Oberliga|
|14||Viktoria Frankfurt (Oder)||26||4||5||17||29||54||−25||13|
- Dynamo Dresden was banned from European football for two years due to rioting in the 1990–91 European Cup quarterfinals. The two UEFA Cup positions were passed to the third- and fourth-placed teams.
- As 1990–91 NOFV-Pokal champions Hansa Rostock qualified for the European Cup through league position, their position in the Cup Winners' Cup passed to Stahl Eisenhüttenstadt as runners-up.
|1.||Torsten Gütschow||SG Dynamo Dresden||20|
|2.||Lutz Schülbe||HFC Chemie||13|
|3.||Henri Fuchs||FC Hansa Rostock||11|
|4.||Heiko Laeßig||1. FC Magdeburg||10|
2. Bundesliga play-off
The 7th through 12th placed clubs were joined by the winners of the two second-tier NOFV-Liga groups, Union Berlin and FSV Zwickau. The teams were drawn into two groups of four, with the group champions qualifying for the 1991–92 2. Bundesliga.
|1||Stahl Brandenburg||6||4||1||1||9||6||+3||9||Qualification to 1991–92 2. Bundesliga|
|2||FC Berlin||6||3||2||1||10||5||+5||8||Qualification to 1991–92 NOFV-Oberliga|
|4||1. FC Magdeburg||6||0||2||4||6||12||−6||2|
|1||Lokomotive Leipzig||6||4||2||0||11||0||+11||10||Qualification to 1991–92 2. Bundesliga|
|2||Stahl Eisenhüttenstadt||6||3||2||1||8||6||+2||8||Qualification to 1991–92 NOFV-Oberliga|
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.