1990 (TV series)
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Book cover for paperback novelisation of first series, showing Edward Woodward as Jim Kyle
|Created by||Wilfred Greatorex|
|Written by||Wilfred Greatorex|
|Directed by||Alan Gibson|
David Sullivan Proudfoot
Barbara Kellerman (series 1)
Lisa Harrow (series 2)
Clifton Jones (Series 1)
Clive Swift (series 2)
|Theme music composer||John Cameron|
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|No. of series||2|
|No. of episodes||16|
|Original release||18 September 1977 –|
10 April 1978
The series is set in a dystopian future in which Britain is under the grip of the Home Office's Public Control Department (PCD), a tyrannically oppressive bureaucracy riding roughshod over the population's civil liberties.
Dubbed "Nineteen Eighty-Four plus six" by its creator, Wilfred Greatorex, 1990 stars Edward Woodward as journalist Jim Kyle, Robert Lang as the powerful PCD Controller Herbert Skardon, Barbara Kellerman as Deputy PCD Controller Delly Lomas, John Savident, Yvonne Mitchell (in her last role), Lisa Harrow, Tony Doyle, Michael Napier Brown, and Clive Swift.
Two series, of eight episodes each, were produced and broadcast on BBC2 in 1977 and 1978. The series was never repeated but was released on DVD in 2017. Two novelisations based on the scripts were released in paperback by the publisher Sphere; Wilfred Greatorex's 1990, and Wilfred Greatorex's 1990 Book Two.
Jim Kyle (Edward Woodward) is a journalist on the last independent newspaper, called The Star, who turns renegade and fights the PCD covertly. The officials of the PCD - headed by Controller Herbert Skardon (Robert Lang) - in turn, try to find proof of Kyle's subversive activities. Skardon's two Deputy Controllers were Delly Lomas (Barbara Kellerman), who had an ambiguous personal relationship with Kyle, and Henry Tasker (Clifton Jones); however, in the second series, these two Deputies were replaced by Lynn Blake (Lisa Harrow), a former love interest of Kyle's (in the novelization of episodes from Series Two, the explanation given for the replacement of Delly Lomas was that she had been "relegated to obscurity in the Dundee Branch of the PCD"; no explanation was given for Henry Tasker's departure). Kyle was aided and abetted by Import/Export Agent Dave Brett (Tony Doyle) and provided from time to time with Top Secret government information by the mysterious "Faceless" (Paul Hardwick), who was a top-level government official tapped into the PCD. The whole government machine was headed by Home Secretary Dan Mellor (John Savident), replaced in office in Series Two (supposedly through Kyle's efforts) by Kate Smith (Yvonne Mitchell).
Exposition in this series was mainly performed by facts occasionally dropped into dialogue requiring the viewer to piece together the basic scenario.
This state of affairs was precipitated by an irrecoverable national bankruptcy in 1981, triggering martial law. In the general election, only 20% voted. The economy (and imports) drastically contracted forcing stringent rationing of housing, goods and services. These are distributed according to a person's LifeScore as determined (and constantly reviewed) by the PCD on behalf of the union-dominated socialist government. As a consequence, the higher-status individuals appear to be civil servants and union leaders. An exception to this are import/export agents, which appear to be immune to state control due to their importance to the remnants of the economy. The House of Lords has been abolished and turned into an exclusive dining club. State ownership of businesses appears to be near-total and prohibition of wealth and income appears to be very high. The reigning monarch is male due to the unfortunate death of the previous monarch (Elizabeth II) but his identity is never made clear. The currency is the Anglodollar (which replaced the pound sterling in 1982 due to economic collapse) which appears to have little value overseas due to the international boycott of British exports. The armed forces have been run down to the extent that they are little more than an internal security force. This is made clear in one episode where the RAF is depicted as consisting of little more than a handful of Harrier Jump Jets and a few dozen counter-insurgency helicopters. Despite this National Service has been re-introduced (via the Youth Behaviour Control Act 1984 which enforces conscription and Genetic Crimes Act 1985, which makes sexual offences punishable by hanging). It is said that in 1986 two army generals and a retired air chief marshal attempted a coup against the government, but it failed.
Although running the bureaucratic dictatorship, the state appears to shy away from explicit political violence, preferring to set up psychiatric pseudo-hospitals called "Adult Rehabilitation Centres" which employ electro-convulsive treatments to 'cure' dissidents. Ordinary criminals found guilty of traditional and new economic and social crimes are prevented from clogging up the prison system by having short sentences during which they are force-fed "misery pills" (via the Oral Swallowing Induction Device, which was first tested at Ashworth Asylum for the Genetically Defective on Ian Brady and 21 others), which induce severe depression and agony during their incarceration. Despite this, fatalities and injuries do occur due to the PCD's lack of democratic accountability but these are misreported or ignored by the state-controlled press and television or are suppressed by the print unions on the last independent newspaper in the UK. The state can also declare a person to be a "non-citizen" which denies them any entitlement whatsoever to consumer goods, accommodation or food. (This often happens to sex offenders, even ones who have served their sentence and been released.) Labour is controlled by a mandatory closed shop in every workplace. For at least part of the series, the country is on a three-day working week, presumably to conserve energy or to promote full employment through job sharing. Taking a second job ("moonlighting") is illegal as is "parasitism", defined as claiming state benefits while fit for work. Ombudsman's Courts which are fixed in favour of the state are the key part of the legal system.
Emigration is a key problem with a steady "brain drain" countered by PCD Emigration officers who try to watch every port and airfield. Despite this, professional and skilled labour is fast disappearing from the country in a similar manner to East Germany before the fall of the Berlin Wall.
Series 1 (1977)
|Title||Directed by||Written by||Original air date|
|1||1||"Creed of Slaves"||Alan Gibson||Wilfred Greatorex||18 September 1977|
|2||2||"When Did You Last See Your Father?"||David Sullivan Proudfoot||Wilfred Greatorex||19 September 1977|
|3||3||"Health Farm"||Kenneth Ives||Edmund Ward||26 September 1977|
|4||4||"Decoy"||Alan Gibson||Edmund Ward||3 October 1977|
|5||5||"Voice From The Past"||David Sullivan Proudfoot||Arden Winch||10 October 1977|
|6||6||"Whatever Happened to Cardinal Wolsey?"||David Sullivan Proudfoot||Wilfred Greatorex||17 October 1977|
|7||7||"Witness"||Alan Gibson||Wilfred Greatorex||24 October 1977|
|8||8||"Non-Citizen"||Rob Bird||Edmund Ward||31 October 1977|
Series 2 (1978)
|Title||Directed by||Written by||Original air date|
|9||1||"Pentagons"||Peter Sasdy||Wilfred Greatorex||20 February 1978|
|10||2||"The Market Price"||Roger Tucker||Wilfred Greatorex||27 February 1978|
|11||3||"Trapline"||Peter Sasdy||Edmund Ward||6 March 1978|
|12||4||"Ordeal by Small Brown Envelope"||Kenneth Ives||Edmund Ward||13 March 1978|
|13||5||"Hire And Fire"||Alan Gibson||Edmund Ward||20 March 1978|
|14||6||"You'll Never Walk Alone"||David Sullivan Proudfoot||Wilfred Greatorex||27 March 1978|
|15||7||"Young Sparks"||Kenneth Ives||Jim Hawkins||3 April 1978|
|16||8||"What Pleases the Prince..."||Alan Gibson||Wilfred Greatorex||10 April 1978|
Simply Media released 1990 on DVD in the UK during 2017.
|Series no.||Release Date|
|Series 1||20 March 2017|
|Series 2||1 May 2017|