1990 Manjil–Rudbar earthquake

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1990 Manjil–Rudbar earthquake
Collapse of Unreinforced Masonry Buildings, Iran (Persia) - 1990 Manjil Roudbar Earthquake.jpg
1990 Manjil–Rudbar earthquake is located in Iran
1990 Manjil–Rudbar earthquake
Date June 21, 1990 (1990-06-21)
Origin time 00:30:14 IRST [1]
Magnitude 7.4 Mw [1]
Depth 15 km (9 mi) [1]
Epicenter 37°04′N 49°17′E / 37.07°N 49.28°E / 37.07; 49.28Coordinates: 37°04′N 49°17′E / 37.07°N 49.28°E / 37.07; 49.28 [1]
Type Strike-slip [2]
Areas affected Iran
Total damage $8 billion [3]
Max. intensity X (Extreme) [4]
Casualties 35,000–50,000 killed [3]
60,000–105,000 injured [3]
105,000–400,000 displaced [3]

The 1990 Manjil–Rudbar earthquake occurred on June 21 at 00:30:14 local time in northern Iran. The shock had a moment magnitude of 7.4 and a Mercalli Intensity of X (Extreme). Widespread damage occurred to the northwest of the capital city of Tehran, including the cities of Rudbar and Manjil. The National Geophysical Data Center estimated that $8 billion in damage occurred in the affected area. Other earthquake catalogs presented estimates of the loss of life in the range of 35,000–50,000, with a further 60,000–105,000 that were injured.

Use in media[edit]

Acclaimed Iranian director Abbas Kiarostami has fictionally incorporated the earthquake and its effects on northern Iran into multiple films of his. In Life, and Nothing More... (1992), a director and his son search for child actors from a previous Kiarostami film, Where is My Friend's House? (1986), which was shot in a city that, by the time of the second film's production, is recovering from the earthquake. Kiarostami's next film Through the Olive Trees (1994) follows a film crew as they shoot scenes from Life, and Nothing More...; in one of these scenes a man discusses his marriage having taken place a day after the earthquake. Critics and scholars often refer to these three films as the Koker trilogy, and rank them among the director's finest works.

See also[edit]



External links[edit]