The 1990 Virginia Cavaliers football team represented the University of Virginia in the 1990 college football season. The Cavaliers offense scored 464 points while the defense allowed 227 points. Led by head coach George Welsh, the Cavaliers competed in the Sugar Bowl.
This Virginia team is noteworthy for having achieved a No. 1 national ranking in the Associated Press college football poll for three weeks during the season, starting on October 16 of that year. The Cavaliers held the nation's top spot through the poll of October 30, but then dropped 10 spots after a loss to eventual national co-champion Georgia Tech the next week and continued to fade after that. It was the first time in the program's history that Virginia had ever earned the No. 1 ranking.