1990 World Snooker Championship

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Embassy World Snooker Championship
Tournament information
Dates13–29 April 1990
VenueCrucible Theatre
CitySheffield
CountryEngland
Organisation(s)WPBSA
FormatRanking event
Total prize fund£620,000
Winner's share£120,000
Highest breakEngland John Parrott (140)
Final
ChampionScotland Stephen Hendry
Runner-upEngland Jimmy White
Score18–12
1989
1991

The 1990 World Snooker Championship (also referred to as the 1990 Embassy World Snooker Championship for the purposes of sponsorship) was a professional ranking snooker tournament that took place between 13 and 29 April 1990 at the Crucible Theatre in Sheffield, England. The tournament was sponsored by cigarette manufacturer Embassy.

The final was contested by Stephen Hendry and Jimmy White. Hendry led 9–7 after the first day's play and won the first four frames of the second day to lead 13–7, before White reduced the gap to four frames. At 16–12, Hendry compiled breaks of 81 and 71 to win the match 18–12,[1] claiming his first world title.[2] In so doing, he became the youngest-ever world champion at the age of 21 years and 106 days.[3]

Overview[edit]

The World Snooker Championship is an annual professional snooker tournament organised by the World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association (WPBSA).[4] Founded in the late 19th century by British Army soldiers stationed in India,[5] the cue sport was popular in the British Isles.[4] However, in the modern era, which started in 1969 when the World Championship reverted to a knockout format,[6] it has become increasingly popular worldwide, especially in East and Southeast Asian nations such as China, Hong Kong and Thailand.[7][8][9]

Joe Davis won the first World Championship in 1927, hosted by the Billiards Association and Control Council, the final match being held at Camkin's Hall in Birmingham, England.[10][11] Since 1977, the event has been held at the Crucible Theatre in Sheffield, England.[12] The 1990 championship featured 32 professional players competing in one-on-one snooker matches in a single-elimination format, each match played over several frames. These competitors in the main tournament were selected using a combination of the top players in the snooker world rankings and the winners of a pre-tournament qualification stage.[13][14] The top 16 players in the world rankings automatically qualified for the event, the remaining 16 players coming through the qualification rounds.[13][14]

Tournament summary[edit]

  • In beating John Parrott at the semi-final stage, Hendry replaced Steve Davis as snooker's world number 1.[15]
  • For the first time since 1982, Davis failed to reach the final,[2] losing 14–16 to Jimmy White in the semi-final. It was the first time White had beaten Davis at the Crucible after Davis beat White in four previous encounters.[16]
  • 1982 champion Alex Higgins returned to the Crucible after missing out the previous year.[17] He lost 5–10 to Steve James in the first round.[16] After the match, Higgins punched an official in the stomach at the post-match press conference;[18][19] this, alongside a threat to have Dennis Taylor shot at the 1990 World Cup a month earlier, led to Higgins being banned for the entire 1990/1991 season.[18]
  • In the first round match between James and Higgins, James was an awarded a free ball in a frame before any reds had been potted. In taking a baulk colour as an extra red and compiling a total clearance of 135 the break became the only 16-red clearance at the Crucible.[20][21][22]
  • For the only time since seeding began, the four semi-finalists were also the top four seeds.

Prize fund[edit]

The breakdown of prize money for this year is shown below:[16]

Main draw[edit]

Shown below are the results for each round. The numbers in parentheses beside some of the players are their seeding ranks (each championship has 16 seeds and 16 qualifiers).[16][23][24][25]

First round Second round Quarter-finals Semi-finals
Best of 19 frames Best of 25 frames Best of 25 frames Best of 31 frames
                           
13 April            
 England Steve Davis (1)  10
18 & 19 April
 Australia Eddie Charlton  1  
 England Steve Davis (1)  13
13 & 14 April
   England Steve James (16)  7  
 England Steve James (16)  10
23 & 24 April
 Northern Ireland Alex Higgins  5  
 England Steve Davis (1)  13
14 & 15 April
   England Neal Foulds  8  
 England Willie Thorne (9)  10
19 & 20 April
 Malta Tony Drago  4  
 England Willie Thorne (9)  11
15 & 15 April
   England Neal Foulds  13  
 Northern Ireland Dennis Taylor (8)  8
25, 26 & 27 April
 England Neal Foulds  10  
 England Steve Davis (1)  14
15 & 16 April
   England Jimmy White (4)  16
 Wales Terry Griffiths (5)  10
20, 21 & 22 April
 England Nigel Gilbert  4  
 Wales Terry Griffiths (5)  13
16 & 17 April
   England Tony Knowles (12)  6  
 England Tony Knowles (12)  10
23 & 24 April
 Wales Tony Chappel  4  
 Wales Terry Griffiths (5)  5
16 & 17 April
   England Jimmy White (4)  13  
 England John Virgo (13)  10
21 & 22 April
 England Gary Wilkinson  6  
 England John Virgo (13)  6
17 & 18 April
   England Jimmy White (4)  13  
 England Jimmy White (4)  10
 England Danny Fowler  4  
17 & 18 April            
 Scotland Stephen Hendry (3)  10
21 & 22 April
 Canada Alain Robidoux  7  
 Scotland Stephen Hendry (3)  13
17 April
   England Tony Meo (14)  7  
 England Tony Meo (14)  10
23 & 24 April
 Wales Wayne Jones  8  
 Scotland Stephen Hendry (3)  13
16 April
   Wales Darren Morgan  6  
 England Joe Johnson (11)  8
20, 21 & 22 April
 Wales Darren Morgan  10  
 Wales Darren Morgan  13
15 & 16 April
   England Mike Hallett (6)  8  
 England Mike Hallett (6)  10
25, 26 & 27 April
 Wales Steve Newbury  9  
 Scotland Stephen Hendry (3)  16
14 & 15 April
   England John Parrott (2)  11
 Canada Cliff Thorburn (7)  10
19 & 20 April
 Wales Cliff Wilson  6  
 Canada Cliff Thorburn (7)  13
14 & 15 April
   Wales Doug Mountjoy (10)  12  
 Wales Doug Mountjoy (10)  10
23 & 24 April
 Canada Brady Gollan  8  
 Canada Cliff Thorburn (7)  6
13 & 14 April
   England John Parrott (2)  13  
 England Dean Reynolds (15)  10
18, 19 & 20 April
 South Africa Peter Francisco  7  
 England Dean Reynolds (15)  11
13 April
   England John Parrott (2)  13  
 England John Parrott (2)  10
 Wales Mark Bennett  9  
Final (Best of 35 frames) Crucible Theatre, Sheffield, 28 and 29 April 1990. Referee: Len Ganley[26]
Jimmy White (4)
 England
12–18 Stephen Hendry (3)
 Scotland
78–37, 13–73, 85–48, 49–71, 14–79, 27–60, 86–0, 27–87, 75–64, 68–57, 46–77, 4–99, 63–52, 0–88, 76–1, 1–108, 0–100, 5–104, 4–73, 0–81, 87–50, 75–17, 63–72, 109–0, 6–97, 127–0, 0–124, 69–43, 27–90, 1–101 Century breaks: 2 (Hendry 2)

Highest break by White: 87
Highest break by Hendry: 108

78–37, 13–73, 85–48, 49–71, 14–79, 27–60, 86–0, 27–87, 75–64, 68–57, 46–77, 4–99, 63–52, 0–88, 76–1, 1–108, 0–100, 5–104, 4–73, 0–81, 87–50, 75–17, 63–72, 109–0, 6–97, 127–0, 0–124, 69–43, 27–90, 1–101
Scotland Stephen Hendry won the 1990 Embassy World Snooker Championship

Qualifying[edit]

Players in bold denote match winners.[27]

First qualifying round
Best of 19 frames
Player Score Player
 Duncan Campbell (SCO) 10–3  David Greaves (ENG)
 James Wattana (THA) 10–4  Joe Grech (MLT)
 Andrew Cairns (ENG) 10–4  Bernard Bennett (ENG)
 Barry Pinches (ENG) 10–0  Maurice Parkin (ENG)
 Jackie Rea (NIR) 10–4  Pascal Burke (IRE)
 Gino Rigitano (CAN) w.o.w.d.  Eddie McLaughlin (SCO)
 Greg Jenkins (AUS) 10–5  Geoff Foulds (ENG)
 Paul Watchorn (IRE) 10–4  Billy Kelly (IRE)
 Nigel Bond (ENG) 10–1  Bill Werbeniuk (CAN)
 Derek Mienie (RSA) 10–1  Jim Meadowcroft (ENG)
 Brady Gollan (CAN) 10–2  Clive Everton (WAL)
 Brian Morgan (ENG) 10–1  Derek Heaton (ENG)
 Stephen Murphy (IRE) 10–7  Bernie Mikkelsen (CAN)
 Ian Brumby (ENG) 10–6  Bert Demarco (SCO)
 Nick Dyson (ENG) 10–5  Ian Black (SCO)
  Second qualifying round
Best of 19 frames
Third qualifying round
Best of 19 frames
Fourth qualifying round
Best of 19 frames
Fifth qualifying round
Best of 19 frames
                             
 Mick Price (ENG) 10    Steve Duggan (ENG) 9
 Terry Whitthread (ENG) 6    Mick Price (ENG) 10      Mick Price (ENG) 10      Eddie Charlton (AUS) 10
 Jon Wright (ENG) 6    John Campbell (AUS) 10    John Campbell (AUS) 5      Mick Price (ENG) 5
 Duncan Campbell (SCO) 10    Duncan Campbell (SCO) 5
 Ken Owers (ENG) 10    John Spencer (ENG) 10
 Mike Darrington (ENG) 1    Ken Owers (ENG) 8      John Spencer (ENG) 8      Alex Higgins (NIR) 10
 John Dunning (ENG) 2    David Taylor (ENG) 5    James Wattana (THA) 10      James Wattana (THA) 6
 James Wattana (THA) 10    James Wattana (THA) 10
 Eddie Sinclair (SCO) 10    Ian Graham (ENG) 10
 Mark Wildman (ENG) 5    Eddie Sinclair (SCO) 3      Ian Graham (ENG) 10      Tony Drago (MLT) 10
 Mark Rowing (ENG) 10    Jim Wych (CAN) w.d.    Mark Rowing (ENG) 8      Ian Graham (ENG) 7
 Robby Foldvari (AUS) 9    Mark Rowing (ENG) w.o.
 Les Dodd (ENG) 10    Warren King (AUS) 8
 Mike Watterson (ENG) 3    Les Dodd (ENG) 10      Les Dodd (ENG) 7      Neal Foulds (ENG) 10
 Steve Campbell (ENG) 10    Steve Longworth (ENG) 6    Steve Campbell (ENG) 10      Steve Campbell (ENG) 7
 Glen Wilkinson (AUS) 2    Steve Campbell (ENG) 10
 George Scott (ENG) 3    Ray Reardon (WAL) 8
 Andrew Cairns (ENG) 10    Andrew Cairns (ENG) 10      Andrew Cairns (ENG) 6      David Roe (ENG) 6
 Tony Kearney (IRE) 10    Nigel Gilbert (ENG) 10    Nigel Gilbert (ENG) 10      Nigel Gilbert (ENG) 10
 Paul Medati (ENG) 7    Tony Kearney (IRE) 6
 Bill Oliver (ENG) 8    Colin Roscoe (WAL) 6
 Barry Pinches (ENG) 10    Barry Pinches (ENG) 10      Barry Pinches (ENG) 3      Martin Clark (ENG) 9
 Mario Morra (CAN) w.o.    Tony Chappel (WAL) 10    Tony Chappel (WAL) 10      Tony Chappel (WAL) 10
 Jimmy van Rensberg (RSA) w.d.    Mario Morra (CAN) 8
 Marcel Gauvreau (CAN) 10    Gary Wilkinson (ENG) 10
 Jackie Rea (NIR) 9    Marcel Gauvreau (CAN) 5      Gary Wilkinson (ENG) 10      Silvino Francisco (RSA) 7
 Robert Marshall (ENG) 10    Dave Martin (ENG) 6    Robert Marshall (ENG) 7      Gary Wilkinson (ENG) 10
 Paul Thornley (CAN) 0    Robert Marshall (ENG) 10
 Jim Donnelly (SCO) 6    Danny Fowler (ENG) 10
 Gino Rigitano (CAN) 10    Gino Rigitano (CAN) 6      Danny Fowler (ENG) 10      Barry West (ENG) 9
 Robbie Grace (RSA) 10    Dave Gilbert (ENG) 10    Dave Gilbert (ENG) 3      Danny Fowler (ENG) 10
 Anthony Harris (ENG) 8    Robbie Grace (RSA) 9
 Craig Edwards (ENG) 10    Alain Robidoux (CAN) 10
 Dessie Sheehan (IRE) 8    Craig Edwards (ENG) 3      Alain Robidoux (CAN) 10      Dene O'Kane (NZL) 2
 Bob Harris (ENG) 10    Ray Edmonds (ENG) 10    Ray Edmonds (ENG) 6      Alain Robidoux (CAN) 10
 Greg Jenkins (AUS) 4    Bob Harris (ENG) 4
 Jim Bear (CAN) 10    Jim Chambers (ENG) 10
 Jack Fitzmaurice (ENG) 5    Jim Bear (CAN) 3      Jim Chambers (ENG) 10      Wayne Jones (WAL) 10
 Graham Miles (ENG) 10    Roger Bales (ENG) 7    Graham Miles (ENG) 5      Jim Chambers (ENG) 6
 Dennis Hughes (ENG) 5    Graham Miles (ENG) 10
 John Rea (SCO) 10    Tommy Murphy (NIR) 7
 Jason Smith (ENG) 4    John Rea (SCO) 10      John Rea (SCO) 7      Bob Chaperon (CAN) 9
 Martin Smith (ENG) 10    Darren Morgan (WAL) 10    Darren Morgan (WAL) 10      Darren Morgan (WAL) 10
 Francois Ellis (RSA) 6    Martin Smith (ENG) 6
 Vic Harris (ENG) 6    Mick Fisher (ENG) 7
 Paul Watchorn (IRE) 10    Paul Watchorn (IRE) 10      Paul Watchorn (IRE) 2      Steve Newbury (ENG) 10
 Brian Rowswell (ENG) 1    Tony Jones (ENG) 2    Nigel Bond (ENG) 10      Nigel Bond (ENG) 6
 Nigel Bond (ENG) 10    Nigel Bond (ENG) 10
 Pat Houlihan (ENG) 10    Jack McLaughlin (NIR) 5
 Derek Mienie (RSA) 5    Pat Houlihan (ENG) 10      Pat Houlihan (ENG) 6      Cliff Wilson (WAL) 10
 Tony Wilson (IOM) 10    Graham Cripsey (ENG) 6    Tony Wilson (IOM) 10      Tony Wilson (IOM) 6
 Steve Meakin (ENG) 5    Tony Wilson (IOM) 10
 Paul Gibson (ENG) 5    Kirk Stevens (CAN) 6
 Brady Gollan (CAN) 10    Brady Gollan (CAN) 10      Brady Gollan (CAN) 10      Eugene Hughes (IRE) 7
 Ian Williamson (ENG) 4    Joe O'Boye (ENG) 2    Brian Morgan (ENG) 6      Brady Gollan (CAN) 10
 Brian Morgan (ENG) 10    Brian Morgan (ENG) 10
 Nick Terry (ENG) 10    Mark Johnston-Allen (ENG) 10
 Stephen Murphy (IRE) 4    Nick Terry (ENG) 1      Mark Johnston-Allen (ENG) 10      Peter Francisco (RSA) 10
 Fred Davis (ENG) 6    Paddy Browne (IRE) 10    Paddy Browne (IRE) 2      Mark Johnston-Allen (ENG) 7
 Ian Brumby (ENG) 10    Ian Brumby (ENG) 6
 Eric Lawlor (ENG) 10    Mark Bennett (WAL) 10
 Matt Gibson (SCO) 6    Eric Lawlor (ENG) 3      Mark Bennett (WAL) 10      Rex Williams (ENG) 9
 Malcolm Bradley (ENG) 6    Murdo MacLeod (SCO) 10    Murdo MacLeod (SCO) 1      Mark Bennett (WAL) 10
 Nick Dyson (ENG) 10    Nick Dyson (ENG) 9

Century breaks[edit]

There were 18 century breaks in the championship. The highest break was 140 made by John Parrott.[28][29][30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "April 29 down the years: The greatest Crucible final". ESPN. Archived from the original on 1 December 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
  2. ^ a b Turner, Chris. "World Professional Championship". cajt.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk. Chris Turner's Snooker Archive. Archived from the original on 16 April 2013. Retrieved 24 February 2011.
  3. ^ "Hendry Reflects on 1990 Victory". World Snooker Tour. 7 May 2020. Retrieved 19 May 2020.
  4. ^ a b Harris, Luke J. (3 January 2020). "21. Snooker and billiards". In Nauright, John; Zipp, Sarah (eds.). Routledge Handbook of Global Sport. Abingdon: Taylor & Francis. pp. 227–237. ISBN 978-1-138-88723-7. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  5. ^ Williams, Victoria R. (28 April 2015). Weird Sports and Wacky Games around the World: From Buzkashi to Zorbing. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO. p. 286. ISBN 978-1-61069-639-5. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  6. ^ "John Higgins eyes more crucible titles". The Telegraph. London. 5 May 2009. Archived from the original on 30 April 2010. Retrieved 13 April 2020. the modern era, which began in 1969 when the World Championship became a knockout event.
  7. ^ "The Rise Of China". wst.tv. World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association. 26 February 2018. Archived from the original on 19 April 2018. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  8. ^ Wilson, Bill (24 April 2015). "Snooker looks to cue up more big breaks in China". BBC News. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  9. ^ "Snooker world champion, Hongkonger Ng On-yee aims to change image of male-dominated game". Hong Kong Free Press. Agence France-Presse. 17 March 2018. Archived from the original on 16 August 2019. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  10. ^ Everton, Clive (2012). Black Farce and Cue Ball Wizards: The Inside Story of the Snooker World. Edinburgh: Mainstream Publishing. p. 23. ISBN 978-1-78057-568-1.
  11. ^ "History of Snooker – a Timeline". wpbsa. World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association. Archived from the original on 18 April 2019. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  12. ^ Clarke, Gary (2008). A Billiards and Snooker Compendium. Rothersthorpe: Paragon Publishing. p. 36. ISBN 978-1-899820-46-7. Archived from the original on 5 September 2020. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  13. ^ a b "2019 Betfred World Snooker Championship". wst.tv. World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association. Archived from the original on 12 July 2018. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
  14. ^ a b "Crucible Draw And Format". wst.tv. World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association. 9 April 2018. Archived from the original on 17 April 2018. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
  15. ^ "Ranking History". Snooker.org. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  16. ^ a b c d "World Championship 1990". Global Snooker. Archived from the original on 10 March 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2011.
  17. ^ "World Championship 1989". Global Snooker. Archived from the original on 28 December 2010. Retrieved 28 October 2010.
  18. ^ a b Yates, Phil (4 May 2007). "Top five controversial incidents". The Times. London. Archived from the original on 1 December 2010. Retrieved 22 June 2007.
  19. ^ "Higgins apology letter to be sold at auction". BBC News. Retrieved 7 March 2012.
  20. ^ "World Records – 16 Red Ball Clearances". Snooker.org. Archived from the original on 28 April 2010. Retrieved 29 April 2010.
  21. ^ Downer, Chris (2012). Crucible Almanac. p. 161.
  22. ^ Turner, Chris. "On this Week: First world title for Reardon". Eurosport UK. Archived from the original on 19 February 2014. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
  23. ^ "1990 World Championships Results". Snooker Database. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  24. ^ "Embassy World Championship". Snooker Scene. Archived from the original on 24 January 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  25. ^ Downer, Chris (2012). Crucible Almanac. pp. 30–31.
  26. ^ Downer, Chris (2012). Crucible Almanac. p. 143.
  27. ^ Downer, Chris. 1990 qualifying rounds. Crucible Almanac (2019 Edition). Bournemouth. p. 201.
  28. ^ Kastner, Hugo. "Snooker – Spieler, Regeln & Rekorde (May 2011 update)" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 27 May 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  29. ^ "Crucible Centuries". Snooker.org. Archived from the original on 23 May 2011. Retrieved 7 March 2012.
  30. ^ Downer, Chris (2012). Crucible Almanac. p. 147.