1990 in video gaming
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- August, Publication of Swedish language video game magazine Nintendomagasinet begins.
- March 8, the Nintendo World Championships begins.
- Nintendo v. Color Dreams lawsuit: Nintendo sues Color Dreams over unlicensed production of Nintendo video games.
- Toy Headquarters merges with Trinity Acquisition Corporation forming THQ.
- New companies: Eidos, Interactive Studios, Team17, Natsume, Revolution Software
- Defunct: Tynesoft
- Bonk's Adventure is released for NEC's TurboGrafx-16 and is the first US appearance of Bonk, the mascot of the TurboGrafx-16.
- Namco releases Kyuukai Douchuuki, World Stadium '90, Final Lap 2, Pistol Daimyo no Bouken, which is a spin-off from Berabow Man, Souko Ban Deluxe, Dragon Saber, Rolling Thunder 2, Steel Gunner and Golly! Ghost!.
- February 12, Nintendo releases the NES game Super Mario Bros. 3 in North America. It sells 17.28 million copies, making it one of the best-selling stand-alone video games of all time.
- April, Konami releases Snake's Revenge, a sequel to Metal Gear for the Nintendo Entertainment System in North America, developed without the involvement of Hideo Kojima.
- April, Williams releases Smash TV in arcades, a twin-stick shooter about an ultra-violent game show.
- April 20, Nintendo releases Fire Emblem: Shadow Dragon and the Blade of Light in Japan, innovating the tactical role-playing genre.
- June 1, Origin releases Ultima VI: The False Prophet
- July 12, Nintendo of America publishes Final Fantasy for the Nintendo Entertainment System in North America. This game started Square's popular and long-running Final Fantasy series.
- July 20, Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake for the MSX2 computer, is released exclusively in Japan. It's Konami's last major game for the hardware.
- July 27, Nintendo releases Dr. Mario for 3 Nintendo platforms.
- August, Pit Fighter from Atari Games introduces digitized sprites to arcade fighting games.
- September 26 Origin releases the first Wing Commander game.
- September 28 Capcom releases Mega Man 3 for NES in Japan, introducing the characters Rush and Proto Man, Mega Man's slide is introduced, and Capcom's character cameos.
- November 9, Sierra On-Line releases King's Quest V.
- October 15 LucasArts releases The Secret of Monkey Island
- November 1 – Mega Man 3 is released in the US.
- November 21, Nintendo releases Super Mario World and F-Zero in Japan as launch titles for the Super Famicom. Super Mario World introduced Yoshi and F-Zero introduced Captain Falcon.
- December 14, Commander Keen is released as shareware, the first major platformer on a PC.
- Sega releases the G-LOC: Air Battle R-360 arcade game, featuring the first 3D – 360° gameplay that physically rotated the real world player.
- Sid Meier's Railroad Tycoon, the first of the "Tycoon" games, is released by MicroProse.
- Infogrames releases Alpha Waves, the first 3D platform game.
- Mindscape publishes Captive.
- Camerica releases Codemasters' Game Genie adapter in Canada and the UK (In the USA, it was released by Galoob).
- NEC releases the TurboExpress handheld console.
- Nintendo releases the Super Famicom 16-bit console in Japan.
- SNK releases the Neo Geo Advanced Entertainment System (AES) home console.
- October 6, Sega Game Gear released in Japan, launched in North America in 1991 and Europe and Australia in 1992.
- November 30, Sega's Mega Drive released in Europe.
- Amstrad halts production of the ZX Spectrum, ending that platform's 8-year dominance of the UK home computer market.
- Christophe de Dinechin (November 9, 2007). "Grenouille Bouillie: The dawn of 3D games". Grenouille-bouillie.blogspot.com. Retrieved December 8, 2011.