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1991 ( MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1991st year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 991st year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 91st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1990s decade.
It was the final year of the
Cold War that had begun in 1947. During the year, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics fell, leaving fifteen sovereign republics and the CIS in its place. In July 1991, India abandoned its policies of socialism and autarky and began extensive neoliberal changes to its economy. This increased GDP, but also increased economic inequality over the next two decades. A  U.N.-authorized coalition force from 34 nations fought against Iraq, which had invaded and annexed Kuwait in the previous year, 1990. The conflict would be called the Gulf War and would mark the beginning of a since-constant American military presence in the Middle East. The clash between Serbia and the other Yugoslav republics would lead into the beginning of the Yugoslav Wars, which ran through the rest of the decade.
Japanese asset price bubble burst this year, leading to the Lost Years and a permanently stagnated (though still prosperous) Japanese economy.
January [ edit ]
January 2 – Salvadoran Civil War: Salvadoran rebels shoot down a U.S. Army helicopter and kill its surviving crew. 
January 4 – The U.N. Security Council votes unanimously to condemn Israel's treatment of the Palestinians.
January 5 – Georgian troops attack Tskhinvali, the capital of South Ossetia, starting the 1991–92 South Ossetia War.
January 7 – 1991 Haitian coup d'état: An attempted coup by Tonton Macoute, an associate of former dictator Jean-Claude Duvalier, is thwarted by Loyalist troops in Haiti. On July 30, he is convicted by a jury of attempting to overthrow the country's first democratically elected government.
January 12 – Gulf War: The U.S. Congress passes a resolution authorizing the use of military force to expel Iraqi forces from Kuwait.
January 13 – Singing Revolution: Soviet forces storm Vilnius to stop Lithuanian independence, killing 14 civilians and injuring 702 more. In Latvia, a series of confrontations between the Latvian government and the Soviet government take place in Riga.
January 16 – Gulf War: Operation Desert Storm begins with air strikes against Iraq.  
January 17 – Gulf War: Iraq fires eight Scud missiles into Israel. Iraqi attacks continue with 15 people injured in Tel Aviv on January 19 and 96 people injured in Ramat Gan on January 22.     
January 18 – Eastern Air Lines shuts down after 62 years of operations, citing financial problems. Later on December 4, Pan American World Airways ceases its operations.  
January 22 – Gulf War: The British Army SAS patrol, Bravo Two Zero, is deployed in Iraq. 
January 24 – The government of Papua New Guinea signs a peace agreement with separatist leaders from Bougainville Island, ending fighting that had gone on since 1988.
January 26 – President Siad Barre is overthrown and Somalia enters a civil war. Three days later, Ali Mahdi Muhammad is inaugurated as the next president. January 29
February [ edit ]
February 11 – The Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO) is formed in The Hague, Netherlands. 
February 13 – Gulf War: Two laser-guided "smart bombs" destroy an underground bunker in Baghdad, killing hundreds of Iraqis. US military intelligence claims it was a military facility while Iraqi officials identify it as a bomb shelter.
February 15 – The Visegrad Agreement, establishing cooperation to move toward free-market systems, is signed by the leaders of Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Poland. 
February 16 – Singing Revolution: The Council of Lithuania declares the independence of Lithuania, ending decades of Soviet rule over the country. 
February 17 – The Cape Verdean presidential election, Cape Verde's first multiparty presidential election since 1975, is won by António Mascarenhas Monteiro.
February 18 – The Provisional Irish Republican Army explodes bombs in the early morning, at both Paddington station and Victoria station, in London.
February 20 – President of Albania Ramiz Alia dismisses the government of Prime Minister Adil Çarçani and appoints Fatos Nano as the next prime minister in an effort to stem pro-democracy protests.
February 22 – Gulf War: Iraq accepts a Soviet-proposed cease fire agreement. The U.S. rejects the agreement, but says that retreating Iraqi forces will not be attacked if they leave Kuwait within 24 hours.
February 23 – In Thailand, General Sunthorn Kongsompong deposes Prime Minister Chatichai Choonhavan in a bloodless coup d'état.
February 25 – Gulf War: Part of an Iraqi Scud missile hits an American military barracks in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, killing 29 U.S. soldiers and injuring 99 more. It is the single-most devastating attack on U.S. forces during the war. 
February 26 – Gulf War: On Baghdad radio, Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein announces the withdrawal of Iraqi troops from Kuwait. Iraqi soldiers set fire to Kuwaiti oil fields as they retreat which last until November 7. February 27
April 2 – Government-imposed prices increase double or triple the cost of consumer goods in the Soviet Union.
April 3 – Iraq disarmament crisis: The U.N. Security Council passes Resolution 687, which calls for the destruction or removal of all of Iraq's chemical and biological weapons. The resolution also calls for a complete ban of ballistic missiles with a range greater than 150 km and an end to its support for international terrorism. Iraq accepts the terms of the resolution three days later.
April 9 – The first Soviet troops leave Poland. 
April 14 – In the Netherlands, thieves steal 20 paintings worth $500 million from the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam. Less than an hour later they are found in an abandoned car near the museum.
April 16 – 18 – Soviet Premier Mikhail Gorbachev begins the first ever visit of a Soviet leader to Japan, but fails to resolve the two countries' dispute over ownership of the Kuril Islands.
April 17 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 3,000 for the first time ever, at 3,004.46.
April 18 – Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraq declares some of its chemical weapons and materials to the UN, as required by Resolution 687, and claims that it does not have a biological weapons program.
April 19 – George Carey is enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury, the spiritual leader of the worldwide Anglican Communion. 
April 22 – A 7.7 Limon earthquake affects Costa Rica and Panama with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX ( Violent), causing 47–87 deaths and 109–759 injuries.
April 29 – 30 – In Lesotho, a bloodless coup ousts military ruler Justin Lekhanya. He is replaced on May 2 as Chairman of the Military Council by Elias Phisoana Ramaema.
August 1 – Israel agrees to participate in the Madrid Conference of 1991, which are opened on October 30. They are the first direct negotiations between Israel and an Arab state in history.
August 4 – The cruise liner sinks off the MTS Oceanos coast of South Africa, leading to the rescue of all 571 passengers on board by SAAF helicopters.
August 6 – Tim Berners-Lee announces the World Wide Web project and software on the alt.hypertext newsgroup. The first website, "info.cern.ch", is created.
August 7 – Shapour Bakhtiar, former prime minister of Iran, is assassinated.
August 8 – The Warsaw radio mast, the tallest structure at the time, collapses.
August 11 – The first three Nicktoons: , Doug and Rugrats , begin airing on The Ren & Stimpy Show Nickelodeon.
August 17 – The remains of the Prussian King Frederick the Great are re-interred in Potsdam, Germany.
August 17 – 20 – Hurricane Bob hits North Carolina and New England, killing 17 people and causing US$1.5 billion in damage.
August 19 – Dissolution of the Soviet Union: Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev is put under house arrest while vacationing in Crimea during an attempted coup. The coup, led by Vice President Gennady Yanayev and seven hard-liners, collapses in less than 72 hours. The coup is protested by over 100,000 people outside the parliament building. He returns to Moscow three days later and arrests the coup leaders. August 20 – Singing Revolution: Estonia restores its independence from the Soviet Union, followed by Latvia the next day. Two days later, Iceland becomes the first nation to recognize their and Lithuania's independence.
September [ edit ]
Map of the three Baltic states, in their flag colours.
September 2 – Singing Revolution: The US re-recognizes the independence of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania and reopens its embassies there. Four days later, the Soviet Union recognizes their independence.
September 3 – In Hamlet, North Carolina, a grease fire breaks out at the Imperial Foods chicken processing plant, killing 25 people.
September 4 – Sverdlovsk's name is restored to its pre-communist–era name Yekaterinburg. Two days later, Leningrad is renamed St. Petersburg.
September 5 – 7 – At the 35th Annual Tailhook Symposium in Las Vegas, California, 83 women and 7 men are assaulted.
September 5 – Dissolution of the Soviet Union: The Congress of People's Deputies of the Soviet Union self-dissolves, being replaced by Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union and State Council of the Soviet Union.
September 8 – Dissolution of Yugoslavia: The Republic of Macedonia becomes independent, beginning a name dispute with Greece.
September 15 – In the Swedish general election, the Social Democrats suffer their worst election results in 60 years, leading to the resignation of Prime Minister Ingvar Carlsson.
September 17 – North Korea, South Korea, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, the Marshall Islands, and Micronesia join the UN.
September 19 – Ötzi the Iceman is found in the Alps.
September 21 – Dissolution of the Soviet Union: Armenia declares independence from the Soviet Union. Nearly a month later on October 27, Turkmenistan declares its independence. Kazakhstan follows suit on December 16.
September 21 – 30 – Iraq disarmament crisis: IAEA inspectors discover files on Iraq's hidden nuclear weapons program. Iraqi officials refuse to let them leave the site with the documents, prompting a standoff that continues until the UN Security Council threatens enforcement actions on Iraq.
September 22 – The Huntington Library makes the Dead Sea Scrolls available to the public for the first time.
September 24 – Lebanon Hostage Crisis: Lebanese kidnappers release Jackie Mann after more than two years of captivity.
September 25 – Salvadoran Civil War: Representatives of the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front reach an agreement with President of El Salvador Alfredo Cristiani, setting the stage for the end of the war.
September 27 – U.S. President Bush announces unilateral reductions in short-range nuclear weapons and calls off 24-hour alerts for long-range bombers. The Soviet Union responds with similar unilateral reductions on October 5.
September 29 – Salvadoran Civil War: An army colonel of the Atlacatl Battalion is found guilty of the 1989 murders of six Jesuits. September 30 – A tornado destroys parts of Itu, Brazil, killing 16 people and leaving 176 others injured.
October [ edit ]
October 1 – Dissolution of Yugoslavia: Forces of the Yugoslav People's Army surround Dubrovnik, beginning the Siege of Dubrovnik, which lasts until May 31, 1992.
October 6 – President Gorbachev condemns antisemitism in the Soviet Union in a statement read on the 50th anniversary of the Babi Yar massacres, which saw the death of 35,000 Jews in Ukraine.
October 7 – Dissolution of Yugoslavia: The Yugoslav Air Force bombs the office of Croatian President Franjo Tuđman, causing the Croatian Parliament to cut all remaining ties with Yugoslavia the next day.
October 12 – Askar Akayev is confirmed as the first president of Kyrgyzstan in an uncontested poll.
October 13 – In the Bulgarian parliamentary election, the Union of Democratic Forces defeats the Bulgarian Socialist Party, leaving no remaining Communist governments in Eastern Europe.
October 14 – Aung San Suu Kyi, a Burmese opposition politician, wins the Nobel Peace prize.
October 18 – The Soviet Union restores its diplomatic relations with Israel, which had been suspended since the 1967 Six-Day War.
October 21 – Lebanon Hostage Crisis: Jesse Turner, a mathematics professor who has been held hostage for more than four years, is released.
October 23 – In Paris, the Vietnam-backed government of the state of Cambodia signs an agreement with the Khmer Rouge to end the civil war and bring the Khmer Rouge into power despite its role in the Cambodian genocide. The deal ends the Cambodian–Vietnamese War and results in the creation of the U.N. Transitional Authority in Cambodia.
October 27 – The first free parliamentary elections since 1928 are held in Poland.
October 28 – November 4 – The 1991 Perfect Storm strikes the northeastern U.S. coast and Atlantic Canada, causing over US$200 million of damage and resulting in 12 direct fatalities.
October 29 – NASA's Galileo spacecraft makes its closest approach to 951 Gaspra, becoming the first probe to visit an asteroid. October 31 – November 3 – The Halloween blizzard hits the U.S. Upper Midwest, killing 22 people and causing US$100 million in damage.
November [ edit ]
December [ edit ]
: The signing of the agreement effectively ending the Soviet regime's existence and the founding of the Commonwealth of Independent States.
December 1 – Dissolution of the Soviet Union: Ukrainians vote overwhelmingly for independence from the Soviet Union in a referendum.
Lebanon Hostage Crisis: Journalist
Terry A. Anderson is released after seven years' captivity as a hostage in Beirut (the last and longest-held American hostage in Lebanon). John Leonard Orr, one of the most prolific serial arsonists of the 20th century, is arrested in California.
December 11 – Dissolution of Yugoslavia: Croatian forces kill 18 Serbs and one Hungarian in the village of Paulin Dvor, Croatia.
December 15 – The Egyptian ferry sinks in the Salem Express Red Sea, killing more than 450.
December 16 – UN General Assembly Resolution 3379: The UN General Assembly adopts UN General Assembly Resolution 46/86 which states that zionism is not racism, repealing a previous resolution adopted in 1975.
December 21 – The North Atlantic Cooperation Council (NAC-C) meets for the first time. 
December 22 – 1991-92 Georgian coup d'état: Armed opposition groups launch a military coup against President of Georgia Zviad Gamsakhurdia.
December 24 – Dissolution of the Soviet Union: Russian SFSR President Boris Yeltsin sends a letter to UN Secretary-General Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, stating that Russia should be a successor to the collapsing Soviet Union within the UN Organization.
Dissolution of the Soviet Union:
Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as president of the Soviet Union, from which most republics have already seceded, anticipating the dissolving of the 69-year-old state. The Russian SFSR officially renames itself the . Russian Federation December 26 – Dissolution of the Soviet Union: The Supreme Soviet meets for the last time, formally dissolves the Soviet Union, and adjourns , ending the sine die Cold War. All remaining Soviet institutions eventually cease operation on December 31.
January [ edit ]
January 3 – Goo Hara, South Korean singer and actress (d. 2019)
January 9 – Álvaro Soler, Spanish-German singer
January 12 – Pixie Lott, British singer
January 15 – Darya Klishina, Russian long jumper 
January 20 – Jolyon Palmer, British racing driver
January 23 – Steve Birnbaum, American footballer 
January 24 – Ali Kireş, Turkish footballer
January 28 – Calum Worthy, Canadian actor and musician
January 29 – Hugh Grosvenor, British aristocrat, billionaire and businessman January 31 – Amy Jackson, English actress and model
February [ edit ]
February 4 – Mathew Leckie, Australian footballer
February 10 – Emma Roberts, American actress and singer
Ed Sheeran, English singer, songwriter, guitarist, record producer, and actor  Bonnie Wright, English actress, film director, screenwriter, model, and producer
Riyad Mahrez, French-Algerian footballer Solar, South Korean singer-songwriter and actress
February 22 – Robin Stjernberg, Swedish pop singer
February 24 – O'Shea Jackson Jr., American rapper and actor
February 26 – CL, South Korean singer and dancer February 28 – Sarah Bolger, Irish actress
March 3 – Park Cho-rong, South Korean singer-songwriter and actress
March 4 – Aoi Nakamura, Japanese actor
March 6 – Tyler, The Creator, American rapper
March 8 – Devon Werkheiser, American actor, singer-songwriter, and musician
March 15 – Kie Kitano, Japanese actress
March 16 – Wolfgang Van Halen, American musician
March 21 – Antoine Griezmann, French footballer 
March 28 – Hoya, South Korean singer and actor March 29
Irene, South Korean singer, rapper, television host, and model N'Golo Kanté, French footballer
April 3 – Hayley Kiyoko, American singer and actress
April 8 – Minami Takahashi, Japanese singer
April 9 – Gai Assulin, Israeli footballer 
April 10 – AJ Michalka, American actress, voice actress, singer-songwriter, and musician
April 19 – Kelly Olynyk, Canadian basketball player
April 20 – Luke Kuechly, American football player
April 25 – Alex Shibutani, American ice dancer April 30 – Travis Scott, American rapper
May 3 – Carlo Acutis, England-born Italian Catholic computer programmer, beatified (d. 2006)
May 5 – Raúl Jiménez, Mexican footballer
May 12 – Jennifer Damiano, American actress and singer
May 16 – Grigor Dimitrov, Bulgarian tennis player
May 17 – Johanna Konta, Australian-born tennis player
May 23 – Lena Meyer-Landrut, German singer
May 24 – Erika Umeda, Japanese singer
May 25 – Derrick Williams, American basketball player
May 27 – Beauden Barrett, New Zealand rugby union player
May 28 – Alexandre Lacazette, French footballer May 31 – Azealia Banks, American singer-songwriter
July 2 – Kim Go-eun, South Korean actress
July 5 – Jason Dolley, American actor and musician
July 6 – Victoire Thivisol, French actress
July 8 – Virgil van Dijk, Dutch footballer
July 9 – Mitchel Musso, American actor, musician and singer
July 11 – Kentaro Sakaguchi, Japanese model and actor
July 13 – Seppe Smits, Belgian snowboarder
July 16 – Alexandra Shipp, American actress
July 21 – Sara Sampaio, Portuguese model
July 22 – Tomi Juric, Australian footballer
July 24 – Emily Bett Rickards, Canadian actress 
July 25 – Amanda Kurtović, Norwegian handball player
July 27 – Rena Matsui, Japanese singer and idol
July 28 – Rina Aizawa, Japanese actress and gravure idol
July 30 – Daria Kondakova, Russian rhythmic gymnast July 31 – Filipa Azevedo, Portuguese singer
August 3 – Ismail Juma, Tanzanian long-distance runner (d. 2017)
August 5 – Brooke Marie Bridges, American actress
August 7 – Zac MacMath, American footballer
August 10 – Pratyusha Banerjee, Indian television actress (d. 2016)
August 11 – Estelle Nze Minko, French handball player
August 12 – Lakeith Stanfield, American actor and rapper
August 18 – Brianna Rollins-McNeal, American track and field athlete
August 20 – Cory Joseph, Canadian basketball player
August 23 – Jennifer Abel, Canadian diver
August 26 – Dylan O'Brien, American actor August 28
September [ edit ]
September 7 – Jennifer Veal, English actress and comedian
September 12 – Thomas Meunier, Belgian footballer
September 13 – Ksenia Afanasyeva, Russian artistic gymnast
Nana, South Korean singer, actress, and model Shayne Topp, American actor and comedian
September 15 – Alex Florea, Romanian singer
September 16 – Marlon Teixeira, Brazilian model
September 22 – Khairul Anuar Mohamad, Malaysian archer
September 23 – Key, Korean singer
September 27 – Simona Halep, Romanian tennis player September 30 – Thomas Röhler, German track and field athlete (javelin)
October [ edit ]
October 2 – Roberto Firmino, Brazilian footballer
October 4 – Nicolai Kielstrup, Danish singer
October 6 – Roshon Fegan, American actor, rapper, and dancer
Nicole Jung, Korean-American singer Lay Zhang, Chinese singer-songwriter, record producer, dancer, and actor
October 13 – Diego Domínguez, Spanish actor and singer
October 17 – Brenda Asnicar, Argentine actress and singer
October 18 – Tyler Posey, American actor and musician
October 20 – Zulfahmi Khairuddin, Malaysian motocycle racer
October 21 – Artur Aleksanyan, Armenian Greco-Roman wrestler
October 22 – Tatiana Martínez, Mexican actress
October 26 – Amala Paul, Indian film actress October 30
November [ edit ]
November 1 – Jiang Yuyuan, Chinese gymnast
November 6 – Camila Finn, Brazilian model
November 11 – Christa B. Allen, American actress
November 12 – Takatoshi Abe, Japanese track and field athlete
November 14 – Taylor Hall, Canadian ice hockey player
November 15 – Shailene Woodley, American actress, producer, and activist 
November 16 – Tomomi Kasai, Japanese singer
November 20 – Kim Se-yong, South Korean singer and actor
November 22 – Saki Shimizu, Japanese singer
November 23 – Christian Cueva, Peruvian footballer November 29 – Becky James, Welsh racing cyclist 
December [ edit ]
December 1 – Sun Yang, Chinese swimmer
December 3 – Masahiro Usui, Japanese actor
December 10 – Kiki Bertens, Dutch tennis player
December 11 – Anna Bergendahl, Swedish singer
December 14 – Mitsuki Takahata, Japanese actress and singer
December 15 – Eunice Cho, Korean-American actress
December 22 – DaBaby, American rapper
December 24 – Louis Tomlinson, British singer-songwriter
December 27 – Chloe Bridges, American actress
December 28 – Belime, Lebanon singer-songwriter, pop musician, and music producer December 30 – Camila Giorgi, Italian tennis player 
January [ edit ]
January 2 – Renato Rascel, Italian actor and singer (b. 1912) 
January 5 – Vasko Popa, Yugoslavian poet (b. 1922)
January 8 – Steve Clark, English guitarist (b. 1960)
January 11 – Carl David Anderson, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)
January 14 – Salah Khalaf, Palestinian officer (b. 1933)
January 17 – King Olav V of Norway (b. 1903)
January 19 – John Russell, American actor (b. 1921)
January 22 – Kenas Aroi, Nauruan politician (b. 1942)
January 28 – Red Grange, American football player ( Chicago Bears) and member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1903)
January 29 – Yasushi Inoue, Japanese historian (b. 1907) January 30
February [ edit ]
March 1 – Edwin H. Land, inventor of the Polaroid instant camera (b. 1909)
March 2 – Serge Gainsbourg, French singer (b. 1928)
March 3 – William Penney, Baron Penney, British nuclear physicist (b. 1909)
March 12 – Ragnar Granit, Finnish neuroscientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1900)
March 15 – Robin Hill, British plant biochemist (b. 1899)
March 18 – Vilma Bánky, Hungarian-born actress (b. 1901)
March 21 – Leo Fender, American instrument maker (b. 1909)
March 23 – Elisaveta Bagriana, Bulgarian poet, Nobel Prize in Literature (b. 1893)
March 24 – Sir John Kerr, former Governor-General of Australia (b. 1914)
March 25 – Marcel Lefebvre, French Roman Catholic bishop (b. 1905)
March 27 – Aldo Ray, American actor (b. 1926) March 29 – Lee Atwater, American political consultant and strategist (b. 1951)
June 1 – David Ruffin, American singer (b. 1941)
June 2 – Hailu Yimenu, Ethiopian politician, acting Prime Minister of Ethiopia
June 3 – Eva Le Gallienne, English-born actress (b. 1899)
June 6 – Stan Getz, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1927)
June 9 – Claudio Arrau, Chilean-born pianist (b. 1903)
June 14 – Peggy Ashcroft, British actress (b. 1907)
June 18 – Joan Caulfield, American actress (b. 1922)
June 19 – Jean Arthur, American actress (b. 1900)
June 24 – Rufino Tamayo, Mexican painter (b. 1899) 
June 28 – Hans Nüsslein, German tennis player (b. 1910)
June 29 – Henri Lefebvre, French sociologist and philosopher (b. 1901) June 30 – Mikhail Yeryomin, Soviet football goalkeeper (b. 1968)
July 1 – Michael Landon, American actor, writer, director, and producer (b. 1936)
July 2 – Lee Remick, American actress (b. 1935)
July 8 – James Franciscus, American actor (b. 1934)
July 11 – Mokhtar Dahari, Malaysian footballer (b. 1953)
July 12 – Hitoshi Igarashi, Japanese interpreter (b. 1947)
July 15 – Roger Revelle, American scientist and scholar (b. 1909)
July 16 – Robert Motherwell, American painter (b. 1915)
July 18 – Ambrus Nagy, Hungarian fencer and Olympic silver medalist (1956) (b. 1927)
July 24 – Isaac Bashevis Singer, Polish-born Yiddish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902)
July 25 – Lazar Kaganovich, Soviet politician, former member of the CPSU Politburo and Deputy Prime Minister (b. 1893)
July 27 – Pierre Brunet, French figure skater (b. 1902) July 29 – Christian de Castries, French general (b. 1902)
August 3 – Ali Sabri, Egyptian politician, 32nd Prime Minister of Egypt (b. 1920)
August 4 – Yevgeny Dragunov, Russian weapons designer (b. 1920)
August 13 – James Roosevelt, American businessman, Marine, activist, and politician (b. 1907)
August 16 – Luigi Zampa, Italian film-maker (b. 1905)
August 23 – Florence B. Seibert, American biochemist (b. 1897)
August 24 – Sergey Akhromeyev, Marshall of the Soviet Union, Chief of the General Staff of the Soviet Armed Forces (b. 1923) August 30
September [ edit ]
September 2 – Alfonso García Robles, Mexican diplomat and politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1911)
September 7 – Edwin McMillan, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1907)
September 10 – Jack Crawford, Australian tennis champion (b. 1908)
September 13 – Joe Pasternak, Hungarian-born film director (b. 1901)
September 15 – John Hoyt, American actor (b. 1905)
September 17 – Zino Francescatti, French violinist (b. 1902)
September 24 – Dr. Seuss (Theodor Seuss Geisel), American author (b. 1904)
September 27 – Oona O'Neill, English actress (b. 1925) September 28 – Miles Davis, American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, and composer (b. 1926)
October [ edit ]
October 2 – Patriarch Demetrios I of Constantinople (b. 1914)
October 7 – Natalia Ginzburg, Italian author (b. 1916)
October 9 – Roy Black, German schlager actor and singer (b. 1943)
October 11 – Redd Foxx, American comedian and actor (b. 1922)
October 13 – Daniel Oduber Quirós, Costa Rican politician, 37th President of Costa Rica (b. 1921)
October 16 – Ole Beich, Danish musician (b. 1955)
October 17 – Tennessee Ernie Ford, American singer (b. 1919)
October 24 – Gene Roddenberry, American television producer (b. 1921)
October 25 – Bill Graham, American promoter (b. 1931)
October 29 – Mario Scelba, Italian politician, 33rd Prime Minister of Italy and President of the European Parliament (b. 1901)
November [ edit ]
November 6 – Gene Tierney, American actress (b. 1920)
November 7 – Tom of Finland, Finnish artist (b. 1920)
November 9 – Yves Montand, French actor and singer (b. 1921)
November 10 – Eva Bosáková, Czechoslovakian artistic gymnast (b. 1931)
November 13 – Paul-Émile Léger, Canadian cardinal (b. 1904)
November 14 – Tony Richardson, English film and theater director (b. 1928)
November 17 – Adrian Quist, Australian tennis player (b. 1913)
November 18 – Gustáv Husák, Czechoslovak politician, 9th President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1913)
November 19 – Reggie Nalder, Austrian actor (b. 1907)
November 21 – Daniel Mann, American film director (b. 1912)
November 23 – Klaus Kinski, German actor (b. 1926)
November 25 – Eleanor Audley, American actress (b. 1905)
November 26 – Ed Heinemann, American aircraft designer (b. 1908) November 29
December [ edit ]
December 5 – Richard Speck, American mass murderer (b. 1941)
December 7 – Gordon Pirie, English athlete (b. 1931)
December 8 – Buck Clayton, American jazz trumpet player (b. 1911)
December 9 – Berenice Abbott, American photographer (b. 1898)
December 10 – Franco Maria Malfatti, Italian politician (b. 1927)
December 11 – Artur Lundkvist, Swedish author (b. 1906)
December 12 – Eleanor Boardman, American actress (b. 1898)
December 15 – Vasily Zaytsev, Russian World War II hero (b. 1915)
December 18 – George Abecassis, English racing driver (b. 1913)
December 20 – Walter Chiari, Italian actor (b. 1924)
December 22 – Ernst Krenek, Austrian-American composer (b. 1900)
December 27 – Hervé Guibert, French writer and photographer (b. 1955) December 28 – Cassandra Harris, Australian actress
Nobel Prizes [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
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Baker, Bruce (December 2006). "Cape Verde: The Most Democratic Nation in Africa?". The Journal of Modern African Studies. 44 (4): 495. doi: 10.1017/S0022278X06002060.
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Operation Desert Storm globalsecurity.com
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Bethlehem, D. Daniel L.; Weller, Marc (1997). . The 'Yugoslav' Crisis in International Law: General Issues 1. Cambridge University Press. p. XXVI. ISBN 9780521463041 . Retrieved . March 9, 2013
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