1991 Estonian independence referendum

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An independence referendum was held in Estonia on 3 March 1991,[1] alongside a similar referendum in Latvia the same month. It was approved by 78.4% of voters with an 82.9% turnout. Independence was restored by the Estonian Supreme Council on the night of 20 August.[2]


Voters were asked "Do you want the restoration of the national independence and sovereignty of the Republic of Estonia?"[3][4]

Choice Votes %
For 737,964 78.4
Against 203,199 21.6
Invalid/blank votes 6,967
Total 948,130 100
Registered voters/turnout 1,144,309 82.9
Source: Riigi Teataja[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p574 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p567
  3. ^ "Otsus referendumi korraldamise kohta Eesti Vabariigi iseseisvuse taastamise küsimuses". riigiteataja. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  4. ^ "Restoration of the independence of Estonia, 1991". riigikogu.ee. Archived from the original on 8 November 2016. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  5. ^ "1991. aasta 3. märtsil Eesti Vabariigi iseseisvuse taastamise küsimuses korraldatud referendumi tulemuse kinnitamise kohta". Riigi Teataja. Retrieved 30 June 2017.