1991 Navarrese regional election

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1991 Navarrese regional election

← 1987 26 May 1991 1995 →

All 50 seats in the Parliament of Navarre
26 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered414,913 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg5.5%
Turnout276,773 (66.7%)
Red Arrow Down.svg6.2 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Portrait placeholder.svg Gabriel Urralburu (cropped).jpg Patxi Zabaleta 2010b (cropped).jpg
Leader Juan Cruz Alli Gabriel Urralburu Patxi Zabaleta
Party UPN PSN–PSOE HB
Leader since 1987 15 June 1982 1991
Last election 19 seats, 35.0%[a] 15 seats, 27.7% 7 seats, 13.5%
Seats won 20 19 6
Seat change Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg4 Red Arrow Down.svg1
Popular vote 96,005 91,645 30,762
Percentage 35.0% 33.4% 11.2%
Swing Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0.0 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg5.7 pp Red Arrow Down.svg2.3 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Portrait placeholder.svg Portrait placeholder.svg
Leader Fermín Ciaurriz Félix Taberna
Party EA IU
Leader since 1991 1991
Last election 4 seats, 7.0% 0 seats, 1.3%
Seats won 3 2
Seat change Red Arrow Down.svg1 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2
Popular vote 15,170 11,167
Percentage 5.5% 4.1%
Swing Red Arrow Down.svg1.5 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2.8 pp

President before election

Gabriel Urralburu
PSN–PSOE

Elected President

Juan Cruz Alli
UPN

The 1991 Navarrese regional election was held on Sunday, 26 May 1991, to elect the 3rd Parliament of the Foral Community of Navarre. All 50 seats in the Parliament were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with regional elections in twelve other autonomous communities and local elections all throughout Spain.

Overview[edit]

Electoral system[edit]

The Parliament of Navarre was the devolved, unicameral legislature of the Foral Community of Navarre, having legislative power in regional matters as defined by the Spanish Constitution and the Reintegration and Enhancement of the Foral Regime of Navarre Law, as well as the ability to vote confidence in or withdraw it from a President of the Foral Deputation.[1] Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over eighteen, registered in Navarre and in full enjoyment of their political rights.

The 50 members of the Parliament of Navarre were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3 percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied regionally. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution.[2]

The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure the signature of at least 1 percent of the electors registered in Navarre. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[2][3][4]

Election date[edit]

The term of the Parliament of Navarre expired four years after the date of its previous election. Legal amendments earlier in 1991 established that elections to the Parliament were to be fixed for the fourth Sunday of May every four years. The previous election was held on 10 June 1987, setting the election date for the Parliament on Sunday, 26 May 1991.[1][2][3][4]

The Parliament of Navarre could not be dissolved before the date of expiry of parliament. In the event of an investiture process failing to elect a regional President within a two-month period from the first ballot, the candidate from the party with the highest number of seats was to be deemed automatically elected.[1]

Opinion polls[edit]

The table below lists voting intention estimates in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first and using the dates when the survey fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. Where the fieldwork dates are unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. If a tie ensues, this is applied to the figures with the highest percentages. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the parties with the highest percentages in a given poll. When available, seat projections are also displayed below the voting estimates in a smaller font. 26 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Parliament of Navarre.

Results[edit]

Summary of the 26 May 1991 Parliament of Navarre election results
NavarreParliamentDiagram1991.svg
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Navarrese People's Union (UPN)1 96,005 34.95 –0.01 20 +1
Socialist Party of Navarre (PSN–PSOE) 91,645 33.36 +5.68 19 +4
Popular Unity (HB) 30,762 11.20 –2.26 6 –1
Basque Solidarity (EA) 15,170 5.52 –1.48 3 –1
United Left (IU) 11,167 4.07 +2.73 2 +2
Assembly (Batzarre) 6,543 2.38 +0.31 0 ±0
Basque Country Left (EE) 5,824 2.12 –1.27 0 –1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 5,650 2.06 –5.36 0 –4
Livestock Agricultural Party (PAG) 3,855 1.40 New 0 ±0
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 3,071 1.12 +0.18 0 ±0
Carlist Party (PC) 1,353 0.49 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,637 1.32 –0.07
Total 274,682 50 ±0
Valid votes 274,682 99.24 +0.40
Invalid votes 2,091 0.76 –0.40
Votes cast / turnout 276,773 66.71 –6.19
Abstentions 138,140 33.29 +6.19
Registered voters 414,913
Sources[5][6]
Popular vote
UPN
34.95%
PSN–PSOE
33.36%
HB
11.20%
EA
5.52%
IU
4.07%
Batzarre
2.38%
EE
2.12%
CDS
2.06%
PAG
1.40%
EAJ/PNV
1.12%
PC
0.49%
Blank ballots
1.32%
Seats
UPN
40.00%
PSN–PSOE
38.00%
HB
12.00%
EA
6.00%
IU
4.00%

Aftermath[edit]

Investiture processes to elect the President of Navarre required for an absolute majority—more than half the votes cast—to be obtained in the first ballot. If unsuccessful, a new ballot would be held 48 hours later under the same majority requirement, with successive votes requiring only of a simple majority—more affirmative than negative votes—to succeed. If such majorities were not achieved, successive candidate proposals would be processed under the same procedure. In the event of the investiture process failing to elect a regional President within a two-month period from the first ballot, the candidate from the party with the highest number of seats was deemed to be automatically elected.[1]

As a result of the investiture process failing to provide a regional President within two months from the first ballot, Juan Cruz Alli was automatically elected on 18 September 1991 and officially sworn into office on 23 September.

Investiture
Juan Cruz Alli (UPN)
Ballot → 18 July 1991[c] 20 July 1991[c] 22 July 1991 24 July 1991
Required majority → 26 out of 50 ☒N 26 out of 50 ☒N Simple ☒N Simple ☒N
20 / 50
20 / 50
20 / 50
20 / 50
24 / 50
24 / 50
30 / 50
30 / 50
Abstentions
0 / 50
0 / 50
0 / 50
0 / 50
Absentees
0 / 50
0 / 50
0 / 50
0 / 50
Sources[6]
Investiture
Gabriel Urralburu (PSN)
Ballot → 8 August 1991 10 August 1991 12 August 1991 14 August 1991
Required majority → 26 out of 50 ☒N 26 out of 50 ☒N Simple ☒N Simple ☒N
22 / 50
22 / 50
22 / 50
22 / 50
26 / 50
26 / 50
26 / 50
26 / 50
2 / 50
2 / 50
2 / 50
1 / 50
0 / 50
0 / 50
0 / 50
1 / 50
Sources[6]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Aggregated data for UPN, UDF and AP in the 1987 election.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Within UPN.
  3. ^ a b The 6 HB MPs did not cast a vote in the 18 and 20 July ballots.

References[edit]

Opinion poll sources
  1. ^ a b c "Seis comunidades dependen de pactos". ABC (in Spanish). 20 May 1991.
  2. ^ a b c "Las elecciones de 26-5-91". CEPC (in Spanish). August 1991.
  3. ^ "UPN será el partido más votado y PSOE el segundo, pese a su fuerte subida". Diario de Navarra (in Spanish). 19 May 1991.
  4. ^ "Sondeos electorales CIES" (PDF). CIES (in Spanish). 22 May 2011.
  5. ^ "Una fusión con buenos dividendos". El País (in Spanish). 19 May 1991.
  6. ^ "Ficha técnica". El País (in Spanish). 19 May 1991.
  7. ^ "Suben UPN y PSOE, y el partido regionalista será la lista más votada". Diario de Navarra (in Spanish). 5 May 1991.
Other
  1. ^ a b c d "Reintegration and Enhancement of the Foral Regime of Navarre Law of 1982". Organic Law No. 13 of 10 August 1982. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 June 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "Parliament of Navarre Elections Foral Law of 1986". Law No. 16 of 17 December 1986. Official Gazette of Navarre (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 June 2017.
  3. ^ a b "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  4. ^ a b "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  5. ^ "III Legislature (1991-1995)". parlamentodenavarra.es (in Spanish). Parliament of Navarre. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  6. ^ a b c "Parliament of Navarre elections since 1979". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 29 September 2017.