1991 Rugby World Cup

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1991 Rugby World Cup
RWC1991logo.svg
Tournament details
Host nations  England
 France
 Ireland
 Scotland
 Wales
Dates 3 October – 2 November 1991
No. of nations 16 (33 qualifying)
Final positions
Champions Gold medal blank.svg  Australia
Runner-up Silver medal blank.svg  England
Third-place Bronze medal blank.svg  New Zealand
Tournament statistics
Matches played 32
Top scorer(s) Ireland Ralph Keyes (68)
Most tries France Jean-Baptiste Lafond
Australia David Campese
(6 tries each)
1987
1995

The 1991 Rugby World Cup was the second edition of the Rugby World Cup, and was jointly hosted by England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland and France; at that time, the five European countries that participated in the Five Nations Championship making it the first Rugby World Cup to be staged in the northern hemisphere, with England as the host of the championship game. Following on from the success of the inaugural 1987 Rugby World Cup, the 1991 World Cup received increased attention and was seen as a major global sporting event for the first time.[citation needed] Also for the first time qualifying competitions were introduced as the number of entrants had increased from 16 nations four years before to a total of 33 countries, the eight quarter-finalists from 1987 qualified automatically with the remaining 25 countries having to qualify for the remaining eight spots. This however resulted in only one new side qualifying for the tournament, Western Samoa replacing Tonga. The same 16-team pool/knock-out format was used with just minor changes to the points system.

The Pool stage of the tournament was nothing like four years earlier,[citation needed] with fewer one-sided matches and the early stages produced a major shock when Western Samoa, who were making their debut in the tournament, defeated 1987 semi-finalist Wales 16–13 in Cardiff, resulting in the elimination of Wales, who finished third in Pool 3, making it the first time that a host or co-host nation was knocked out of the competition in the pool stages. Also notable in pool play was that Canada finished second in their pool to qualify for the quarter-finals in what remains Canada's best performance in the Rugby World Cup. Fiji, as quarter-finalists four years ago, had expected to occupy that position, but after the upset loss to Canada and a hammering by France, they were to lose even their final match against the unfancied Romanian team. Earlier, the opening match had pitted the holders New Zealand against the hosts England: New Zealand overturned a narrow half-time deficit to win the match and the pool, both teams qualifying for the quarter-finals with easy victories in their other matches. Scotland beat Ireland to top their pool, again both teams qualifying.

In the quarter-finals, neither Canada nor Western Samoa proved a match for New Zealand or Scotland, respectively. Meanwhile, England knocked out 1987 finalist France in a bruising encounter. Australia, in what was seen as the match of the tournament,[citation needed] pipped Ireland 19–18 in a thrilling match at Lansdowne Road, with a last-gasp try from fly-half Michael Lynagh coming after the Irish took an unexpected 18–15 lead when loose-forward Hamilton outpaced winger David Campese over half the length of the pitch for a try. The semi-finals produced two tight matches: England overcame their Scottish rivals 9–6, a late drop goal deciding a tryless match in a torrential downpour at Murrayfield Stadium, and Australia defeated the defending world champions New Zealand 16–6 at Lansdowne Road.

The World Cup Final was played at Twickenham Stadium in London, and saw Australia triumph 12–6 against England, thanks to a first-half try from prop Tony Daly.

Qualification[edit]

The following 16 teams, shown by region, qualified for the 1991 Rugby World Cup. Of the 16 teams, eight of those places were automatically filled by quarter-finalists from the 1987 World Cup and did not have to play any qualification matches. 25 nations competed in a qualification process designed to fill the remaining eight spots, bringing the total participation to 33 nations. In the event, there was only one change from the 1987 tournament, with Western Samoa appearing in place of Tonga.

Africa Americas Europe Oceania/Asia

Venues[edit]

England London Scotland Edinburgh Wales Cardiff Republic of Ireland Dublin France Paris
Twickenham Stadium Murrayfield Stadium Cardiff Arms Park Lansdowne Road Parc des Princes
Capacity: 75,000 Capacity: 67,800 Capacity: 53,000 Capacity: 49,250 Capacity: 48,712
Twickenham rfu.jpg A pot of gold... - geograph.org.uk - 718806.jpg Photo of the original Cardiff Arms Park.jpg Leinster2006.jpg Paris-Parc-des-Princes.jpg
France Toulouse France Grenoble France Villeneuve d'Ascq France Béziers England Leicester
Stade Ernest-Wallon Stade Lesdiguières Stadium Lille-Metropole Stade de la Méditerranée Welford Road
Capacity: 19,000 Capacity: 18,548* Capacity: 18,185 Capacity: 18,000 Capacity: 16,815
Stade-ernest-wallon-04.jpg Tribune lienard.jpg Stadium Nord (Champions League).png BéziersMassy2.jpg Welford Road, Leicester Tigers.jpg
France Brive France Agen France Bayonne England Gloucester Northern Ireland Belfast
Parc Municipal des Sports Stade Armandie Stade Jean Dauger Kingsholm Ravenhill
Capacity: 16,000 Capacity: 14,000 Capacity: 13,500 Capacity: 12,500 Capacity: 12,300
Stade Amédée Domenech.JPG Tribuneouest.JPG STA 0480.jpg Kingsholm in 2007.jpg Ravenhillstadium.jpg
Wales Llanelli Wales Pontypool Wales Pontypridd England Otley
Stradey Park Pontypool Park Sardis Road Cross Green
Capacity: 10,800 Capacity: 14,000 Capacity: 7,200 Capacity: 5,000
Stradey Park.jpg Pontypool Rugby Ground - geograph.org.uk - 1760922.jpg Sardis Road - Pontypridd.jpg Cross Green rugby ground, Otley.jpg
  • as found in ffr.fr consulted on 7 February 2013 apropos of the pool match between France and Fiji played on 8 October 1991

Squads[edit]

Pools & Format[edit]

Pool 1 Pool 2 Pool 3 Pool 4

 New Zealand
 England
 Italy
 United States

 Scotland
 Ireland
 Japan
 Zimbabwe

 Australia
 Wales
 Western Samoa
 Argentina

 France
 Fiji
 Canada
 Romania

As in the 1987 Rugby World Cup the 16 nations were divided into four pools of four nations, with each nation playing their other pool opponents once, every nation playing three times during the pool stages. Nations were awarded 2 points for a win, 1 for a draw and zero for a loss, the top two nations of every pool advanced to the quarter finals. The runners-up of each pool faced the winners of a different pool in the quarter finals. The winners moved on to the semi finals, with the winners then moving onto the final, and the losers of the semi finals contesting a third/fourth place play off.

Points System

The points system that was used in the pool stage was which was changed from 1987 was as follows:

  • 3 points for a win
  • 2 points for a draw
  • 1 point for playing

A total of 32 matches (24 in the pool stage and eight in the knock-out stage) were played throughout the tournament over 30 days from Thursday 3 October 1991 to Saturday 2 November 1991.

Pool stage[edit]

Pool 1[edit]

Team P W D L PF PA Pts
 New Zealand 3 3 0 0 95 39 6
 England 3 2 0 1 85 33 4
 Italy 3 1 0 2 57 76 2
 United States 3 0 0 3 24 113 0
3 October 1991
England  12–18  New Zealand
Pen: Webb (3)
Drop: Andrew
Try: Jones
Con: Fox
Pen: Fox (4)
Twickenham Stadium, London
Attendance: 57,000
Referee: Jim Fleming (Scotland)

5 October 1991
Italy  30–9  United States
Try: Barba
Francescato
Vaccari
Gaetaniello
Con: Dominguez (4)
Pen: Dominguez (2)
Try: Swords
Con: Williams
Pen: Williams
Cross Green, Otley
Attendance: 7,500
Referee: Owen Doyle (Ireland)

8 October 1991
New Zealand  46–6  United States
Try: Wright (3)
Earl
Purvis
Timu
Tuigamala
Innes
Con: Preston (4)
Pen: Preston (2)
Pen: Williams (2)
Kingsholm, Gloucester
Attendance: 12,000
Referee: Efraim Sklar (Argentina)

8 October 1991
England  36–6  Italy
Try: Guscott (2)
Underwood
Webb
Con: Webb (4)
Pen: Webb (4)
Try: Cuttitta
Con: Dominguez
Twickenham Stadium, London
Attendance: 30,000
Referee: Brian Anderson (Scotland)

11 October 1991
England  37–9  United States
Try: Underwood (2)
Carling
Skinner
Heslop
Con: Hodgkinson (4)
Pen: Hodgkinson (3)
Try: Nelson
Con: Williams
Pen: Williams
Twickenham Stadium, London
Attendance: 45,000
Referee: Les Peard (Wales)

13 October 1991
Italy  21–31  New Zealand
Try: Cuttitta
Bonomi
Con: Dominguez (2)
Pen: Dominguez (3)
Try: Brooke
Innes
Tuigamala
Hewett
Con: Fox (3)
Pen: Fox (3)
Welford Road, Leicester
Attendance: 16,200
Referee: Kerry Fitzgerald (Australia)

Pool 2[edit]

Team P W D L PF PA Pts
 Scotland 3 3 0 0 122 36 6
 Ireland 3 2 0 1 102 51 4
 Japan 3 1 0 2 77 87 2
 Zimbabwe 3 0 0 3 31 158 0
5 October 1991
Scotland  47–9  Japan
Try: S. Hastings
Stanger
Chalmers
White
Penalty try
Tukalo
G. Hastings
Con: G. Hastings (5)
Pen: G. Hastings (2)
Chalmers
Try: Hosokawa
Con: Hosokawa
Drop: Hosokawa
Murrayfield Stadium, Edinburgh
Attendance: 40,000
Referee: Ed Morrison (England)

6 October 1991
Ireland  55–11  Zimbabwe
Try: Robinson (4)
Popplewell (2)
Geoghegan
Curtis
Con: Keyes (4)
Pen: Keyes (5)
Report Try: Dawson
Schultz
Pen: Ferreira
Lansdowne Road, Dublin
Attendance: 40,000
Referee: Keith Lawrence (New Zealand)

9 October 1991
Ireland  32–16  Japan
Try: Mannion (2)
O’Hara
Staples
Con: Keyes (2)
Pen: Keyes (4)
Report Try: Hayashi
Kajihara
Yoshida
Con: Hosokawa (2)
Lansdowne Road, Dublin
Attendance: 30,000
Referee: Laikini Colati (Fiji)

9 October 1991
Scotland  51–12  Zimbabwe
Try: Tukalo (3)
Turnbull
S. Hastings
Stanger
Weir
White
Con: Dods (5)
Pen: Dods (2)
Drop: Wylie
Try: Garvey (2)
Con: Currin (2)
Murrayfield Stadium, Edinburgh
Attendance: 35,000
Referee: Don Reordan (United States)

12 October 1991
Scotland  24–15  Ireland
Try: Shiel
Armstrong
Con: G. Hastings (2)
Pen: G. Hastings (3)
Drop: Chalmers
Report Pen: Keyes (4)
Drop: Keyes
Murrayfield Stadium, Edinburgh
Attendance: 54,000
Referee: Fred Howard (England)

14 October 1991
Japan  52–8  Zimbabwe
Try: Yoshida (2)
Mashuho (2)
Kutsuki (2)
Horikoshi
Luaiufi
Matsuo
Con: Hosokawa (2)
Pen: Hosokawa (4)
Try: Tsimba
Nguruve
Ravenhill, Belfast
Attendance: 9,500
Referee: René Hourquet (France)

Pool 3[edit]

Team P W D L PF PA Pts
 Australia 3 3 0 0 79 25 6
 Western Samoa 3 2 0 1 54 34 4
 Wales 3 1 0 2 32 61 2
 Argentina 3 0 0 3 38 83 0
4 October 1991
Argentina  19–32  Australia
Try: Terán (2)
Con: Del Castillo
Pen: Del Castillo
Drop: Arbizu (2)
Try: Campese (2)
Horan (2)
Kearns
Con: Lynagh (3)
Pen: Lynagh (2)
Stradey Park, Llanelli
Attendance: 11,000
Referee: David Bishop (New Zealand)

6 October 1991
Wales  13–16  Western Samoa
Try: Emyr
Evans
Con: Ring
Pen: Ring
Report Try: Vaega
Vaifale
Con: Vaea
Pen: Vaea (2)
Cardiff Arms Park, Cardiff
Attendance: 45,000
Referee: Patrick Robin (France)

9 October 1991
Australia  9–3  Western Samoa
Pen: Lynagh (3)
Pen: Vaea
Pontypool Park, Pontypool
Attendance: 15,000
Referee: Ed Morrison (England)

9 October 1991
Wales  16–7  Argentina
Try: Arnold
Pen: Ring (3)
Rayer
Try: García Simón
Pen: Del Castillo
Cardiff Arms Park, Cardiff
Attendance: 35,000
Referee: René Hourquet (France)

12 October 1991
Wales  3–38  Australia
Pen: Ring
Try: Roebuck (2)
Slattery
Campese
Horan
Lynagh
Con: Lynagh (4)
Pen: Lynagh (2)
Cardiff Arms Park, Cardiff
Attendance: 54,000
Referee: Keith Lawrence (New Zealand)

13 October 1991
Argentina  12–35  Western Samoa
Try: Terán
Con: Arbizu
Pen: Laborde
Arbizu
Try: Tagaola (2)
Lima (2)
Bunce
Bachop
Con: Vaea (4)
Pen: Vaea
Sardis Road, Pontypridd
Attendance: 8,500
Referee: Brian Anderson (Scotland)
Replaced by Jim Fleming (Scotland)

Pool 4[edit]

Team P W D L PF PA Pts
 France 3 3 0 0 82 25 6
 Canada 3 2 0 1 45 33 4
 Romania 3 1 0 2 31 64 2
 Fiji 3 0 0 3 27 63 0
4 October 1991
France  30–3  Romania
Try: Roumat
Lafond
Penalty try
Saint-André
Con: Camberabero
Pen: Camberabero (4)
Pen: Nichitean
Stade de la Méditerranée, Béziers
Attendance: 22,000
Referee: Les Peard (Wales)

5 October 1991
Canada  13–3  Fiji
Try: Stewart
Pen: Rees (3)
Drop: Serevi
Stade Jean Dauger, Bayonne
Attendance: 5,000
Referee: Kerry Fitzgerald (Australia)

8 October 1991
France  33–9  Fiji
Try: Lafond (3)
Sella (2)
Camberabero
Con: Camberabero (3)
Pen: Camberabero
Try: Naruma
Con: Koroduadua
Pen: Koroduadua
Stade Lesdiguières, Grenoble
Attendance: 18,548
Referee: Derek Bevan (Wales)

9 October 1991
Canada  19–11  Romania
Try: McKinnon
Ennis
Con: Mark Wyatt
Pen: Wyatt (2)
Drop: Rees
Try: Lungu
Sasu
Pen: Nichitean
Stade Ernest-Wallon, Toulouse
Attendance: 10,000
Referee: Sandy MacNeill (Australia)

12 October 1991
Fiji  15–17  Romania
Pen: Turuva (2)
Drop: Rabaka (2)
Turuva
Try: Ion
Dumitras
Sasu
Con: Racean
Pen: Nichitean
Parc Municipal des Sports, Brive
Attendance: 8,500
Referee: Owen Doyle (Ireland)

13 October 1991
France  19–13  Canada
Try: Lafond
Saint-André
Con: Camberabero
Pen: Lacroix (2)
Camberabero
Try: Wyatt
Pen: Wyatt
Rees
Drop: Rees
Stade Armandie, Agen
Attendance: 15,000
Referee: Stephen Hilditch (Ireland)

Knock-out stage[edit]

Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
19 October – Murrayfield Stadium, Edinburgh        
  Scotland  28
26 October – Murrayfield Stadium, Edinburgh
  Western Samoa  6  
  Scotland  6
19 October – Parc des Princes, Paris
      England  9  
  France  10
2 November – Twickenham Stadium, London
  England  19  
  England  6
20 October – Stadium Lille-Metropole, Villeneuve d'Ascq    
    Australia  12
  New Zealand  29
27 October – Lansdowne Road, Dublin
  Canada  13  
  New Zealand  6 Third place
20 October – Lansdowne Road, Dublin
      Australia  16   30 October – Cardiff Arms Park, Cardiff
  Australia  19
  Scotland  6
  Ireland  18  
  New Zealand  13
 

Quarter-finals[edit]

19 October 1991
France  10–19  England
Try: Lafond
Pen: Lacroix (2)
Report Try: Underwood
Carling
Con: Webb
Pen: Webb (3)
Parc des Princes, Paris
Attendance: 48,500
Referee: David Bishop (New Zealand)

19 October 1991
Scotland  28–6  Western Samoa
Try: Jeffrey (2)
Stanger
Con: Hastings (2)
Pen: Hastings (4)
Pen: Vaea
Drop: Bachop
Murrayfield Stadium, Edinburgh
Attendance: 54,000
Referee: Derek Bevan (Wales)

20 October 1991
Ireland  18–19  Australia
Try: Hamilton
Con: Keyes
Pen: Keyes (3)
Drop: Keyes
Report Try: Campese (2)
Lynagh
Con: Lynagh (2)
Pen: Lynagh
Lansdowne Road, Dublin
Attendance: 54,500
Referee: Jim Fleming (Scotland)

20 October 1991
Canada  13–29  New Zealand
Try: Tynan
Charron
Con: Rees
Pen: Wyatt
Try: Timu (2)
McCahill
Brooke
Kirwan
Con: Fox (3)
Pen: Fox

Semi-finals[edit]

26 October 1991
Scotland  6–9  England
Pen: G. Hastings (2)
Pen: Webb (2)
Drop: Andrew
Murrayfield Stadium, Edinburgh
Attendance: 54,000
Referee: Kerry Fitzgerald (Australia)

27 October 1991
Australia  16–6  New Zealand
Try: Campese
Horan
Con: Lynagh
Pen: Lynagh (2)
Pen: Fox (2)
Lansdowne Road, Dublin
Attendance: 54,000
Referee: Jim Fleming (Scotland)

Third-place play-off[edit]

30 October 1991
New Zealand  13–6  Scotland
Try: Little
Pen: Preston (3)
Pen: G. Hastings (2)
Cardiff Arms Park, Cardiff
Attendance: 47,000
Referee: Stephen Hilditch (Ireland)

Final[edit]

2 November 1991
Australia  12–6  England
Try: Daly
Con: Lynagh
Pen: Lynagh (2)
Report Pen: Webb (2)
Twickenham Stadium, London
Attendance: 56,208
Referee: Derek Bevan (Wales)

Broadcasters[edit]

The event was broadcast in the United Kingdom by ITV who took over the rights from the BBC.

References[edit]

External links[edit]