1991 Southeast Asian Games

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16th Southeast Asian Games
16th sea games.png
Host cityManila, Philippines
Motto"Nine Nations, Under an Asian Sun"
Nations participating9
Events28 sports
Opening ceremony24 November
Closing ceremony3 December
Officially opened byCorazon Aquino
President of the Philippines
Torch lighterCarlos Loyzaga
Lydia de Vega
Gerard Cantada
Ceremony venueRizal Memorial Stadium

The 1991 Southeast Asian Games, officially known as the 16th Southeast Asian Games, was a multi-sport event held in Manila, the Philippines from 24 November to 3 December 1991, with 28 sports featured in the games. This was the second time that the country hosted the games and its first since 1981. It was officially opened by President Corazon Aquino at the Rizal Memorial Stadium in Manila through a colorful opening ceremony. It was the only SEA Games at that time where the overall championship was heavily contested. The deciding medal came from the last sporting event - women's marathon where Indonesia got the gold medal.[1][2]

Four sports (archery, canoeing, sailing, and triathlon) were held in venues in Subic Bay.[3]

Fourteen years after the 1991 SEA Games, the country hosted the 2005 SEA Games. Another 14 years later, Philippines hosted the 2019 Southeast Asian Games, which is the first that the event took place in the whole country.

The games[edit]

Participating nations[edit]

Sports[edit]

Medal table[edit]

[4]

Key

  *   Host nation (Philippines)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Indonesia (INA)928667245
2 Philippines (PHI)*916286239
3 Thailand (THA)728069221
4 Malaysia (MAS)363866140
5 Singapore (SIN)18324595
6 Myanmar (MYA)12162957
7 Vietnam (VIE)7121029
8 Brunei (BRU)0088
9 Laos (LAO)0000
Totals (9 nations)3283263801034

Concerns and controversies[edit]

1991 Southeast Asian Games
Reduction of gold medals

The Philippines should have tallied a total of 91 gold medals, but one of the gold medals from boxing was proclaimed unofficial. The said gold medal should have been fought by a Filipino boxer against a Thai boxer, but the latter was found positive in the doping tests. The gold medal was, at first, given to the Philippines, but after a few days, the SEAG Organizing Committee declared that there will be no gold and silver medalists for the said event in boxing because there was no battle fought.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Philippine Daily Inquirer December 1992 University of the Philippines Main Library: Microfilm Section
  2. ^ Percy Seneviratne (1993) Golden Moments: the S.E.A Games 1959-1991 Dominie Press, Singapore ISBN 981-00-4597-2
  3. ^ Empeño, Henry (5 July 2019). "SBMA sets P133.5-million upgrade of Subic SEA Games venues". BusinessMirror. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  4. ^ "1991 Southeast Asian Games medal table". Olympic Council of Asia. Archived from the original on 28 October 2016. Retrieved 27 October 2016.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Kuala Lumpur
Southeast Asian Games
Manila

XVI Southeast Asian Games (1991)
Succeeded by
Singapore