1991 Soviet Top League

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Soviet Top League
ChampionsCSKA Moscow
Champions LeagueCSKA Moscow (for Russia)
Cup Winners' CupSpartak Moscow (for Russia)
UEFA CupDynamo Moscow
Torpedo Moscow
(for Russia)
Top goalscorer(18) Igor Kolyvanov (Dynamo Moscow)
Biggest home winSpartak – Dynamo M. 7–1 (26th)
Biggest away winDynamo M. – Torpedo 1–4 (18th)
Metalurh – Chornomorets 1–4 (16th)
Highest scoringSpartak – Dynamo M. 7–1 (26th)
Dynamo M. – Dnipro 6–2 (28th)

The 1991 Soviet Top League season was the 54th since its establishment and the last one. Dynamo Kyiv were the defending 13-times champions. A total of sixteen teams participated in the league, twelve of them have contested in the 1990 season while the remaining four were promoted from the Soviet First League due to withdrawals. The representatives of the Baltic states as well as Georgia chose not to take part in the competition.

The season began on 10 March and lasted until 2 November 1991. The season was won by PFC CSKA Moscow that returned to the top league prior to the last season while winning the Soviet Cup competition as well. Due to participants withdrawal in the preceding season four new teams entered the league. Upon the conclusion of the season no clubs were relegated and 12 out of its 16 participants formed a base for either the Russian or the Ukrainian competitions, while other four participants joined their own newly formed national leagues. If the Soviet Union had remained intact, Metallist Kharkov and Lokomotiv Moscow would have been relegated to the Soviet First League for the next season, while FC Rotor Volgograd and FC Tiligul Tiraspol would have been promoted to the Top League for 1992.

Top six clubs of the league later entered European competitions for their respective nations. The Ukrainian clubs chose to qualify through a separate national competition.

Participating teams[edit]

The league was expanded to 16 after the last season, during which number of clubs left the Soviet competitions (from Georgia and Baltic states). The last-placed FC Rotor Volgograd of the 1990 Soviet Top League lost promotion/relegation playoff to Lokomotiv Moscow and was relegated to the 1991 Soviet First League. Rotor Volograd returned to the Soviet First League after two seasons absence, while at the same time Lokomotiv Moscow returned to the Soviet Top League after only a one-season absence.

Beside the fourth placed Lokomotiv three more teams were promoted and included the champion (FC Spartak Vladikavkaz) and the runners-up of the 1990 Soviet First League (FC Pakhtakor Tashkent and FC Metallurg Zaporozhye).

Locations of teams in the 1990 Top League


Stadium Team Opened Capacity Notes
Republican Stadium, Kiev Dinamo Kiev 1923 100,062
Olimpic Stadium Luzhniki, Moscow Spartak Moscow 1956 81,000
Central Stadium Dynamo, Moscow Dynamo Moscow 1928 71,430
Central Stadium Hrazdan, Yerevan Ararat 1970 70,000
BSS Central Stadium, Odessa Chernomorets 1935 55,000
Central Stadium Pakhtakor, Tashkent Pakhtakor 1956 55,000
OSC Metalist, Kharkov Metallist 1926 42,000
Dinamo Stadium, Minsk Dinamo Minsk 1934 40,000
Meteor Stadium, Dnepropetrovsk Dnepr 1966 40,000
Republican Stadium Spartak, Vladikavkaz Spartak Vladikavkaz 1962 32,464
Central Stadium Shakhter, Donetsk Shakhter 1936 31,718
Central Stadium Lokomotiv, Moscow Lokomotiv 1966 30,000
SC Olimpiyskiy, Moscow Dynamo Moscow 1980 22,000 used in round 2nd
Frunze Republican Stadium, Dushanbe Pamir 1946 21,400
Torpedo Stadium, Moscow Torpedo 1959 16,000
CSKA used in round 29th
Abovyan City Stadium, Abovyan Ararat 1966 5,500 used in rounds 19th, 22nd, 23rd
LFK CSKA, Moscow CSKA 1979 4,000 used in rounds 1st, 3rd, 5th, 6th
Spartak Moscow used in round 3rd
Dinamo Moscow used in rounds 1st, 5th, 6th
Lokomotiv used in round 4th
Central Stadium Metallurg, Zaporozhye Metallurg 1938 ?

Final standings[edit]

Note: Names of clubs from outside of the Russian SFSR are given in the table based on the Russian orthography.

No Club GP W D L GF–GA Pts Rpblc Notes
1 CSKA Moscow (C) 30 17 9 4 57–32 43 Russia Russian SFSR Champions League
2 Spartak Moscow 30 17 7 6 57–30 41 Russia Russian SFSR Cup Winners' Cup
3 Torpedo Moscow 30 13 10 7 36–20 36 Russia Russian SFSR UEFA Cup
4 Chernomorets 30 10 16 4 39–24 36  Ukrainian SSR withdrew
5 Dinamo Kiev 30 13 9 8 43–34 35  Ukrainian SSR withdrew
6 Dinamo Moscow 30 12 7 11 43–42 31 Russia Russian SFSR UEFA Cup
7 Ararat 30 11 7 12 29–36 29 Armenia Armenian SSR withdrew
8 Dinamo Minsk 30 9 11 10 29–31 29 Belarus Byelorussian SSR withdrew
9 Dnepr 30 9 10 11 31–36 28  Ukrainian SSR withdrew
10 Pamir Dushanbe 30 7 13 10 28–32 27  Tajik SSR withdrew
11 Spartak Vladikavkaz 30 9 8 13 33–41 26 Russia Russian SFSR + new
12 Shakhter Donetsk 30 6 14 10 33–41 26  Ukrainian SSR withdrew
13 Metallurg Zaporozhye 30 9 7 14 27–38 25  Ukrainian SSR + new – withdrew
14 Pakhtakor Tashkent 30 9 7 14 37–45 25  Uzbek SSR + new – withdrew
15 Metallist Kharkov 30 8 9 13 32–43 25  Ukrainian SSR withdrew
16 Lokomotiv Moscow 30 5 7 18 18–47 18 Russia Russian SFSR + new

Under UEFA[edit]

Under AFC[edit]

Top scorers[edit]

18 goals
14 goals
13 goals
12 goals
10 goals
9 goals


Club Head coach
PFC CSKA Moscow Pavel Sadyrin
FC Spartak Moscow Oleg Romantsev
FC Torpedo Moscow Valentin Ivanov (until September)
Yevgeni Skomorokhov (from September)
FC Chornomorets Odessa Viktor Prokopenko
FC Dynamo Kyiv Anatoliy Puzach
FC Dynamo Moscow Semen Altman (until March)
Valery Gazzaev (from April)
FC Dinamo Minsk Eduard Malofeyev (until April)
Mikhail Vergeyenko (from April)
FC Ararat Yerevan Armen Sarkisyan
FC Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk Yevhen Kucherevskyi
FC Pamir Dushanbe Sharif Nazarov
FC Spartak Vladikavkaz Valery Gazzaev (until March)
Nikolai Khudiyev (April to July)
Ruslan Khadartsev (from July)
FC Shakhtar Donetsk Valeriy Yaremchenko
FC Metalurh Zaporizhya Ihor Nadein
FC Pakhtakor Tashkent Fyodor Novikov (until June)
Alexander Tarkhanov (from November)
FC Metalist Kharkiv Leonid Tkachenko
FC Lokomotiv Moscow Valeri Filatov


Prize Founder Laureate
Footballer of the Year Football weekly Igor Kolyvanov
Goalkeeper of the Year Ogoniok magazine Valeri Sarychev
Top Scorer newspaper Labor Igor Kolyvanov
Knight of Attack Soviet Warrior magazine Igor Kolyvanov
Top Rookie Sport Games magazine Valeriy Velichko
With Two Squads Football Federation Spartak Moscow
Grigory Fedotov Memorial CSKA Moscow Spartak Moscow
Fair Play Person and Law magazine Chornomorets Odessa
Large Score Football weekly Chornomorets Odessa
Will to Win newspaper Sovetskaya Rossiya Pamir Dushanbe
Best Difference of Aggregates Start magazine Spartak Moscow
Aggressive Visitor newspaper Komsomol's Banner CSKA Moscow
Danger of the Best Sport Moscow weekly Chornomorets Odessa
Progress Cup newspaper Labor Newspaper Chornomrets Odessa
First Height newspaper Socialist Industry CSKA Moscow

Medal squads[edit]

(league appearances and goals listed in brackets)

1. PFC CSKA Moscow

Goalkeepers: Mikhail Yeremin (15 / -14), Dmitri Kharine (11 / -8), Aleksandr Guteyev (6 / -10).
Defenders: Sergei Kolotovkin (25 / 1), Sergei Fokin (25 / 1), Dmitri Galiamin (21 / 2), Dmitri Bystrov (21), Oleg Malyukov (19), Vasili Ivanov (15), Valeri Minko (8), Viktor Yanushevsky (8), Mikhail Sinyov (1).
Midfielders: Valeri Broshin (30 / 4), Dmitri Kuznetsov (29 / 12), Igor Korneev (29 / 10), Mikhail Kolesnikov (28 / 2), Vladimir Tatarchuk (24 / 5), Aleksandr Grishin (5), Dmitri Karsakov (1), Lev Matveyev (1).
Forwards: Oleg Sergeyev (30 / 9), Valeri Masalitin (18 / 7), Sergey Dmitriev (16 / 4), Ilshat Faizulin (3).

Manager: Pavel Sadyrin.

Transferred in during the season: Dmitri Kharine (from Dynamo Moscow), Lev Matveyev (from Zvezda Perm), Sergey Dmitriev (from Spain Xerez CD), Viktor Yanushevsky (from Germany Tennis Borussia).

Transferred out during the season: Mikhail Yeremin (deceased), Dmitri Karsakov (to FC KAMAZ Naberezhnye Chelny), Dmitri Galiamin, Dmitri Kuznetsov, Igor Korneev (all to Spain Espanyol), Vladimir Tatarchuk (to Czech Republic Slavia Prague), Valeri Broshin (to Finland Kuopion Palloseura), Sergei Fokin (to Finland HJK Helsinki), Sergey Dmitriev (to Austria Stahl Linz).

2. FC Spartak Moscow

Goalkeepers: Stanislav Cherchesov (30 / -30).
Defenders: Dmitri Popov (30 / 5), Vasili Kulkov (22 / 1), Andrei Mokh (20 / 1), Dmitri Khlestov (14), Boris Pozdnyakov (10), Yevgeni Bushmanov (8 / 1), Dmitri Ananko (7), Dmitri Gradilenko (6), Sergei Bazulev (4), Sergei Chudin (1).
Midfielders: Hennadiy Perepadenko (28 / 5), Valery Karpin (28 / 3), Aleksandr Mostovoi (27 / 13), Andrei Ivanov (23), Igor Shalimov (22 / 5), Fyodor Cherenkov (22 / 3), Oleg Ivanov (14), Valeri Popovitch (6), Igor Kozlov (2), Oleg Imrekov (1), Aleksandr Karatayev (1), Serhiy Perepadenko (1).
Forwards: Dmitri Radchenko (29 / 13), Valeri Shmarov (19 / 6).

One own goal scored by Viktor Vasilyev (FC Spartak Vladikavkaz).

Manager: Oleg Romantsev.

Transferred in during the season: Andrei Mokh (from Dynamo Moscow), Dmitri Radchenko (from Zenit Leningrad), Igor Kozlov (from CSKA Moscow), Fyodor Cherenkov (from France Red Star).

Transferred out during the season: Igor Shalimov (to Italy Foggia), Vasili Kulkov, Aleksandr Mostovoi (both to Portugal Benfica), Valeri Shmarov (to Germany Karlsruher SC), Boris Pozdnyakov, Oleg Imrekov (both to Austria FC Stahl Linz), Sergei Bazulev (to Finland OLS), Andrei Mokh (to Spain Espanyol), Hennadiy Perepadenko (to Israel Hapoel Tzafririm).

3. FC Torpedo Moscow

Goalkeepers: Valeri Sarychev (17 / -12), Aleksandr Podshivalov (14 / -8).
Defenders: Andrei Afanasyev (27 / 1), Aleksei Yushkov (24 / 5), Aleksandr Polukarov (19 / 1), Mikhail Solovyov (17), Maksim Cheltsov (5).
Midfielders: Gennadi Grishin (29 / 7), Igor Chugainov (28 / 2), Sergei Shustikov (28 / 1), Sergey Agashkov (26 / 3), Andrei Kalaychev (23 / 2), Nikolai Savichev (21 / 3), Dmitri Ulyanov (16 / 1), Sergei Zhukov (9), Oleg Shirinbekov (8 / 1), Sergey Borisov (7), Vladimir Yeryomin (3), Aleksei Arefyev (1).
Forwards: Yuri Tishkov (24 / 8), Vadim Rogovskoy (14), Yuri Matveyev (12 / 1), Aleksandr Kuzmichyov (6), Andrei Talalayev (5), Aleksandr Gitselov (3).

Manager: Valentin Ivanov (until September), Yevgeni Skomorokhov (from September).

Transferred in during the season: Aleksandr Podshivalov (from Ararat Yerevan), Aleksei Yushkov, Yuri Matveyev (both from Uralmash Sverdlovsk), Igor Chugainov (from Lokomotiv Moscow), Vladimir Yeryomin (from Chornomorets Odessa).

Transferred out during the season: Aleksandr Polukarov (to Israel Maccabi Tel Aviv F.C.), Vadim Rogovskoy (free agent), Oleg Shirinbekov (to Hungary Vasas SC), Vladimir Yeryomin (to FC Metalurh Zaporizhya), Aleksei Yushkov (to Dynamo Moscow), Aleksandr Gitselov (to Poland Zagłębie Lubin), Sergei Zhukov, Aleksei Arefyev (both to Bangladesh Abahani Dhaka), Yuri Matveyev (to Uralmash Yekaterinburg), Aleksandr Kuzmichyov (to Lokomotiv Moscow).

Managers and captains[edit]

Club Republic Coach Replaced coach(es)
PFC CSKA Moscow  Russian SFSR Pavel Sadyrin
FC Dynamo Moscow  Russian SFSR Valeri Gazzayev Semen Altman (acting)
FC Lokomotiv Moscow  Russian SFSR Valeri Filatov
FC Spartak Moscow  Russian SFSR Oleg Romantsev
FC Spartak Vladikavkaz  Russian SFSR Nikolai Khudiyev Valeri Gazzayev
FC Torpedo Moscow  Russian SFSR Yevgeni Skomorokhov Valentin Ivanov
FC Chornomorets Odessa  Ukrainian SSR Viktor Prokopenko
FC Dynamo Kyiv  Ukrainian SSR Anatoli Puzach
FC Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk  Ukrainian SSR Yevhen Kucherevskyi
FC Metalist Kharkiv  Ukrainian SSR Leonid Tkachenko
FC Metalurh Zaporizhia  Ukrainian SSR Ihor Nadein
FC Shakhtar Donetsk  Ukrainian SSR Valeri Yaremchenko
FC Ararat Yerevan  Armenian SSR Armenak Sarkisyan
FC Dinamo Minsk  Byelorussian SSR Mikhail Vergeyenko Eduard Malofeyev
FC Pakhtakor Tashkent  Uzbek SSR Aleksandr Tarkhanov Fyodor Novikov
Akhrol Inoyatov
FC Pamir Dushanbe  Tajik SSR Sharif Nazarov

See also[edit]

External links[edit]