1991 in British music
|1990s in music in the UK|
|Summaries and charts
1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994
1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999
|Top 10 singles
1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994
1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999
This is a summary of 1991 in music in the United Kingdom, including the official charts from that year.
Like 1990, this year saw 17 songs at number 1. The first number 1 of the year surprisingly came from heavy metal band Iron Maiden, scoring their first and only number one "Bring Your Daughter to the Slaughter" which stayed at the top for 2 weeks. The next number one was a track right at the opposite end of the musical spectrum – Enigma, with the calm and hypnotic "Sadness Part 1". Known as "Sadeness Part 1" almost everywhere else with its strong references to Marquis De Sade, Enigma redefined the new age, chill out genre. Romanian-German producer Michael Cretu mixed repeated trance-like dance beats with gregorian chants and whispered, erotic vocals provided by his wife, Sandra, who was also a popular artist in her own right at the same time throughout most of Europe, but never managed to crack the UK market. Enigma's debut concept album MCMXC ad also went straight to the top of the UK Album Chart in January.
In the album charts Simply Red entered with Stars which would prove to be the second best selling album of the 90's and the best of 91 and 92. Although non-of its single reached no.1, title track stars did make the top ten.
February saw The Simpsons (specifically Bart) reach No. 1 with "Do the Bartman", from the album The Simpsons Sing the Blues which reached #6. The show had premiered on UK screens on the satellite channel Sky One in 1990, though it wouldn't premiere on terrestrial TV until 1996, on BBC One. The family became the first cartoon characters to hit No. 1 since The Archies did so in 1969, with "Sugar Sugar", and the follow-up ("Deep, Deep Trouble") also did well, peaking at No. 7 in April.
In March, The Clash received their first number 1 with "Should I Stay or Should I Go", after being used in a commercial for Levi's. A month later, Cher scored her first UK solo No. 1 with "The Shoop Shoop Song (It's in His Kiss)", taken from the film Mermaids.
Bryan Adams also reached No. 1 for the first time in July with "(Everything I Do) I Do It for You", from the film Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves. Breaking the record held since 1955, it stayed there for sixteen consecutive weeks, a record that remains to this day. It also became the biggest selling single of the year, selling over a million copies.
The Christmas number one single this year was Queen's "Bohemian Rhapsody", re-issued after the death of Freddie Mercury in November, coupled with "These Are the Days of Our Lives". As "Bohemian Rhapsody" had previously hit the top in 1975 (also becoming the Christmas number one) it became the first song ever, not counting re-entries, to hit number 1 twice.
The death of Joy Finzi, who had founded the Finzi Trust in 1969 to commemorate her husband Gerald, was one of the most notable events on the classical music scene. Harrison Birtwistle's opera, Gawain, with a libretto by David Harsent, was performed for the first time on 30 May at the Royal Opera House.
- 15 January – A new all-star rendition of the John Lennon song "Give Peace a Chance" is released, featuring Yoko Ono, Lenny Kravitz, Peter Gabriel, Alannah Myles, Tom Petty, Bonnie Raitt and many more, billed as "The Peace Choir". The single is rushed to market in response to the imminent Gulf War.
- 28 June – Paul McCartney's classical composition, the Liverpool Oratorio, receives its premiere at the Liverpool Anglican Cathedral.
- 1 December - George Harrison plays Yokohama, Japan. The brief Japanese tour with Eric Clapton marks his first set of formal concert performances since 1974.
- The Rolling Stones sign a new contract with Virgin Records.
|5 January||"Bring Your Daughter... to the Slaughter"||Iron Maiden|
|19 January||"Sadness (Part I)"||Enigma|
|2 February||"3 a.m. Eternal"||The KLF|
|16 February||"Do the Bartman"||The Simpsons|
|9 March||"Should I Stay or Should I Go"||The Clash|
|23 March||"The Stonk"||Hale and Pace|
|30 March||"The One and Only"||Chesney Hawkes|
|4 May||"The Shoop Shoop Song (It's in His Kiss)"||Cher|
|8 June||"I Wanna Sex You Up"||Color Me Badd|
|29 June||"Any Dream Will Do"||Jason Donovan|
|13 July||"(Everything I Do) I Do It for You"||Bryan Adams|
|2 November||"The Fly"||U2|
|9 November||"Dizzy"||Vic Reeves and The Wonder Stuff|
|23 November||"Black or White"||Michael Jackson|
|7 December||"Don't Let the Sun Go Down On Me"||George Michael and Elton John|
|21 December||"Bohemian Rhapsody / These Are the Days of Our Lives"||Queen|
|5 January||The Immaculate Collection||Madonna|
|26 January||MCMXC a.D.||Enigma|
|2 February||The Soul Cages||Sting|
|9 February||Doubt||Jesus Jones|
|2 March||Circle of One||Oleta Adams|
|9 March||Auberge||Chris Rea|
|16 March||Spartacus||The Farm|
|23 March||Out of Time||R.E.M.|
|30 March||Greatest Hits||Eurythmics|
|22 June||Greatest Hits||Eurythmics|
|29 June||Love Hurts||Cher|
|10 August||Essential Pavarotti II||Luciano Pavarotti|
|31 August||Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat||London Stage Cast|
|14 September||From Time to Time - The Singles Collection||Paul Young|
|21 September||On Every Street||Dire Straits|
|28 September||Use Your Illusion II||Guns N' Roses|
|5 October||Waking Up the Neighbours||Bryan Adams|
|12 October||Stars||Simply Red|
|2 November||Stars||Simply Red|
|9 November||Greatest Hits II||Queen|
|16 November||Shepherd Moons||Enya|
|23 November||We Can't Dance||Genesis|
|30 November||Dangerous||Michael Jackson|
|7 December||Greatest Hits II||Queen|
- Roy Douglas - Festivities and A Nowell Sequence for strings
- Michael Tippett - String Quartet No. 5
The 1991 BRIT Awards winners were:
- Best British producer: Chris Thomas
- Best classical recording: José Carreras, Plácido Domingo, Luciano Pavarotti – "In Concert"
- Best soundtrack: "Twin Peaks"
- British album: George Michael – "Listen Without Prejudice"
- British breakthrough act: Betty Boo
- British female solo artist: Lisa Stansfield
- British group: The Cure
- British male solo artist: Elton John
- British single: Depeche Mode "Enjoy the Silence"
- British video: The Beautiful South "A Little Time"
- International breakthrough act: MC Hammer
- International female: Sinéad O'Connor
- International group: INXS
- International male: Michael Hutchence
- Outstanding contribution: Status Quo
- 12 January – Pixie Lott, singer
- 17 February – Ed Sheeran, singer-songwriter
- 16 June – Joe McElderry, singer
- 30 July – Diana Vickers, singer
- 19 December – Declan Galbraith, singer
- 24 December – Louis Tomlinson, singer (One Direction)
- 21 February – Margot Fonteyn, ballerina, 71
- 9 March - Denise Tolkowsky, pianist and composer, 72
- 24 March - Maudie Edwards, actress and singer, 84
- 10 April - Martin Hannett (Martin Zero), record producer, 42 (heart failure)
- 20 April – Steve Marriott, singer, songwriter and guitarist (Small Faces and Humble Pie), 44 (killed in house fire)
- 8 June - John Vallier, pianist and composer, 70
- 14 June – Joy Finzi, founder of the Finzi Trust, 84
- 30 July - Max Jaffa, violinist and bandleader, 79
- 6 August - Max Rostal, Austrian-born violinist and viola player, 86
- 25 September – Sydney MacEwan, singer of traditional Scottish and Irish songs, 82
- 30 October - Darren Burn former 1970s child singer and actor, 30 (suicide)
- 14 November - Bryden Thomson, conductor, 63
- 24 November - Freddie Mercury, singer and songwriter, 45 (AIDS)
- 12 December - Ronnie Ross, jazz saxophonist, 58
- "The official UK charts company". Retrieved 2007-12-18.
- Moura Lympany (1991). Moura Lympany. Her Autobiography. Peter Owen. ISBN 0-7206-0824-4.
- "1991 Top 100 Singles". Music Week. London, England: Spotlight Publications: 20. 11 January 1992.
- "1991 Top 100 Albums". Music Week. London, England: Spotlight Publications: 21. 11 January 1992.
- Jones, Nicholas (2013). "Formal archetypes, revered masters and singing nightingales: Tippett's string quartets". In Gloag, Kenneth and Jones, Nicholas. The Cambridge Companion to Michael Tippett. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 206–28. ISBN 978-1-107-60613-5