1992 Summer Paralympics

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IX Paralympic Games
Barcelona 1992 Para.png
Host city Barcelona and Madrid, Spain
Motto Sport Without Limits
Spanish: Deporte Sin Límites
Catalan: Esport Sense Límits
Nations participating 82 (BCN)
75 (MAD)[1]
Athletes participating 3020 (BCN)
1600 (MAD)[1][2]
Events 487 in 15 sports (BCN)
68 in 5 sports (MAD)
Opening ceremony September 3 (BCN)
September 15 (MAD)
Closing ceremony September 14 (BCN)
September 22 (MAD)
Officially opened by Queen Sofía of Spain
Paralympic Torch Antonio Rebollo (BCN)
Coral Bistuer (MAD)
Paralympic Stadium Estadi Olímpic de Montjuïc (BCN)
Palacio de Deportes de la Comunidad de Madrid (MAD)
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The 1992 Summer Paralympics (Spanish: Juegos Paralímpicos de Verano de 1992; Catalan: Jocs Paralímpics d'estiu de 1992) were the ninth Paralympic Games to be held. They were held in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. In addition, the 1992 Paralympic Games for Persons with mental handicap were held immediately after the regular Paralympics in the Spanish capital, Madrid.[2]


The games consisted of 560 events spread over fifteen sports. Powerlifting and weightlifting were considered to be a single sport. Wheelchair tennis, a demonstration sport at the 1988 Summer Paralympics, was contested as an official medal sport for the first time.[1]

Medal count[edit]

A total of 1710 medals were awarded during the 1992 games: 555 gold, 557 silver, and 594 bronze. The United States topped the medal count with more gold medals, more silver medals, and more medals overall than any other nation. Germany took the most bronze medals, with 59.[3] The Madrid medals are counted too and added in the table[2] In the table below, the ranking sorts by the number of gold medals earned by a nation (in this context a nation is an entity represented by a National Paralympic Committee).

      Host country (Spain)

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 75 52 48 175
2  Germany (GER) 61 51 59 171
3  Great Britain (GBR) 42 51 45 139
4  Spain (ESP) 39 32 49 120
5  Australia (AUS) 37 37 36 108
6  France (FRA) 36 36 35 107
7  Canada (CAN) 29 23 29 83
8  Unified Team (EUN) 19 15 16 50
9  Sweden (SWE) 16 33 19 68
10  China (CHN) 16 8 7 30

Participating delegations[edit]

One hundred three delegations participated at the 1992 Summer Paralympics.

South Africa returned to the Paralympics for the first time since being declared "undesirable" due to its policy of apartheid in 1980.[4][5] Twenty-one countries did not send a delegation to Barcelona,but sent one to Madrid; they were: Aruba, Bolivia, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, El Salvador, Fiji, Ghana, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Lebanon, Malta, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Philippines, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Suriname and Zimbabwe.[2]

Paralympic Games for Persons with mental handicap[edit]

The first Paralympic Games for Persons with mental handicap were held immediately after the regular Paralympic games in the Spanish capital of Madrid from September 15–22. Over 1,400 athletes from 74 nations participated in the competition, which was sponsored by the Association Nacional Prestura de Servicio (ANDE) and sanctioned by the International Coordinating Committee of World Sport Organizations for the Disabled and the International Association of Sport for the Mentally Handicapped. The games featured a cultural exchange group, a group of intellectually disabled men from Nagasaki who played taiko (traditional drums) during the opening and closing ceremonies and selected track events.[2][6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Barcelona 1992 - General Information". International Paralympic Committee. 2008. Retrieved 2011-07-12. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Madrid 1992 – the Paralympic Games that time forgot!". Paralympicanorak.wordpress.com. June 25, 2012. Retrieved October 13, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Medal Standings - Barcelona 1992 Paralympic Games". International Paralympic Committee. 2008. Retrieved 2011-07-12. 
  4. ^ "'The Netherlands against Apartheid' - 1970s", International Institute of Social History
  5. ^ South Africa at the Paralympics, International Paralympic Committee
  6. ^ DePauw, Karen P; Rich, Sarah (Winter 1993). "1992 Ad". Palaestra. Retrieved 11 February 2012.