1992 Yugoslav People's Army column incident in Tuzla

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1992 Yugoslav People's Army column incident in Tuzla
Part of the Bosnian War
Date 15 May 1992
Location Tuzla, Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Result Column attacked/ambushed, massacred
Belligerents

Territorial Defense Force of Bosnia

Federal Police

Yugoslav People's Army

Commanders and leaders
Niko Juric
Ilija Jurišić
Lt. Colonel Mile Dubajić
Strength
+3,000 ~600 Soldiers
~200 Vehicles
Casualties and losses
Unknown, at least one wounded according to the Bosnians.[1] 92 killed, 33 wounded, numerous vehicles damaged and/or destroyed

The 1992 Yugoslav People's Army column incident in Tuzla was an attack on the 92nd Motorized Brigade of the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) in the Bosnian city of Tuzla on 15 May 1992. The incident occurred at the road junction of Brčanska Malta. At least 50 members of the JNA were killed and 44 wounded during the attacks.[2]

An ethnic Croat[3] Bosnian officer, Ilija Jurišić, was convicted by a Serbian court of improper battlefield conduct in the second trial, after the first one was overturned.[4][5] As of April 2015, his conviction is being appealed.

Background[edit]

When the Bosnian War broke out in April 1992, there were four types of federal and Serb armed forces in Bosnia and Herzegovina. These were; the Yugoslav people's Army (JNA), volunteer units raised by the JNA, Bosnian Serb Territorial Defense (TO) detachments, and Bosnian Serb Ministry of Internal Affairs Police (MUP).[6] With the withdrawal of the JNA from Slovenia and much of Croatia, by early April 1992 the JNA in western Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina had around 100,000–110,000 troops, equipped with about 500 tanks, 400 medium artillery pieces, 48 multiple rocket launchers, and 350 120 mm mortars. In addition, the JNA had 120 fighter-bombers, 40 light helicopters and 30 transport helicopters. The Bosnian Serb MUP totalled about 15,000, including active, special and reserve police.[7]

From March 1991, the leaders of Muslim-based Party of Democratic Action (SDA) had been developing an armed force called the "Patriotic League of People's" or Patriotic League, and despite an arms embargo, weapons began to be issued in August 1991. By April 1992, the Patriotic League numbered around 40,000 troops, in nine regional commands, one of which was reportedly headquartered in Tuzla.[7]

When the war broke out, the Bosnia and Herzegovina TO was mobilised, but the JNA refused to return its weaponry, which it had confiscated in 1990. Bosnian Muslims and Bosnian Croats had already left the JNA.[8] The priority for the JNA was the security of its bases, as this had proven to be a vulnerability during the Battle of the Barracks during the Croatian War of Independence.[9]

At the beginning of April, a number of towns in north-eastern Bosnia fell in quick succession to a combination of JNA, Serb volunteer and Bosnian Serb forces. These included Bijeljina,[10] Zvornik,[11] Višegrad,[12] and Foča.[13] The capture of each town was followed up by massacres and ethnic cleansing of the towns' Bosnian Muslim inhabitants.[14]

On 15 April, Bosnian MUP and TO seized the arms, ammunition and equipment of the Tuzla Regional TO in the towns of Srebrenik, Lukavac and in Tuzla itself.[15] By the end of the month, the Bosnian Government had re-organised the Bosnia and Herzegovina TO, incorporating the troops of the Patriotic League. In total, the new force had around 100,000 men, but only about 40,000–50,000 small arms and virtually no heavy weapons.[16]

Attack[edit]

On 15 May 1992, the JNA withdrew from its Tuzla barracks in a column of vehicles. After an attempt to leave at 14:00, the convoy was stopped at a checkpoint by elements of the Bosnia and Herzegovina TO, and was sent back to the barracks. The column left the barracks again at 19:00, heading north-east towards Bijeljina via the Brčko road. The lead vehicle contain the commander of the JNA garrison, Lieutenant Colonel Mile Dubajić, and his vehicle was followed by one containing members of the Bosnia and Herzegovina TO. When the convoy reached the intersection with the road leading east to Simin Han, it came under small arms fire from members of the Bosnia and Herzegovina TO.

Casualties[edit]

According to an indictment issued by the Office of the War Crimes Prosecutor of the Republic of Serbia in the District Court of Belgrade War Crimes Chamber on 9 November 2007, at least 92 members of the JNA were killed in the attack on the convoy, a further 33 were wounded, and a number of military vehicles, including ambulances, were also destroyed. The names of those allegedly killed and wounded in the attack are listed in the indictment.[17]

Later inquiries & trials[edit]

Years later, the Serbian War Crimes Prosecutor's Office indicted former head of Tuzla public security, Ilija Jurišić, on suspicion that he committed a war crime by allegedly ordering the attack. The case was dismissed before Bosnian courts.[18] He was arrested at the Belgrade Airport in May 2007 and was found guilty of improper battlefield conduct in 2009 and sentenced to 12 years in prison.[2] In October 2010, an appeals court later overturned the sentence.[4] The Belgrade Appeals Court ordered a re-trial and released him from detention.[4]

Tuzla citizens have continued to express their support for Ilija Jurišić.[19] Subsequently, Jurišić was welcomed by a large crowd upon his return to Tuzla on 11 October 2010 after his sentence was overturned.[20] The re-trial was held and he was sentenced again to 12 years in prison.[5] On 2 April 2015, an appeal commenced against the result of the re-trial.[21]

Commemorations[edit]

The city of Tuzla celebrates 15 May as "City Liberation Day".

When interviewed in May, 2002, former Tuzla mayor Selim Beslagic stated about the holiday “No one is forced to celebrate May 15; I will celebrate on my own if necessary, because I stayed alive and because I helped that many people stay alive."

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Reporter, Hell In Brckanska Malta, by Slobodan DURMANOVIC, May 21, 2002". Ex-yupress.com. Retrieved 2015-05-13. 
  2. ^ a b "Serbia jails Bosnian Croat for 1992 war crimes". Reuters. 28 September 2009. 
  3. ^ "Jutarnji list - Nakon tri i pol godine iz beogradskog zatvora pušten bosanski Hrvat Ilija Jurišić" (in Croatian). Jutarnji.hr. Retrieved 2015-05-13. 
  4. ^ a b c Gec, Jovana (12 October 2010). "Sentence for ex-Bosnian officer overturned". Associated Press. 
  5. ^ a b "Opet 12 godina za tuzlansku kolonu (Again 12 Years for Tuzla Column)". b92.net. B92. 2 December 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2013. 
  6. ^ CIA 2002, p. 129.
  7. ^ a b CIA 2002, p. 130.
  8. ^ CIA 2002, p. 135.
  9. ^ CIA 2002, pp. 136–137.
  10. ^ CIA 2002, pp. 135–136.
  11. ^ CIA 2002, pp. 137–138.
  12. ^ CIA 2002, p. 138.
  13. ^ CIA 2002, pp. 138–139.
  14. ^ CIA 2002, pp. 135–139.
  15. ^ CIA 2002, p. 165.
  16. ^ CIA 2002, p. 143.
  17. ^ Ilija Jurišić Indictment.
  18. ^ "Barašin: "Predmeti 'Tuzlanska kolona' i 'Bradina' i dalje aktivni"". 24 Sata. Retrieved 2015-05-13. 
  19. ^ "Protest in Support of Ilija Jurisic". Balkan Investigative Reporting Network. 19 October 2009. Archived from the original on 18 February 2012. Retrieved 2015-05-13. 
  20. ^ "Jurisic given hero's welcome in BiH". SETimes. 12 October 2010. Retrieved 2015-05-13. 
  21. ^ "Ilija Jurišić u Beogradu, odbrana traži oslobađanje" [In Belgrade, the defence seeks the release of Jurišić]. E-novine.com. 2 April 2015. Retrieved 2015-05-13. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]