1993 in paleontology

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List of years in paleontology
In science
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996

Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1993.

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named pseudosuchians[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images
Shuvosaurus[2] Valid taxon

Late Triassic (mid Norian)

Cooper Canyon Formation

 United States

A shuvosaurid.

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[3]

Name Status Authors Location Notes Images
Anasazisaurus[4] Valid taxon
  • Hunt
  • S. G. Lucas
 United States ( New Mexico)
Mononykus was originally spelled "Mononychus."
Utahraptor with a human to scale.
Argentinosaurus[5] Valid taxon  Argentina
"Elvisaurus" nomen nudum later named Cryolophosaurus
  • Holmes
Eoraptor[6] Valid taxon
  • Rogers
  • Monetta
 Argentina
Iuticosaurus[7] Valid taxon
  • Le Loeuff
Klamelisaurus[8] Valid taxon
  • Zhao X.
 China
Malawisaurus[9] Valid taxon
  • Jacobs
  • Winkler
  • W. R. Downs
  • Gomani,
 Malawi
"Mononychus"[10] Preoccupied name, later respelled Mononykus
Mononykus Valid taxon  Mongolia
Naashoibitosaurus[4] Valid taxon
  • Hunt
  • S. G. Lucas,
 United States ( New Mexico)
Pararhabdodon[11] Valid taxon
  • Casanovas-Cladellas
  • Santafé-Llopis
  • Isidro-Llorens
 Spain
Tianchisaurus[12] Valid taxon  China
Tsagantegia[13] Valid taxon
  • Tumanova
 Mongolia
Utahraptor[14] Valid taxon
  • Gaston
 United States ( Utah)

Newly named birds[edit]

Name Status Novelty Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Archaeopteryx bavarica[15]

Valid ?

Sp. nov.

Peter Wellnhofer

Late Jura

Portlandian,

Solnhofer Plattenkalk

 Germany:

 Bavaria

An Archaopterygidae, the 7th Archaeopteryx specimen (Solnhofer Aktien-Verein specimen). Often seen as synonymous with Archaeopteryx lithographica von Meyer, 1861.

Chaoyangia beishanensis[16]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Hou Lianhai

Zhang Jiangyong

Early Cretaceous

Valanginian,

Jiufotang Formation

 China

An Ornithurae, Chaoyangiiformes Hou, 1997, Chaoyangiidae Hou, 1997.[17]

Corvus fangshannus[18]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Hou Lianhai

Pleistocene

Cave deposits

 China

A Corvidae.

Coturnix gomerae[19]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Damià Jaume

Miguel McMinn

Josep A. Alcover

Late Pleistocene

Cave deposits

 Spain:

 Canary Islands

A Phasianidae.

Coua berthae[20]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Steven M. Goodman

Florent Ravoavy

Holocene

Cave deposits

 Madagascar

A Cuculidae.

Enantiornis martini[21]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Lev A. Nessov

Andrei V. Panteleyev

Late Cretaceous

Coniacian,

Bissekty Formation

 Uzbekistan

An Enantiornithidae, transferred to the New genus Incolornis Panteleyev, 1998 by Panteleyev, 1998[22]

Enantiornis walkeri[21]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Lev A. Nessov

Andrei V. Panteleyev

Late Cretaceous

Coniacian,

Bissekty Formation

 Uzbekistan

An Enantiornithidae, transferred to the New genus Explorornis Panteleyev, 1998 by Panteleyev[22]

Gallus moldovicus[23]

1993, In press.

Sp. nov.

Nikolay I. Burchak-Abramovich

I. M. Ganea

K. I. Shushpanov

Late Pliocene

Tchichmiknoia

 Moldova

Phasianidae, I have not seen the paper, but it is mentioned in the Sape Newsletter, 1993[24] and in Mlíkovský, 2002. .

Hesperornis rossicus[25]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Lev A. Nessov

A. A. Yarkov

Late Cretaceous

Late Campanian

 Kazakhstan

A Hesperornithiformes Fürbringer, 1888, Hesperornithidae Marsh, 1872.

Lectavis bretincola[26]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Luis M. Chiappe

Late Cretaceous

Maastrichtian,

Lecho Formation

 Argentina

An Enantiornithes Walker, 1981, this is the type species of the new genus.

Murunkus subitus[27]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Andrei V. Panteleyev

Lev A. Nessov

Middle Eocene

Central Kizylkum Desert

 Uzbekistan

A Diomedeidae

Orthonyx kaldowinyeri[28]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Walter E. Boles

Middle-Late Miocene

Riversleigh

 Australia:

 Queensland

An Orthonychidae.

Orthonyx wakefieldi[29]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Robert F. Baird

Late Pleistocene

Cave deposits

 Australia:

 Victoria

An Orthonychidae.

Pengana robertbolesi[30]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Walter E. Boles

Late Oligocene-Early Miocene

Sticky Beak Local Fauna

 Australia:

 Queensland

An Accipitridae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Proornis coreae[31]

Nomen Nudum

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Lin ?

Early Cretaceous

?Barremian

 North Korea

An possible Confuciusornithidae, the famous "Archaopteryx of Korea", there is not a valid description of this specimen, so the name is a Nomen Nudum.

Pycnoptilus fordi[29]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Robert F. Baird

Late Pleistocene

Cave deposits

 Australia:

 Victoria

An Acanthizidae.

Soroavisaurus australis[26]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Luis M. Chiappe

Late Cretaceous

Maastrichtian,

Lecho Formation

 Argentina

An Enantiornithes Walker, 1981, Avisauridae Brett-Surman et Paul, 1985,[32] this is the type species of the new genus.

Tyto jinniushanensis[33]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Hou LianHai

Pleistocene

Cave deposits

 China

A Tytonidae.

Yungavolucris brevipedalis[26]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Luis M. Chiappe

Late Cretaceous

Maastrichtian,

Lecho Formation

 Argentina

An Enantiornithes Walker, 1981, this is the type species of the new genus.

Newly described Plesiosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes

Attenborosaurus[34]

Valid

Bakker

Early Jurassic (Hettangian-Sinemurian)

Blue Lias

 United Kingdom

A plesiosaurid.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Chatterjee, S. 1993. Shuvosaurus a new theropod. Nat Geogr. Res. Exploration 9 (3): pp. 274-285.
  3. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  4. ^ a b Hunt, A.P. and S.G. Lucas. 1993. Cretaceous vertebrates of New Mexico. In: Vertebrate Paleontology in New Mexico (A.P. Hunt and S.G. Lucas, eds.). New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin 2: pp. 77-91.
  5. ^ Bonaparte, J.F. and R.A. Coria. 1993. Un nuevo y gigantesco sauropodo titanosaurio de la Formacion Rio Limay (Albiano- Cenomaniano) de la Provincia de Neuquen, Argentina. Ameghiniana 30 (3): pp. 271-282.
  6. ^ Sereno, P.C., C.A. Forster, R.R. Rogers, and A.M. Monetta. 1993. Primitive dinosaur skeleton from Argentina and the early evolution of Dinosauria. Nature 361: pp. 64-66.
  7. ^ Le Loeuff, J. 1993. European titanosaurids. Revue de Paléobiologie, Mém. Sp. 7: pp. 105 - 117.
  8. ^ Zhao, X. 1993. A new Middle Jurassic sauropod subfamily (Klamelisaurinae subfam.nov.) from Xinjiang Autonomous Region. China Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Academia Sinica Vertebrata PalAsiatica 31 (2 – April 2, 1993): pp. 132-138.
  9. ^ Jacobs, L. D. Winkler, and E. Gomani. 1993. New material of an Early Cretaceous titanosaurid dinosaur from Malawi. Paleontology 36 (3): pp. 523-534.
  10. ^ Perle A.; Norell M.A.; Chiappe L.M.; Clark J.M. (1993). "Flightless bird from the Cretaceous of Mongolia". Nature. 362: 632–626. 
  11. ^ Casanovas-Cladellas, M.L., J.V. Santafe-Llopis, and A. Isidro-Llorens. 1993. Pararhabdodon isonense n. gen. n. sp. (Dinosauria) Estudio morfologico, radio-tomografico y consideraciones biomecanicas. Paleontologia I Evolucio, tomo 26- 27: pp. 121-131.
  12. ^ Dong, Z. 1993. An ankylosaur (Ornithischian dinosaur) from the Middle Jurassic of the Juanggar Basin, China. Vertebrata PalAsiatica [no volume number available]: pp. 257-266.
  13. ^ Tumanova, T.A. 1993. On a new armoured dinosaur from Southeastern Gobi. Paleontologischeskii Zhurnal (1993) 2: pp. 92-98 (Paleontological Journal 27 (2): pp. 119-125).
  14. ^ Kirkland, J.I., D. Burge, and R. Gaston. 1993. A large dromaeosaur (Theropoda) from the Lower Cretcaeous of eastern Utah. Hunteria 2 (10): pp. 1-16.
  15. ^ Peter Wellnhofer (1993). "Das Siebte Exemplar von Archaeopteryx aus den Solnhofer Schichten". Archaeopteryx. 11: 1–48. 
  16. ^ Lianhai Hou; Jiangyong Zhang (1993). "A New Fossil Bird from Lower Cretaceous of Liaoning" (PDF). Vertebrata PalAsiatica. 31 (3): 217–224. 
  17. ^ Lianhai Hou (1997). "Mesozoic Birds of China" (PDF). Natou, Taiwan: Taiwan Feng Huang Gu Bird Garden, English Translation: 1–153. 
  18. ^ Hou Lianhai (1993). "Avian Fossils of Pleistocene from Zhoukoudian". Memoirs of the Institute of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Palaeoanthropology. Academia Sinica. Science Press, Beijing. 19: 165–297. 
  19. ^ Damià Jaume; Miguel McMinn; Josep A. Alcover (1993). "The Fossil Birds from the Bujero del Silo, La Gomera (Canary Islands) with a Description of a New Species of Quail (Galliformes, Phasianidae)" (PDF). Boletim do Museo Municipal Funchal, suplemento. 2: 147–165. 
  20. ^ Steven M. Goodman; Florent Ravoavy (1993). "Identification of Bird Subfossils from Cave surface Deposits at Ahjohibe, Madagascar, With a Description of a New Giant Coua (Cuculidae: Couinae)". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 106 (1): 24–33. 
  21. ^ a b Lev A. Nessov; Andrei V. Panteleyev (1993). "About Similarities of the Late Cretaceous Ornithofauna of South America and Western Asia". Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta, Akademiya Nauk SSSR. 252: 84–94. 
  22. ^ a b Andrei V. Panteleyev (1998). "New Species of Enantiornithines (Aves: Enantiornithes) from Upper Cretaceous of Central Kyzylkum". Russian Journal of Ornithology, Express-issue. 35: 3–15. 
  23. ^ Nikolay I. Burchak-Abramovich, I. M. Ganea et K. I. Shushpanov (1993). "[New Gallus species from Upper Pliocene in Moldova.]". Buletinul Academiei de Şţiince a Republicii Moldova 265 (=Şţiince Biologice şi Chimice 4): 45–48; 77. 
  24. ^ Cécile Mourer-Chauviré (1993). "INFORMATION LETTER". SOCIETY OF AVIAN PALEONTOLOGY AND EVOLUTION. 7. 
  25. ^ Lev A. Nessov; A. A. Yarkov (1993). "Hesperornithiformes in Russia". Russian Journal of Ornithology. 2: 37–54. 
  26. ^ a b c Luis M. Chiappe (1993). "Enantiotnithine (Aves) Tarsometatarsi from the Cretaceous Lecho Formation of Northwestern Argentina" (PDF). American Museum Novitates. 3083: 1–27. 
  27. ^ Andrei V. Panteleyev; Lev A. Nessov (1993). "A Small Tubunare (Aves: Procellariiformes) from the Eoceen of Middle Asia". Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta, Akademiya Nauk SSSR. 252: 95–103. 
  28. ^ Walter E. Boles (1993). "A Logrunner Orthonyx (Passeriformes: Orthonychidae) from the Miocene of Riversleigh, Northwestern Queensland" (PDF). Emu. 93 (1): 44–49. doi:10.1071/mu9930044. 
  29. ^ a b Robert F. Baird (1993). "Pleistocene Avian Fossils from Pyramids Cave (M-89), Eastern Victoria, Australia". Alcheringa. 17 (4): 383–404. doi:10.1080/03115519308619600. 
  30. ^ Walter E. Boles (1993). "Pengana robertbolesi, a Peculiar Bird of Prey from the Tertiary of Riversleigh, Northwestern Queensland, Australia". Alcheringa. 17 (1): 19–25. doi:10.1080/03115519308619485. 
  31. ^ Sop & Lim Yong Nam (1996). "Section 5. Mesozoic Era". in: Paek Ryong Jun & Kang Hyong Gap, 1996: Geology of Korea Institute of Geology, State Academy of Sciences, DPR of Korea, Foreign Languages Books Publishing House: 155–188, 584–599. 
  32. ^ Michael K. Brett-Surman; Gregory S. Paul (1985). "A New Family of Bird-Like Dinosaurs Linking Laurasia and Gondwanaland" (PDF). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 5 (2): 133–138. doi:10.1080/02724634.1985.10011851. 
  33. ^ LianHai Hou (1993). "Avian Fossils on the Jinniushan Paleolithic Site" (PDF). Memoirs of the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Palaeoanthropology. 19: 39–40 + 153–159. 
  34. ^ Bakker, R. T., 1993, Plesiosaur Extinction Cycles – events that mark the beginning, middle and end of the Cretaceous: In: Evolution of the Western Interior Basin: Geological Association of Canada, edited by Caldwell, W. G. E., and Kauffman, E. G., Special Paper 39, p. 641-664.