1993 in the United Kingdom
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|1993 in the United Kingdom:|
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Events from the year 1993 in the United Kingdom.
- 1 January
- 5 January – Oil tanker MV Braer runs aground on Shetland, spilling 84,700 tonnes of crude oil into the sea.
- 8 January – Ford unveils its new Mondeo, a range of large hatchbacks, saloons and estates which will reach showrooms on 22 March as replacement for the long-running Sierra.
- 10 January
- British newspapers carry reports that The Princess of Wales wants a divorce from The Prince of Wales, despite the announcement of their separation (issued the previous month) stating that there were no plans for a divorce.
- Braer Storm at peak intensity across the British Isles, breaking up the wrecked tanker Braer.
- 11 January – British Airways admits liability and apologises "unreservedly" for a "dirty tricks" campaign against Virgin Atlantic.
- 13 January – Wayne Edwards, a 26-year-old Lance Corporal, becomes the first British fatality in the conflict in Bosnia, former Yugoslavia.
- 17 January – Bookmakers cut their odds on the monarchy being abolished by the year 2000 from 100 to 1 to 50 to 1.
- 21 January – Unemployment has increased for the 31st month running, but is still just short of the 3,000,000 total that was last seen nearly six years ago. Economists warn that it could hit a new high of more than 3,500,000 by the end of this year. However, the Conservatives have still managed to cut Labour's lead in the opinion polls from 13 points to eight points, according to the latest MORI poll.
- 26 January – The Bank of England lowers interest rates to 6% – the lowest since 1978.
- 1 February – Economists warn that unemployment could reach a new high of 3,400,000 this year.
- 12 February - Murder of James Bulger: A 2-year-old is murdered by two ten-year-old boys on Merseyside.
- 14 February – Unemployment is reported to be increasing quicker in Tory seats than in Labour ones.
- 15 February – The number of unfit homes in Britain is reported to have increased from 900,000 to more than 1,300,000 between 1986 and 1991.
- 17 February – Shadow chancellor Gordon Brown claims that a Labour government could reduce taxation – a dramatic turn for a party known for high taxation.
- 18 February – Unemployment has reached 3,000,000 (and a rate of 10.6%) for the first time in six years.
- 19 February – Judith Chaplin, Conservative MP for Newbury in Berkshire, dies suddenly at the age of 53 after less than a year in parliament.
- 20 February – Economists are now warning that unemployment could rise as high at 3,500,000 within the next year.
- 25 February – A MORI poll shows that 80% of Britons are dissatisfied with the way that John Major is running the country, and nearly 50% believe that the economy will get worse during this year.
- 25–26 February – Warrington bomb attacks: Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) bombs are planted and explode at gas holders in Warrington, Cheshire.
- 16 March – Chancellor Norman Lamont unveils a budget plan which is centred on economic recovery, together with phased introduction of Value Added Tax on domestic fuel bills (8% for 1994). This will be the last Spring budget.
- 19 March – Unemployment has fallen for the first time since May 1990, now standing at 2,970,000, sparking hopes that the recession is nearly over.
- 20 March – Warrington bomb attacks: IRA bombs in the town centre of Warrington claim the life of 3-year-old Jonathan Ball and injure more than 50 other people. On 25 March the blasts claim a second fatality when 12-year-old Timothy Parry dies in hospital from his injuries.
- April – Staples, an American office superstore chain, opens its first store in Britain in Swansea.
- 2 April – Vauxhall launches its all-new Corsa supermini, replacement for the Nova, which like its predecessor is built at the Zaragoza plant in Spain.
- 3 April – A false start forces the Grand National to be cancelled.
- 5 April – Child Support Agency begins operation.
- 22 April – Black London teenager Stephen Lawrence is stabbed to death at Eltham in south London while waiting for a bus.
- 24 April – Bishopsgate bombing. A massive IRA truck bomb explodes at Bishopsgate in the City of London. The blast destroys the medieval St Ethelburga's church, and badly damages the NatWest Tower and Liverpool Street tube station. A newspaper photographer is killed.
- 26 April – Government declares official end of the recession after revealing that the economy grew by 0.6% in the first three months of this year. The recession began nearly three years ago and lasted much longer than most economists expected.
- 29 April – The Queen announces that Buckingham Palace will open to the public for the first time.
- 7 May
- 13 May – Robert Adley, Conservative MP for Christchurch in Dorset, dies from a heart attack aged 58.
- 14 May – The economic recovery continues as business failures are reported to have fallen for the second quarter running.
- 20 May – The latest MORI poll shows that the Conservative government has yet to benefit from bringing the economy out of recession, as they trail Labour (who have 44% of the vote) by 16 points.
- 22 May – Inflation reaches a 29-year low of 1.3%.
- 27 May – Kenneth Clarke succeeds Norman Lamont as Chancellor of the Exchequer.
- Sunday newspaper The Observer is acquired by Guardian Media Group.
- 17 June – Unemployment now stands at less than 2,900,000 after the fourth successive monthly fall.
- 20 June – A high speed train makes the first journey from France to England via the Channel Tunnel, which will open to the public next year.
- 21 June – Andrew Wiles announces a proof to Fermat's Last Theorem at the Isaac Newton Institute. The proof is slightly flawed, but Wiles announces a revised proof the following year.
- 24 June
- Northern Ireland Minister Michael Mates resigns over links with fugitive tycoon Asil Nadir.
- Despite the recent end of the recession, support for the Conservative government has failed to recover, with the latest MORI poll showing that Labour has an 18-point lead over them with 46% of the vote.
- 30 June – Michael Hunt, former deputy chairman of Nissan UK, is jailed for eight years for his involvement in Britain's worst case of tax fraud.
- July – The public sector trade union UNISON is formed by merger of the National and Local Government Officers Association (NALGO), the National Union of Public Employees (NUPE) and the Confederation of Health Service Employees (COHSE).
- 16 July – MI5 publishes a booklet, The Security Service, revealing publicly for the first time its activities, operations and duties, as well as the identity and photographs of Stella Rimington as Director General.
- 22 July – Government almost defeated by "Maastricht Rebels", however a vote of no confidence does not succeed.
- 29 July – Conservative Party loses the Christchurch by-election to the Liberal Democrats – a seat they have held since 1910. New MP Diana Maddock gains more than 60% of the vote – twice as many as the Conservative candidate Robert Hayward. This sees the Conservative parliamentary majority fall to 17 seats.
- 4 August – Labour Party leader John Smith opens Millwall F.C.'s New Den stadium in Bermondsey, London, which cost £16million to build and is the largest new football stadium to be built in England since before World War II.
- 11 August – The Department of Health reveals that the number of people on hospital waiting lists has reached 1,000,000 for the first time.
- 1 September - Murder of Georgina Robinson, an occupational therapist in the Edith Morgan Centre, Torbay.
- 3 September – The UK Independence Party, which supports breakaway from the European Union, is formed by members of the Anti-Federalist League, which itself was formed two years earlier by opponents of Britain's involvement in the Maastricht Treaty.
- 16 September – Unemployment has risen for the second month running, now standing at 2,922,100 (10.4% of the workforce), sparking fears that the economic recovery could be stalling and the economy could soon slide back into recession just months after coming out of it.
- 17 September – The British National Party wins its first council seat, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets.
- 19 September – Production of the Ford Orion compact saloon ends.
- 30 September – The Queen approves an honorary knighthood for General Colin Powell, who retired yesterday as chief of American armed forces.
- 1 October - QVC launches the first television shopping channel in the UK.
- 8 October – John Major launches his Back to Basics campaign.
- 16 October - Demonstration against the British National Party in Welling, where it has its headquarters.
- Unemployment falls this month by 49,000 – the biggest monthly fall since April 1989 – as the economic recovery continues.
- 1 November – Women's Royal Naval Service disbanded, its members being fully absorbed into the regular Royal Navy.
- 5 November – Civil servants stage a one-day strike.
- 9 November – Princess Diana sues the Daily Mirror over photographs that were taken of her at a gym.
- 17 November – The England national football team fails to qualify for the World Cup in America next summer, despite winning their final qualifying match 7–1 against San Marino. National manager Graham Taylor is expected to leave the job imminently. The Welsh national side also missed out on a place in the World Cup after Paul Bodin misses a penalty in a 2–1 defeat at home to Romania. At the Welsh game, a 67-year-old fan is killed by a rocket flare let off in the stands at Cardiff Arms Park.
- 18 November – M40 minibus crash: In the early hours of the morning, ten children and a woman teacher from Hagley RC High School in Worcestershire are killed in a minibus crash on the M40 motorway near Warwick. An eleventh child dies in hospital several hours later and a twelfth in hospital as a result of their injuries on the following day, leaving just two girls surviving.
- 24 November – Graham Taylor resigns as manager of the England football team after three years in charge.
- 25 November – TV entertainer Roy Castle, 61, announces that he is suffering from a recurrence of the lung cancer which he was believed to have overcome one year ago.
- 29 November – The Conservative government comes under a vitriolic attack in the House of Commons over allegations that it has secret contacts with the Provisional Irish Republican Army.
- 3 December – Diana, Princess of Wales, announces her withdrawal from public life.
- 9 December – Despite the steady economic recovery, the Conservative government is now 18 points behind Labour (who have 47% of the vote) in the latest MORI poll. The Liberal Democrats have also eaten into their support and now have 20% of the vote.
- 10 December – Richard J. Roberts wins the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine jointly with Phillip Allen Sharp "for their discoveries of split genes".
- 14 December – Yasser Arafat, Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization, makes his first official visit to Britain.
- 15 December – The Downing Street Declaration signed between the UK and Irish governments on the future of Northern Ireland.
- 25 December – The Queen speaks of her hopes for peace in Northern Ireland in her Christmas Day speech.
- 29 December – The Provisional IRA vows to fight on against the British presence in Northern Ireland.
- Completion of Thames Water Ring Main beneath London (80 km).
- New car sales enjoy an increase this year for the first time since 1989. The Ford Escort is Britain's best selling car for the second year running, while the new Ford Mondeo and Vauxhall Corsa enjoy strong sales in their first year on the British market.
- With the economy growing for the first time since spring 1990, inflation is at a 33-year low of 1.6%.
- Simon Armitage's poetry collection Book of Matches.
- Iain Banks' novel Complicity.
- Iain M. Banks' novel Against a Dark Background.
- Pat Barker's novel The Eye in the Door.
- Louis de Bernières' novel Captain Corelli's Mandolin.
- Terry Deary's The Terrible Tudors, first in the Horrible Histories series.
- Sebastian Faulks' novel Birdsong.
- John McCarthy and Jill Morrell's account of his more than five years as a hostage in Lebanon Some Other Rainbow.
- Terry Pratchett's Discworld novel Men at Arms and his Johnny Maxwell novel Johnny and the Dead.
- Irvine Welsh's novel Trainspotting.
- 12 January – Zayn Malik, pop singer-songwriter, former member of One Direction
- 13 January – Max Whitlock, gymnast
- 10 February - Greg Kaziboni, Zimbabwe-born footballer
- 25 June – Barney Clark, actor
- 4 July – Tom Barkhuizen, footballer
- 29 August – Liam Payne, pop singer-songwriter, member of One Direction
- 13 September – Niall Horan, Irish-born pop guitarist, member of One Direction
- 17 January – Albert Hourani, historian (born 1915)
- 20 January – Audrey Hepburn, actress (born 1929)
- 18 February – Jacqueline Hill, actress (born 1929)
- 24 February – Bobby Moore, footballer (born 1941)
- 3 March – Tony Bland, man injured at Hillsborough disaster in 1989 who was allowed to die after a landmark legal challenge by his family (born 1970)
- 9 March – C. Northcote Parkinson, historian (born 1909)
- 17 March – Charlotte Hughes, longest-lived person ever documented in the United Kingdom (born 1877)
- 15 April – Robert Westall, author (born 1929)
- 18 April – Dame Elisabeth Frink, sculptor (born 1930)
- 30 April – Tommy Caton, footballer (born 1962)
- 30 May – Mel Rees, footballer (born 1968)
- 10 June – Les Dawson, comedian (born 1931)
- 11 June – Bernard Bresslaw, actor (born 1934)
- 19 June – William Golding, writer, Nobel Prize laureate (born 1911)
- 20 August – Tony Barton, former footballer, football coach and football manager (born 1937)
- 5 October – Jim Holton, footballer (born 1951)
- 22 November – Anthony Burgess, author (born 1917)
- 28 November – Kenneth Connor, actor (born 1918)
- 9 December – Danny Blanchflower, former footballer, football manager and writer (born 1926)
- "Teletext". The Teletext Museum. Retrieved 2013-01-10.
- "Oil tanker runs aground off Shetland". BBC News. 1993-01-05. Retrieved 2008-02-13.
- "BA dirty tricks against Virgin cost £3m". BBC News. 11 January 1993. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-13.
- "Operations in the Balkans: British Fatalities". Ministry of Defence. 10 June 2006. Retrieved 2011-09-26.
- "Poll tracker: Interactive guide to the opinion polls". Election 2010. BBC. Retrieved 2013-03-20.
- "Child killed in Warrington bomb attack". BBC News. 20 March 1993. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-13.
- "Grand National ends in 'shambles'". BBC News. 3 April 1993. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-13.
- "IRA bomb devastates City of London". BBC News. 24 April 1993. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-13.
- "Recession over – it's official". BBC News. 26 April 1993. Retrieved 2013-03-20.
- "Queen to open Palace doors". BBC News. 29 April 1993. Archived from the original on 21 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-13.
- "Minister resigns over business links". BBC News. 24 June 1993. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-13.
- "Voting Intention in Great Britain: 1976–present". Ipsos MORI. 18 July 2012. Archived from the original on 21 February 2011. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
- "UNISON Family Tree" (PDF). unionancestors.co.uk. Retrieved 4 February 2011.
- "16 July 1993: Secret Service goes public". On This Day. BBC. 2008. Retrieved 2011-01-18.
- "How the Government's Majority Disappeared". Politics 97. BBC. 1997. Retrieved 2013-03-20.
- "Millwall History". Millwall Football Club. Retrieved 2013-03-20.
- "About Us". UK Independence Party. Retrieved 2013-03-20.
- "Shock as racist wins council seat". BBC News. 17 September 1993. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-13.
- Wintour, Patrick (9 October 1993). "Major goes back to the old values". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2007-09-26.
- Announced 18 November.
- Smyth, Rob (15 February 2012). "The forgotten story of … 17 November 1993". The Guardian. London.
- "Soccer fans jailed after rocket killed pensioner". The Independent. London. 27 May 1994.
- Boggan, Steve (19 November 1993). "The M40 Crash: Day trip to disaster for 11 young musicians". The Independent. London. Retrieved 2012-07-30.
- Boggan, Steve (20 November 1993). "13th pupil dies but crash cause still unknown". The Independent. London. Retrieved 2012-07-30.
- "Do I Not Like That". FrontlineFootball. 1994. Retrieved 2013-03-20.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1993". Retrieved 2008-02-13.
- "Anglo-Irish pact paves way for peace". BBC News. 15 December 1993. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-13.
- Institution of Civil Engineers (1994). "Thames Water Ring Main". Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers. London: Thomas Telford. 102 (special issue 2). ISBN 0-7277-2003-1.