1994–95 Australian region cyclone season

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1994–95 Australian region cyclone season
1994-1995 Australian cyclone season summary.jpg
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formed 12 December 1994
Last system dissipated 23 April 1995
Strongest storm
Name Chloe
 • Maximum winds 205 km/h (125 mph)
(10-minute sustained)
 • Lowest pressure 920 hPa (mbar)
Seasonal statistics
Tropical lows 19
Tropical cyclones 6
Severe tropical cyclones 6
Total fatalities 1
Total damage Unknown
Related articles
Australian region tropical cyclone seasons
1992–93, 1993–94, 1994–95, 1995–96, 1996–97

The 1994–95 Australian region cyclone season was a below average Australian cyclone season. It was also an event in the ongoing cycle of tropical cyclone formation. It ran from 1 November 1994 to 30 April 1995. The regional tropical cyclone operational plan also defines a tropical cyclone year separately from a tropical cyclone season, and the "tropical cyclone year" ran from 1 July 1994 to 30 June 1995.

Tropical cyclones in this area were monitored by four Tropical Cyclone Warning Centres (TCWCs): the Australian Bureau of Meteorology in Perth, Darwin, and Brisbane; and TCWC Port Moresby in Papua New Guinea.

Systems[edit]

Severe Tropical Cyclone Annette[edit]

Category 4 severe tropical cyclone (Australian scale)
Category 3 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Annette Dec 18 1994 0000Z.jpg Annette 1994 track.png
Duration 12 December – 20 December
Peak intensity 195 km/h (120 mph) (10-min)  925 hPa (mbar)

Annette formed on 12 December 1994. The storm moved southeastward while intensifying to a Category 4 cyclone. Annette made landfall at Mandora Station on 18 December. There was considerable damage to homes and crops and about 1,000 cattle were lost in the storm.[1]

Tropical Low Heida[edit]

Tropical low (Australian scale)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone south.svg Heida 1995 track.png
Duration 3 February – 4 February(Exited basin)
Peak intensity 55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min)  995 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Low Heida developed on 3 February and existed the basin on the next day.

Severe Tropical Cyclone Bobby[edit]

Category 4 severe tropical cyclone (Australian scale)
Category 3 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Bobby Feb 24 1995 0556Z.jpg Bobby 1995 track.png
Duration 19 February – 27 February
Peak intensity 195 km/h (120 mph) (10-min)  925 hPa (mbar)

Severe Tropical Cyclone Bobby, a Category 4 cyclone with estimated winds up to 270 km/hour near the centre, crossed the Western Australian Pilbara coast to the east of Onslow between midnight and 0100 on the 25 February 1995. Seven lives were lost when two fishing trawlers were sunk off the coast from Onslow. A bulk ore carrier also ran aground in the cyclone. There was very minor property damage reported from the Karratha area and approximately 20 houses in Onslow suffered superficial roofing damage. Cyclone Bobby also brought heavy rains and extensive flooding to the south of the Pilbara area, which damaged roads, bridges and crops and seriously affected mining production. A motorist was drowned inland from Carnarvon while attempting to cross a flooded creek.[2][3][4]

Severe Tropical Cyclone Violet[edit]

Category 3 severe tropical cyclone (Australian scale)
Category 1 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Violet Mar 5 1995 0600Z.jpg Violet 1995 track.png
Duration 2 March – 8 March
Peak intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (10-min)  960 hPa (mbar)

During the afternoon of 2 March a tropical low formed over the Coral Sea. The low moved south-westwards and proceeded to deepen, becoming a Category 1 Tropical Cyclone on 3 March, being named Violet. During the afternoon of 5 March, Violet turned south-eastwards and continued to intensify, up until its peak intensity of 150 km/h winds and a central pressure of 960 hPa as a Category 3 severe Tropical Cyclone. Violet then weakened slowly as it turned to a south-westwards direction during the evening of 6 March. During the next day, Violet began a transition into a deep extratropical low, with a central pressure of 980 hPa.[5]

The low made its closest approach to the coast on the 7 March, passing 50 km off the northern New South Wales coast. The low proceeded to do a loop towards the southeast before dissipating on the 8 March. The only report of damage from Violet was beach erosion at Lord Howe Island and around northern New South Wales.

Severe Tropical Cyclone Warren[edit]

Category 3 severe tropical cyclone (Australian scale)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone south.svg Warren 1995 track.png
Duration 4 March – 7 March
Peak intensity 140 km/h (85 mph) (10-min)  960 hPa (mbar)

On 4 March a tropical low had developed in the Gulf of Carpentaria. The low proceeded to move southwards and started to intensify, quickly becoming a category 1 tropical cyclone later the same day, being named Warren. Warren then turned in a south-western direction and proceeded to rapidly intensify, reaching category 1 hurricane strength on the 5 March just north of Mornington Island on the 5 March. Warren reached peak intensity with mean winds of 140 Kilometers per Hour and a central pressure of 960 hPa 6 hours later. Warren made landfall near the southern coast of the Gulf of Carpentaria and weakened rapidly as it moved inland, eventually dissipating near the Queensland-Northern Territory border on the 6 March.[6]

Severe Tropical Cyclone Chloe[edit]

Category 5 severe tropical cyclone (Australian scale)
Category 4 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Chloe Apr 7 1995 0507Z.jpg Chloe 1995 track.png
Duration 3 April – 9 April
Peak intensity 205 km/h (125 mph) (10-min)  920 hPa (mbar)

The third major cyclone to strike Australia in the season, Severe Tropical Cyclone Chloe reached a peak intensity of Category 5, before weakening slightly to Category 4 prior to making landfall in the uninhabited section of the coast of the Kimberley region of Western Australia on 7 April 1995. The storm dissipated well inland.[1]

Tropical Depression 20P[edit]

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone south.svg 
Duration 3 April – 4 April
Peak intensity 45 km/h (30 mph) (1-min)  1004 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Depression 20P existed from 3 April to 4 April.

Severe Tropical Cyclone Agnes[edit]

Category 4 severe tropical cyclone (Australian scale)
Category 3 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Agnes Apr 19 1995 0000Z.png Agnes 1995 track.png
Duration 16 April – 23 April
Peak intensity 165 km/h (100 mph) (10-min)  945 hPa (mbar)

During the evening of 16 April, a tropical low formed near Papua New Guinea in the Gulf of Papua. The low started intensifying rapidly, becoming a category 1 tropical cyclone early on 17 April, being named Agnes. Agnes then moved around erratically over the next few days, eventually reaching peak intensity as a Category 4 severe tropical cyclone, with wind gusts of 165 km/h and a central pressure of 945 hPa. Agnes proceeded to weaken, becoming a tropical low on the 22 April before dissipating late that day.

Season Effects[edit]

Name Dates active Peak classification Sustained
wind speeds
Pressure Areas affected Damages
(AUD)
Damages
(USD)
Deaths Refs
Annette 12 – 20 December Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 195 km/h (120 mph) 925 hPa (27.31 inHg) Western Australia Minor Minor None
Heida 3 – 4 February Tropical Low 55 km/h (35 mph) 995 hPa (29.38 inHg) None None None None
Bobby 19 – 27 February Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 195 km/h (120 mph) 925 hPa (27.31 inHg) Northern Territory, Western Australia $11,000,000 $8,500,000 8
Violet 2 – 8 March Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 150 km/h (90 mph) 960 hPa (28.34 inHg) Queensland None None None
Warren 4 – 7 March Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 140 km/h (85 mph) 960 hPa (28.34 inHg) Queensland, Northern Territory None None None
Chloe 3 – 9 April Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 205 km/h (125 mph) 920 hPa (27.17 inHg) Northern Territory, Western Australia None None None
20P 3 – 4 April Tropical Depression 45 km/h (30 mph) 1004 hPa (29.64 inHg) None None None None
Agnes 16 – 23 April Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 165 km/h (100 mph) 945 hPa (27.90 inHg) Papua New Guinea None None None
Season Aggregates
8 systems 12 December – 23 April 205 km/h (125 mph) 920 hPa (27.17 inHg) $11 million $8.5 million 8


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Western Australia Tropical Cyclone Season Summary 1994–95". Bom.gov.au. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  2. ^ Bureau of Meteorology
  3. ^ "Tropical Cyclones". 
  4. ^ "Bobby and the Banded Stilts". 
  5. ^ Bureau of Meteorology. "Tropical Cyclone Violet". Retrieved June 10, 2017. 
  6. ^ Bureau of Meteorology. "Tropical Cyclone Warren". Retrieved June 10, 2017.