1994 in South Africa saw the transition from South Africa's National Party government, who had been the ruling party in South Africa since 1948 and had upheld the policy of apartheid for most of its history, to the African National Congress (ANC), who had been banned in South Africa for most of the National Party's rule for opposing apartheid. The ANC won a majority in the first election held under universal suffrage. Previously, only white people were allowed to vote. There were some incidents of violence in the Bantustans during the lead up to the elections as some of the leaders of the Bantusans did not want to participate in the elections, while the citizens of them wanted to vote and become part of South Africa. There were also bombings aimed at both the ANC and the NP. During this time, South Africa was re admitted into the United Nations and the International Olympic Committee lifted its ban on South Africa participating in the Olympic Games. The elections took place on 27 April and Nelson Mandela was sworn in as president on 10 May.
South Africa's new national flag, designed by State Heraldist Fred Brownell, is unveiled.
16 – State President FW de Klerk announces that the government had made a number of contingency plans to prevent the right wing from attempting to take over authority over towns as part of their resistance against the new constitution.
16 – The Ciskei's government agrees to pay pension benefits to public servants who threatened "Bophuthatswana-style action" if their demands were not met.
18 – Zulu King Goodwill Zwelithini suggests that the Zululand region is on the point of a unilateral declaration of independence.
The Inkatha Freedom Party rejects an initiative by President De Klerk to bring it into the election and starts planning a campaign of opposition to the Interim Constitution and April's election.
Prisoners begin countrywide protests for the right to vote.
Twenty-one prisoners are killed in a cell fire at the Queenstown Prison.
About 2,000 prisoners break out of their cells and toyi-toyi in the courtyards at Pietermaritzburg Prison.
More than 30 people are killed and hundreds injured in battles in the Johannesburg area as tens of thousands of Zulus converge on the city centre to demonstrate their support for King Goodwill Zwelithini.
The Shell House massacre occurs when security guards at Shell House, the African National Congress HQ in Jeppe Street, Johannesburg, opens fire on demonstrators.
More than 200 people are arrested in Phuthaditjhaba, QwaQwa after a march by thousands of public servants on the homeland's parliament deteriorated into violence and South African Defence Force troops are sent in.
Mangosuthu Buthelezi states that the Inkatha Freedom Party will fight the African National Congress "to the finish" unless the elections are postponed.
The Transitional Executive Council recommends emergency measures in KwaZulu-Natal.
24 – Nine people are killed and 92 injured in central Johannesburg when a 90 kg car bomb explodes just before 10am on the corner of Bree and Von Wielligh Streets outside the African National Congress regional and national headquarters.
25 – A bomb explodes at a taxi rank near the Randfontein station, with no injuries.
^South African Railways Index and Diagrams Electric and Diesel Locomotives, 610mm and 1065mm Gauges, Ref LXD 14/1/100/20, 28 January 1975, as amended
^Middleton, John N. (2002). Railways of Southern Africa Locomotive Guide - 2002 (as amended by Combined Amendment List 4, January 2009) (2nd, Dec 2002 ed.). Herts, England: Beyer-Garratt Publications. pp. 49–52, 60.