1995 Hajek

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1995 Hajek
Discovery [1]
Discovered by L. Kohoutek
Discovery site Bergedorf Obs.
Discovery date 26 October 1971
Designations
MPC designation (1995) Hajek
Named after
Tadeáš Hájek (astronomer)[2]
1971 UP1 · 1941 EA
main-belt · (middle)[3]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 16 February 2017 (JD 2457800.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 75.64 yr (27,628 days)
Aphelion 2.6661 AU
Perihelion 2.3911 AU
2.5286 AU
Eccentricity 0.0544
4.02 yr (1,469 days)
317.03°
0° 14m 42.36s / day
Inclination 10.824°
47.236°
134.77°
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 6.50 km (calculated)[3]
12.683±0.288 km[4][5]
14.45±2.58 km[6]
15.29±1.04 km[7]
10 h[8]
0.040±0.025[6][5]
0.063±0.010[7]
0.0833±0.0249[4]
0.20 (assumed)[3]
P[4] · X[3][9][10]
12.80[4][7] · 13.06±0.33[9] · 13.3[1][3][6]

1995 Hajek, provisional designation 1971 UP1, is a metallic asteroid from the middle region of the asteroid belt, approximately 13 kilometers in diameter.

It was discovered on 26 October 1971, by Czech astronomer Luboš Kohoutek at the Bergedorf Observatory in Hamburg, Germany.[11] It was named after Renaissance astronomer Tadeáš Hájek.[2]

Orbit and classification[edit]

Hajek orbits the Sun in the middle main-belt at a distance of 2.4–2.7 AU once every 4.02 years (1,469 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.05 and an inclination of 11° with respect to the ecliptic.[1] It was first identified as 1941 EA at Heidelberg in 1941. The body's used observation was a precovery taken at Palomar Observatory in 1951, extending its observation arc by 20 years prior to the official discovery observation at Heidelberg.

Physical characteristics[edit]

A first rotational lightcurve of Hajek was obtained by French amateur astronomers Alain Klotz, Marc Rieugné, and Pierre Thierry in October 2013. It gave a provisional rotation period of 10 hours with a brightness variation of 0.10 magnitude (U=1+).[8]

Hajek has the spectral properties of a metallic X-type asteroid.[3][9][10] It is also classified as a dark P-type asteroid by NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE).[4]

According to the surveys carried out by the Japanese Akari satellite and WISE space-telescope with its subsequent NEOWISE mission, Hajek measures between 12.7 and 15.3 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo of 0.040 and 0.083.[4][6][7] The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link strongly disagrees with the space-based observations and assumes a standard albedo for stony asteroids of 0.200 and calculates a much smaller diameter of 6.5 kilometers.[3] These contrasting albedo and diameter figures closely correspond to a generic magnitude-to-diameter conversion, where, for an absolute magnitude of 13.3, the body's diameter is in the range of 6 to 14 kilometers, based on an albedo between 0.05 and 0.25.[12]

Naming[edit]

This minor planet was named after the Bohemian astronomer Tadeáš Hájek (1525–1600), better known by his Latinized name, Thaddaeus Hagecius. He was one of the founders of modern stellar and cometary astronomy, who studied the Great Comet of 1577 and the supernova SN 1572, also known as Tycho's Nova. The lunar crater Hagecius is also named in his honour.[2] Naming citation was published before November 1977 (M.P.C. 4358).[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 1995 Hajek (1971 UP1)" (2016-11-08 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1995) Hajek. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 161. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "LCDB Data for (1995) Hajek". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Masiero, J.; Hand, E.; Bauer, J.; Tholen, D.; et al. (November 2011). "NEOWISE Studies of Spectrophotometrically Classified Asteroids: Preliminary Results" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 25. arXiv:1109.6407Freely accessible. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...90M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/90. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  5. ^ a b Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Dailey, J.; et al. (November 2011). "Main Belt Asteroids with WISE/NEOWISE. I. Preliminary Albedos and Diameters". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 20. arXiv:1109.4096Freely accessible. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...68M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/68. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c d Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Nugent, C.; et al. (November 2012). "Preliminary Analysis of WISE/NEOWISE 3-Band Cryogenic and Post-cryogenic Observations of Main Belt Asteroids". The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 759 (1): 5. arXiv:1209.5794Freely accessible. Bibcode:2012ApJ...759L...8M. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/759/1/L8. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c d Usui, Fumihiko; Kuroda, Daisuke; Müller, Thomas G.; Hasegawa, Sunao; Ishiguro, Masateru; Ootsubo, Takafumi; et al. (October 2011). "Asteroid Catalog Using Akari: AKARI/IRC Mid-Infrared Asteroid Survey" (PDF). Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan. 63 (5): 1117–1138. Bibcode:2011PASJ...63.1117U. doi:10.1093/pasj/63.5.1117. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  8. ^ a b Behrend, Raoul. "Asteroids and comets rotation curves – (1995) Hajek". Geneva Observatory. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  9. ^ a b c Veres, Peter; Jedicke, Robert; Fitzsimmons, Alan; Denneau, Larry; Granvik, Mikael; Bolin, Bryce; et al. (November 2015). "Absolute magnitudes and slope parameters for 250,000 asteroids observed by Pan-STARRS PS1 - Preliminary results". Icarus. 261: 34–47. arXiv:1506.00762Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015Icar..261...34V. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.007. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  10. ^ a b Xu, Shui; Binzel, Richard P.; Burbine, Thomas H.; Bus, Schelte J. (May 1995). "Small main-belt asteroid spectroscopic survey: Initial results". Icarus: 1–35. Bibcode:1995Icar..115....1X. doi:10.1006/icar.1995.1075. ISSN 0019-1035. Retrieved 17 December 2015. 
  11. ^ "1995 Hajek (1971 UP1)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  12. ^ "Absolute Magnitude (H)". NASA/JPL. Retrieved 2014-06-24. 
  13. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 

External links[edit]