1995 in the United Kingdom
|1995 in the United Kingdom|
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|Individual countries of the United Kingdom|
|England | Northern Ireland | Scotland | Wales|
|Sport, television and music|
Events from the year 1995 in the United Kingdom.
- 1 Incumbents
- 2 Events
- 3 Publications
- 4 Births
- 5 Deaths
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
- 1 January –
- Fred West, the 53-year-old Gloucester builder charged with killing twelve women and children (including two of his own daughters), is found hanged in his cell at Winson Green Prison, Birmingham. He was due to go on trial this year, along with his 41-year-old wife Rosemary, who is charged with ten murders.
- South Korean industrial giant Daewoo announces plans to build a new car factory in the United Kingdom within the next few years, costing up to £350,000,000 and creating new jobs.
- 10 January – the British transfer fee record is broken when Manchester United sign striker Andy Cole from Newcastle United in a deal valued at £7,000,000.
- 20 January – the first MORI poll of 1995 shows that the Conservative Party have cut Labour's lead in the polls from 39 points to 29.
- 25 January – Eric Cantona, the French international forward, assaults a spectator after being sent off while playing for Manchester United against Crystal Palace in the FA Premier League.
- 27 January – Manchester United confirm that Eric Cantona will not play for the first team for the rest of the current football season.
- 1 February – new domestic electrical appliances must be supplied with an appropriately fused pre-wired plug.
- 7 February – Rumbelows, the electrical goods retailer and former sponsors of the Football League Cup, closes its 311 stores with the loss of more than 3,000 jobs.
- 14 February – Sizewell B nuclear power station, the UK's only commercial pressurised water reactor power station, is first synchronised with the National Grid.
- 15 February –
- The manufacturing sector has reported its biggest rise in employment since the Conservative government first came to power sixteen years earlier, although the national unemployment total rose slightly last month, still being in excess 2,500,000 – it has not been below this level since late-1991.
- The England football team's friendly match against the Republic of Ireland in Dublin is abandoned due to the behavior of a section of English fans, believed to be members of far-right activist groups.
- 16 February – Neil Kinnock, former leader of the Labour Party, resigns from parliament after twenty-five years to take up a new role as a European Commissioner, sparking a by-election in his Islwyn constituency in South Wales. Labour holds onto the seat with new candidate Don Touhig, who gains nearly 70% of the vote.
- 17 February – the famous MG sports car brand, not seen on a volume sports car since 1980, is revived when the Rover Group unveils the new MGF sports car which will go on sale this autumn.
- 21 February – George Graham, who has won six major trophies including two league titles in nearly a decade as manager of Arsenal F.C., is sacked over allegations that he accepted illegal payments from an agent when signing two players in 1992.
- 24 February – the Football Association bans Eric Cantona from football for eight months, meaning that he will not be able to play competitively until after 30 September.
- 26 February – Barings Bank, the UK's oldest merchant bank collapses following $1,400,000,000 of losses by rogue trader, Nick Leeson.
- 28 February – The Diary of Bridget Jones column first published in The Independent.
- 9 March – the Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh visit Northern Ireland for the first time since the IRA and Loyalist ceasefire which came into force last year.
- 20 March – the Queen arrives in Cape Town for the first royal visit to South Africa in nearly fifty years.
- 23 March – Eric Cantona is sentenced to fourteen days imprisonment at Croydon Crown Court for his assault on a Crystal Palace fan two months ago. He remains free on bail, pending an appeal against his sentence, but if his appeal is unsuccessful he will be the first footballer to be jailed in Britain for an on-field offence.
- 31 March – Eric Cantona wins his appeal against his prison sentence, which is reduced to a 120-hour community service order.
- 1 April – Daewoo begins selling cars in the United Kingdom. It offers a two-model range; the Nexia and Espero – updated versions of the 1984 Vauxhall Astra and 1981 Vauxhall Cavalier respectively.
- 8 April – British-born American national Nicholas Ingram, 31, is executed in Georgia for a murder committed in 1983.
- 4 May – the Conservative government's fortunes continue to decline as the local council elections see them in control of a mere eight councils, while Labour control 155 councils and the Liberal Democrats control 45. The Conservatives now have control of no councils in Wales or Scotland.
- 8 May – the fiftieth anniversary of VE Day is celebrated across Britain.
- 14 May – Blackburn Rovers become FA Premier League champions, earning them their first top division league title since 1914.
- 20 May – Everton win the FA Cup with a 1–0 win over Manchester United at Wembley Stadium.
- 25 May – Roseanna Cunningham wins the Perth by-election for the Scottish National Party, three months after the seat became vacant upon the death of the Conservative MP Sir Nicholas Fairbairn three months earlier. The Conservative majority has now fallen from 21 seats to 11, in the space of three years since the last general election.
- 9 June – Andrew Richards, a 26-year-old serial sex offender of West Glamorgan, becomes the first person to be convicted of male rape under the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994.
- 14 June – first woman chief constable in Britain appointed, Pauline Clare to Lancashire Constabulary.
- 20 June – Arsenal pay a British record fee of £7,500,000 for Inter Milan and Holland striker Dennis Bergkamp.
- 22 June – in an attempt to re-assert his authority, John Major resigns as leader of the Conservative Party (but not as prime minister) triggering a leadership election.
- 23 June – the latest MORI opinion poll shows that Conservative support has reached an 18-month high of 32%, but Labour still have a 22-point lead over them.
- 3 July – the British football transfer record fee is broken for the third time in six months when Liverpool sign striker Stan Collymore from Nottingham Forest for £8,400,000.
- 4 July – John Major wins the Conservative Party leadership election, gaining 218 votes to John Redwood's 89.
- 19 July
- Pensions Act 1995 receives Royal Assent, proposing to phase in a state pension age for women at 65 (equalising it with that for men) over a ten-year period and introducing measures intended to safeguard occupational pension schemes.
- Unemployment is reported to be on the rise again, though the government denies that it is pointing towards another recession.
- 23 July – war in Bosnia and Herzegovina: British forces sent to Sarajevo to help relieve the Siege of Sarajevo.
- 27 July – the Conservative government's majority is slashed further, to nine seats, as the Liberal Democrats win the Littleborough and Saddleworth seat in Lancashire, two months after it was left vacant by the death of Conservative MP Geoffrey Dickens.
- 16 August – unemployment is now at 2,315,300 – one of the lowest figures recorded in the last four years.
- 20 August – BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir London, Europe's first traditional-style purpose-built Hindu temple (and England's largest), is inaugurated in Neasden.
- 26 August – Middlesbrough F.C. move into their new 30,000-seat Riverside Stadium, to replace Ayresome Park which had been their home since 1903. Their new stadium is the largest club stadium to be built in England since the interwar years.
- 2 September – boxer Frank Bruno wins the WBC world heavyweight championship.
- 27 September – the BBC begins regular Digital Audio Broadcasting, from the Crystal Palace transmitting station.
- 7 October – Conservative MP Alan Howarth defects to Labour, cutting the government's majority to seven seats.
- 16 October – Julie Goodyear, who joined the ITV soap opera Coronation Street nearly thirty years ago and had been a regular in the series since 1970, departs from the show.
- 18 October – unemployment is now at less than 2,300,000 – it's lowest level for more than four years.
- 20 October – Vauxhall unveils it's new Vectra range of large hatchbacks and saloons. The Vectra, which replaces the Cavalier, will be built in Luton and from next year will also be sold as an estate car.
- 22 October – Brilliant!, an exhibition by the Young British Artists group (who also feature heavily in this year’s British Art Show), opens at the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, USA.
- 25 October – singer Cliff Richard receives a knighthood.
- 16 November –
- Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother has a hip replacement operation. At ninety-five years of age, she is believed to be the oldest patient to undergo such surgery.
- Essex student Leah Betts, 18, dies in hospital four days after slipping into a coma due to taking an ecstasy tablet. This tragedy has sparked a media crusade, backed by Leah's father and stepmother, against the drug and those supplying it.
- 17 November
- 20 November – Diana, Princess of Wales gives a revealing television interview to Martin Bashir on the Panorama programme on BBC One. She discusses her adultery, depression and bulimia, her children, the media and the future of the monarchy in candid detail. An estimated 22.78 million watch the broadcast, the all-time record for a UK current affairs programme.
- 22 November – Rose West is found guilty of murdering ten women and children, including her 16-year-old daughter Heather and seven-year-old stepdaughter Charmaine, after a trial at Winchester Crown Court. She is sentenced to life imprisonment with a recommendation that she is never released.
- 24 November – the spy James Bond returns to U.K. cinemas six years after the last film was made, for the seventeenth film GoldenEye, with Irish actor Pierce Brosnan playing the part of Bond, filmed at the newly-created Leavesden Studios.
- 28 November – Budget: Chancellor Ken Clarke cuts the basic level of income tax to 24p in the pound.
- 30 November – President of the United States, Bill Clinton visits Northern Ireland.
- 2 December – "rogue trader" Nick Leeson is jailed for six-and-a-half years in Singapore on a double fraud charge relating to the recent financial collapse of Barings Bank.
- 8 December – London head teacher Philip Lawrence, 48, dies after being stabbed while protecting a pupil from a teenage gang outside his school in Maida Vale.
- 10 December – Joseph Rotblat wins the Nobel Peace Prize.
- 13 December – race riots break out in Brixton, West London, following the death of a black man in police custody.
- 20 December – the Queen writes to the Prince and Princess of Wales three years after their separation, urging them to divorce as soon as possible.
- 29 December – the Conservative majority now stands at a mere five seats following the defection of MP Emma Nicholson to the Liberal Democrats.
- The driest summer in recorded English meteorological history, with an average EWP series of only 66.9 millimetres (2.63 in), and also the third-hottest with an average Central England temperature of 17.40 °C (63.32 °F).
- Contingent fee litigation permitted in the Courts of England and Wales.
- 1% of the UK population (some 600,000 people) now have internet access.
- Martin Amis's novel The Information.
- Iain Banks' novel Whit.
- Pat Barker's novel The Ghost Road.
- Nick Hornby's novel High Fidelity.
- Terry Pratchett's Discworld novel Maskerade.
- Philip Pullman's novel Northern Lights.
- Delia Smith's cookery Winter Collection.
- Barry Unsworth's novel Morality Play
- January – Kane Haysman, footballer
- 1 January – Adam Campbell, footballer
- 5 January – Tom John, footballer
- 4 January – Adam Webster, footballer
- 7 January – Jessica Judd, runner
- 8 January
- 13 January
- 16 January – Sam Long, footballer
- 18 January
- 20 January – Calum Chambers, footballer
- 23 January – Clifford Newby-Harris, footballer
- 26 January – Lewis Small, footballer
- 29 January – Germain Burton, cyclist
- 30 January – Jack Laugher, diver
- 1 February – Richard Wisker
- 2 February – Paul Digby, footballer
- 5 February – Reece Page, footballer
- 6 February – Jasper Johns, footballer
- 10 February – Harry Finch, cricketer
- 12 February
- Reece Hales, footballer
- 13 February
- 18 February
- 19 February
- 23 February – Rory Elrick, actor
- 26 February – Liam Fairhurst, charity fundraiser (died 2009)
- 1 March – Danny Mullen, footballer
- 2 March – Joe Hanks, footballer
- 4 March – Bill Milner, actor
- 12 March – Forrayah Bass, footballer
- 20 March – Harry Lee, footballer
- 22 March – Dafydd Howells, rugby union player
- 7 April – Will Hughes, footballer
- 9 April – Coll Donaldson, footballer
- 12 April – Harry Middleton, footballer
- 14 April – Alan Frizzell, footballer
- 15 April – Nick Awford, footballer
- 16 April
- 23 April – Callum O'Dowda, footballer
- 25 April – Lewis Hornby, footballer
- 30 April – Drey Wright, footballer
- 2 May – Skye Bennett, actress
- 14 May
- Fox Jackson-Keen, actor, dancer and singer
- 18 May – Craig Sibbald, footballer
- 20 May – Brandon Zibaka, footballer
- 24 May – Prince Joseph Wenzel of Liechtenstein
- 25 May – Jamie Allen, footballer
- June – Arran Fernandez, student
- 5 June
- 8 June – Bessie Cursons, actress
- 12 June – Hannah Starling, diver
- 16 June – Jake Dennis, racing driver
- 17 June – Richie Fallows, squash player
- 22 June – Jack Lynch, footballer
- 23 June – Lauren Aquilina, singer–songwriter
- 29 June – Tyler Harvey, footballer
- 30 June – Declan John, footballer
- 9 July – Georgie Henley, actress
- 12 July – Luke Shaw, footballer
- 14 July – Oliver Harfield, philosopher
- 15 July
- 16 July – Kortney Hause, footballer
- 19 July – Matt Selby, ice hockey player
- 23 July – Faryl Smith, singer
- 26 July
- 28 July – Ben Watton, actor
- 4 August – Chris Sutherland, footballer
- 5 August – Leo Chambers, footballer
- 11 August – Ben Davies, footballer
- 24 August
- Cammy Smith, footballer
- 29 August – Shaquille Hunter, footballer
- 31 August – Ceallach Spellman, actor
- 1 September – Dannielle Khan, cyclist
- 5 September – Dominic Sibley, cricketer
- 7 September – George Williams, footballer
- 13 September – Robbie Kay, actor
- 20 September – Kirsty Howard
- 24 September
- 26 September – Hayley Jones, racing cyclist
- 27 September – Ryan Haynes, footballer
- 30 September – Harry Stott, actor
- 5 October – Diego De Girolamo, footballer
- 12 October – Jordan Howe, athlete
- 28 October – Wesley Burns, footballer
- 1 November – Nick D'Aloisio, Australia-born entrepreneur, computer programmer and designer
- 6 November – Bradley Tarbuck, footballer
- 16 November – Rolando Aarons, footballer
- 17 November – Leyci Wightman, actress and dancer
- 22 November – Declan McDaid, footballer
- 29 November – Siobhan-Marie O'Connor, swimmer
- 30 November – Calum McGrath, Cornishman
- 4 December – Dina Asher Smith, sprinter
- 7 December – Jaanai Gordon, footballer
- 8 December – Jordon Ibe, footballer
- 12 December – Mark O'Hara, footballer
- 16 December – Ryan Gauld, footballer
- 19 December – Elliot Evans, singer
- 24 December – Taryam Boyd, actor
- 27 December – Laurence Belcher, actor
Full date unknown
- 1 January – Fred West, serial killer (born 1941) (suicide by hanging while in custody)
- 7 January – Larry Grayson, comedian and gameshow host (born 1923)
- 9 January – Peter Cook, comedy actor, satirist, writer and comedian (born 1937)
- 14 January – Alexander Gibson, conductor (born 1926)
- 30 January – Gerald Durrell, naturalist, zookeeper, author and television presenter (born 1925)
- 2 February
- 12 February – Robert Bolt, writer (born 1924)
- 23 February – James Herriot, veterinary surgeon and writer (born 1916)
- 17 March – Ronnie Kray, jailed crime leader (born 1933)
- 23 March – Davie Cooper, footballer (born 1956)
- 4 April – Kenny Everett comic radio/TV presenter (born 1944) (AIDS-related)
- 7 April – Nicholas Ingram, first British citizen to be executed by the electric chair in the United States (born c. 1964)
- 2 May – Sir Michael Hordern, actor (born 1911)
- 5 May – Sir Anthony Wagner, herald and Clarenceux King of Arms (born 1908)
- 15 May – Eric Porter, actor (born 1928)
- 24 May – Harold Wilson, former Prime Minister (born 1916)
- 30 May – Ted Drake, former footballer and football manager (born 1912)
- 22 July – Harold Larwood, fast bowler (cricket) (born 1904)
- 24 July – George Rodger, photojournalist (born 1908)
- 3 August – Ida Lupino, actress and director (born 1914)
- 19 August – Johnny Carey, former footballer and football manager (born 1919)
- 25 September – Dave Bowen, former footballer and football manager (born 1928)
- 28 September – Albert Johanneson, South African born, British based footballer (born 1940)
- 9 October – Alec Douglas-Home, former Prime Minister (born 1903)
- 4 November – Paul Eddington, actor (born 1927)
- 16 November – Leah Betts, high-profile victim of the drug ecstasy (born 1977)
- 21 November – Wilfred White, equestrian (born 1904)
- 25 November – Alan Nicholls, English footballer (born 1973)
- 22 December – James Meade, economist, Nobel Prize laureate (born 1907)
- Kraar, Louis (May 13, 1996). "Daewoo's Daring Drive Into Europe A Korean Conglomerate And Its Charismatic Boss Are Betting Billions Of Dollars That A Late-Arriving And Little-Known Car Can Succeed In A Crowded Auto Market". Fortune Magazine.
- "Poll tracker". BBC News. 2010. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
- "Faded Memories". Light Straw. Retrieved 19 January 2011.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- "1995: Queen marks peace in Belfast". BBC News. 9 March 1995. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 30 January 2008.
- Piercy, Nigel. "Daewoo Cars Case". Scribd. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
- "1995: First man jailed for male rape". BBC News. 9 June 1995. Archived from the original on 7 January 2008. Retrieved 30 January 2008.
- "First woman chief constable is appointed". The Independent. 1995-06-15. Retrieved 2015-05-30.
- "Voting Intention in Great Britain: 1976–present". Ipsos MORI. 21 June 2010. Archived from the original on 21 February 2011. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
- "1995: Major wins Conservative leadership". BBC News. 4 July 1995. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 30 January 2008.
- "1995: British forces sent to Sarajevo". BBC News. 23 July 1995. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 30 January 2008.
- Hardy, Adam (November 1995). "Spirit of suburbia". Perspectives on Architecture. 2 (19): 42–47.
- "How the Government's Majority Disappeared". politics97. BBC News. 1997. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
- Lyall, Sarah (12 November 1995). "Is it art or is it just dead meat?". New York Times. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
- Smith, Roberta (23 November 1995). "Some British moderns seeking to shock". New York Times. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
- "1995: Queen mum hip op 'successful'". BBC News. 16 November 1995. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 30 January 2008.
- Gilliland, Ben (16 January 2009). "Science & Discovery". Metro.
- "1995: Diana admits adultery in TV interview". BBC News. 20 November 1995. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 30 January 2008.
- "Top 10 Programmes – 1995". BARB. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
- "GoldenEye (1995)". MI6. Retrieved 19 January 2011.
- "1995: Clinton kindles hope in Northern Ireland". BBC News. 30 November 1995. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 30 January 2008.
- "1995: Rogue trader jailed for six years". BBC News. 2 December 1995. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 30 January 2008.
- "The Nobel Peace Prize 1995". Retrieved 30 January 2008.
- "1995: 'Divorce': Queen to Charles and Diana". BBC News. 20 December 1995. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 30 January 2008.
- "British Election Panel Study, 1992–97". Centre for Research into Elections and Social Trends. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
- Hadley Center Ranked EWP.
- Hadley ranked Central England temperature
- Courts and Legal Services Act 1990 (section 58).