1996 24 Hours of Le Mans

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
1996 24 Hours of Le Mans
Previous: 1995 Next: 1997
Index: Races | Winners

The 1996 24 Hours of Le Mans was the 64th Grand Prix of Endurance, and took place on 15 and 16 June 1996. It was won by a Tom Walkinshaw-Porsche prototype run by Joest Racing with drivers Davy Jones, Manuel Reuter and Le Mans rookie Alexander Wurz completing 354 laps. While not being the fastest car on track, it hit the front in the first hour and aside from several pit-stop overlaps, was never headed as other teams hit mechanical troubles during the race. This was Reuter's second Le Mans victory, and the first for Jones (after finishing as runner-up in 1991 with Jaguar) and Wurz, who, at 22 years old, became the youngest ever Le Mans overall winner.

Regulations and Entries[edit]

Still very satisfied with its equivalency formulae between the prototypes and GTs, the Automobile Club de l'Ouest (ACO) made only slight adjustments to its regulations, by including engine volume and turbo boost into its calculations. LMP1 and P2 got closer to the IMSA-WSC category with new, updated, bodywork dimensions.

The summary, as compared to the 1995 regulations was:[1]

  • LM WSC (P1) max 5.1L or 3.0L (turbo), fuel tank 80L, max tyre width 16", min weight 875 kg
  • LM P2: max 3.4L or 2.0L (turbo), fuel tank 62L, max tyre width 14", min weight 650 kg
  • LM GT1: max 8.0L or 4.0L (turbo), fuel tank 100L, max tyre width 14" (front) & 12" (rear), min weight based on a sliding scale
  • LM GT2 had the same specifications as the LM GT1

In GT1, major engine modifications were now allowed while GT2 still had to use series-production engines.

This year the ACO halved the number of automatic entries from 20 to 10. They received an initial 107 applications and accepted 66 for pre-Qualifying in April on top of the automatic-10, to pare down to 53 for race week (48 starters + 5 reserves). Still with no co-ordinated European sports car series there were only 14 prototypes, albeit of a high quality. Kremer and Courage returned, this time challenged by a new Porsche prototype developed by Joest Racing in conjunction with TWR Motorsport. The TWR-Porsche WSC-95 was born from the shell of a TWR-designed Jaguar XJR-14 racing car, modified to an open top design by Tom Walkinshaw Racing, and fitted with the Porsche 962 engine.

Three IMSA-WSC cars turned up: two Ferrari 333 SP's run by Scandia Racing versus the much-improved Riley & Scott (winner of the Daytona and Sebring enduros). In another small LM P2 field of four cars, Welter and Bonnet were joined by a Kudzu-Mazda stepping across from WSC and now run directly by the Mazdaspeed works team.

As expected, the bulk of the field was in GT: 27 cars in GT1 plus 12 in GT2. Many teams came from the thriving BPR Global series. Defending champions McLaren-BMW had updated 1996-spec cars, with tighter air restrictors dropping the power output slightly. This time they included a pair run as a BMW works team (through their Italian partners Bigazzi). The McLarens were joined again by Nissan, Toyota and Lister (now sponsored by Newcastle United Football Club). Chrysler-Dodge returned with a quartet of Vipers with their big rumbling 8-litre engines; one pair run by ORECA in the BPR and the second pair by Canaska-Southwind in the North American series. But, perhaps as might be expected, the big news was with Porsche and the new 911 GT1 - yet again courting controversy.

This was, quite literally, virtually a Porsche 911 in name only, with the visual similarity of a squashed, lengthened 911. This was Porsche's first ever mid-engined car, using a purpose-designed 3.2L flat-six, twin-turbo, water-cooled (another first for Porsche) engine.[2] The first chassis was ready in March, and with only two road-going cars it got EU GT1 homologation (again, like the Dauer-Porsche of '94, using the "promised-production" clause).

Qualification[edit]

The fastest practice times this year were being done by the prototypes. In the first instance Eric van der Poele, this year in the Scandia Ferrari, set the initial pace. But it was Pierluigi Martini (just out of F1) who set the pole in his Joest TWR-Porsche, just a tenth of a second ahead of the Courage of Jérôme Policand. Van der Poele was third ahead of the 911 GT1s of Wendlinger and Wollek, and Taylor in the Riley & Scott.

In a novel change this year the ACO decided to line up the first dozen cars on the grid with the six fastest cars from each category two-by-two - prototypes on the left and GT cars on the right.[3] With only a second between the first five cars this was not as skewed as might have seemed, giving further credence to the equivalency regulations. The first McLaren was Bigazzi's Steve Soper in 8th place (but starting 6th as the 3rd-fastest GT1 car). In LMP2 the WRs would be here for the last time (the ACO regulations for 1997 demanded 2-seater vehicles). They could not repeat the heroics of 1995, when they started on the front row of the grid. This year Gonin was 12th fastest, more than four seconds off last year's pole time. David in the other WR was a further 3 seconds slower. But their opposition fared worse - the new Kudzu was 23rd on the grid and the Debora, after electronics problems in Qualifying, then blew its engine on the morning warm-up and would not take the start.

In GT2, the predictable crowd of privateer Porsche 911s (in the current 993 GT2 version) were up against the Kunimitsu Honda NSX, back to defend its win last year. There was only a single Callaway (from Agusta) and a new Marcos from the small English company. Fastest was the Porsche of Roock Racing, a new team coming from the German GT series, setting the pace in the BPR series this year. It had a comfortable margin over the Callaway and the Porsche of the PARR Motorsport team from New Zealand (here celebrating 30 years since the three NZ drivers Bruce McLaren, Chris Amon and Denny Hulme finished first and second for Ford's first Le Mans win).

Race[edit]

Start[edit]

The start was brought forward to 3pm to accommodate the thousands of British fans on site to watch the England-Scotland football match at the Euro championships.[1] Unlike last year's heavy rain, the race started in sunshine. Dalmas and Wollek in the works Porsche GT1s raced into the lead for the first four laps until overtaken in turn by the two Joest TWR-Porsches of Jones & Theys. With wider tyres, lower weights and better aerodynamics the TWRs were able to make a break on the field while others had their problems: Boutsen and Dalmas both fell off the track, losing minutes. Cottaz, in the fastest Courage, had kept up with the top four initially, but lost time in the second hour with electronics issues. Likewise the best Kremer was well in the top ten. Both cars in the Gulf and Bigazzi McLaren teams filled out the lower half of the top ten.

Night[edit]

The Joest cars maintained a comfortable 1-2 lead going into the night. The veteran team of Wollek/Stuck/Boutsen kept in touch in the Porsche GT1 and finally took back second place at half-race distance from Theys' pole-sitting TWR. After its delays, the Cottaz/Alliot/Policand Courage had quickly moved back up through the field and was fourth and fifth, until Alliot crashed the Courage at Tertre Rouge just after dawn. The remaining Ferrari prototype (sponsored by a charity of 1001 Belgian royalty, celebrities and citizens) had tyre problems at the start, but like the Courage it had steadily made up places to be fifth.

The Riley & Scott, American enduro-champ, had run well during the day despite being excessively thirsty, but after several offs it slipped down the board and at 2.30am it broke down marooning Pace on the Mulsanne. Back in the US, the R&S Mk III started dominating events and winning championships.

At 4.30 Duez, running 7th, bought the first Bigazzi McLaren into the pits stuck in gear. After two gearbox changes during the next day, they eventually finished 11th. The Ferrari F40s were never as competitive as the previous year and by dawn all four cars had retired, including a short, sudden, spectacular fuel-fire in the pits for the Ratel entry.

Morning[edit]

A charging triple stint by Stuck almost got the Porsche GT1 to the front, but the leaders always had enough in hand. At 9.20 Martini dropped the second TWR in the gravel at the first Mulsanne chicane, and the time spent doing repairs dropped them to fourth, behind Ray Bellm's Gulf McLaren. But then the McLaren was stopped for a gearbox change at midday, taking 90 minutes, and dropping them in turn down to 10th. After several offs by Wendlinger and Goodyear in the night, the second Porsche GT1 had fallen down to 12th, but by early-morning had recovered back to fifth. The other Bigazzi McLaren of F1 champion Nelson Piquet, just like its sister car, was in 7th place when it too was stopped for an hour with a gearbox change. With race attrition they were able to get back to 8th by the finish, just ahead of Bellm's Gulf McLaren.[4]

Just after dawn, the Ferrari needed a gearbox change, taking half an hour, dropping it to 10th. Van der Poele then took off, setting the race's fastest lap several times then at 7am, when back into fifth, Éric Bachelart crashed out at the Esses.

In GT2, the leading Roock Racing Porsche had to replace its driveshaft at midday, but had enough in hand to keep its lead.

Finish and Post-race[edit]

The Jones/Reuter/Wurz car never missed a beat, and was never headed on the scoring charts. In the end they won by a lap from the Porsche GT1, yet again Bob Wollek was beaten back to second place (and yet again, stymied by time lost to off-track excursions). At just 22 years of age, Alexander Wurz became the youngest ever Le Mans winner, starting an F1 career exactly a year later to the day, with Benetton at the Canadian Grand Prix. Reinhold Joest's deal with Porsche said that he could keep the car if it was a race-winner, and it was to reappear again for the 1997 race.[5]

With only 40 minutes remaining, the driveshaft broke on the second TWR, stranding the unlucky Martini out on the circuit at Arnage. Third place fell into the lap of the other Porsche GT1, finishing a distant 13 laps behind the winners. McLarens took the next three places: the two troubled DPR-team cars and the second car from Gulf Racing. These included Derek Bell, finally drawing the curtain on an illustrious Le Mans career at the age of 54; a career of over 25 years, it included five outright victories and a pair of 2nd-places, as well as winning the Daytona 24 hours three times and twice winning the World Sportscar Championship, thus marking him as one of the all-time great sports car drivers.

Seventh was the Pescarolo/Lagorce/Collard Courage of the La Filière team (a motorsport academy at the Le Mans circuit), and the second prototype home. Down 27 laps they lost an hour replacing a clutch during the night.[6]

The Roock Racing Porsche easily won the GT2 class finishing 12th overall and four laps ahead of the PARR Motorsport Porsche. The Kiwi Porsche had a trouble-free race, spending the least time in the pits of any car except for the winning TWR-Porsche.[7] The Japanese GTs were uncompetitive against the Porsches and McLarens, and those that did finish were well down the board. The Kudzu-Mazda was the only LMP2 finisher, coming in at the back of the field nearly 100 laps behind the winners.

After Le Mans, the Porsche works team entered their GT1s in three races of the BPR Global series, winning all three. In the new year, they sold further cars to customer teams, usurping McLaren to become the new dominant force in GT racing.

Andy Evans, owner of the Scandia Team running the Ferrari prototypes, along with Roberto Muller (ex-CEO of Reebok) bought control of the American IMSA organisation, and the changes led to the resignation of a number of the board members and the formation of a breakaway series by the USRRC.

Official results[edit]

Le Mans in 1996
Pos Class No Team Drivers Chassis Tyre Laps
Engine
1 LMP1 7 Germany Joest Racing United States Davy Jones
Austria Alexander Wurz
Germany Manuel Reuter
TWR Porsche WSC-95 G 354
Porsche Type-935 3.0L Turbo Flat-6
2 GT1 25 Germany Porsche AG Germany Hans Joachim Stuck
Belgium Thierry Boutsen
France Bob Wollek
Porsche 911 GT1 M 353
Porsche 3.2L Turbo Flat-6
3 GT1 26 Germany Porsche AG Austria Karl Wendlinger
France Yannick Dalmas
Canada Scott Goodyear
Porsche 911 GT1 M 341
Porsche 3.2L Turbo Flat-6
4 GT1 30 United Kingdom West Competition
United Kingdom David Price Racing
Denmark John Nielsen
Germany Dr. Thomas Bscher
Netherlands Peter Kox
McLaren F1 GTR G 338
BMW S70 6.1L V12
5 GT1 34 United Kingdom Gulf Racing
United Kingdom GTC Racing
France Pierre-Henri Raphanel
United Kingdom Lindsay Owen-Jones
Australia David Brabham
McLaren F1 GTR M 335
BMW S70 6.1L V12
6 GT1 29 United Kingdom Harrods Mach One Racing
United Kingdom David Price Racing
United Kingdom Andy Wallace
France Olivier Grouillard
United Kingdom Derek Bell
McLaren F1 GTR G 328
BMW S70 6.1L V12
7 LMP1 5 France La Filière Elf France Henri Pescarolo
France Franck Lagorce
France Emmanuel Collard
Courage C36 M 327
Porsche Type-935 3.0L Turbo Flat-6
8 GT1 39 Italy Team Bigazzi SRL
Germany Team BMW Motorsport
Brazil Nelson Piquet
Venezuela Johnny Cecotto
United States Danny Sullivan
McLaren F1 GTR M 324
BMW S70 6.1L V12
9 GT1 33 United Kingdom Gulf Racing
United Kingdom GTC Racing
United Kingdom Ray Bellm
United Kingdom James Weaver
Finland JJ Lehto
McLaren F1 GTR M 323
BMW S70 6.1L V12
10 GT1 48 United States Canaska Southwind Motorsport United States Price Cobb
United States Shawn Hendricks
United States Mark Dismore
Chrysler Viper GTS-R M 320
Chrysler 356-T6 8.0L V10
11 GT1 38 Italy Team Bigazzi SRL
Germany Team BMW Motorsport
France Jacques Laffite
United Kingdom Steve Soper
Belgium Marc Duez
McLaren F1 GTR M 318
BMW S70 6.1L V12
12 GT2 79 Germany Roock Racing Team France Guy Martinolle
Germany Ralf Kelleners
Switzerland Bruno Eichmann
Porsche 911 GT2 M 317
Porsche 3.6L Turbo Flat-6
13 LMP1 4 France Courage Compétition United States Mario Andretti
Netherlands Jan Lammers
United Kingdom Derek Warwick
Courage C36 M 315
Porsche Type-935 3.0L Turbo Flat-6
14 GT2 71 New Zealand New Hardware Racing
United Kingdom Parr Motorsport
New Zealand Bill Farmer
New Zealand Greg Murphy
United Kingdom Robert Nearn
Porsche 911 GT2 P 313
Porsche 3.6L Turbo Flat-6
15 GT1 23 Japan NISMO Japan Kazuyoshi Hoshino
Japan Masahiro Hasemi
Japan Toshio Suzuki
Nissan Skyline GT-R LM B 307
Nissan 2.8L Turbo I6
16 GT2 75 Japan Team Kunimitsu Honda Japan Kunimitsu Takahashi
Japan Keiichi Tsuchiya
Japan Akira Iida
Honda NSX Y 305
Honda 3.0L V6
17 GT2 83 New Zealand New Hardware Racing
United Kingdom Parr Motorsport
Monaco Stéphane Ortelli
United States Andy Pilgrim
New Zealand Andrew Bagnall
Porsche 911 GT2 P 299
Porsche 3.6L Turbo Flat-6
18 GT2 77 Germany Seikel Motorsport France Guy Fuster
Austria Manfred Jurasz
Japan Takaji Suzuki
Porsche 911 GT2 P 297
Porsche 3.6L Turbo Flat-6
19 GT1 28 United Kingdom Newcastle United Lister United Kingdom Geoff Lees
United Kingdom Tiff Needell
United Kingdom Anthony Reid
Lister Storm GTS M 295
Jaguar 7.0L V12
20 GT2 82 France Larbre Compétition France Patrice Goueslard
Germany André Ahrlé
France Patrick Bourdais
Porsche 911 GT2 M 284
Porsche 3.6L Turbo Flat-6
21 GT1 50 France Viper Team Oreca France Philippe Gache
France Éric Hélary
France Olivier Beretta
Chrysler Viper GTS-R M 283
Chrysler 356-T6 8.0L V10
22 GT1 27 France Chéreau Sports
France Larbre Compétition
France Jean-Luc Chéreau
France Pierre Yver
France Jack Leconte
Porsche 911 GT2 Evo M 279
Porsche 3.6L Turbo Flat-6
23 GT1 49 United States Canaska Southwind Motorsport France Alain Cudini
Canada Victor Sifton
United States John Morton
Chrysler Viper GTS-R M 269
Chrysler 356-T6 8.0L V10
24 GT1 46 Japan Team Menicon SARD Co. Ltd. France Alain Ferté
Italy Mauro Martini
France Pascal Fabre
SARD MC8-R D 256
Toyota 4.0L Turbo V8
25 LMP2 20 Japan Mazdaspeed Co. Ltd. Japan Yojiro Terada
United States Jim Downing
France Franck Fréon
Kudzu DLM G 251
Mazda 2.0L 3-Rotor
26
DNF
LMP1 8 Germany Joest Racing Italy Michele Alboreto
Italy Pierluigi Martini
Belgium Didier Theys
TWR Porsche WSC-95 G 300
Porsche Type-935 3.0L Turbo Flat-6
27
DNF
LMP2 14 France Welter Racing SARL France Patrick Gonin
France Pierre Petit
France Marc Rostan
WR LM96 M 221
Peugeot 2.0L Turbo I4
28
DNF
LMP1 3 France Courage Compétition France Didier Cottaz
France Philippe Alliot
France Jérôme Policand
Courage C36 M 215
Porsche Type-935 3.0L Turbo Flat-6
29
DNF
GT1 22 Japan NISMO Japan Aguri Suzuki
Japan Masahiko Kageyama
Japan Masahiko Kondo
Nissan Skyline GT-R LM B 209
Nissan 2.8L Turbo I6
30
DNF
WSC 17 Belgium Racing For Belgium
Belgium Team Scandia
Belgium Eric van de Poele
Belgium Marc Goossens
Belgium Éric Bachelart
Ferrari 333 SP P 208
Ferrari F310E 4.0L V12
31
DNF
GT1 57 Japan Team SARD Toyota Co. Ltd. Japan Masanori Sekiya
Japan Hidetoshi Mitsusada
Japan Masami Kageyama
Toyota Supra LM D 205
Toyota 3S-GTE 2.1L Turbo I4
32
DNF
LMP2 15 France Welter Racing SARL France William David
France Sébastien Enjolras
France Arnaud Trévisiol
WR LM96 M 162
Peugeot 2.0L Turbo I4
33
DNF
WSC 19 United States Riley & Scott Cars Inc. South Africa Wayne Taylor
United States Scott Sharp
United States Jim Pace
Riley & Scott Mk III P 157
Oldsmobile Aurora 4.0L V8
34
DNF
GT1 53 United Kingdom Kokusai Kaihatsu Racing
France Giroix Racing Team
France Fabien Giroix
Switzerland Jean-Denis Délétraz
Brazil Maurizio Sandro Sala
McLaren F1 GTR M 146
BMW S70 6.1L V12
35
DNF
GT1 59 Italy Ennea SRL
Italy Ferrari Club Italia
United Kingdom Robin Donovan
Italy Piero Nappi
Japan Tetsuya Ota
Ferrari F40 GTE P 129
Ferrari F120B 3.5L Turbo V8
36
DNF
GT2 74 United Kingdom Agusta Racing Team, Ltd. Italy Rocky Agusta
Italy Almo Copelli
France Patrick Camus
Callaway Corvette D 114
Chevrolet LT1 6.2L V8
37
DNF
LMP1 1 Germany Kremer Racing France Christophe Bouchut
Germany Jürgen Lässig
Finland Harri Toivonen
Kremer K8 Spyder G 110
Porsche Type-935 3.0L Turbo Flat-6
38
DNF
GT1 37 Germany Konrad Motorsport Austria Franz Konrad
Brazil Antonio Herrmann de Azevedo
Germany Wido Rössler
Porsche 911 GT2 Evo M 107
Porsche 3.6L Turbo Flat-6
39
DNF
GT1 44 Italy Ennea SRL Igol Italy Luciano Della Noce
Sweden Anders Olofsson
Sweden Carl Rosenblad
Ferrari F40 GTE P 98
Ferrari F120B 3.5L Turbo V8
40
DNF
GT1 51 France Viper Team Oreca France Dominique Dupuy
United Kingdom Perry McCarthy
United Kingdom Justin Bell
Chrysler Viper GTS-R M 96
Chrysler 356-T6 8.0L V10
41
DNF
GT1 55 Germany Roock Racing Team France Jean-Pierre Jarier
Spain Jesús Pareja
United Kingdom Dominic Chappell
Porsche 911 GT2 Evo M 93
Porsche 3.6L Turbo Flat-6
42
DNF
GT1 56 France Pilot Pen Racing France Michel Ferté
France Olivier Thévenin
France Nicolas Leboissetier
Ferrari F40 LM  ? 93
Ferrari F120B 3.5L Turbo V8
43
DNF
LMP1 2 Germany Kremer Racing United States Steve Fossett
South Africa George Fouché
Sweden Stanley Dickens
Kremer K8 Spyder G 58
Porsche Type-935 3.0L Turbo Flat-6
44
DNF
GT2 73 Switzerland Elf Haberthur Racing Belgium Michel Neugarten
Switzerland Toni Seiler
France Bruno Ilien
Porsche 911 GT2 D 46
Porsche 3.6L Turbo Flat-6
45
DNF
GT2 81 United Kingdom Team Marcos Netherlands Cor Euser
Brazil Thomas Erdos
France Pascal Dro
Marcos Mantara LM600 D 40
Chevrolet 6.1L V8
46
DNF
GT1 45 Italy Ennea SRL Igol France Jean-Marc Gounon
France Éric Bernard
France Paul Belmondo
Ferrari F40 GTE P 40
Ferrari F120B 3.5L Turbo V8
47
DNF
GT2 70 United Kingdom EMKA Productions United Kingdom Steve O'Rourke
United Kingdom Guy Holmes
United Kingdom Soames Langston
Porsche 911 GT2 D 32
Porsche 3.6L Turbo Flat-6
48
DNF
WSC 18 United States Rocketsports Inc. United States Andy Evans
France Yvan Muller
Spain Fermín Velez
Ferrari 333 SP P 31
Ferrari F130E 4.0L V12

Statistics[edit]

  • Pole Position - Pierluigi Martini, #8 Joest Racing - 3:46.682
  • Fastest Lap - Eric van de Poele, #17 Racing For Belgium / Team Scandia - 3:46.958
  • Distance - 4814.4 km
  • Average Speed - 200.6 km/h
  • Highest Trap Speed — Courage C36 - 332 km/h (race)
  • Attendance - 168000

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Spurring 2014, p.226
  2. ^ Spurring 2014, p.231
  3. ^ Spurring 2014, p.225
  4. ^ Spurring 2014, p.233
  5. ^ Spurring 2014, p.230
  6. ^ Spurring 2014, p.236
  7. ^ Spurring 2014, p.239

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Racing Sports Cars – Le Mans 24 Hours 1996 entries, results, technical detail, photo gallery. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  • Le Mans History – Le Mans History, hour-by-hour (incl. pictures, YouTube links). Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  • Formula 2 – Le Mans 1995 results & reserve entries. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  • Motorsport Magazine – Motorsport Magazine archive. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  • You-Tube – 40-minute review of the 1996 race. Retrieved 10 July 2016.