1996 Romanian general election

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
1996 Romanian presidential election

← 1992 3 November 1996 (first round)
17 November 1996 (second round)
2000 →
Turnout76.0% (first round)
75.9% (second round)
  EConstantinescu.JPG Ion Iliescu (2004).jpg
Nominee Emil Constantinescu Ion Iliescu
Party PNŢ-CD Independent
Alliance CDR PDSR
Popular vote 7,057,906 5,914,579
Percentage 54.41% 45.59%

President before election

Ion Iliescu
PDSR

Elected President

Emil Constantinescu
CDR

General elections were held in Romania on 3 November 1996, with a second round of the presidential election on 17 November.[1]

Opinion polls prior to the elections suggested incumbent President Ion Iliescu of the Social Democracy Party of Romania (PDSR) would win a third term, though it was believed a large field of candidates would push him into a runoff.[2] Iliescu received the most votes in the first round, just ahead of his 1992 runoff opponent, Emil Constantinescu of the Romanian Democratic Convention (CDR). In the second round, Constantinescu defeated Iliescu with 54 percent of the vote. Iliescu conceded defeat soon after the polls closed.[3] Constantinescu took office on 29 November, marking the first peaceful transfer of power since the fall of Communism.

The CDR, a broad coalition of parties opposing the governing centre-left PDSR, also emerged as the largest bloc in Parliament, winning 122 of the 343 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 53 of the 143 seats in the Senate.

Presidential candidates[edit]

Name Lifespan Public Administration Experience Affiliation and endorsements Alma mater and profession Candidacy
Announcement dates
EConstantinescu.JPG
Emil Constantinescu
Born: November 19, 1939
(age 56)
Tighina (de jure, Republic of Moldova; de facto Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic)
Rector of University of Bucharest (1992-election day)
Former presidential election:
1992: 31.1% (2nd place, 1st round), 38.6% (2nd place, 2nd round)
Affiliation: CDR Faculty of Law, University of Bucharest (1960)
Faculty of Geology, University of Bucharest (1966)

geology professor
Ion Iliescu (cropped).jpg
Ion Iliescu
Born: March 3, 1930
(age 66)
Oltenița, Călărași County
President of Romania (1989-election day)
President of Water Surfaces Management Council (1979-1984)
Member of the State Council (full member: 1979-1980, observative: 1974-1979)
President of Iași County Council (1974-1979)
Vice-President of Timiș County Council (1971-1974)
Minister of Youth (1967-1971)
Deputy (1957-1961, 1965-1973, 1975-1985)
Former presidential elections:
1992: 47.2% (1st place, 1st round), 61.4% (winner, 2nd round)
1990: 85.1% (winner)
Affiliation: PDSR Energy Institute, Moscow State University (1954)

fluid mechanics engineer,
publishing house manager
Petre Roman.jpg
Petre Roman
Born: July 22, 1946
(age 50)
Bucharest
Deputy (1990-election day)
Prime Minister of Romania (1989-1991)
Affiliation: National Salvation Front
Alliance members: PD (FSN) and PSDR
Faculty of Energy, Politehnica University of Bucharest (1968)

hydroelectric powerplant engineer
Frunda György.JPG
György Frunda
Born: July 22, 1951
(age 45)
Târgu Mureș, Mureș County
Senator (1992-election day) Affiliation: UDMR Faculty of Law, Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca (1974)

lawyer
Corneliu Vadim Tudor - Declaratii la BEC.png
Corneliu Vadim Tudor
Born: November 28, 1949
(age 46)
Bucharest
Died September 14, 2015, Bucharest
Senator (1992-election day) Affiliation: PRM Faculty of Philosophy, University of Bucharest (1971)

journalist, writer
Gray - replace this image male.svg
Gheorghe Funar
Born: September 29, 1949
(age 47)
Sânnicolau Mare, Timiș County
Mayor of Cluj-Napoca (1992-election day)
Former presidential election:
1992: 10.8% (3rd place, 1st round)
Affiliation: PUNR Faculty of Economics and Business Management, Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca (unknown year)

economist
Gray - replace this image male.svg
Tudor Mohora
Born: October 6, 1950
(age 46)
Bogdana, Teleorman County
Deputy (1992-election day) Affiliation: Socialist Party Faculty of Chemistry, University of Bucharest (1974)

chemistry teacher
Nicolae manolescu color.jpg
Nicolae Manolescu
Born: November 27, 1939
(age 56)
Râmnicu Vâlcea, Vâlcea County
Senator (1992-election day) Affiliation: National Liberal Alliance Faculty of Philology, University of Bucharest (1962)

writer, book critic
Adrian Păunescu.jpg
Adrian Păunescu
Born: July 20, 1943
(age 53)
Copăceni, Sîngerei District, Republic of Moldova
Died October 5, 2010, Bucharest
Senator (1992-election day) Affiliation: PSM Faculty of Philology, University of Bucharest (1968)

poet
Gray - replace this image male.svg
Ioan Pop de Popa
Born: October 6, 1927
(age 69)
Oradea, Bihor County
Deputy (1965-1973) Affiliation: Center National Union Faculty of Medicine, Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca (1952)

cardiologist
Gray - replace this image male.svg
George Muntean
Born: November 17, 1932
(age 63)
Bilca, Suceava County
Affiliation: Retirees Party Faculty of Letters, University of Bucharest (1959)

historian, journalist
Radu Câmpeanu.jpg
Radu Câmpeanu
Born: February 28, 1922
(age 74), Bucharest
Died October 19, 2016, Bucharest
Former presidential election:
1990: 10.6% (2nd place)
Affiliation: National Liberal-Ecologist Alliance Faculty of Law, University of Bucharest (1945)
Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Bucharest (1947)

economist
Gray - replace this image male.svg
Nuțu Anghelina
Born: April 16, 1956
(age 40)
Buhuși, Bacău County
Affiliation: none Faculty of Orthodox Theology, unknown university (1986)

orthodox priest
Gray - replace this image male.svg
Constantin Mudava
Born: April 8, 1935
(age 61)
Ghirdoveni, Dâmbovița County
Died November 1, 2018, Târgoviște
Affiliation: none unknown education

holistic healer
Gray - replace this image male.svg
Constantin Niculescu
Born: May 18, 1940
(age 56)
Râmnicu Vâlcea, Vâlcea County
Affiliation: National Party of Motorists Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Transilvania University of Brașov (1960)

mechanical engineer
Gray - replace this image male.svg
Nicolae Militaru
Born: November 10, 1925
(age 70)
Bălești, Gorj County
Died December 27, 1996, Bucharest
Minister of Defence (1989-1990)
Deputy Minister for Industrial Constructions (1978-1984)
Deputy (1969-1975)
Affiliation: none Frunze Military Academy, Moscow (unknown year)

military


Results[edit]

President[edit]

Presidential election - First round
Presidential election - Second round
Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Emil Constantinescu Romanian Democratic Convention 3,569,941 28.2 7,057,906 54.4
Ion Iliescu Party of Social Democracy in Romania 4,081,093 32.3 5,914,579 45.6
Petre Roman Democratic Party 2,598,545 20.5
György Frunda Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 761,411 6.0
Corneliu Vadim Tudor Greater Romania Party 597,508 4.7
Gheorghe Funar Romanian National Unity Party 407,828 3.2
Tudor Mohora Socialist Party 160,387 1.3
Nicolae Manolescu National Liberal Alliance 90,122 0.7
Adrian Păunescu Socialist Party of Labour 87,163 0.7
Ion Pop de Popa Humanist Party 59,752 0.5
George Muntean Independent 54,218 0.4
Radu Câmpeanu National Liberal Ecologist Alliance 43,780 0.3
Nuțu Anghelina Independent 43,319 0.3
Constantin Mudava Independent 39,477 0.3
Constantin Niculescu PNA 30,045 0.2
Nicolae Militaru Independent 28,318 0.2
Invalid/blank votes 435,481 106,398
Total 13,088,388 100 13,078,883 100
Registered voters/turnout 17,218,654 76.0 17,230,654 75.9
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Parliament[edit]

Senate[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Romanian Democratic Convention 3,772,084 30.70 53 +19
Social Democracy Party of Romania 2,836,011 23.08 41 –8
Social Democratic Union[a] 1,617,384 13.16 23 +5
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 837,760 6.82 11 –1
Greater Romania Party 558,026 4.54 8 +2
Romanian National Unity Party 518,962 4.22 7 –7
Socialist Party 277,104 2.26 0 New
Socialist Party of Labour 265,659 2.16 0 –5
National Liberal Alliance 236,132 1.92 0 New
Party of Pensioners of Romania 178,654 1.45 0 New
Romanian Socialist Party of Workers 163,582 1.33 0 New
National Union of the Centre 118,859 0.97 0 New
National Peasant Party 86,746 0.71 0 0
National Liberal Ecologist Alliance 86,359 0.70 0 New
Party of the Roma 80,622 0.66 0 0
Roma Union 72,648 0.59 0 New
National Christian Democratic Party 65,932 0.54 0 New
National Party of the Motorists 57,644 0.47 0 New
Romanian Working Party 49,325 0.40 0 New
Free Republican Party 36,877 0.30 0 0
New Romania Party 35,027 0.29 0 New
Ecological Convention Party of Romania 33,888 0.28 0 New
Party of Reunification–Dacian-Latian Option 28,622 0.23 0 New
Christian Democratic Union 23,656 0.19 0 0
Party for the Motherland 21,295 0.17 0 New
Party of Former Non-Communists and Political Prisoners 20,989 0.17 0 New
Party of Social Protection of Romania 20,972 0.17 0 New
Republican Party 20,273 0.16 0 0
Romanian Socialist Party 18,834 0.15 0 New
Hungarian Free Democrat Party of Romania 12,103 0.10 0 New
Party of Private Entrepreneurs–Social Democratic Party 11,627 0.09 0 New
Party of the Revival of Romania 'Ion Mihalache' 9,111 0.07 0 New
Community of the Roma Ethnicity in Romania 6,073 0.05 0 New
Liberal Christian Party 5,933 0.05 0 New
Party of the Romanian Revolution 2,938 0.02 0 New
Union of the Roma, Constanta County 763 0.01 0 New
Party of Democratic Solidarity 299 0.00 0 New
Independents 98,898 0.80 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 800,717
Total 13,088,388 100 143 0
Registered voters/turnout 17,218,654 76.01
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, University of Essex

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Romanian Democratic Convention 3,692,321 30.17 122 +40
Social Democracy Party of Romania 2,633,860 21.52 91 –26
Social Democratic Union[a] 1,582,231 12.93 53 +10
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 812,628 6.64 25 –2
Greater Romania Party 545,430 4.46 19 +3
Romanian National Unity Party 533,384 4.36 18 –12
Socialist Party 280,364 2.29 0 New
Socialist Party of Labour 262,563 2.15 0 –13
Romanian Socialist Party of Workers 212,303 1.73 0 New
National Liberal Alliance 192,495 1.57 0 New
Party of Pensioners of Romania 175,676 1.44 0 New
National Union of the Centre 106,069 0.87 0 New
National Peasant Party 102,831 0.84 0 0
National Liberal Ecologist Alliance 96,412 0.79 0 New
Party of the Roma 82,195 0.67 1 0
Roma Union 71,020 0.58 0 New
National Democratic Christian Party 69,380 0.57 0 New
National Party of the Motorists 56,387 0.46 0 New
Romanian Working Party 50,011 0.41 0 New
New Romania Party 33,672 0.28 0 New
Free Republican Party 29,576 0.24 0 0
Ecological Convention Party of Romania 27,544 0.23 0 New
Party of Reunification–Dacian-Latin Option) 25,620 0.21 0 New
Democratic Forum of Germans 23,888 0.20 1 0
Party of Former Non-Communists and Political Prisoners 21,060 0.17 0 New
Christian Democratic Union 19,693 0.16 0 0
Party for the Motherland 17,841 0.15 0 New
Republican Party 17,190 0.14 0 0
Party of Social Protection of Romania 16,762 0.14 0 New
Hungarian Free Democrat Party of Romania 14,333 0.12 0 New
Federation of the Jewish Communities in Romania 12,746 0.10 1 New
Party of Private Entrepreneurs–Social Democratic Party 11,990 0.10 0 New
Community of the Lippovan Russians 11,902 0.10 1 0
Union of Armenians of Romania 11,543 0.09 1 0
Italian Community of Romania 11,454 0.09 1 0
Liberal Christian Party 10,345 0.08 0 New
Association of Italians of Romania 9,833 0.08 0 New
Romanian Socialist Party 9,103 0.07 0 New
Cultural Union of Albanians of Romania 8,722 0.07 1 New
Hellenic Union of Romania 8,463 0.07 1 0
Party of the Revival of Romania 'Ion Mihalache' 7,751 0.06 0 New
Party of the Romanian Revolution 7,340 0.06 0 New
Union of the Ukrainians of Romania 7,165 0.06 1 0
Democratic Union of Serbs and Carasovenians in Romania 6,851 0.06 1 0
Democratic Union of Slovaks and Czechs of Romania 6,531 0.05 1 0
Democratic Union of Turkish-Muslim Tatars 6,319 0.05 1 0
Bratstvo Community of Bulgarians in Romania 5,359 0.04 1 New
Community of the Roma Ethnicity in Romania 5,227 0.04 0 New
Democratic Turkish Union of Romania 4,326 0.04 1 0
Democratic Union of Ukrainians in Romania 4,132 0.03 0 New
Bulgarian Union of Banat–Romania 4,115 0.03 0 –1
Forum of the Szeklers Youth 2,142 0.02 0 New
Union of Poles of Romania 1,842 0.02 1 0
Federation of Italians in Romania 1,711 0.01 0 New
Hellenic Union of Romania–Prahova Hellenic Community 1,509 0.01 0 New
Party of Democratic Solidarity 1,352 0.01 0 New
Community of Italians from Galați 791 0.01 0 New
Community of Italians from Pitești 695 0.01 0 New
General Union of the Associations of the Huțul Ethnicity 646 0.01 0 New
Union of the Roma, Constanța County 640 0.01 0 New
Union of Croatians of Romania 486 0.00 0 0
Social Cultural Association in Romania 439 0.00 0 New
Italian Community - Prahova County 437 0.00 0 New
Federation of Italians in Romania - Italian Community Ovidius Constanta 311 0.00 0 New
Independents 248,825 2.03 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 849,642
Total 13,088,388 100 343 +2
Registered voters/turnout 17,218,654 76.0
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, University of Essex

a The Social Democratic Union was an alliance between the Romanian Social Democratic Party (PSDR) and the Democratic Party (PD).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1591 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Jane Perlez (3 November 1996). "Romanians Vote Today, But Change Isn't Likely". The New York Times.
  3. ^ Jane Perlez (18 November 1996). "Non-Communist Is Elected Romania's Leader". The New York Times.