1996 in paleontology

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List of years in paleontology
In science
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1996.

Arthropods[edit]

Newly named crustaceans[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Cancer (Metacarcinus) starri[2]

Valid

  • Berglund
  • Goedert

Early Miocene

Clallam & Pysht Formations

A crab

Newly named insects[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Burmomyrma rossi[3]

Gen et sp. nov

Valid

Dlussky

Late Aptian to Early Cenomanian

Burmese amber

 Myanmar

A possible Aneuretin ant

Haidomyrmex cerberus[4]

Gen et sp. nov

Valid

Dlussky

Late Aptian to Early Cenomanian

Burmese amber

 Myanmar

A Sphecomyrmin ant

Amphibians[edit]

Temnospondyls[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Tatrasuchus[5]

Valid

Maryańska & Shishkin

Plesiosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Pachycostasaurus

Valid

Cruickshank Martill

Plesiopleurodon

Valid

Carpenter

Thalassiodracon

Valid

Storrs Taylor

Dinosaurs[edit]

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[7]

Name Status Authors Location Notes Images
"Angaturama'"[8] Junior synonym of Irritator
  • Kellner
  • Campos
Bagaraatan[9] Valid taxon  Mongolia
Deltadromeus[10] Valid taxon  Egypt

 Morocco

Gasparinisaura[11] Valid taxon
  • Salgado
 Argentina
Irritator[12] Valid taxon
  • Martill
  • Cruickshank
  • Frey
  • Small
  • M. Clarke
 Brazil
Ligabueino[13] Valid taxon  Argentina
"Jensenosaurus"[14] Junior synonym of Supersaurus

George Olshevsky vide:

  • B. D. Curtice
  • Stadtman
  • L. J. Curtice,
"Luanpingosaurus" Junior synonym of Psittacosaurus

Cheng Zhengwu vide:

  • et al.
"Magulodon"[15] Nomen nudum
  • et al.
Neovenator[16] Valid taxon
  • Hutt
  • Martill
  • Barker
 UK
Parvicursor[17] Valid taxon
  • Karhu
  • Rautian
 Mongolia
Patagonykus[18] Valid taxon
  • Novas
 Argentina
Pawpawsaurus[19] Valid taxon
  • Lee
 USA

( Texas)

Pellegrinisaurus[20] Valid taxon
  • Salgado
 Argentina
Qinlingosaurus[21] Valid taxon
  • Xue
  • Zhang Y. X.
  • Bi
  • Yue
  • Chen D.
 China
Rayososaurus[13] Valid taxon  Argentina
Shanyangosaurus[21] Valid taxon
  • Xue
  • Zhang Y. X.
  • Bi
  • Yue
  • Chen D.
 China
Siamotyrannus[22] Valid taxon
  • Buffetaut
  • Suteethorn
  • Tong
 Thailand
Sigilmassasaurus[23] Valid taxon
Sinosauropteryx[24] Valid taxon
  • Ji Q.
  • Ji S.
 China

Birds[edit]

Newly named birds[edit]

Name Novelt Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Anas ganii [25]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Nikolay I. Burchak-Abramovich

K. L. Sushpanov

A. L. David

Late Early Pleistocene

 Moldova

An Anatidae.

Anas marecula [26]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Storrs L. Olson

Pierre Jouventin

Holocene

Amsterdam Island

 French Southern and Antarctic Lands

An Anatidae.

Anhinga fraileyi [27]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Kenneth E. Campbell, jr.

Late Miocene

Huayquerian

 Peru

An Anhingidae.

"Branta" minor [28]

Valid

Eugen Kessler

Erika Gal

Late Miocene

MN 9

 Moldova

An Aves Incertae Sedis, it is not an Anatidae.

Copepteryx hexeris [29]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Storrs L. Olson

Yoshikazu Hasegawa

Late Oligocene

Ainoshima Formation

 Japan

A Pelecaniformes, Plotopteridae Howard, 1969, this is the type species of the new genus.

Copepteryx titan [29]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Storrs L. Olson

Yoshikazu Hasegawa

Late Oligocene

Ainoshima Formation

 Japan

A Pelecaniformes, Plotopteridae Howard, 1969.

Eoalulavis hoyasi [30]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

José L. Sanz

Luis M. Chiappe

Bernardo P. Pérez-Moreno

Angela D. Buscaliono

José J. Moratalla

Francisco Ortega

Francisco J. Poyato-Ariza

Early Cretaceous

Neocomian

 Spain:

 Castilla-La Mancha

An Ornithothoraces Chiappe & Calvo, 1994, Enantiornithes. Walker, 1981, this is the type species of the new genus.

Nanantius valifanovi [31]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

Late Cretaceous

Late Campanian

 Mongolia

An Enantiornithes Walker, 1981, Alexornithidae Brodkorb, 1976, Gobipteryginae Elzanowski, 1974.

Nandayus vorohuensis [32]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Eduardo P. Tonni

Jorge Noriega

Late Pliocene

Orohué Formation

 Argentina

A Psittacidae.

Otis bessarabicus [28]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Eugen Kessler

Erika Gal

Late Miocene

MN 9

 Moldova

An Otididae.

Struthio coppensi [33]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Brigitte Senut

Martin Pickford

Pierre Mein

Early Miocene

Karingarab

 Namibia

A Struthionidae.

?Tringa grigorescui [28]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Eugen Kessler

Erika Gal

Middle Miocene

MN 8

 Romania

A Scolopacidae, not sure it is a Tringa.

Vorona berivotrensis [34]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Catharine A. Forster

Luis M. Chiappe

David W. Krause

Scott D. Sampson

Late Cretaceous

Campanian,

Maevarano Formation

 Madagascar

An Ornithothoraces Chiappe et Calvo, 1994 .

Pterosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Kepodactylus

Valid

Harris, J.D. Carpenter

Fossil eggs[edit]

New ootaxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes
Dispersituberoolithus Valid Zelenitsky et al. Probably laid by a primitive neognath.[35]

Gobioolithus

Valid

Mikhailov

Formerly called "Gobipteryx eggs", though they are not presently considered to be eggs of Gobipteryx.[36]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Berglund, R.E.; Goedert J.L. (1996). "A new crab (Brachyura: Cancridae) from Lower Miocene rocks of the Northwestern Olympic Peninsula, Washington". Journal of Paleontology. 70 (5): 830–835. JSTOR 1306484. 
  3. ^ Dlussky, G. M. (1996). "Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Burmese amber" (PDF). Paleontological Journal. 30 (4): 449–454. 
  4. ^ Barden, P.; Grimaldi, D. (2012). "Rediscovery of the bizarre Cretaceous ant Haidomyrmex Dlussky (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with two new species" (PDF). American Museum Novitates. 3755: 1–16. doi:10.1206/3755.2. 
  5. ^ Teresa Maryańska; Mikhail A. Shishkin (1996). "New cyclotosaurid (Amphibia: Temnospondyli) from the Middle Triassic of Poland and some problems of interrelationships of capitosauroids". Prace Muzeum Ziemi. 43: 53–83. 
  6. ^ "Location and Geologic Setting," in Pasche and May (2001); page 220.
  7. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  8. ^ Kellner, A.W.A., D. de A. Campos. 1996. First Early Cretaceous theropod dinosaur from Brazil with comments on Spinosauridae. Neues Jahrbuch Geol. Palaontol. Abhandlungen Stuttgart 199 (2): pp. 151-166.
  9. ^ Osmolska, H. 1996. An unusual theropod dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous Nemegt Formation of Mongolia. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 41 (1): pp. 1-38.
  10. ^ Sereno, P.C.; Dutheil, D.B.; Iarochene, M.; Larsson, H.C.E.; Lyon, G.H.; Magwene, P.M.; Sidor, C.A.; Varricchio, D.J.; Wilson, J.A. (1996). "Predatory dinosaurs from the Sahara and Late Cretaceous faunal differentiation". Science. 272: 986–991. doi:10.1126/science.272.5264.986. PMID 8662584. 
  11. ^ Coria, R.A. and L. Salgado. 1996. A Basal Iguanodontian (Ornithischia: Ornithopoda) from the Late Cretaceous of South America. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 16 (3): pp. 445-457.
  12. ^ Martill, D.M.; Cruickshank, A.R.I.; Frey, E.; Small, P.G.; Clarke, M. (1996). "A new crested maniraptoran dinosaur from the Santana Formation (Lower Cretaceous) of Brazil". J. Geol. Soc. London. 153 (1): 5–8. doi:10.1144/gsjgs.153.1.0005. 
  13. ^ a b Bonaparte, J.F. (1996). "Cretaceous tetrapods of Argentina". Münchner Geowissenschaftliche Abhandlungen (A). 30: 73–130. 
  14. ^ Olshevsky vide Curtice, B.D., K.L. Stadtman, and L.J. Curtice. 1996. A reassessment of Ultrasauros Macintoshi (Jensen, 1985). The continental Jurassic (M. Morales, ed.). Museum of Northern Arizona Bulletin 60: pp. 87-95.
  15. ^ Kranz, P.M. (1996). "Notes on the Sedimentary Iron Ores of Maryland and their Dinosaurian Fauna". Maryland Geological Survey Special Publication. 3: 87–116. 
  16. ^ Hutt, S., D.M. Martill, and M.J. Barker. 1996. The first European allosaurid dinosaur (Lower Cretaceous, Wealden Group, England). N. Jb. Geol. Paläont. Mh. 10: pp. 635-644.
  17. ^ Karhu, A.A.; Rautian, A.S. (1996). "A new family of Maniraptora (Dinosauria: Saurischia) from the Late Cretaceous of Mongolia". Paleontological Journal. 30 (5): 583–592. 
  18. ^ Novas, F.E. (1996). "Alvarezsauridae, Cretaceous basal birds from Patagonia and Mongolia". Memoirs of the Queensland Museum. 39 (3): 675–702. 
  19. ^ Lee, Y.-N. (1996). "A new nodosaurid ankylosaur (Dinosauria: Ornithischia) from the Paw Paw Formation (Late Albian) of Texas". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 16 (2): 232–245. doi:10.1080/02724634.1996.10011311. 
  20. ^ Salgado, L (1997). "Pellegrinisaurus powelli nov. gen. et. sp. (Sauropoda, Titanosauridae) from the Upper Cretaceous of Lago Pellegrini, Northwestern Patagonia, Argentina". Ameghiniana. 33 (4): 355–365. 
  21. ^ a b Xue, X., Y. Zhang, Y. Bi, L. Yue, and D. Chen. 1996. The development and environmental changes of the Intermontane Basins in the eastern part of Qinling Mountains. Geological Publishing House, Beijing: pp. 1-181.
  22. ^ Buffetaut, E.; Suteethorn, V.; Tong, H. (1996). "The earliest known tyrannosaur from the Lower Cretaceous of Thailand". Nature. 381: 689–691. doi:10.1038/381689a0. 
  23. ^ Russell, D.A. 1996. Isolated dinosaur bones from the Middle Cretaceous of the Tafilalt, Morocco. Museum Natl. d'Histoire Nat. (Paris) Bull. (ser. 4) 18 (Section C, Nos. 2-3) : pp. 349-402.
  24. ^ Ji, Q.; Ji, S.-A. (1996). "On the discovery of the earliest bird fossil in China and the origin of birds". Chinese Geology. 233: 30–33. 
  25. ^ Nikolay I. Burchak-Abramovich; K. L. Sushpanov; A. L. David (1996). "Новый вид утки рода Anas позднего плиоцена Молдовы [A new species of the genus Anas duck from the Late Pliocene Moldova]". Bul. Acad. Ştiinţe Repub. Moldova. Şt. biol. chim. 1996. №1. С.: 38–42. 
  26. ^ Storrs L. Olson; Pierre Jouventin (1996). "A New Species of Small Flightless Duck from Amsterdam Island, Southern Indian Ocean (Anatidae: Anas)" (PDF). The Condor. 98 (1): 1–9. doi:10.2307/1369501. 
  27. ^ Kenneth E. Campbell, jr. (1996). "A New Species of Giant Anhinga (Aves: Pelecaniformes: Anhingidae) from the Upper Miocene (Huyquerian) of Amazonian Peru" (PDF). Museum of Natural History of Los Angeles County, Contributions in Science. 460: 1–9. 
  28. ^ a b c Eugen Kessler; Erika Gal (1996). "New Taxa in the Neogene Bird Fauna from Eastern Paratethys". Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai Studia Biologica. 41: 73–79. 
  29. ^ a b Storrs L. Olson; Yoshikazu Hasegawa (1996). "A New Genus and Two New Species of Gigantic Plotopteridae from Japan (Aves: Pelecaniformes)". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 16 (4): 742–751. doi:10.1080/02724634.1996.10011362. 
  30. ^ José L. Sanz; Luis M. Chiappe; Bernardo P. Pérez-Moreno; Angela D. Buscaliono; José J. Moratalla; Francisco Ortega; Francisco J. Poyato-Ariza (1996). "An Early Cretaceous Bird from Spain and Its Implications for the Evolution of Avian Flight" (PDF). Nature. 382: 442–445. doi:10.1038/382442a0. 
  31. ^ Evgeny N. Kurochkin (1996). "A New Enantiornithid of the Mongolian Late Cretaceous, and a General Appraisal of the Infraclass Enantiornithes". Palaeontological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moskou, Special Issue. 1996: 1–60. 
  32. ^ Eduardo P. Tonni; Jorge Noriega (1996). "Uno Nova Especie de Nandayus Bonaparte, 1854. (Aves: Psittaciformes) del Plioceno Tardio de Argentina". Revista Chilena de Historia Natural. 69: 97–104. 
  33. ^ Cécile Mourer-Chauviré; Brigitte Senut; Martin Pickford; Pierre Mein (1996). "Le Plus Ancien Représentant de Genre Struthio (Aves, Struthionidae), Struthio coppensi n. sp. du Miocène Inférieur de Namibie". Académie des Sciences, Comptes Rendus, ser. 2A. 322 (1): 325–332. 
  34. ^ Catharine A. Forster; Luis M. Chiappe; David W. Krause; Scott D. Sampson (1996). "The First Cretaceous Bird from Madagascar". Nature. 382: 532–534. doi:10.1038/382532a0. 
  35. ^ Zelenitsky, D. K.; Hills, L. V.; Currie, P. J. (1996). "Parataxonomic classification of ornithoid eggshell fragments from the Oldman Formation (Judith River Group; Upper Cretaceous), southern Alberta". Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences. 33: 1655–1667. doi:10.1139/e96-126. 
  36. ^ Mikhailov, Konstantin (1996). "Bird Eggs in the Upper Cretaceous of Mongolia". Paleontological Journal. 30 (1): 114–116. 

References[edit]

  • Pasch, A. D., K. C. May. 2001. Taphonomy and paleoenvironment of hadrosaur (Dinosauria) from the Matanuska Formation (Turonian) in South-Central Alaska. In: Mesozoic Vertebrate Life. Ed.s Tanke, D. H., Carpenter, K., Skrepnick, M. W. Indiana University Press. Pages 219-236.