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1996 in science and technology involved many significant events, listed below.
Astronomy and space exploration [ edit ]
Biology [ edit ]
Chemistry [ edit ]
Computer science [ edit ]
January – The
Google web search engine originates as "BackRub", a research project using PageRank by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, PhD students at Stanford University, California.  January 23 – The first version of the
Java programming language is released. February 10 –
Deep Blue defeats chess grand-master Garry Kasparov for the first time. February 27 –
are released by Pokémon Red and Blue Nintendo in Japan as Pocket Monsters: Red and Green, developed by Game Freak as the first role-playing video game in the Pokémon series. April 3 –
Jennifer Ringley becomes an early practitioner of lifecasting (video stream), from her dorm room at Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. October –
and The Shetland Times become involved in a landmark legal case over alleged copyright infringement and The Shetland News deep linking in their websites.  The page ranking web search engine RankDex is originated by
Robin Li.    
Brewster Kahle, with Bruce Gilliat, develops the Wayback Machine software to crawl and archive World Wide Web pages. 
Lov Grover, at Bell Labs, publishes the quantum database search algorithm.
IRCnet is founded.
Exploration [ edit ]
Medicine [ edit ]
Meteorology [ edit ]
January 7 – A large
blizzard hits the Eastern United States, killing more than 100. May 13 – Severe thunderstorms and a
tornado in Bangladesh kills 600. July 18–21 – Storms provoke severe flooding on the
Saguenay River in Quebec, in one of Canada's most costly natural disasters. August 2 – The first blizzard of snow in
Philosophy [ edit ]
Technology [ edit ]
Zenith introduces the first HDTV-compatible front projection television in the United States. Broadcasters, TV & PC manufacturers set industry standards for digital HDTV.
APS film format is introduced. Successful demonstration of
Publications [ edit ]
January 12 –
Bartel Leendert van der Waerden (b. 1903), Dutch mathematician. February 20 –
Solomon Asch (b. 1907), Polish American social psychologist. March 26 –
David Packard (b. 1912), American electrical engineer. June 6 –
George Davis Snell (b. 1903), American mouse geneticist and basic transplant immunologist. June 17 –
Thomas Kuhn (b. 1922), American philosopher of science. August 1 –
Tadeusz Reichstein (b. 1897), Polish-Swiss winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. August 9 – Sir
Frank Whittle (b. 1907), English aeronautical engineer. August 12 –
Victor Ambartsumian (b. 1908), Soviet Armenian theoretical astrophysicist. September 1 –
Brother Adam (b. 1898), British Benedictine monk and beekeeper. September 20 –
Paul Erdős (b. 1913), Hungarian-born mathematician. October 5 –
Seymour Cray (b. 1925), American supercomputer architect. November 13 –
Bobbie Vaile (b. 1959), Australian astrophysicist November 19 –
Grace Bates (b. 1914), American mathematician. November 21 –
Abdus Salam (b. 1926), Punjabi-born winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics. December 20 –
Carl Sagan (b. 1934), American astronomer.
References [ edit ]
^ Gleick, James (1996-12-01). "A Bug and A Crash". New York Times Magazine . Retrieved . 2012-04-07
^ Hofmann, S.; et al. (1996). "The new element 112". . Zeitschrift für Physik A 354 (1): 229–230. doi: 10.1007/BF02769517.
^ "Our history in depth". Corporate Information. Google . Retrieved . 2012-04-16
^ "The Shetland Times V. The Shetland News". The 'Lectric Law Library . Retrieved . 2014-04-10
^ Greenberg, Andy (2009-10-05). "The Man Who's Beating Google". . Forbes
^ Li, Yanhong (July–August 1998). "Toward a Qualitative Search Engine". IEEE Internet Computing. 2 (4): 24–29. doi: 10.1109/4236.707687.
^ "About RankDex". IDD Information Services . Retrieved . 2014-06-04
^ USPTO, "Hypertext Document Retrieval System and Method", US Patent number: 5920859, Inventor: Yanhong Li, Filing date: 5 February 1997, Issue date: 6 July 1999.
^ Kahle, Brewster (March 1997). "Archiving the Internet". Scientific American . Retrieved . 2011-08-19
^ "About the Cochrane Library". The Cochrane Library. Archived from the original on 5 January 2011 . Retrieved . 2011-01-25
^ Will, R. G.; Ironside, J. W.; Zeidler, M. (April 1996). "A new variant of Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease in the UK". . The Lancet 347 (9006): 921–5. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(96)91412-9. PMID 8598754 . Retrieved . 13 June 2011
^ Boolell, M.; Allen, M.J.; Ballard, S.A.; Gepi-Attee, S.; Muirhead, G.J.; Naylor, A.M.; Osterloh, I.H.; Gingell, C. (1996). "Sildenafil: an orally active type 5 cyclic GMP-specific phosphodiesterase inhibitor for the treatment of penile erectile dysfunction". International Journal of Impotence Research. 8 (2): 47–52. PMID 8858389.
^ Sokal, Alan D. (1996). "Transgressing the Boundaries: Toward a Transformative Hermeneutics of Quantum Gravity". Social Text. 46/47: 217–252. doi: 10.2307/466856. JSTOR 466856.
^ Sokal, Alan D. (May 1996). "A Physicist Experiments With Cultural Studies". Lingua Franca . Retrieved . 2015-03-09
^ "Willard Van Orman Quine". Inamori Foundation . Retrieved . 15 December 2012