1998 Ariana Afghan Airlines crash
|Date||19 March 1998|
|Summary||Controlled flight into terrain of undetermined cause|
|Site||Sharki Baratayi Mountain|
|Aircraft type||Boeing 727-228|
|Operator||Ariana Afghan Airlines|
|Flight origin||Sharjah International Airport, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates|
|Stopover||Kandahar Airport, Kandahar, Afghanistan|
|Destination||Kabul International Airport, Kabul, Afghanistan|
On 19 March 1998, a Boeing 727 passenger jet operated by Ariana Afghan Airlines crashed on approach into Kabul, Afghanistan, killing all 45 people aboard. The flight may have been involved in smuggling and Islamic militant operations, as Ariana was at that time controlled by the Taliban-led Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan regime.
The flight departed the city of Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates to Kabul on an unscheduled flight with a stop in Kandahar, Afghanistan. While descending for Kabul International Airport, the flight struck the Sharki Baratayi Mountain at an altitude of 2,700 feet (820 m) at 13:00 local time. The crash killed all 10 crew members and 35 passengers. The weather at the time of the accident was poor with snow and rain as well as poor visibility.
The flight was operated by a Boeing 727-228, registered YA-FAZ. The aircraft first flew on 22 January 1981, meaning at the time of the accident, it was 17.2 years old.
During rescue operations, Taliban regime members and Ariana officials reportedly carried 32 body bags and another 15 bags with body parts recovered from the mountain. Rescue work was delayed by bad weather and from the aircraft's wreckage being on fire until 03:00 (local time) of the next day. The rescue attempt was made difficult by landmines planted in the area during the Soviet-Afghan War. An Ariana official said on March 20 that the plane was carrying 32 passengers and 13 crew members.
Even if the aircraft's black boxes were reportedly searched for, there is no trace of either a report or an investigation to either determine the causes of the accident or the fate of the black boxes (possibly a consequence of the Taliban regime's international isolation). The director-general of Ariana Afghan Airlines, Hassan Jan, said that the crash was a consequence of bad weather.
The crash was one of several incidents that led to Ariana Airlines being prohibited from EU airspace.
Taliban and al-Qaeda operations
According to a November 2001 Los Angeles Times story, this flight may have been one of several involved in a series of smuggling runs carrying arms, money, drugs and Islamist militants between Sharjah, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Passengers on these flights reportedly included militants from both the al-Qaeda and Taliban movements, the latter of which ruled most of Afghanistan between 1996 and 2001, while also harboring Osama bin Laden. Being the regime that controlled most of Ariana's fleet and assets, as well as the airports in Kandahar and Kabul, the Taliban facilitated the flights, helping to provide fake crew and employee IDs to the militants. According to the LA Times report, the pilots of this particular flight may have been Taliban themselves. The story reports on an August 1996 incident, in which Ahmad Shah Massoud's militia stopped an Ariana 727 that was about to depart from Jalalabad Airport full of opium hidden in a fake timber cargo. US intelligence officials were reportedly aware of these flights and the use that the Taliban regime was giving to Ariana Afghan.
- ^ Ranter, Harro. "Ariana crash information". aviation-safety.net. Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
- ^ "Ariana Afghan crash". Flight Global. 1998-04-01. Archived from the original on 2020-01-27. Retrieved 2021-03-23.
- ^ "Crash of a Boeing 727-228A near Kabul: 45 killed". www.baaa-acro.com. Bureau of Aircraft Accidents Archives. Archived from the original on 2022-03-09. Retrieved 2021-03-23.
- ^ "Aircraft Data YA-FAZ, 1980 Boeing 727-228 C/N 22288". www.airport-data.com. Retrieved 2020-03-05.
- ^ a b "Aviation". Disaster Prevention and Management. 8 (1). 1999-01-01. doi:10.1108/dpm.1999.07308aac.009. ISSN 0965-3562.
- ^ Cornwell, Alexander (10 January 2014). "Blacklisted airlines in EU flying in UAE". Gulf News. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
- ^ Braun, Stephen; Pasternak, Judy (2001-11-18). "Long Before Sept. 11, Bin Laden Aircraft Flew Under the Radar". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2020-03-05.
- 1998 in Afghanistan
- Accidents and incidents involving the Boeing 727
- Airliner accidents and incidents involving controlled flight into terrain
- Ariana Afghan Airlines accidents and incidents
- Aviation accidents and incidents in 1998
- Aviation accidents and incidents in Afghanistan
- March 1998 events in Asia
- 1998 disasters in Afghanistan