1998 Asian Games

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XIII Asian Games
13th asiad.png
Official emblem of the 1998 Asian Games.
Host city Bangkok, Thailand
Motto Friendship Beyond Frontiers
(Thai: มิตรภาพไร้พรมแดน)
Mitrp̣hāph rị̂ phrmdæn
Nations participating 41
Athletes participating 6,554
(4,454 men, 2,100 women)
Events 377 in 36 sports
Opening ceremony 6 December
Closing ceremony 20 December
Officially opened by Bhumibol Adulyadej
King of Thailand
Officially closed by Ahmed Al-Fahad Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah
President of the OCA
Athlete's Oath Preeda Chulamonthol
Judge's Oath Songsak Charoenpong
Torch lighter Somluck Kamsing
Main venue Rajamangala National Stadium
Website 1998 Asian Games
Hiroshima 1994 Busan 2002  >

The 1998 Asian Games, officially known as the XIII Asiad,[citation needed] was an Asian multi-sport event celebrated in Bangkok, Thailand from December 6 to 20, 1998, with 377 events in 36 sports and disciplines participated by 6,554 athletes across the continent. The football event commenced on 30 November 1998, a week earlier than the opening ceremony.

Bangkok was awarded the right on September 26, 1990, defeating Taipei, Chinese Taipei and Jakarta, Indonesia to host the Games. It was the first city to hosted the Asian Games for four times, the last three editions it hosted were in 1966, 1970 and 1978. The event was opened by Bhumibol Adulyadej, the king of Thailand at the Rajamangala Stadium.[1]

The final medal tally was led by China, followed by South Korea, Japan and the host Thailand. Thailand set a new record with 24 gold medals. In addition, Japanese Athletics Koji Ito was announced as the most valuable player (MVP) of the Games. The games were deemed generally successful with the rising standard of competition amongst the Asian nations. For Thailand, it was one of its' remarkable achievement in sports development throughout its' modern history.

Bidding process[edit]

Three cities bid for the Games. All three, Taipei (Chinese Taipei), Jakarta (Indonesia) and Bangkok (Thailand) submitted their formal bid in 1989.

The vote was held on September 27, 1990, at the China Palace Tower Hotel in Beijing, China, during the OCA's general assembly. All 37 members voted, with voting held in secret ballot. It was announced that Bangkok won the rights. Though the vote results were not released, it was revealed that Bangkok won by 20-10-7.

After that, Bangkok was the first city to hosted the Asian Games for four times, after the 1966, 1970 and 1978 games and the first game was Bangkok hosted by the bidding.[2][3]

19 votes were needed for selection.

1998 Asian Games bidding result
City Country Votes
Bangkok  Thailand 20
Taipei  Chinese Taipei 10
Jakarta  Indonesia 7

Development and preparation[edit]

Organizing Committee[edit]

Bangkok Asian Games Organizing Committee was formed to oversee the staging of the games.

Venues[edit]

[4][5]

Hua Mark
  • Rajmangala Stadium (Opening & Closing ceremonies, Football)
  • Indoor Stadium (Sepak Takraw)
  • Velodrome (Cycling track)
  • Shooting Range (Shooting)
  • Clay Target Shooting Range (Clay Target Shooting)
Muang Thong Thani
  • IMPACT Arena (Boxing)
  • IMPACT Hall 1-5 (Billiards & Snooker, Gymnastics, Volleyball)
  • Thunder Dome (Weightlifting)
  • SCG Stadium (Rugby Football)
  • Tennis Centre (Tennis)
Thammasat University (Rangsit Centre)
  • Main Stadium (Athletics and Football)
  • Gymnasium 1 (Basketball, Judo, Wrestling)
  • Gymnasium 2 (Badminton)
  • Gymnasium 3 (Handball)
  • Gymnasium 4 (Fencing)
  • Gymnasium 5 (Table Tennis)
  • Gymnasium 6 (Wushu)
  • Gymnasium 7 (Karate, Taekwondo)
  • Tennis Court (Soft Tennis)
  • Field 1 (Archery)
  • Field 2 (Softball)
  • Aquatic Center (Aquatics)
  • Athletes Village
Other venues
Bangkok and Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
Chiang Mai
Chonburi
  • Ambassador Sport Center (Squash)
  • Ao-Dongtarn Jomtien Beach (Sailing)
  • Jomtian beach (Beach Volleyball)
  • Map Prachan Reservoir (Canoeing, Rowing)
Nakhon Nayok
Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Sawan
  • Nakhon Sawan Province Central Stadium (Football)
Pathum Thani
  • Alpine Golf and Sports Club (Golf)
  • Queen Siritkit Sport Complex (Baseball, Hockey)
Saraburi
  • Fort Adhisorn Riding Club (Equestrian)
Sisaket
  • Sisaket Province Central Stadium (Football)
Songkhla
Suphan Buri
  • Municipal Gymnasium (Basketball)
  • Suphan Buri Province Central Stadium (Football)
Surat Thani
  • Surat Thani Province Central Stadium (Football)
Trang
  • Trang Province Central Stadium (Football)
  • Municipal Gymnasium (Sepak Takraw)

Marketing[edit]

Emblem[edit]

Chai Yo, the elephant, the mascot of the games

The Official Emblem of the 13th Asian Games elements from Asia in general and Thailand in particular. It is based on the letter A, representing Asia and Athletes. The Maha Chedi, or pagoda shape, represents Thailand, in particular. The pinnacle of the Maha Chedi symbolises the knowledge, intelligence and athletic prowess of Thailand's forefathers, which are second to none. The top is part of the OCA logo.[6]

Mascot[edit]

The official Mascot of the 13th Asian Games is an elephant named Chai-Yo (Thai: ไชโย) (a Thai word meaning pleasure, gladness, success, unity and happiness) whose name is a phrase shouted by a group of people to show their unity and solidarity. In Thailand, the elephant is a very distinctive animal which has lived with its' people for many generations and is universally admired for its strengths and nobility.[7][8]

The games[edit]

Opening ceremony[edit]

The opening ceremony started at 17:00 local time on December 6, 1998. It was attended by King of Thailand, Bhumibol Adulyadej, President of the International Olympic Committee Juan Antonio Samaranch and President of the OCA Sheikh Ahmed Al-Fahad Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah.

Participating Nations[edit]

National Olympic Committees (NOCs) are named according to their official IOC designations and arranged according to their official IOC country codes in 1998.

 Saudi Arabia withdrew from the Games, but paraded in the Opening Ceremony.[9]

Sports[edit]

Main

Demonstration

Calendar[edit]

OC Opening ceremony Event competitions 1 Gold medal events CC Closing ceremony
November/December 30th
Mon
1st
Tue
2nd
Wed
3rd
Thu
4th
Fri
5th
Sat
6th
Sun
7th
Mon
8th
Tue
9th
Wed
10th
Thu
11th
Fri
12th
Sat
13th
Sun
14th
Mon
15th
Tue
16th
Wed
17th
Thu
18th
Fri
19th
Sat
20th
Sun
Events
Ceremonies OC CC N/A
Archery 1 1 2 4
Athletics 1 5 11 6 6 7 8 1 45
Badminton 2 5 7
Baseball 1 1
Basketball 2 2
Bowling 2 2 4 2 10
Boxing 6 6 12
Canoeing 5 7 12
Cue sports 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10
Cycling 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 15
Equestrian 1 1 1 2 1 6
Fencing 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10
Football 1 1 2
Golf 4 4
Gymnastics 2 2 10 1 1 16
Handball 1 1 2
Field hockey 2 2
Judo 3 3 4 4 14
Kabaddi 1 1
Karate 4 3 4 11
Rowing 5 6 11
Rugby union 1 1 2
Sailing 16 16
Sepak takraw 2 2 2 6
Shooting 4 4 6 4 8 4 4 34
Softball 1 1
Soft tennis 2 2 4
Squash 2 2
Diving 2 2 4
Swimming 5 5 5 5 6 6 32
Synchronized swimming 1 1 2
Water polo 1 1
Table tennis 1 1 1 2 2 7
Taekwondo 4 4 4 4 16
Tennis 1 1 3 2 7
Beach volleyball 2 2
Volleyball 2 2
Weightlifting 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 15
Wrestling 4 4 4 4 16
Wushu 2 2 2 5 11
Daily medal events 1 20 27 33 37 29 24 41 24 23 17 38 29 33 1 377
Cumulative total 1 21 48 81 118 147 171 212 236 259 276 314 343 376 377
November/December 30th
Mon
1st
Tue
2nd
Wed
3rd
Thu
4th
Fri
5th
Sat
6th
Sun
7th
Mon
8th
Tue
9th
Wed
10th
Thu
11th
Fri
12th
Sat
13th
Sun
14th
Mon
15th
Tue
16th
Wed
17th
Thu
18th
Fri
19th
Sat
20th
Sun
Total events


Medal table[edit]

The top ten ranked NOCs at these Games are listed below. The host nation, Thailand, is highlighted.

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  China (CHN) 129 78 67 274
2  South Korea (KOR) 65 46 53 164
3  Japan (JPN) 52 61 68 181
4  Thailand (THA) 24 26 40 90
5  Kazakhstan (KAZ) 24 24 30 78
6  Chinese Taipei (TPE) 19 17 41 77
7  Iran (IRI) 10 11 13 34
8  North Korea (PRK) 7 14 12 33
9  India (IND) 7 11 17 35
10  Uzbekistan (UZB) 6 22 12 40
Total 378 380 467 1225

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]