1998 Czech legislative election

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1998 Czech legislative election

← 1996 19–20 June 1998 2002 →

All 200 seats in the Chamber of Deputies
101 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Milos Zeman.jpg Vaclav Klaus headshot.jpg Miroslav Grebeníček (4).jpg
Leader Miloš Zeman Václav Klaus Miroslav Grebeníček
Party ČSSD ODS KSČM
Seats won 74 63 24
Seat change Increase13 Decrease5 Increase2
Popular vote 1,928,660 1,656,011 658,550
Percentage 32.31% 27.74% 11.03%
Swing Increase2.69pp Decrease1.88pp Increase1.30pp

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Josef Lux 01.jpg Charta-setkání-signatářů-ke-40.-výročí-Lucerna2017-047.jpg
Leader Josef Lux Jan Ruml
Party KDU–ČSL US
Seats won 20 19
Seat change Increase2 New
Popular vote 537,013 513,596
Percentage 8.99% 8.60%
Swing Increase0.91pp

PM before election

Josef Tošovský
Independent

Elected PM

Miloš Zeman
ČSSD

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Parliamentary elections were held in the Czech Republic on 19 and 20 June 1998.[1] The result was a victory for the Czech Social Democratic Party, which won 74 of the 200 seats. Voter turnout was 73.9%.[2]

Background[edit]

The Civic Democratic Party (ODS) had won the 1996 parliamentary elections. The party's leader, Václav Klaus, then formed a minority government supported by the Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD).[3][4] The government lasted until 1998, when it resigned during a political crisis that caused the division of ODS and the disintegration of the ruling coalition. Snap elections was called for June 1998.[5][6]

Campaign[edit]

The ODS was weakened by the creation of a new party, the Freedom Union (US). The US was formed by former members of ODS who had left after a conflict with Václav Klaus. The ODS was polling at around 10%, with the US expected to replace it as the major right-wing party. The ČSSD was expected to win by large margin. The ODS launched their campaign with warnings that a new government would contain Communist members and used its leader Klaus heavily during the campaign. The ČSSD criticised the work of Klaus' cabinet and recycled slogans used during 1996 campaign, as well as promising to fight against corruption.[6]

Finances[edit]

Party Money spent (Kč)
Civic Democratic Party 30,000,000
Czech Social Democratic Party 30,000,000
Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party 30,000,000
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 8,000,000
Freedom Union 2,000,000
Source: České Noviny

Opinion polls[edit]

Polling firm Date ODS ČSSD KSČM KDU-ČSL ODA US SPR-RSČ DŽJ Others
STEM[7] January 1998 15.0 32.0 10.0 11.0 n/a n/a 5.0 n/a 27.0
IVVM January 1998[8] 15.4 28.0 8.6 11.1 5.3 n/a 3.5 0.6 26.4
STEM February 1998 12.0 29.0 11.0 9.0 n/a 11.0 8.0 n/a 20.0
IVVM March 1998[8] 10.3 25.7 8.0 7.7 1.2 12.6 5.4 1.6 27.9
STEM March 1998 11.0 30.0 9.0 9.0 n/a 18.0 8.0 n/a 15.0
STEM April 1998 16.0 24.0 11.0 9.0 1.4 13.0 6.0 4.0 15.6
IVVM (for US)[8] April 1998 15.9 23.7 10.7 9.1 1.3 12.7 5.7 6.2 3.3
IVVM[8] April 1998 11.3 25.1 10.0 8.0 0.4 12.0 4.6 4.9 23.5
STEM May 1998 16.0 25.0 11.0 9.0 n/a 14.0 5.0 n/a 20.0
IVVM (for US)[8] May 1998 16.3 25.4 10.5 9.0 1.3 13.7 5.1 6.3 3.2
IVVM[8] May 1998 14.2 22.1 8.5 5.8 0.6 9.1 3.9 10.2 26.2
IVVM[8] June 1998 15.0 22.5 7.4 7.1 n/a 6.8 4.2 9.0 26.8
STEM June 1998 19.0 22.0 9.0 7.0 n/a 8.0 5.0 n/a 30.0
Sofres Factum[9] 10 June 1998 19.5 26.7 9.0 6.0 n/a 5.4 n/a n/a 12.9
Sofres Factum[9] 12 June 1998 19.1 29.3 9.1 6.0 n/a 6.9 n/a n/a 8.3
STEM[9] 12 June 1998 20.7 23.2 10.3 8.8 n/a 8.4 n/a n/a 9.1
Sofres Factum[9] 17 June 1998 21.4 27.6 9.2 7.5 n/a 7.1 n/a n/a 10.3
Exit Polls
IFES and SC&C[9] 20 June 1998 27.1 32.2 11.4 9.2 n/a 8.5 3.9 3.0
Sofres Factum[9] 20 June 1998 27.0 32.0 11.0 9.2 n/a 8.4 3.8 3.8
Election results 19-20 June 1998 27.7 32.3 11.0 9.0 0 8.6 3.9 3.1 3.5

Results[edit]

Popular vote
ČSSD
32.31%
ODS
27.74%
KSČM
11.03%
KDU-ČSL
8.99%
US
8.60%
SPR-RSČ
3.90%
DŽJ
3.06%
DEU
1.44%
SZ
1.12%
Others
1.81%
Parliamentary seats
ČSSD
37.00%
ODS
31.50%
KSČM
12.00%
KDU-ČSL
10.00%
US
9.50%
Volby PS 1998.svg
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Czech Social Democratic Party 1,928,660 32.31 74 +13
Civic Democratic Party 1,656,011 27.74 63 –5
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 658,550 11.03 24 +2
KDU-ČSL 537,013 8.99 20 +2
Freedom Union 513,596 8.60 19 New
SPR-RSČ 232,965 3.90 0 –18
Pensioners for Life Security 182,900 3.06 0 0
Democratic Union 86,431 1.44 0 0
Green Party 67,143 1.12 0 New
Independents 51,981 0.87 0 0
Moravian Democratic Party 22,282 0.37 0 New
Czech National Social Party 17,185 0.29 0 New
Civic Coalition – Political Club 14,788 0.25 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 25,339
Total 5,994,844 100 200 0
Registered voters/turnout 8,116,836 73.9
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p471 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p472
  3. ^ Charvát, Jakub (2013). Politika volebních reforem v ČR po roce 1989 (in Czech). Grada Publishing a.s. p. 95. ISBN 9788024747002. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  4. ^ "Historie voleb od roku 1990. Připomeňte si polistopadovou éru". Nova.cz (in Czech). 27 May 2010. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  5. ^ "Od Klause k Paroubkovi - české vlády "sebevrahů"". iDNES.cz. 1 September 2006. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  6. ^ a b "Kampaň k volbám do Poslanecké sněmovny 1998". IPM (in Czech). Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  7. ^ Koutník, Ondřej (31 March 2009). Vznik a vývoj politické strany Unie svobody v letech 1998–2004 (PDF). Olomouc: Palacký University. p. 32. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g "Nesstar WebView". nesstar.soc.cas.cz. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  9. ^ a b c d e f "98-4" (PDF). Statspol. Retrieved 17 January 2017.