1998 Panamanian constitutional referendum

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A constitutional referendum was held in Panama on 30 August 1998.[1] Voters were asked whether they approved of amending the 1972 constitution to allow the President to be re-elected.[2] Only 34.3% voted in favour of the reforms,[2] with a turnout of 65.4%.


Choice Votes %
For 385,885 34.33
Against 716,401 63.73
Invalid/blank votes 21,827 1.94
Total 1,124,112 100
Registered voters/turnout 1,718,603 65.4
Source: Nohlen


  1. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p518 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
  2. ^ a b Nohlen, p525