1998 in paleontology

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List of years in paleontology
In science
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001

Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1998.

Arthropods[edit]

Insects[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Acanthostichus hispaniolicus[2]

Sp. nov

Valid

De Andrade

Burdigalian

Dominican amber

 Dominican Republic

A Dorylinae ant

Molluscs[edit]

Bivalves[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Pojetaia sarhroensis[3]

sp nov

Valid

Geyer & Streng

Early Cambrian

Anti-Atlas mountains

 Morocco

Early Cambrian Fordillidae bivalve

Amphibians[edit]

newly named anurans[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Rhadinosteus[4]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Henrici

Kimmeridgian

Morrison Formation

 USA

A possible Rhinophrynidae frog

Archosauromorpha[edit]

Dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[9]

Name Status Authors Location Notes Images
Altirhinus[10] Valid taxon
''Augustia''

Preoccupied

Camposaurus[11] Valid taxon
  • Sullivan, and
  • Lockley
Caseosaurus[11] Valid taxon
  • Sullivan, and
  • Lockley
Caudipteryx[12] Valid taxon
Cristatusaurus[13] Valid taxon
Eobrontosaurus[14] Valid taxon. Now Synonym of Brontosaurus
Eolambia[15] Valid taxon
Gargoyleosaurus[16] Valid taxon
  • Cloward
Gastonia[17] Valid taxon
Gongxianosaurus[18] Valid taxon
  • He,
  • Wang C.,
  • Liu S.,
  • Zhou F.,
  • Liu T.,
  • Cai and
  • Dai
Histriasaurus[19] Valid taxon
  • Dalla Vecchia
Lourinhanosaurus[20] Valid taxon
  • Mateus
Lourinhasaurus[21] Valid taxon
  • Dantas,
  • Sanz,
  • Da Silva,
  • Ortega,
  • Dos Santos and
  • Cachao
Megaraptor[22] Valid taxon
  • Novas
Nedcolbertia[23] Valid taxon
  • S. K. Madsen and
  • Burge
Notohypsilophodon[24] Valid taxon
  • Martínez
Ozraptor[25] Valid taxon
  • J. A. Long and
Protohadros[26] Valid taxon
  • Head
''Rahona''[27] Preoccupied
  • Forster
  • Sampson
Rahonavis[28] Valid taxon
  • Forster,
  • Sampson,
Scipionyx[29] Valid taxon
  • Dal Sasso and
  • Signore
Shanxia[30] Valid taxon
  • Barrett,
  • You,
  • Upchurch and
  • Burton
Shuvuuia[31] Valid taxon
  • Clark
Sonorasaurus[32] Valid taxon
  • Ratkevich,
  • Sidor,
  • Varricchio,
Tianzhenosaurus[33] Valid taxon
  • Pang and
  • Cheng Z.
Variraptor[34] Valid taxon
  • Le Loeuff and
  • Buffetaut
Zuniceratops[35] Valid taxon
  • Wolfe and

Newly named birds[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Abavornis bonapartei [36]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Andrei V. Panteleyev

Late Cretaceous

Coniacian,

Bissekty Formation

 Uzbekistan

An Alexornithidae Brodkorb, 1976, this is the type species of the new genus.

Actitis balcanica [37]

Sp. nov.

Valid ?

Zlatozar N. Boev

Late Pliocene

MN 17

 Bulgaria

A Scolopacidae?, the holotypical tarsometatarsus looks more like a Charadriidae.

Aizenogyps toomeyae [38]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Steven D. Emslie

Late Pliocene

Late Blancan

 USA:

 Florida

A Cathartidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Anhinga beckeri [38]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Steven D. Emslie

Early Pliocene

Late-Early Irvingtonian

 USA:

 Florida

An Anhingidae.

Basityto rummeli [39]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Jiří Mlíkovský

Early Miocene

MN 2-3

 Germany:

 Bavaria

An Gruidae, transferred to the genus Balearica by Mourer-Chauviré in 2001,[40] this is the type species of the new genus.

Buteo sanya [41]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Hou Lianhai

Late Pleistocene

Cave Deposits

 China

An Accipitridae.

Buteo spassovi [42]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Zlatozar N. Boev

Late Miocene

MN 11-12

 Bulgaria

An Accipitridae.

Catenoleimus anachoretus [36]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Andrei V. Panteleyev

Late Cretaceous

Coniacian

 Uzbekistan

An Enantiornithes Walker, 1981, Euenantiornithes Incertae Sedis, this is the type species of the new genus.

Chloephaga robusta [43]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Claudia P. Tambussi

Middle-Late Pliocene

Irene Formation

 Argentina

An Anatidae.

Coccothraustes balcanicus [44]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Zlatozar N. Boev

Late Pliocene

MN 18

 Bulgaria

A Fringillidae.

Coccothraustes simeonovi [44]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Zlatozar N. Boev

Late Pliocene

MN 17

 Bulgaria

A Fringillidae.

Diamantornis spaggiarii [45]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Brigitte Senut

Yannicke Dauphin

Martin Pickford

Early Middle Miocene

Karingarab

 Namibia

A Struthionidae, eggshells.

Explorornis nessovi [36]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Andrei V. Panteleyev

Late Cretaceous

Coniacian,

Bissekty Formation

 Uzbekistan

An Alexornithidae Brodkorb, 1976, this is the type species of the new genus.

Gargantuavis philoinos [46]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Eric Buffetaut

Jean Le Loeuff

Late Cretaceous

Late Campanian-Early Maastrichtian,

Marnes de la Maurine Formation

 France

An Ornithothoraces, this is the type species of the new genus.

Gavia schultzi [47]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Jiří Mlíkovský

Middle Miocene

MN 7

 Austria:

 Burgenland

A Gaviidae.

Geronticus balcanicus [48]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Zlatozar N. Boev

Late Pliocene,

MN 18

Slivnica

 Bulgaria

A Threskiornithidae.

Glaucidium explorator [38]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Steven D. Emslie

Late Pliocene

Florida

 USA:

 Florida

A Strigidae.

Gracilitarsus mirabilis [49]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Gerald Mayr

Middle Eocene

Messel pit,

MP 11

 Germany:

 Hessen

A Piciformes, Gracilitarsidae G. Mayr, 2001, this is the type species of the new genus.

Hassiavis laticauda [50]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Gerald Mayr

Middle Eocene

Messel pit,

MP 11

 Germany:

 Hessen

An Apodiformes, ?Archaeotrogonidae Mourer-Chauviré, 1980, this is the type species of the new genus.

Incolornis silvae [36]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Andrei V. Panteleyev

Late Cretaceous

Coniacian,

Bissekty Formation

 Uzbekistan

An Alexornithidae Brodkorb, 1976, this is the type species of the new genus.

Intulula tinnipara [51]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Jirí Mlíkovský

Early Miocene

MN 2a

 Czech Republic;

 Germany:

 Bavaria

A Strigidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Masillacolius brevidactylus [52]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Gerald Mayr

Dieter S. Peters

Middle Eocene

Messel pit,

MP 11

 Germany:

 Hessen

A Coliidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Messelirrisor halcyrostris [49]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Gerald Mayr

Middle Eocene

Messel pit,

MP 11

 Germany:

 Hessen

An Upupiformes, Laurillardiidae Harrison, 1979.

Messelirrisor parvus [49]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Gerald Mayr

Middle Eocene

Messel pit,

MP 11

 Germany:

 Hessen

An Upupiformes, Laurillardiidae Harrison, 1979, this is the type species of the new genus.

Mioglaux debellatrix [51]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Jirí Mlíkovský

Early Miocene

MN 3

 Czech Republic

A Strigidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Miopico benimellalensis [49]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Gerald Mayr

Middle Miocene

Beni Mellal

 Morocco

A Miopiconidae G. Mayr, 1998, this is the type species of the new genus.

Palaelodus pledgei [53]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Robert F. Baird

Patricia Vickers Rich

Late Oligocene - Middle Miocene

Etadunna Formation

 Australia:

 South Australia

A Phoenicopteriformes, Palaelodidae Stejneger, 1885.

Palaelodus wilsoni [53]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Robert F. Baird

Patricia Vickers Rich

Late Oligocene - Middle Miocene

Etadunna Formation

 Australia:

 South Australia

A Phoenicopteriformes, Palaelodidae Stejneger, 1885.

?Primozygodactylus ballmanni [49]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Gerald Mayr

Middle Eocene

Messel pit,

MP 11

 Germany:

 Hessen

A Zygodactylidae Brodkorb, 1971, not surely a Primozygodactylus.

Primozygodactylus danielsi [49]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Gerald Mayr

Middle Eocene

Messel pit,

MP 11

 Germany:

 Hessen

A Zygodactylidae Brodkorb, 1971, this is the type species of the new genus.

Primozygodactylus major [49]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Gerald Mayr

Middle Eocene

Messel pit,

MP 11

 Germany:

 Hessen

A Zygodactylidae Brodkorb, 1971.

Pseudastur macrocephalus [54]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Gerald Mayr

Middle Eocene

Messel pit,

MP 11

 Germany:

 Hessen

A Halcyornithidae Harrison et Walker, 1972. The genus Pseudastur is preoccupied and replaced by Pseudasturides Mayr, 2004, this is the type species of both genera.[55]

Psittacopes lepidus [56]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Gerald Mayr

ppMichael Daniels

Middle Eocene

Messel pit,

MP 11

 Germany:

 Hessen

A stem Psittaciformes, this is the type species of the new genus.

Quasisyndactylus longibrachis [57]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Gerald Mayr

Middle Eocene

Messel pit,

MP 11

 Germany:

 Hessen

An Alcediniformes Incertae Sedis, this is the type species of the new genus.

Rostratula pulia [58]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Jíří Mlíkovský

Early Miocene

MN 4b

 Czech Republic

A Rostratulidae.

Scolopax hutchensi [38]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Steven D. Emslie

Late Pliocene

Florida

 USA:

 Florida

A Scolopacidae.

Struthio karingarabensis [45]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Brigitte Senut

Yannicke Dauphin

Martin Pickford

Early Miocene

Karingarab

 Namibia

A Struthionidae, eggshells.

Tetrao rhodopensis [59]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Zlatozar N. Boev

Early Pliocene

MN 14

 Bulgaria

A Phasianidae.

Xenopsitta fejfari [60]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Jiří Mlíkovský

Early Miocene

MN 3

 Czech Republic

A Psittacidae, this is the type species of the new genus.

Pterosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

"Dendrorhynchus"

Valid

Ji S.-A. Ji Q.

Normannognathus

Valid

Buffetaut Lepage, J.-J. Lepage, G.

References[edit]

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  46. ^ Eric Buffetaut & Jean Le Loeuff (1998). "A New Giant Ground Bird from the Upper Cretaceous of Southern France". Journal of the Geological Society, London. 155: 1–4. doi:10.1144/gsjgs.155.1.0001. 
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  48. ^ Zlatozar N. Boev (1998). "Presence of Bald Ibises (Geronticus Wagler, 1832) (Threskiornithidae - Aves) in the Late Pliocene of Bulgaria". Geologica Balcanica. 28 (1-2): 45–52. 
  49. ^ a b c d e f g Gerald Mayr (1998). ""Coraciiforme" und "Piciforme" Kleinvögel aus dem Mittel-Eozän der Grube Messel (Hessen, Deutschland)". Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg. 205: 1–101. 
  50. ^ Gerald Mayr (1998). "Ein Archaeotrogon (Aves: Archaeotrogonidae) aus dem Mittel-Eozän der Grube Messel (Hessen, Deutschland)?" (PDF). Journal für Ornithologie. 139: 121–129. doi:10.1007/bf01651221. 
  51. ^ a b Jirí Mlíkovský (1998). "Two New Owls (Aves: Strigidae) from the Early Miocene of the Czech Republic, With Comments on the Fossil History of the Subfamily Striginae" (PDF). Buteo. 10: 5–22. 
  52. ^ Gerald Mayr & Dieter S. Peters (1998). "The Mousebirds (Aves: Coliiformes) from the Middle Eocene of Grübe Messel (Hessen, Germany)" (PDF). Senckenbergiana Lethaea. 78 (1-2): 179–197. doi:10.1007/bf03042768. 
  53. ^ a b Robert F. Baird & Patricia Vickers Rich (1998). "Palaelodus (Aves: Palaelodidae) from the Middle to Late Cainozoic of Australia". Alcheringa. 22 (2): 135–151. doi:10.1080/03115519808619196. 
  54. ^ Gerald Mayr (1998). "A New Family of Eocene Zygodactyl Birds" (PDF). Senckenbergiana Lethaea. 78 (1-2): 199–209. doi:10.1007/bf03042769. 
  55. ^ Gerald Mayr (2004). "Pseudasturides n. gen., a Replacement Name for the Stam Group Parrot Pseudastur Mayr 1998 (Preoccupied by Pseudastur Blyth, 1850)". Senckenbergiana Lethaea. 83 (1-2): 2. 
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