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Clockwise from top-left: the funeral procession of King Hussein of Jordan in Amman; an earthquake in İzmit kills over 17,000 people in Turkey; the Columbine High School massacre, one of the first major school shootings in the United States; the year 2000 problem ("Y2K"), perceived as a major concern in the lead-up to the year 2000; the Millennium Dome (currently The O2 Arena) opens in London; online music downloading platform Napster is launched, soon a source of online piracy; NASA loses both the Mars Climate Orbiter and the Mars Polar Lander; a destroyed T-55 tank near Prizren during the Kosovo War.
Millennium: 2nd millennium
1999 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1999
Ab urbe condita2752
Armenian calendar1448
Assyrian calendar6749
Baháʼí calendar155–156
Balinese saka calendar1920–1921
Bengali calendar1406
Berber calendar2949
British Regnal year47 Eliz. 2 – 48 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2543
Burmese calendar1361
Byzantine calendar7507–7508
Chinese calendar戊寅年 (Earth Tiger)
4695 or 4635
    — to —
己卯年 (Earth Rabbit)
4696 or 4636
Coptic calendar1715–1716
Discordian calendar3165
Ethiopian calendar1991–1992
Hebrew calendar5759–5760
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2055–2056
 - Shaka Samvat1920–1921
 - Kali Yuga5099–5100
Holocene calendar11999
Igbo calendar999–1000
Iranian calendar1377–1378
Islamic calendar1419–1420
Japanese calendarHeisei 11
Javanese calendar1931–1932
Juche calendar88
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4332
Minguo calendarROC 88
Nanakshahi calendar531
Thai solar calendar2542
Tibetan calendar阳土虎年
(male Earth-Tiger)
2125 or 1744 or 972
    — to —
(female Earth-Rabbit)
2126 or 1745 or 973
Unix time915148800 – 946684799

1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1999th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 999th year of the 2nd millennium, the 99th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1990s decade.

1999 was designated as the International Year of Older Persons.














Births and deaths

Nobel Prizes

New English words and terms

  • blog
  • carbon footprint
  • dashcam
  • epigenomics
  • metabolomics
  • texting
  • vape[15]


  1. ^ "Mars Polar Lander | United States space probe". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
  2. ^ Weintraub, David A. (2014). Is Pluto a Planet?: A Historical Journey through the Solar System. Princeton University Press. p. 250. ISBN 978-1-4008-5297-0.
  3. ^ Cummings, Sally N. (2002). Power and change in Central Asia. Routledge. p. 130. ISBN 9780415255851.
  4. ^ "Jill Dando | Jill Dando murder". The Guardian. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
  5. ^ Ghoshal, Abhimanyu (December 28, 2018). "A nostalgic look back at digital music piracy in the 2000s". The Next Web. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  6. ^ The Rise and Fall of LimeWire, archived from the original on December 11, 2021, retrieved March 18, 2021
  7. ^ a b "Marines Shoot 3 In Kosovo Firefight". June 24, 1999. Archived from the original on July 17, 2019. Retrieved July 17, 2019 – via www.washingtonpost.com.
  8. ^ "KOSOVO: NATO PEACEKEEPING MISSION: US MARINES". Associated Press. June 1999. Archived from the original on December 11, 2021. Retrieved July 17, 2019 – via YouTube.
  9. ^ "YUGOSLAVIA: KOSOVO: GNJILANE: US MARINES ARRIVE". Associated Press. June 1999. Archived from the original on December 11, 2021. Retrieved July 17, 2019 – via YouTube.
  10. ^ "President Thabo Mbeki is inaugurated at Union Buildings". South African History Online. March 16, 2011.
  11. ^ "KOSOVO: ZEGRA: US MARINES COME UNDER FIRE". Associated Press. June 1999. Archived from the original on December 11, 2021. Retrieved July 17, 2019 – via YouTube.
  12. ^ Westendorp, Carlos (June 25, 1999). "Decision imposing the Law on the National Anthem of BiH". Sarajevo: Office of the High Representative. Archived from the original on July 9, 2003. Retrieved July 9, 2003. In accordance with my authority under Annex 10 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Article XI of the Bonn Document, I do hereby decide that the Law on the National Anthem of Bosnia and Herzegovina enters into force with immediate effect on an interim basis, until the House of Peoples adopts this law in due form, without amendments and no conditions attached.
  13. ^ CONACAMI Nuestra Historia Archived 16 April 2013 at archive.today, retrieved on 11 March 2012.
  14. ^ Bellos, Alex (January 7, 2007). "Telenovelas: the story so far". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  15. ^ "Time Traveler by Merriam-Webster: Words from 1999". merriam-webster.com. Retrieved July 30, 2019.

External links

Media related to 1999 at Wikimedia Commons