|1999 by topic|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1999th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 999th year of the 2nd millennium, the 99th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1990s decade.
1999 was designated as the International Year of Older Persons.
- January 1 – The euro currency is established and the European Central Bank assumes its full powers.
- January 3 – Mars Polar Lander launched by NASA.
- January 25 – The 6.2 Mw Armenia, Colombia earthquake hits western Colombia, killing at least 1,900.
- February 7 – Abdullah II inherits the throne of Jordan, following the death of his father King Hussein.
- February 11 – Pluto moves along its eccentric orbit further from the Sun than Neptune. It had been nearer than Neptune since 1979, and will become again in 2231.
- February 12 – U.S. President Bill Clinton is acquitted in impeachment proceedings in the United States Senate.
- February 16
- February 23
- February 27 – While trying to circumnavigate the world in a hot air balloon, Colin Prescot and Andy Elson set a new endurance record after being aloft for 233 hours and 55 minutes.
- March 1
- March 12 – Former Warsaw Pact members Hungary, Poland, and the Czech Republic join NATO.
- March 15 – The Santer Commission of the EU resigns over allegations of corruption.
- March 21
- March 24
- March 26 – The Melissa worm attacks the Internet.
- March 27 – Kosovo War: A U.S. F-117 Nighthawk is shot down by Yugoslav forces.
- March 29 – For the first time, the Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above the 10,000 mark, at 10,006.78.
- April 1 – Nunavut, an Inuit homeland, is created from the eastern portion of the Northwest Territories to become Canada's third territory.
- April 5
- Two Libyans suspected of bringing down Pan Am Flight 103 in 1988 are handed over to Scottish authorities for eventual trial in the Netherlands. The United Nations suspends sanctions against Libya.
- In Laramie, Wyoming, Russell Henderson pleads guilty to kidnapping and felony murder, in order to avoid a possible death penalty conviction for the apparent hate crime killing of Matthew Shepard.
- April 7 – Kosovo War: Kosovo's main border crossings are closed by Yugoslav forces to prevent Kosovar Albanians from leaving.
- April 9 – Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara, president of Niger, is assassinated.
- April 14 – Kosovo War: NATO warplanes repeatedly bomb ethnic Albanian refugee convoys for 2 hours over a 12-mile stretch of road, after mistaking them for Yugoslav military trucks, between Đakovica and Dečani in western Kosovo, killing at least 73 refugees.
- April 20 – Columbine High School massacre: Two Littleton, Colorado, teenagers, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, open fire on their teachers and classmates, killing 12 students and 1 teacher, and then themselves.
- April 24 – Namibian Economic Society is founded.
- April 26
- April 30 – Cambodia joins the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), bringing the total members to 10.
- May 3 – 1999 Oklahoma tornado outbreak: a devastating tornado, rated F5 on the Fujita scale, hits southern and eastern Oklahoma City metropolitan area, killing 36 people (and 5 indirectly) and producing the highest winds recorded on Earth: 301 ± 20 mph (484 ± 32 km/h).
- May 7
- May 12 – David Steel becomes the first Presiding Officer (Speaker) of the modern Scottish Parliament.
- May 13 – Carlo Azeglio Ciampi is elected President of Italy.
- May 17 – Ehud Barak is elected prime minister of Israel.
- May 26
- May 27 – The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague, Netherlands indicts Slobodan Milošević and four others for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Kosovo.
- May 28
- May 29 – Nigeria terminates military rule, and the Fourth Nigerian Republic is established with Olusegun Obasanjo as president.
- June 1 – Napster, a music downloading service, is created; it would later inspire other file-sharing sites such as The Pirate Bay, LimeWire, Gnutella, Kazaa, Morpheus, BearShare, and uTorrent 1999-2010 period which some called the "Second Golden Age of Piracy".
- June 2 – The King of Bhutan allows television transmissions to commence in the Kingdom for the first time, coinciding with the King's Silver Jubilee.
- June 5 – The Islamic Salvation Army, the armed wing of the Islamic Salvation Front, agrees in principle to disband in Algeria.
- June 8 – The government of Colombia announces it will include the estimated value of the country's illegal drug crops, exceeding half a billion US dollars, in its gross national product.
- June 9 – Kosovo War: Yugoslavia and NATO sign a peace treaty to end their hostilities.
- June 10 – Kosovo War: NATO suspends its air strikes after Slobodan Milošević agrees to withdraw Yugoslav forces from Kosovo.
- June 12 – Kosovo War: Operation Joint Guardian/Operation Agricola begins: NATO-led United Nations peacekeeping forces KFOR enter Kosovo, Yugoslavia.
- June 16 – Thabo Mbeki is inaugurated as the second president of South Africa, marking the first peaceful transfer of executive power in the country's post-democratization history.[importance?]
- June 18 – The J18 international anti-globalization protests are organized in dozens of cities around the world, some of which led to riots.
- June 19 – Turin, Italy, is awarded the 2006 Winter Olympics.
- June 24 – Kosovo War: NATO marines shoot three gunmen in Kosovo, Yugoslavia after being attacked by the latter, killing one of them and injuring the other two.
- June 25 – Bosnia and Herzegovina gets a new national anthem.
- June 30 – Twenty-three people die in a fire at the Sealand Youth Training Center in South Korea.
- July 1 – Europol (short for European Police Office) the European Union's criminal intelligence agency becomes fully operational.
- July 7 – In Rome, Hicham El Guerrouj runs the fastest mile ever recorded, at 3:43.13.
- July 10 – American soccer player Brandi Chastain scores the game winning penalty kick against China in the final of the FIFA Women's World Cup.
- July 11 – India recaptures Kargil, forcing the Pakistani army to retreat. India announces victory, ending the 2-month conflict.
- July 20
- July 22-25 – Woodstock 99 was held in Rome, New York at former Griffiss Air Force Base, which was marred with difficult environmental conditions, poor sanitation, overpriced food and water, looting, violence, rapes, riots and several deaths.
- July 23
- July 27 – Twenty-one people die in a canyoning disaster at the Saxetenbach Gorge near Interlaken, Switzerland.
- July 31 – NASA intentionally crashes the Lunar Prospector spacecraft into the Moon, thus ending its mission to detect frozen water on the lunar surface.
- August 7 – Hundreds of Chechen guerrillas invade the Russian republic of Dagestan, triggering a short war.
- August 10 – The Atlantique incident occurs as an intruding Pakistan Navy plane is shot down in India, sparking tensions between the two nations, coming just a month after the end of the Kargil War.
- August 11 – A total solar eclipse is seen in Europe and Asia.
- August 16 – State Duma approved Putin as Prime Minister
- August 17 – The 7.6 Mw İzmit earthquake shakes northwestern Turkey with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), leaving more than 17,000 dead and around 50,000 injured.
- August 19 – In Belgrade, tens of thousands of Yugoslavs rally to demand the resignation of Yugoslav President Slobodan Milošević.
- August 26 – The Second Chechen War begins
- August 30 – East Timor votes for independence from Indonesia (which had invaded and occupied it since 1975) in a referendum.
- September 3 – 1999 Ontario Highway 401 crash occurs, involving 87 vehicles and killing 8.
- September 7 – The 6.0 Mw Athens earthquake hits with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), killing 143, injuring 800–1,600, and leaving 50,000 homeless.
- September 8 – The first of a series of Russian apartment bombings occurs. Subsequent bombings occur on September 13 and 16, while a bombing on September 22 fails.
- September 12 – Under international pressure to allow an international peacekeeping force, Indonesian president BJ Habibie announces that he will do so.
- September 14 – Kiribati, Nauru and Tonga join the United Nations.
- September 20 – Start of the Greek stock market crash of 1999.
- September 21 – The 921 earthquake, also known as the Jiji earthquake (magnitude 7.6 on the Richter scale), kills about 2,400 people in Taiwan.
- October 1 – Shanghai Pudong International Airport opens in China, taking over all international flights from Hongqiao.
- October 5 – Thirty-one people die in the Ladbroke Grove rail crash, west of London, England.
- October 12 – Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif attempts to dismiss Army Chief General Pervez Musharraf, who is out of the country. The generals lead a coup d'état, ousting Sharif's administration, and Musharraf takes control of the government.
- October 25 – Telenovela Yo soy Betty, la fea debuts on RCN Television in Colombia. It will give rise to Ugly Betty and at least a dozen other versions worldwide.
- October 27 – 1999 Armenian parliament shooting: Gunmen open fire in the Armenian Parliament, killing Prime Minister Vazgen Sargsyan, Parliament Chairman Karen Demirchyan, and six other members.
- October 29 – 1999 Odisha cyclone: A super cyclonic storm impacts Orissa, India, killing approximately 10,000 people.
- October 30 – 1999 Incheon bar fire: A bar catches fire in Incheon, South Korea, killing 56 people.
- October 31
- EgyptAir Flight 990, travelling from New York City to Cairo, crashes off the coast of Nantucket, Massachusetts, killing all 217 on board.
- Roman Catholic Church and several Lutheran Church leaders sign the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification, attempting to resolve a centuries-old doctrinal dispute over the nature of faith and salvation.
- November 6 – Australians defeat a referendum proposing the replacement of the Queen and the Governor General with a President to make Australia a republic.
- November 12 – The 7.2 Mw Düzce earthquake shakes northwestern Turkey with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent). At least 845 people are killed and almost 5,000 are injured.
- November 20 – China launches the first Shenzhou spacecraft.
- November 23 – The National Assembly of Kuwait revokes a 1985 law that granted women's suffrage.
- November 26 – The 7.5 Mw Ambrym earthquake shakes Vanuatu and a destructive tsunami follows, killing 10 and injuring 40.
- November 27 – The centre-left Labour Party takes control of the New Zealand government, with leader Helen Clark becoming the second female Prime Minister in New Zealand's history.
- December 3
- After rowing for 81 days and 5,486 kilometers (2,962 nautical miles), Tori Murden becomes the first woman to cross the Atlantic Ocean by rowboat alone, when she reaches Guadeloupe from the Canary Islands.
- NASA loses radio contact with the Mars Polar Lander, moments before the spacecraft enters the Martian atmosphere.
- December 5 – Bolivian municipal elections, the first election contested by Evo Morales' Movement for Socialism.
- December 18 – NASA launches the Terra platform into orbit, carrying five Earth Observation instruments, including ASTER, CERES, MISR, MODIS and MOPITT.
- December 20 – The sovereignty of Macau is transferred from the Portuguese Republic to the People's Republic of China after 442 years of Portuguese settlement.
- December 26 – Cyclone Lothar kills 140 people as it crosses France, southern Germany, and Switzerland.
- December 27 – A day after Cyclone Lothar, Cyclone Martin causes additional damage throughout France, Spain, Switzerland and Italy, including an emergency due to flooding at the Blayais Nuclear Power Plant.
- December 31 – Boris Yeltsin resigns as president of Russia, leaving Prime Minister Vladimir Putin as the acting president.
Births and deaths
- Physics – Gerardus 't Hooft and Martinus J. G. Veltman
- Chemistry – Ahmed H. Zewail
- Physiology or Medicine – Günter Blobel
- Literature – Günter Grass
- Peace – Médecins Sans Frontières
- Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel – Robert Mundell
New English words and terms
- carbon footprint
- "Mars Polar Lander | United States space probe". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
- Weintraub, David A. (2014). Is Pluto a Planet?: A Historical Journey through the Solar System. Princeton University Press. p. 250. ISBN 978-1-4008-5297-0.
- Cummings, Sally N. (2002). Power and change in Central Asia. Routledge. p. 130. ISBN 9780415255851.
- "Jill Dando | Jill Dando murder". The Guardian. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
- Ghoshal, Abhimanyu (December 28, 2018). "A nostalgic look back at digital music piracy in the 2000s". The Next Web. Retrieved March 18, 2021.
- The Rise and Fall of LimeWire, archived from the original on December 11, 2021, retrieved March 18, 2021
- "Marines Shoot 3 In Kosovo Firefight". June 24, 1999. Archived from the original on July 17, 2019. Retrieved July 17, 2019 – via www.washingtonpost.com.
- "KOSOVO: NATO PEACEKEEPING MISSION: US MARINES". Associated Press. June 1999. Archived from the original on December 11, 2021. Retrieved July 17, 2019 – via YouTube.
- "YUGOSLAVIA: KOSOVO: GNJILANE: US MARINES ARRIVE". Associated Press. June 1999. Archived from the original on December 11, 2021. Retrieved July 17, 2019 – via YouTube.
- "President Thabo Mbeki is inaugurated at Union Buildings". South African History Online. March 16, 2011.
- "KOSOVO: ZEGRA: US MARINES COME UNDER FIRE". Associated Press. June 1999. Archived from the original on December 11, 2021. Retrieved July 17, 2019 – via YouTube.
- Westendorp, Carlos (June 25, 1999). "Decision imposing the Law on the National Anthem of BiH". Sarajevo: Office of the High Representative. Archived from the original on July 9, 2003. Retrieved July 9, 2003.
In accordance with my authority under Annex 10 of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Article XI of the Bonn Document, I do hereby decide that the Law on the National Anthem of Bosnia and Herzegovina enters into force with immediate effect on an interim basis, until the House of Peoples adopts this law in due form, without amendments and no conditions attached.
- CONACAMI Nuestra Historia Archived 16 April 2013 at archive.today, retrieved on 11 March 2012.
- Bellos, Alex (January 7, 2007). "Telenovelas: the story so far". The Daily Telegraph. London.
- "Time Traveler by Merriam-Webster: Words from 1999". merriam-webster.com. Retrieved July 30, 2019.
Media related to 1999 at Wikimedia Commons