1999 Open Championship
Front cover of the 1999 Open Annual
|Dates||15–18 July 1999|
|Course(s)||Carnoustie Golf Links|
|Organized by||The R&A|
Japan Golf Tour
|Length||7,361 yards (6,731 m)|
|Field||156 players, 73 after cut|
|Prize fund||£2,000,000 |
|Winner's share||£350,000 |
|290 (+6), playoff|
Paul Lawrie won his only major championship in a playoff over Jean van de Velde and Justin Leonard. Lawrie, down by ten strokes at the start of the fourth round, completed the biggest final round comeback in major championship history, headlined by van de Velde's triple-bogey at the last hole.
Carnoustie Golf Links - Championship Course
|3||Jockie's Burn||342||4||12||Southward Ho||479||4|
|6||Long ^||578||5||15||Lucky Slap||472||4|
^ The 6th hole was renamed Hogan's Alley in 2003
Lengths of the course for previous Opens (since 1950):
- 1975: 7,065 yards (6,460 m), par 72
- 1968: 7,252 yards (6,631 m), par 72
- 1953: 7,200 yards (6,585 m), par 72
- 1937: 7,200 yards (6,585 m), par 72
- 1931: 6,701 yards (6,127 m), par 72
Past champions in the field
Made the cut
|Player||Country||Year(s) won||R1||R2||R3||R4||Total||To par||Finish|
|Justin Leonard||United States||1997||73||74||71||72||290||+6||T2|
|Greg Norman||Australia||1986, 1993||76||70||75||72||293||+9||6|
Missed the cut
|Player||Country||Year(s) won||R1||R2||Total||To par|
|Tom Watson||United States||1975, 1977,
1980, 1982, 1983
|Tom Lehman||United States||1996||76||80||156||+14|
|Nick Faldo||England||1987, 1990, 1992||78||79||157||+15|
|Mark O'Meara||United States||1998||83||74||157||+15|
|Mark Calcavecchia||United States||1989||78||81||159||+17|
|Bob Charles||New Zealand||1963||83||81||164||+22|
|Gary Player||South Africa||1959, 1968, 1974||81||83||164||+22|
|Seve Ballesteros||Spain||1979, 1984, 1988||80||86||166||+24|
Thursday, 15 July 1999
|T2||Scott Dunlap||United States||72||+1|
|T4||Dudley Hart||United States||73||+2|
|Justin Leonard||United States|
|Len Mattiace||United States|
|Steve Pate||United States|
|Hal Sutton||United States|
Friday, 16 July 1999
|1||Jean van de Velde||France||75-68=143||+1|
|Tiger Woods||United States||74-72=146|
|Justin Leonard||United States||73-74=147|
|Len Mattiace||United States||73-74=147|
|Brian Watts||United States||74-73=147|
Saturday, 17 July 1999
|1||Jean van de Velde||France||75-68-70=213||E|
|T2||Justin Leonard||United States||73-74-71=218||+5|
|David Frost||South Africa||80-69-71=220|
|Tiger Woods||United States||74-72-74=220|
|Miguel Ángel Martín||Spain||74-76-72=222|
|Len Mattiace||United States||73-74-75=222|
|Frank Nobilo||New Zealand||76-76-70=222|
Sunday, 18 July 1999
Paul Lawrie completed the biggest final round comeback in major championship and PGA Tour history by coming back from 10 strokes behind in the final round, and winning the subsequent three-man playoff.
Jean van de Velde started the day with a five-stroke lead over Craig Parry and Justin Leonard, but trailed Parry by a stroke at the 12th hole, as Parry was −3 for the day through 11, while Van de Velde was +3. However, Parry could not escape the thick rough on the 12th hole on his way to a triple bogey while Van de Velde regained sole possession of the lead with a bogey. Parry then bogeyed 13, drove into the fairway bunker at 14 to deny himself a birdie chance, and missed a two-foot (0.6 m) putt on 17 en route to a double bogey. He holed a bunker shot on 18 to finish one stroke out of the playoff.
In the meantime, Leonard tied van de Velde for the lead with a birdie on 14, but made bogeys at 15 and 18 as his second shot landed in the barry burn as Van de Velde birdied 14 - leaving him three strokes behind, tied with Lawrie in the clubhouse at 6-over-par. Ángel Cabrera had a chance to join the clubhouse lead but lipped out a birdie putt on 18.
After the birdie on 14, Van de Velde missed the next three greens but got up-and-down each time to give himself a three stroke lead going into 18.
Van de Velde's collapse
Van de Velde, who was in control through the latter half of the championship, held a seemingly insurmountable three-stroke lead going into the 72nd hole. Despite the three-stroke lead van de Velde had going into the final hole, his name had not already been engraved into the Claret Jug, according to engraver Alex Harvey: "No, I didn't start engraving the Jug with his name. I've got to wait until the secretary hands me a slip of paper with the winner's name on it, and they always wait until the last putt is dropped."
Van de Velde teed off with a driver, which was heavily criticized by the ABC broadcast team, and pushed his shot far to the right, over the water bordering the right side of the 18th fairway, and onto the 17th hole. He later claimed that he thought the lead was only two strokes, which is why he chose not to go with a safe club, such as an iron. Choosing not to simply lay up with a wedge, van de Velde went for the green on his second shot with a two iron. His second shot came to rest in an area of knee-deep rough after his ball bounced backward 50 yards off the grandstand next to the 18th green and off of a rock in the Barry Burn. Had the ball stayed in the grandstand he would have been able to drop without penalty. Then the thick Carnoustie grass stifled him again, as his third shot went into the burn in front of the green. Van de Velde took his shoes and socks off and entered the burn, considering an attempt to play the ball from the water. He decided against it and instead took a drop (fourth stroke), at which point he hit his fifth shot into one of the deep greenside bunkers. He pitched out safely and holed the eight-foot putt on his seventh shot for a triple-bogey, which would trigger a three-man playoff between van de Velde, Lawrie, and Leonard. Van de Velde's play on this hole is still widely considered to be the worst "choke" in golfing history, and some have even used the term "pulling a van de Velde" to describe similar events.
|Place||Player||Country||Score||To par||Money (£)|
|Justin Leonard||United States||73-74-71-72=290|
|Jean van de Velde||France||75-68-70-77=290|
|T7||David Frost||South Africa||80-69-71-74=294||+10||50,000|
|Davis Love III||United States||74-74-77-69=294|
|Tiger Woods||United States||74-72-74-74=294|
|T10||Hal Sutton||United States||73-78-72-72=295||+11||34,800|
|Scott Dunlap||United States||72-77-76-70=295|
|Jim Furyk||United States||78-71-76-70=295|
|Retief Goosen||South Africa||76-75-73-71=295|
Cumulative tournament scores, relative to par
|Birdie||Bogey||Double bogey||Triple bogey+|
The four-hole aggregate playoff was played on the final four holes (#15-18), three par fours and one par three (#16). All three players hit poor drives on the first playoff hole. Van de Velde was forced to take an unplayable and took double bogey to fall one stroke behind Lawrie and Leonard who both had bogeys. All three players missed the green on the second playoff hole and took bogeys. On the third playoff hole, Van de Velde made birdie to briefly create a three-way tie, but Lawrie followed with a birdie of his own to take a one-stroke lead into the final playoff hole. On the final playoff hole, Van de Velde found the rough and Leonard found the water en route to bogeys while Lawrie hit a 4-iron to four feet for a clinching birdie and the championship.
|Place||Player||Country||Score||To par||Money (£)|
|T2||Justin Leonard||United States||5-4-4-5=18||+3||185,000|
|Jean van de Velde||France||6-4-3-5=18|
|van de Velde||+2||+3||+2||+3|
Cumulative playoff scores, relative to par
- "Media guide". The Open Championship. 2011. pp. 31, 203. Archived from the original on 18 April 2012. Retrieved 2 July 2012.
- Bonk, Thomas (19 July 1999). "Gift-wrapped Claret Jug to Lawrie". Eugene Register-Guard. Oregon. (Los Angeles Times). p. 1B.
- Shapiro, Leonard (19 July 1999). "Out of darkness, it's Lawrie". Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. (Washington Post). p. C1.
- Ferguson, Doug (19 July 1999). "A Scottish fairy tale". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. p. B1.
- Brown, Clifton (19 July 1999). "Van de Velde self-destructs, Lawrie wins". Toledo Blade. Ohio. (New York Times). p. 23.
- Garrity, John (26 July 1999). "Down the drain". Sports Illustrated.
- "128th Open Championship: course map". Toledo Blade. Ohio. Associated Press. 15 July 1999. p. 32.
- Logan, Joe (19 July 1999). "Great Scot! It's Lawrie". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. p. 1C.
- "Le Crying Shame". Golf.com. 17 July 2007.
- Dahlberg, Tim (19 July 1999). "Decisions cost Frenchman". Toledo Blade. Ohio. Associated Press. p. 27.
- "Lawrie wins dramatic Open". BBC News. 19 July 1999. Retrieved 20 April 2012.
- "Romero pulls a Van de Velde one hole early". NBC Sports. 22 July 2007. Retrieved 20 April 2012.
- "1999 Open Championship results". databasegolf.com. Retrieved 2 July 2012.
- "Results: British Open". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 19 July 1999. p. B-3.
- "Anatomy of the final round". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. 19 July 1999. p. 3C.
- "Final-round scorecards". ESPN. Retrieved 28 September 2018.
- 128th Open - Carnoustie 1999 (Official site)
- 128th Open Championship - Carnoustie (European Tour)
- 1999 Open Championship (about.sports)
1999 U.S. Open
|Major Championships||Succeeded by|
1999 PGA Championship