1999 Southeast Asian Games

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XX Southeast Asian Games
1999 sea games.png
Host city Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei
Nations participating 10
Athletes participating 2365
Events 233 in 21 sports
Opening ceremony 7 August
Closing ceremony 15 August
Officially opened by Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah
Sultan of Brunei
Athlete's Oath Haji Md Samid Abdul Aziz
Torch lighter Dayang Umi Karim
Ceremony venue Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah Stadium
Website 1999 Southeast Asian Games
Jakarta 1997 Kuala Lumpur 2001  >

The 1999 Southeast Asian Games (Malay: Sukan Asia Tenggara 1999), officially known as the 20th Southeast Asian Games (Malay: Sukan Asia Tenggara ke-20) was a Southeast Asian multi-sport event held in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam. This was the first time Brunei hosted the Southeast Asian Games and also in Borneo island.[1]

The games is the last Southeast Asian Games in the 20th century and also the last in the 2nd Millennium. Around 2365 athletes from 10 participating nations participated at the games, which featured 233 events in 21 sports. Brunei is the seventh country to host the Southeast Asian Games after Thailand, Myanmar, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia and the Philippines. The games was held from 7 to 15 August 1999, although several events had commenced from 30 July 1999. The games was opened by His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah at the National Sports Complex named after him, Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah Stadium.

The final medal tally was led by Thailand, followed by Malaysia and Indonesia with host Brunei in seventh place. Several Games and National Records were broken during the games.[2] The games were deemed generally successful with the rising standard of competition amongst the Southeast Asian nations.

Development and preparation[edit]

The 20th SEA Games Organising Committee was formed to oversee the staging of the games.[3]

Venues[edit]

The 1999 Southeast Asian Games used a mix of new, existing and temporary venues. Some major retrofitting work were done in most venues to host the multi-sport event.

At the centrepiece of the activities was the Hassanal Bolkiah Sports Complex which was completed in September 1983. Incorporating the 28,000-seat national stadium, it hosted most of the events. As Brunei have limited sports facilities, only 21 sports were held in the country.

A games village was not built. Instead, a "village in the city" concept saw athletes and officials housed in were housed in service apartment and hotels respectively across Brunei, with the former served as the games village for the athletes. Besides being physically near to the Hassanal Bolkiah Sports Complex, it was hoped that it will add vibe to the city and reduce post-games costs in converting a dedicated games village to other uses.[4][5][6]

The 20th Southeast Asian Games had 22 venues for the games.[7]

Nation Competition Venue Sports
Brunei Hassanal Bolkiah National Sports Complex
Hassanal Bolkiah National Stadium Athletics, Football, Billiards and Snooker, Lawn bowls, Boxing, Opening and closing ceremonies
Aquatic Centre Aquatics (Swimming, Diving, Water polo)
Indoor Stadium Badminton
Hockey Stadium Hockey
Multi Purpose Hall Pencak silat
Squash Centre Squash
Tennis Centre Tennis
Others
University of Brunei Darussalam Basketball
Gadong Police Headquarters Boxing
Muara-Tutong Highway Cycling (Individual time trial)
Jalan Kianggeh, Jalan Sultan, Jalan Bendahara, Jalan Cator Cycling (criterium)
Youth Centre Cycling (mass start)
Bukit Shahbandar Recreational Park Cycling (Mountain Bike: Downhill, Cross-country)
Youth and sports complex Football
Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah Sports Centre Football
Pantai Mentiri Golf Club Golf
Royal Brunei Airlines Sports Complex, Berakas Karate
Muhibbah Hall Brunei Muara District Office, Berakas Sepak takraw
Jerudong Park Trap & Skeet Range, Jerudong Shooting
Menglait Sports Complex Table tennis, Taekwondo
Utama Bowling Centre Bowling
Water sports complex, Serasa Traditional boat race

Marketing[edit]

[edit]

Awang Budiman, the child, the official mascot of the games.

The logo of the 1999 Southeast Asian Games is an image of a torch, the symbol of the Games that represents vitality, sportsmanship and tradition. The logo that is coloured in red, yellow and green symbolises the excitement of the games. The ten interlinked gold rings, the logo of the Southeast Asian Games Federation represents the participating nations of the Southeast Asian Games, and the Southeast Asian Games itself. The gold colour of the logo represents quality, achievement and victory. The games' logo is the first logo in Southeast Asian Games history to use the 10-ring chain which last until the 2011 games.

Mascot[edit]

The mascot of the 1999 Southeast Asian Games is a Malay child named, Awang Budiman. His traditional Malay attire bears the colours of the Brunei Darussalam flag which symbolises the traditional cultural identity of the Sultanate. He holds a Brunei Flag which is a symbol of welcoming visitors to Brunei Darussalam. The first name Awang is a specific name of a man in the host country Brunei Darussalam, while the last name Budiman represents the wise and courteous characteristics of Brunei as the host of the games.[8]

Songs[edit]

A song album of the games was released during the games which contains songs written by His Royal Highness Prince Sufri Bolkiah. These include the theme song of the games: "Mencari Kejayaan" (In search for success) which was composed by Prince Haji Sufri Bolkiah and was sung by Ak Mohd Yusri. The other songs are "Here We Meet", "Selamat Datang" (Welcome), "Tekad Kemenangan" (Determined to win), "Skuad Negara" (National Squad) and "Till We Meet Again".[9][10]

Sponsors[edit]

A total of 9 sponsors sponsored the games.[11][12]

The games[edit]

Opening ceremony[edit]

Opening ceremony.

The opening ceremony began at 20:00 BST with the arrival of guests, Very Important Persons and His Royal Highness Prince Haji Sufri Bolkiah, The President of the Brunei Darussalam National Olympic Council and Chairman of the 20th SEA Games Organising Committee into the stadium, the marching performance by the Royal Brunei Armed Forces and the Royal Brunei Police Force and the stage performance by local artists including Ak Mohd Yusri who performed the games' theme song, Mencari Kejayaan.

At 20:30 BST, His Majesty Paduka Sri Baginda Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Muizaddin Waddaulah, Sultan and Yang Dipertuan of Brunei Darussalam, Her Majesty Paduka Seri Baginda Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Hajah Saleha and the members of the royal family arrived at the stadium. The armed forces bringing in the National Flag of Brunei and the National Anthem of Brunei was played as the National Flag of Brunei was raised. Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah then inspected of the guards of honour of the Armed Forces.

Later, the march past by 50 flag bearers of the SEA Games flags and Mascot started, followed by 100 flag bearers carrying the flags of all participating nations. The contingents of each country also paraded into the stadium began with the Cambodia contingent. The host Contingent, Brunei led by His Royal Highness The Crown Prince Pengiran Muda Haji Al-Muhtadee Billah, His Royal Highness Prince Abdul Mateen, Her Royal Highness Princess Azemah Ni'Matul Bolkiah and Her Royal Highness Princess Fadzillah Lubabul Bolkiah, received the warmest welcome when they marched into the stadium.

After that, His Royal Highness Prince Haji Sufri Bolkiah delivered his Welcoming speech and the games was then declared opened by Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah. Fathan and Ernie then performed the song Selamat Datang. Later, the Royal Armed Force personnel then marched into the stadium taking the games flag with them and raised them beside the Brunei National Flag. The 20th SEA Games cauldron was then lit by Dayang Umi Kalthum binti Haji Karim, Brunei's Gold Medalist in Pencak Silat event at the 17th SEA Games in Singapore. The reading of the SEA Games oath was led by the 15th SEA Games Gold Medalist in Shooting event, Lieutenant Colonel Dato Setia Haji Md Samid bin Haji Abdul Aziz. The ceremony concluded with field performance presented by paratroopers, five-thousand students of Brunei and three hundred Brunei Shell Employees.[15][16]

Closing ceremony[edit]

Closing ceremony.

The closing ceremony began at 20:00 BST with the arrival of His Royal Highness The Crown Prince at the Stadium alongside Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Bendahara Seri Maharaja Permaisuara Pengiran Muda Haji Sufri Bolkiah, President of the National Olympic Council of Brunei Darussalam and the Chairman of the 20th SEA Games Organising Committee. Also presented were other members of the Royal family.

After that, a video clip on the highlights of the 20th SEA Games was broadcast, followed by the Games Mascot performance which portrayed the images of some of the sports events during the nine days sport meet, the parade of athletes competed at the games with Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Duli Pengiran Muda Abdul Mateen, Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Duli Pengiran Anak Puteri Azeemah Niqmatul Bolkiah and Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Anak Puteri Fadzillah Lubabul Bolkiah leading the Brunei contingent by order of sports. A song presentation entitled "Skuad Negara" composed by Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Bendahara Seri Maharaja Permaisuara Pengiran Muda Haji Sufri Bolkiah was performed by a Bruneian choir group. Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Bendahara Seri Maharaja Permaisuara Pengiran Muda Haji Sufri Bolkiah, President of the Brunei Darussalam National Olympic Council and the Chairman of the 20th SEA Games Organising Committee then gave his speech. Later, his Royal Highness The Crown Prince Pengiran Muda Haji Al-Muhtadee Billah declared the games closed.

The cauldron was later extinguished with Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Bendahara Seri Maharaja Permaisuara Pengiran Muda Haji Sufri Bolkiah, President of the National Olympic Council of Brunei Darussalam and the Chairman of the 20th SEA Games Organising Committee, handed over the SEA Games Flag to the Malaysian representative, Tunku Emran Tuanku Jaafar, President of the Malaysia Olympic Council, represented the SEA Games responsibilities being handed over to Malaysia, host of the 2001 Southeast Asian Games.

The national anthem of Malaysia was played as the National Flag of Malaysia was raised. Later, a Malaysia segment performance, "Gemilang Malaysia" was performed by members of the Sabah Cultural Board and the Sarawak Cultural Village as well as 60 students from the Bandaraya Kuching Secondary School which formed the Malaysian cultural group. The ceremony concluded with a stage performance performed by Bruneian artists.[17][16]

Participating nations[edit]

Sports[edit]

Medal table[edit]

A total of 778 medals comprising 233 Gold medals, 233 Silver medals and 312 Bronze medals were awarded to athletes, the Host Brunei's performance was their best ever yet and was placed seventh overall amongst participating nations.[18]

Key

  *   Host nation (Brunei)

1999 Southeast Asian Games medal table
Rank NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Thailand (THA) 65 48 56 169
2  Malaysia (MAS) 57 45 42 144
3  Indonesia (INA) 44 43 58 145
4  Singapore (SIN) 23 28 45 96
5  Philippines (PHI) 19 27 40 86
6  Vietnam (VIE) 17 20 27 64
7  Brunei (BRU)* 4 12 31 47
8  Myanmar (MYA) 3 10 10 23
9  Laos (LAO) 1 0 3 4
10  Cambodia (CAM) 0 0 0 0
Total (10 NOCs) 233 233 312 778

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Detik bersejarah buat Brunei (Historic moment for Brunei)". Utusan Malaysia. 
  2. ^ "Broken Records at the Games". Official Website. Archived from the original on 19 February 2001. 
  3. ^ "Organising Committee". Archived from the original on 2 March 2001. 
  4. ^ "Games Village". 3 March 2001. Archived from the original on 3 March 2001. 
  5. ^ "Accommodation". 8 February 2017. Archived from the original on 1 March 2001. 
  6. ^ "Waiting for Aquino in Brunei". The Philippine Inquirer. 
  7. ^ "Schedule at Official Website of the Games". Official Website. 3 March 2001. Archived from the original on 3 March 2001. 
  8. ^ "Logo and mascot at the Official Website of the games". 2 March 2001. Archived from the original on 2 March 2001. 
  9. ^ "Theme Song of the games in You Tube". 
  10. ^ "Brunei Resources Music". Retrieved 25 January 2017. 
  11. ^ "Sponsors". Official Website. Archived from the original on 27 November 1999. 
  12. ^ "Royal Brunei Airlines Boeing 767 SEA Games 1999". 
  13. ^ "Brunei Stamps". 
  14. ^ "20th SEA Games Prepaid Card". 
  15. ^ "Opening Ceremony". 3 March 2001. Archived from the original on 3 March 2001. 
  16. ^ a b "Opening and closing ceremony". Archived from the original on 28 November 1999. 
  17. ^ "Closing ceremony". Official Website. 4 December 2001. Archived from the original on 4 December 2000. Retrieved 26 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "Medal Tally at the official website". 28 November 1999. Archived from the original on 28 November 1999. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Jakarta
Southeast Asian Games
Bandar Seri Begawan

XX Southeast Asian Games (1999)
Succeeded by
Kuala Lumpur