1999 Sun Orchard salmonellosis outbreak

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The 1999 Sun Orchard salmonellosis outbreak occurred when more than 400 people became infected with Salmonella Muenchen as a result of drinking contaminated unpasteurized orange juice.[1][2] The juice was produced by Sun Orchard, based in Tempe, Arizona, and sold to restaurants, hotels, retail and catering outlets in 15 US states and 2 Canadian provinces under a variety of different brand names, including Sun Orchard, Earls, Joey Tomato's, Trader Joe's, Markon, Aloha, Sysco, and Voila![3][4] The outbreak resulted in 1 fatality, and is the largest outbreak of salmonellosis associated with unpasteurized juice.[5][6]


  1. ^ Drexler 2009, p. 75.
  2. ^ "Outbreak of Salmonella Serotype Muenchen Infections Associated with Unpasteurized Orange Juice—United States and Canada, June 1999". Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 48 (27): 582–585. July 16, 1999. 
  3. ^ Bell & Kyriakides 2008, p. 45.
  4. ^ "DNA links salmonella outbreak to Sun Orchard orange juice". Arizona Daily Sun. Flagstaff. June 28, 1999. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  5. ^ Winter, Greg (March 18, 2001). "Food safety serious U.S. health problem". Charleston Gazette-Mail. Charleston. Retrieved June 5, 2015 – via HighBeam Research. (subscription required)
  6. ^ Foster & Vasavada 2003, p. 108.
  • Bell, Chris; Kyriakides, Alec (April 2008). Salmonella: A Practical Approach to the Organism and its Control in Foods. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-0-470-99944-8. 
  • Drexler, Madeline (23 December 2009). Secret Agents: The Menace of Emerging Infections (Revised ed.). New York, NY: Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-143-11717-9. 
  • Foster, Tammy; Vasavada, Purnendu C., eds. (2003). Beverage Quality and Safety: Principles and Applications. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. ISBN 978-1-587-16011-0.