19th All-Union Conference of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

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1988 CPA 5955.jpg

The 19th All-Union Conference of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was a party conference held by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 28 June to 1 July 1988.[1] There were 4,991 delegates at the conference.[2]

The Conference[edit]

The General Secretary, Mikhail Gorbachev, declared in his opening speech that political reform was the key issue.[2][3] Gorbachev wanted to achieve the "democratization of the life of the state and society", and wanted the Soviet Union to "move along the path of the creation of a socialist state under the rule of law".[4]

The Conference called for elections for the governmental soviets at all levels, with secret ballots and multiple candidacies, and it established the Congress of People's Deputies of the Soviet Union.[2]

Although Gorbachev had to compromise on some of his several objectives because of conservative resistance, the conference was a significant victory for Gorbachev.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kurban, Vefa (2017). Russian-Turkish Relations from the First World War to the Present. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 194. ISBN 1443869260. 
  2. ^ a b c d Garthoff, Raymond L. (1994). The Great Transition: American-Soviet Relations and the End of the Cold War. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution. p. 360–361. ISBN 0-8157-3060-8. 
  3. ^ "Key Sections of Gorbachev Speech Given to Party Conference". The New York Times. 29 June 1988. Retrieved 15 September 2017. 
  4. ^ Quigley, John (1990). "The Soviet Union as a State under the Rule of Law: An Overview". Cornell International Law Journal. 23 (2): 205. ISSN 0010-8812.