19th Army (German Empire)

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19. Armee
19th Army
Stab eines Armeeoberkommandos.svg
Flag of the Staff of an Armee Oberkommando (1871–1918)
Active 4 February 1918 – 24 January 1919
Country  German Empire
Branch German Army
Type Field army
Engagements

World War I

Spring Offensive

The 19th Army (German: 19. Armee / Armeeoberkommando 19 / A.O.K. 19) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed in France on 4 February 1918 from the former South Army command. It served exclusively on the Western Front and was dissolved on 24 January 1919.[1]

History[edit]

19th Army was one of three armies (along with 17th Army and 18th Army) formed in late 1917 / early 1918 with forces withdrawn from the Eastern Front. They were in place to take part in Ludendorff's Spring Offensive. The Germans had realised that their only remaining chance of victory was to defeat the Allies before the overwhelming human and matériel resources of the United States could be deployed. They also had the temporary advantage in numbers afforded by nearly 50 divisions freed by the Russian withdrawing from the war (Treaty of Brest-Litovsk). It was still in existence when the war ended,[2] serving on the Western Front as part of Heeresgruppe Herzog Albrecht von Württemberg.[3]

Order of Battle, 30 October 1918[edit]

By the end of the war, the majority of the units assigned were lower quality Landwehr Divisions indicative of the relatively quiet sector that the Army was operating in.

Organization of 19th Army on 30 October 1918[4]
Army Corps Division
19th Army XIX Corps 84th Landwehr Brigade
48th Landwehr Division
66th Corps (z.b.V.) 2nd Bavarian Landwehr Division
19th Ersatz Division
17th Reserve Division
XV Corps 1st Bavarian Landwehr Division
83rd Division

Commanders[edit]

19th Army had the following commanders:[5]

19th Army
From Commander Previously Subsequently,
4 February 1918 General der Infanterie Felix Graf von Bothmer South Army Adviser to the Bavarian Ministry for Military Affairs
9 April 1918 Generaloberst Felix Graf von Bothmer
8 November 1918 General der Infanterie Karl von Fasbender I Bavarian Reserve Corps Active reserve status[6]

Glossary[edit]

  • Armee-Abteilung or Army Detachment in the sense of "something detached from an Army". It is not under the command of an Army so is in itself a small Army.[7]
  • Armee-Gruppe or Army Group in the sense of a group within an Army and under its command, generally formed as a temporary measure for a specific task.
  • Heeresgruppe or Army Group in the sense of a number of armies under a single commander.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cron 2002, p. 82
  2. ^ Cron 2002, p. 82
  3. ^ Ellis & Cox 1993, p. 187
  4. ^ Ellis & Cox 1993, p. 187
  5. ^ Cron 2002, p. 398
  6. ^ The Prussian Machine Accessed: 6 February 2012
  7. ^ Cron 2002, p. 84

Bibliography[edit]

  • Cron, Hermann (2002). Imperial German Army 1914–18: Organisation, Structure, Orders-of-Battle [first published: 1937]. Helion & Co. ISBN 1-874622-70-1. 
  • Ellis, John; Cox, Michael (1993). The World War I Databook. Aurum Press Ltd. ISBN 1-85410-766-6.